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高考英语短文改错解题策略


决胜2012届高考

What’s the main trouble when correcting a composition?
1. 看不出句子有错。 2. 看出句子出错的地方,但答案不正确。 或无法改正。

这些现象尤其反应在基础较差的学生身上, “改错改错,越改越错”。因此了解改错的题型 特点,并在此基础上加以一定分项训练,掌握一 些解题技巧就非常有必要。

1)错词 更正
2)多词 删除 3)缺词 补漏

错误类型分析
1. 漏词

例 I hope you’ve had pleasant journey home and…. ^ a

2.多词

例 Suddenly I caught a sight of my English teacher in the crowd.

3.错词
例It is real a good chance to have met all of ___
really

you here.

注意:以下为不规范答题,均不给分,不能手下留情
例如: It was very nice to get your invitation to spend weekend with you. Luckily I was completely free the am then, so I’ll to say “yes”. I’ll arrive in Bristol at around 8 pm in am Friday evening. on

如何突破高分瓶颈
专题分类突破

短文改错的错误类型虽然多种多 样,但是归纳起来主要有以下十个 方面:

词法和逻辑错误: Correct the mistakes

一、动词形
高考链接1
stopped

1.动词的时态和语态错误. 2. 主、谓不一致的错误。 3.非谓语动词的误用

1.We were driving in the country when the car stop working.
2. Mary ,as well as her sisters study studies Chinese in China. 3. I saw the boys played games on the bank of the lake when I passed.
playing

二、名词数
1.可数与不可数名词的混用。 高考链接2: 2.可数名词的单复数的错用。 3.名词的格的误用 1. We can find a lot of informations on the Internet. information 2. Different people speak different language.
languages

3. The man is a friend of my father.
father’s

三、还要注意形和副
1.形容词和副词的误用 2.原级,比较级和最高级的误用。 高考链接3: 1. I’m sure we’ll have a wonderfully time together. wonderful 2. He knows me so good that he can recognize my foot steps.

well

3. This river isn’t as longer as that one.

long

四、 代词格,细领悟
高考链接4:
1. There are trees on all sides of the road. both 2. I think important to learn the computer well. ∧

it
人称代,物主代,反身代词, 不定代词的误用及混用.

五、介词短语须关注,习惯用法要记住.
主要考查介词短语和 习惯用法的搭配。
1. I saw him enter into the classroom. 2. I won’t take this jacket, for its price is very expensive.

high

六、冠词,连词常光顾
1. 冠词a, an和the的错用. 2.连词but,and,or, so和although的错用. 链接6:

1.What a lovely weather we are having today! 2. My parents are very kind to me, because I don’t want to leave them. so

动词形

Our English teacher begin to teach us began in September. She had been teaching has 名词数 twenty year. English for more than years She likes we, and she is very 代词格,细领悟 us strict in all of us. Although she is 介词短语需关注 with a bit old and not so beautifully, 还要注意形和副 beautiful but we consider her as our mother. 冠词连词常光顾 She is really good teacher. ∧ a We are love her very much. We’re sure we’ll get in well with each other 习惯用法要记住
on

小结

较好拿到的分数有: 名词单复数/形容词副词/冠词/代词.

做题时应注意: 叙事性文章首抓全文时态,以免理解有误; 论述性文章首抓名词形容词冠词代词错误

II.从句法的角度去分析:
1)定语从句 2)名词性从句 3)状语从句 4) 句式结构

1)定语从句(关系代词和关系副词的误用) 1.He put it in a secret place where I couldn’t find. which 2.The house which Lu Xun once lived is being repaired now. where
3. I'll never forget the day which I first went to school.

when

2)名词性从句(连接代词和连接副词及从属连 词的混用)
1.We would return at night to hear that he'd picked up from the radio in the day. what 2.But it didn’t matter that I would win or not.

whether
3.When people are playing games,they move a lot. That is how sports are good activities for their health.

why

3)状语从句(引导词的误用)

1.He got up early in order to he could catch the first

that
2. Make a mark which you have any doubts or questions.

where

4) 句式结构
考察一个句子是否完整,是否存在否定误用的问题,省略 现象是否有误,平行、并列关系是否混乱,强调句结构是否完整等

1) As we climbed the mountains, we fed monkeys,
visiting temples and told stories.

visited

2)I particularly enjoyed driving through the countryside with you and saw the changing colors of the leaves on the trees. seeing 3)Why you think so many people still suffer from poverty now? do

4)Hot water is provided for 24 hours, but lifts work day and night.

and
5)I thought it was dull to watch a game in which players kicked a ball to each other. Therefore, my father loves football.

However

短文改错口诀 动词形,名词数 还要注意形和副 非谓语,细辨别 介词、短语要牢记 代词格,细领悟 句子成分多分析 冠词连词常光顾 逻辑错误须关注

高考短文改错应试策略及答题原则

做短文改错时只要记住“三 歩”,“六原则和“四不改”就 能提高得分率。

1. 通读全文, 理解文章. 2. 先易后难, 找出明错. 3. 对照考点, 深入审读. 六原则 1.以在有错行改动一词为原则. 2.以改变实词形式为原则. 3.以单词形式变化最小为原则. 4.以添加或删除虚词为原则. 5.以多“改正”少“添删”为原 则. 6以保持原意不变为原则.
三歩

Four points that you should pay attention to 四不改:
①标点符号不改。

②大小写不改。
③词序错误不改。

④单词拼写不改 。 文中出现带汉语注释的词,在句中不可能用错。

实战演练:

考前练习

单句改错练习 : 摘自同学的作业/作文.
a 1、I met student yesterday. ^ _______ 可数名词,单数前要加冠戴帽,复数后要加尾巴 for 2、He is looking^a missing book. _______ 固定短语 look for 常用搭配要注意介词
3、The boss made workers to work 10 hours a day. make sb do sth 不带to不定式 4、He married with a beautiful girl. marry sb嫁,娶 ,和某人结婚,不用with 5、 It is time of me to take my dog. 固定搭配 for

2011

My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other

day. She liked it at once. Then she bent down and picked∧ to up
look at a price on it. As she did this, lots of tea splashed on his Tshirt! I had to try hardly not to laugh at her shocked face! My sister
hard wanted get out of the shop as fast as she could when a shop ∧ to assistant came over to us. It was turned out to be her own cup, the her it

were

that she’d left on the shelf by mistake. The assistant was clearly as embarrassing as my sister, for I thought it was funny!
embarrassed but/yet/while/and
which

Proverb Don't make the same mistake twice. 不要重复犯同样的错误。

高考短文改错解题步骤
纵观全文,理解大意
逐句审读,分行判断

还原检查,规范答题

先易后难,各个击破
返 回

高考短文改错备考方案

备考方案一
平时学习应注意做到以下几点:
1. 广泛阅读,增强语感 2. 改错训练和书面表达训练相结合. 4. 认准命题者意图. 不要受思维定势影响或生搬 硬套知识点.

备考方案二
在高考前三四天,每天做2篇,这样就把规律性 的东西全部掌握了。 考试开始后趁头脑还清醒先做改错。

总之,要想从根本上提高改错解题能力, 就要打好基础。掌握解题技巧。多多阅 读,培养语感,增强自己辨错、纠错的 能力。


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