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EEC初二下Unit10 知识点讲解


初二下 Unit10 知识点讲解 1. British n. 英国人 the British →adj. e.g. British English 英式英语 Britain n.不列颠(英格兰、威尔士和苏格兰的总称);英国 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and North Ireland 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国(英国的正式名称,简称 U.K.) 2. trainer n. ①运动鞋(常用复数)trainers = training shoes= running shoes e.g. a pair of trainers ② n.教练员,驯兽员 e.g. The tiger turned on the animal trainer. 3. French ① n.法国人,法语 ② adj. 法国的→ France n.法国 speak French 说法语 the French 法国人 in Franc 在法国 French films 法国电影 French fries 薯条 ※.辨析: French Frenchman/Frenchwoman the French 集合名词 ----- 所有法国人 Frenchman—pl. Frenchmen Frenchwoman – pl. Frenchwomen 某个法国人(复数) 4. beg v.请求,乞求 beg – begged – begged ,begging ① beg sb. for sth. = beg sth. from sb. e.g. They begged him for help. = They begged help from him. ② beg to do sth. 请求做某事 e.g. He beg to be told the truth.③ beg sb. (not) to do sth. 请求某人(不要)做某事 e.g. She begged him not to leave 5. pardon n. 原谅,宽恕 v. 原谅 /再说一遍 pardon—pardoned—pardoned sk ( for) one’s pardon = beg (for) one’s pardon 请求某人原谅 pardon sb. for doing sth. 原谅某人做某事 e.g. Please, pardon. 请再说一遍。 6 辨析: excuse pardon forgive Excuse: 语气最弱,常常用于请求帮助,提出不同意见或打扰一下。 Pardon:语气居中,较为正式,指宽恕严重的过错和犯罪等。 Forgive: 语气最强,表不计较恩怨,处于怜悯同情等原因而饶恕他人的过错。 1.I beg your pardon? 它的本意是“请原谅、很抱歉” ,当没有听清别人说的话,想让对方重复时常用此语,所 以常翻译成“请你再说一遍,可以吗?” 口语中也常用“Pardon?” 7.Aren’t chips a snacks food ? 这句话是否定疑问句,表示惊讶、反问、失望、责难、赞美等语气时,通常使用否定疑 问句,通常译成“难道??不??” 。 ⑴构成: “be/助动词/情态动词/+ - n’t +主语 + 其他 ?”在这个结构中,not 必须和前 面的词缩写成 - n’t 的形式 ① Isn’t it beautiful? 它难道不美吗? ② Didn’t you know?你难道不知道吗? ③ Can’t you see? 你难道看不见吗?

⑵回答:否定疑问句回答与一般疑问句回答一样,译成汉语是“Yes”译成“不” “No” , 译成“是的” 。 e.g. — Isn’t he a teacher? 难道他不是老师吗? — Yes,he is. — 不,他是。/ — No,he isn’t. — 是的,他不是。 8. food n. 可数名词指“某种食物” ,指“食品、食料、食物”时是不可数名词。 What snack foods do you eat ? Many sweet foods are on sale in the store. Milk is the natural food for babies. 9.. spell v. 拼写,拼读— spelt / spelled — spelt / spelled , spelling spell out 拼出 e.g. I find it hard to spell out “difficult”. 10.accent ⑴ n.重音,口音,重音符 the accent of⑵ accented adj. 带有口音的 Can you notice the accent of the French people? e.g. She spoke with an Irish accent . The accent in the word “importance”is on the second syllable. 11. correct ⑴adj. 正确的 = true,right ⑵ v. 改正 This isn’t a correct answer. correct the mistake 12. laugh v. 大笑 e.g. The joke made everyone laugh. laugh at 因?而发笑,嘲笑某人 We all laughed at his joke. It’s tude to laugh at a person who is in trouble. 13.辨析: laugh smile Laugh 表示出声大笑,也可以表示取笑或嘲笑。 Smile 表示无声微笑,含有好意或有好的笑。 14. ⑴ difference Cn.不同之处①the difference between A and B ②tell the difference(s) ③ difference in … There are many differences between the two languages. ⑵ different adj. 不同的 be different from 反义短语 :be the same as? sound different ⑶ differently adv. 不同地 speak differently British people also speak with a different accent from American people. Some words are also spelled differently by the British. Boys and girls may think about this differently. 15.. between?and? 在两者之间 The biggest difference between American and British English is the words that people use. Don’t eat between meals. The letter B comes between A and C. among prep. 在??之间 (三者或三者以上) I find the letter among his books. 16. poor adj. 贫穷的 poor – poorer – poorest the poor 穷人 = poor people poorness n. 贫穷

反义词 rich adj. 富有的–richer –richest the rich = rich people richness n. 富有 17. enjoy 常用作及物动词,意思是“喜欢” “乐于” “享受??的乐趣” ①enjoy doing sth. ②enjoy oneself Buy some and enjoy their delicious flavor. They are enjoying their dinner. I enjoy listening to light music. — Did you enjoy yourself at the party? —I enjoyed myself at the party. 18.Trucks are called lorries.这个句子中 are called 是被动语态结构,意思是“被称为” ,被 动语态表示一种被动关系,被动语态的结构式 be + 动词过去分词。 ① Rice is grown here. ② The car was repaired by the driver. ③ Thousands of trees are planted every year. 19start v. 开始=begin; start to do sth. 开始做某事 Amy started to laugh. 辨析: start begin 都可以用于 to do 和 doing. 意义上没有差别。但进行时态中,只能用 to do 形式。 注意 start 还有名词词性, begin 的名词是 beginning. 例如:a good start / at the beginning. 而 20.rest n. 休息,修养;v. 休息,依靠,依赖,支撑 have a rest = have a break You looked tired,you need to have a rest. Rest the ladder against the wall. 21.seat n. 座,座位 v. 使就坐,有??座位,容纳??人 Have a seat. 请坐; take a seat = sit down 坐下; give one’s seat to sb. (在公交车上)给某人让座 After coming, he took a seat. I always give my seat to the old on the bus. She seated herself on the sofa. 22①.so that? 为了??;以便于? 引导目的状语从句※so that 所引导的状语从句中 谓语动词前一般有情态动词 can / may(过去式 could / might)等 We get up early so that we could get there on time. I study hard, so that I can get good marks in the exams. ②so?that? 如此??以至于?? He is so strong that he can lift the heavy box. We should also teach the young well so that they can grow up as good people. ?so?that ?句型的意思是“如此 / 这么??以至??”常引导结果状语从句, “so” 是副词, 常常用来修饰形容词和副词, 常用句型为 “主语 + 谓语 + so + adj./adv. + that 从 句。 23. rich adj. 富有的,肥沃的 be rich in 生产,丰富 He grows from selling used cars. Oranges are rich in vitamin C.

24.My uncle lives in his apartment on the second floor. 从“apartment”我们可以看出,这个句子使用的是美式英语。在美式英语中,楼房地面 与街道向平的一层叫 the first floor,上面的一层叫 the second floor;在英式英语中,楼房 地面与街道相平的一层叫 ground floor, 其上面的一层叫 the first floor, 由此看来 the second floor 就是三楼了。 25.grow up 长大 26.yet adv. 同义词 still 1) (用于疑问句) 已经 仍 Has the school begun yet? 2) (用于否定句) 还 尚未 The work wasn’t finished yet . 3) (用于肯定句) 还 依然 He is yet a child. 4) (与比较级连用) 比---更要,更 You must work yet harder. 5) (与最高级连用)到目前(或当时)为止(最---) This is the most interesting book yet found. 辨析: already yet Already 通常用于肯定句,yet 通常用于疑问句和否定句中。 当 yet 用于否定句中时, 作“还”讲;当用于疑问句中时,作“已经”讲。Already 常常位于系动词、情态动词或 助动词之后,行为动词之前;yet 常用于句尾。 yet 通常用于句末; yet 与现在完成时或过去完成时连用 ,表示到目前为止或到过去某一 时间为止 ; yet 与一般现在时或过去时连用,表示在此刻或在那时. 语法: 语法:The +adj. 形容词和定冠词连用 在一部分形容词的前面加上定冠词 the,就变成了表示一类人或物的相当于名词的词,这 类词就称为名词化的形容词。这类词具有名词的特征,在句子中可以充当主语、宾语、 表语等句子成分。 当表示一类人的名词化的形容词在句子中充当主语的时候,谓语动词常用复数形式;表 示一类事物的名词化的形容词做主语的时候,谓语动词常用单数形式。 1.与表示特征、特性、品质等方 He set up a school for the deaf and the dumb. 他创建了一所聋哑学校。 He stole from the rich to give to the poor. 他偷富人的东西去接济穷人。 这类结构常见的有 e.g. the rich 富人 he poor 穷人 the blind 盲人病人 the old 老人 the young 年轻人 the dumb 哑巴 the deaf 聋子 the dead 死者 the weak 弱者 the strong 强 者 the wealthy 富人 the jobless 失业者 【注意】这类用法往往具有复数意义。如: The rich are not always happier than the poor. 富人并不总是比穷人过得开心。 The old are more likely to catch cold than the young. 老年人比年轻人更容易感冒。 但若表抽象概念,则表单数意义。如: The beautiful is not always the same as the good. 美的东西不一定都是好的东西。 2. 与某些过去分词转化来的形容词连用。如: Times are hard for the unemployed. 失业者的日子很难熬。 Many of the wounded died on their way to hospital. 许多伤员死在去医院的途中了。

这类结构常见的有。如:e.g. the wounded 伤员 the injured 伤员 the killed 被杀 the employed 被雇用者 the unemployed 失业者 the accused 被告 the learned 有学问的人 the aged 老年人 the missing 失踪的人 the living 活着的人 3. 与某些表国籍的形容词连用。如: The Chinese are a friendly people. 中华民族是一个友善的民族。 The French are famous for their cooking. 法国人以善烹调著称。 The British are very proud of their sense of humor. 英国人为自己的幽默感到自豪。 这类结构常见的有。如 : the British 英国人 the English 英国人 the French 法 国人 the Chinese 中国人 the Japanese 日本人 5.与某些形容词连用表示抽象概念 One must learn to take the bad with the good. 人必须学会好坏都能承受。 He wants to make the impossible possible. 他想把不可能的事成为可能。 这类结构常见的有。如:the true 真 the good 善 the beautiful 美 the right 是 the wrong 非 the false 伪不可能做到的事 the unknown 未知的事物 写作指导:提纲 开头 简要介绍英美英语之间的不同 主体 具体介绍英美英语的差异,距离说明 1.-- Words to use2.-- Spelling3.-- Accent 4.--Others 结尾 这就是英美语言之间的差异(总结式结尾) 说一说你的看法(反问式结尾) 3、美文美句: 1. There are many different kinds of English.有许多不同种类的英语。 2. American and British English are the most popular ones. 英式英语和美式英语是最受欢迎的。 3. What are the differences between British English and American English? 英式英语和美式英语的区别是什么? 4. You can find some spelling differences in British English and American English. 在英式英语和美式英语中你会发现一些拼写上的不同。 5. British and American English can't be used together. 英式英语和美式英语不能被同时使用。 6. The biggest difference between American and British English is the words that people use. 美式英语和英式英语最大的不同之处是人们使用的单词。 7. Spellings and words orders are different between American and British English. 拼写和单词顺序在美式和英式英语中是不同的。 8. Some words are spelled differently.

一些单词的拼写是不同的。 9. British people also speak with a different accent from American people. 英国人说话的口音和美国人也是不一样的。 10. Many people speak English as their mother language. 许多人以英语为母语。


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