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阅读理解 reading test 试卷编号: 1209 考试时间: 60 分钟 满分: 100 分 Part 1 Reading Comprehension (Multiple Choice) (Each item: 2) Directions:Read the following passages carefully and choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D. Questions 1 to 5 are based on the same passage or dialog. Two similar-sounding English words caused trouble for a man who wanted to fly from Los Angeles to Oakland, California. His problems began at the airport in Los Angeles. He thought he heard his flight announced, so he walked to the gate, showed his ticket, and got on the plane. After flying for twenty minutes, the man began to worry. Oakland was north of Los Angeles, but the plane seemed to be heading west, and when he looked out his window all he could see was ocean. "Is this plane going to Oakland?" he asked the flight attendant (服务员). The flight attendant was shocked. "No," she said. "We're going to Auckland-Auckland, New Zealand." English is not the only language with similar-sounding words. Other languages, too, have words that can cause mistakes, especially for foreigners. Auckland and Oakland. When similar-sounding words cause a mistake, probably the best thing to do is just laugh and learn from it. Of course, sometimes it's hard to laugh. The man who traveled to Auckland instead of Oakland didn't feel like laughing. But even that mistake turned out all right in the end. The airline (航空公司) paid for the man's hotel room and meals in New Zealand and for his flight back to California. "Oh well," the man later said, "I always wanted to see New Zealand." 1. The main topic of this passage is __D______. A. mistakes made by people in airports B. troubles experienced by foreigners in a new country C. difficulties had by people when taking a plane D. problems caused by words that sound alike 2. She told him the plane would arrive in ____B____. A. Oakland B. Auckland C. Los Angeles D. California 3. The man realized something was wrong when __C______. A. he landed in Oakland, California B. he saw that the flight attendant was shocked C. he noticed the direction of the plane D. he walked up to the gate 4. The sentence "Oh well, I always wanted to see New Zealand." reflects ____A____. A. the man's sense of humor B. the man's frustration C. the man's disappointment D. the man's despair

5. According to the passage one proper way to deal with a mistake caused by similar-sounding words is ____D____. A. to have a sharp ear B. to learn a good pronunciation C. to speak clearly and slowly D. to laugh and learn from it Questions 6 to 10 are based on the same passage or dialog. A strict vegetarian is a person who never in his life eats anything derived from animals. The main objection to vegetarianism (素食主义) on a long-term basis is the difficulty of getting enough protein—the body-building element in food. If you have ever been without meat or other animal foods for some days or weeks (say, for religious reasons) you will have noticed that you tend to get rather weak physically. You are glad when the fast (禁食) is over and you get your reward of a delicious meat meal. Proteins are built up from about twenty food elements called "amino acids" (氨基酸), which are found in greater amounts in animal protein than in vegetable protein. This means you have to eat a great deal more vegetable than animal food in order to get enough of these amino acids. A great deal of the vegetable food goes to waste in this process and from the physiological (生理学的) point of view there is not much to be said in favor of life-long vegetarianism. The economic side of the question, though, must be considered. Vegetable food is much cheaper than animal food. However, since only a small proportion of the vegetable protein is useful for body-building purposes, a consistent vegetarian, if he is to gain the necessary 70 grams ( 克) of protein a day, has to consume a greater bulk of food than his digestive organs can comfortably deal with. In fairness, though, it must be pointed out that vegetarians claim they need far less than 70 grams of protein a day. 6. A strict vegetarian _____C___. A. rarely eats animal products B. sometimes eats eggs C. never eats any animal products D. never eats protein 7. We feel weak when we go without meat and other animal products __B___. A. because we are reducing our food amount B. because we do not get enough protein C. because vegetables do not contain protein D. unless we take plenty of exercise 8. Proteins are built up from ____D____. A. about twenty different foods B. about twenty different vegetables C. various fats and sugars D. about twenty different amino acids 9. Physiologically, life-long vegetarianism may not be good because ___B___. A. it makes people very thin B. the body must process too much waste C. the farmer loses money

D. vitamin-deficiency diseases may result 10. One thing in favour of vegetarianism is that __C______. A. vegetable food is easier to digest B. animal food is less expensive C. vegetable food is cheaper D. vegetable food contains more amino acids Questions 11 to 15 are based on the same passage or dialog. Elderly people respond best to a calm and unhurried environment. This is not always easy to provide as their behavior can sometimes be difficult to handle. If they get excited or upset then they may become more confused and more difficult to look after. Although sometimes it can be extremely difficult, it is best to be patient and not to get upset yourself. You should always encourage old people to do as much as possible for themselves but be ready to lend a helping hand when necessary. Failing memory makes it difficult for the person to recall all the basic kinds of information we take for granted. The obvious way to help in this situation is to supply the information that is missing and help them make sense of what is going on. You must use every opportunity to provide information but remember to keep it simple and direct. "Good morning, Mother. This is Fiona, your daughter. It's eight o'clock, so if you get up now, we can have breakfast downstairs." When the elderly person makes confused statements, e.g. about going out to his or her old employment or visiting a dead relative, correct him in a calm matter-of-fact fashion: "You don't work in the office any more. You are retired now. Will you come and help me with the dishes?" We rely heavily on the information provided by signposts, clocks, and newspapers. These assist us to organize and direct our behavior. Confused old people need these aids all the time to compensate for their poor memory. Encourage them to use reminder boards or diaries for important coming events and label the contents of different boxes. Many other aids such as information cards, old photos, addresses or shopping lists could help in individual cases. 11. When do elderly people respond best? A A. When they are calm and unhurried. B. When people tell them to be calm and unhurried. C. When their environment is calm and unhurried. D. When others are calm and unhurried. 12. What should you encourage old people to do? D A. To do as little as possible. B. To do as much as they can. C. To help others when needed. D. To be patient and not get upset. 13. How should we provide information to old people with failing memories? B A. By being helpful. B. By being direct. C. By being sensitive. D. By being obvious. 14. What is the purpose of information provided on such things as signposts? A A. To help us organize and direct our behavior.

B. To help us make use of newspapers. C. To help us correct other people. D. To help us understand statements. 15. Besides diaries, what else can help old people remember significant coming events? B A. Labels. B. Reminder boards. C. Information cards. D. Photos. Questions 16 to 20 are based on the same passage or dialog. You must face the fact that in your inmost heart you hate the thought of moving. It is easiest not to leave the rooms where your children passed through their wonderful childhood and annoying teens to a friendly but slightly distant maturity. Until, suddenly one day, the distance is absolute and they are grown up and gone. Then you find yourself living in too large a house, which consumes in its maintenance too much energy and money. When we found ourselves in this situation a few years ago, we determined to move while we still had the strength and before the emotional ties that the old house had wrapped around us became too powerful to be broken. Move while you can! But be sure you really want to, and do not move too often. It is an exhausting process. Your first task is to find a house that will suit you. It must be smaller, quieter, easier to run, and more conveniently placed for transport. Not so small, though, that it will not have room for your largest pieces of furniture, and located not too far from the neighborhood where so many friendships have been built up. At last we found one: a late Victorian cottage, in a street where the houses, all small, range from late 18th to mid 20th century. It was near enough to where we wanted to live. It had no basement ( 底 下层), which was a great convenience for aging legs; there were only two floors: one for ourselves and one where friends, children, and grandchildren could spread themselves when they came to stay. Each floor had two rooms. There was a kitchen on the ground floor, with the bathroom above it. 16. The passage concerns ________. D A. buying a house for a newly married couple B. buying a large house for a growing family C. buying a better house when people have more money to spend D. buying a smaller house for older people whose children have left home 17. The passage implies that grown-up children are __C_____. A. more friendly to their parents when they are grown up B. distant from their parents C. friendly but not very close D. annoying 18. The author decided to move _____A___. A. when his house gave him too much work and cost too much to run B. when he grew tired of his house C. when he suddenly got the strength to do so D. before the house collapsed 19. The author advises people in his own situation ___B_____.

A. to move into a very small house B. to move somewhere where the largest possible pieces of furniture will fit C. not to move too far from the main road D. to choose somewhere not so noisy 20. According to the passage, the new house had ____A_____. A. two floors B. three floors C. four floors D. two bathrooms Questions 21 to 25 are based on the same passage or dialog. The great river Nile (尼罗河) flows gently in its course through the hot plains in the first half of the year but later on when the melting (融化) snows and the rains on the mountains far to the south swell its tributaries (支流), the Nile overflows (泛滥). It spreads rich, muddy (泥泞的) soil from Ethiopia over its valley and forms deep stretches of green, fertile (肥沃的) lands along its banks. The settlers found that in the soft rich earth wheat and other crops could be planted, even without the use of the plough, and they began to make many settlements of farmers. In these early times they did not of course understand why the river overflowed each year. But they knew that their crops and, therefore, their lives, depended upon its magic (魔术似的) floods, and they explained the miracle as the work of gods. But there came some years when there was a "bad Nile". Sometimes the floods were not full and did not bring enough soil; the crops were poor and the people starved. At other times the waters were so great that they destroyed houses and villages, and drowned (淹死) men and beasts (牲畜). It took perhaps many centuries before the farmers learned how to control the Nile waters. Wise men among them watching the position of the stars year by year found that they could predict when the annual rising of the Nile would come. Thus they began to learn about the scientific study of the sun, earth, moon, and stars and could make a calendar of the years. They also learnt how to measure out the land so that it could be divided fairly again after the boundaries of the farms had been washed away by great floods. In this way, there came about ancient knowledge of engineering and of geometry. 21. We can learn from this passage that the Nile is ___D___. A. always a gentle flowing river B. hot in the first half of the year but cold later on C. likely to overflow at unknown times of the year D. a life-giving river that makes the land rich 22. The settlers began farming in the Nile valley because _A_____. A. they discovered that their crops could grow well in the soil there B. they did not realize that the river would overflow sometimes C. they found many settlements of farmers in the valley D. they realized that their crops depended on the floods 23. The Nile was called the "bad Nile" at times because _____C__. A. the floods made the river difficult to control B. the floods could only be predicted by wise men C. the river sometimes flooded too little or too much D. the river took the good soil away to Ethiopia

24. The Egyptians of that time learned to predict the floods by _B______. A. studying the flooding of the Nile year by year B. observing the position of the stars year by year C. inventing some maps of the Nile floods D. developing engineering and measuring land 25. According to the passage, the ancient Egyptians ___A_____. A. had studied the stars and made their own calendar of the years B. watched the fall and rise of the Nile and learned how to control the flood C. discovered science before the peoples of other nations D. learned a lot about geometry and spread the knowledge all over the world Questions 26 to 30 are based on the same passage or dialog. Almost more than any other country in the world, Britain must seriously face the problem of building upwards, that is to say, of providing accommodations to a considerable proportion of its population in high blocks of flats. It is said that the Englishman objects to this type of existence, but if the case is such, he does in fact differ from the residents of most countries of the world today. In the past our own blocks of flats have been associated with the lower income groups and they have lacked the obvious provisions (供应), such as central heating, constant hot water supply, electrically operated lifts from top to bottom, and so on, as well as such details as easy facilities ( 设施) for getting rid of dust and rubbish and storage places for baby carriages on the ground floor, play grounds for children on the top of the buildings, and drying grounds for washing. It is likely that the argument regarding flats versus (与……相对) individual houses will continue to rage on for a long time as far as Britain is concerned. And it is unfortunate that there should be hot feeling on both sides whenever this subject is raised. Those who oppose the building of flats base their case primarily on the assumption that everyone prefers an individual home and garden and on the high cost per unit of accommodation. The latter ignores the higher cost of providing full services to a scattered community and the cost in both money and time of the journey to work from the suburban residences. 26. What is the problem that Britain must face?B A. Building blocks of homes. B. Placing people in flats. C. Being different from other countries. D. Helping lower income groups. 27. Which of the following is one of the features of today's flats? A A. Facilities for getting rid of garbage. B. Carriages for babies. C. Water supply for drinking. D. Playgrounds for children. 28. Which of the following is likely to continue for a long time according to the passage? C A. Flats will not have the obvious provisions. B. Houses will be preferred by most people. C. People will not agree on flats and individual houses. D. Britain will be an unfortunate place to live. 29. Why do people oppose the building of flats? C

A. They think flats offer no provisions. B. They think flats are unfortunate. C. They think everyone prefers houses. D. They think everyone agrees with them. 30. What do people ignore when they oppose flats? D A. Flats have many provisions now. B. Flats are suitable for individual families. C. Flats offer plenty of space for living. D. Flats save people money and time. Questions 31 to 35 are based on the same passage or dialog. For most people learning to drive, the driving test arises ahead as a major barrier. It is also a general source of conversation whenever drivers are gathered together. There are probably more tall stories about the driving test than about any other motoring subjects; the most remarkable thing about those stories is the number of times the old ones appear again, years after they were first heard, in new and exaggerated forms. All driving examiners have had to pass a very strict selection process, followed by at least six weeks' training. In the course of this training the Department makes sure that their driving is of a consistently high standard. Driving test centers are chosen with equal care. It would be nice to have centers and examiners town by town. But this is just not possible, because the centers have to be at places where there is enough parking space for candidates (考生) and where there are enough test routes. Routes are carefully chosen to make sure that they are all roughly comparable-the proportion of right and left turns, hills, pedestrian (行人) crossings and so on. The object of all this is to make sure, as far as possible, that all candidates in the driving test have to cope with the same sort of conditions whether they take the test in New York or California. The work that examiners do in actually carrying out tests is checked continuously by supervising examiners. This is to make as sure as possible that every candidate for the driving test has a proper and equal chance of showing the examiner, in the words of the Regulations, "that he is competent to drive without danger to and with due consideration for other users of the road." This is all that the examiner is concerned with. 31. It can be learned from the passage that ____A___. A. whenever people learning to drive get together, they often talk about the driving test B. new and exaggerated stories about the test are always appearing C. there are more tall stories about the driving test than any other subject D. the same stories about the test reappear years later 32. According to the passage, driving examiners ____C___. A. are trained for six weeks, then have a difficult selection interview B. are given regular driving tests themselves by supervising examiners C. sometimes have more than six weeks' training D. are tested during the selection process to see if their driving is of a high standard 33. There isn't a test center in every town because ______D__. A. some examiners can go to occasional centers from the permanent centers B. routes and conditions have to be the same everywhere C. there has to be enough parking space for the candidates and the examiners

D. not every town could provide enough test routes close to permanent centers 34. We can judge from this passage that ___D_____. A. the detailed records are checked after each test by a supervising examiner B. sometimes candidates are tested by a supervising examiner C. it's true that some examiners never pass anyone on Thursday afternoons D. examiners are only concerned with a candidate's ability to drive 35. It can be inferred from this passage that ___A_____. A. test routes have roughly the same conditions everywhere B. candidate drivers pass the test C. all candidates are treated equally by the examiners during the test D. some test centers do not have enough parking space Questions 36 to 40 are based on the same passage or dialog. In 1913, the United States government introduced a bold, new nickel. James Earle Fraser said his goal was to design a coin that would be "truly American." In his search for symbols, he found none more distinctive than the American buffalo. Choosing to show a Native American on the other side of the coin, Fraser said the new nickel had "perfect unity of theme." Production of "Buffalo" or "Indian Head" nickels began in February 1913. A single coining press at the Philadelphia Mint (造币厂) started turning out the nickels at the rate of 120 a minute. But after the first examples were introduced, The New York Times said they were "bad." Other critics said that the coin's "rough" surfaces would encourage counterfeiters (造假币的人). But the most serious complaint about the nickel had to do with its inability to stand heavy use. One coin collectors' magazine predicted that the slightest wear would remove the date and the words Five Cents "beyond understanding." In 1938, the Government staged a competition for a new nickel picturing Thomas Jefferson. According to a news item of the day, the Department of Indian Affairs didn't receive a single complaint from Native Americans about the design change. Collectors didn't seem to mind either. 36. In the eyes of Fraser, a ______B____ is the most distinctive. A. nickel B. buffalo C. Native American D. unity of theme 37. In the second sentence, Paragraph 2, the word "press" means ___C_____. A. publication B. newspaper C. machine D. the act of pushing down 38. The design of a buffalo was modified ____A____. A. because it was not able to stand heavy use B. because the words Five Cents were "beyond understanding" C. because the coin couldn't be pressed by the Philadelphia Mint D. because the words were too high on the coin 39. According to one collectors' magazine using a Native American and a buffalo was __B______. A. a good idea B. a bad idea

C. a perfect idea D. a forced idea 40. It seemed that the new nickel picturing Thomas Jefferson _C_______. A. won much praise from collectors B. caused strong protests from American Indians C. was OK both to the collectors and American Indians D. was praised both by the collectors and American Indians Questions 41 to 45 are based on the same passage or dialog. Today's trumpet (喇叭,小号) is one of the world's oldest instruments. It is the result of many centuries of development. Although it looks nothing like the ones of old days, there are many similarities. All trumpets are hollow tubes (管) They are all blown. And they all use the player's lips to produce their basic sound. The trumpet developed as players and makers worked to improve its design, size, shape, material, and method of construction. They wanted to create an instrument that would produce a beautiful and attractive tone, enable the performer to play all the notes of the scale, extend the range higher and lower, make it possible to play more difficult music, and in general, be easier to play well. The remarkable way in which the modern trumpet achieves these goals is a measure of the success of all those who struggled to perfect this magnificent instrument. The trumpet is actually the leading member of an entire family of related instruments. There are trumpets of several different sizes, and in several different keys. There are cornets (短号), bugles (军 号), flugelhorns (粗管短号), and a number of others that are all similar to the trumpet in the way they are made and played. The trumpet family is much more than a group of related instruments that can stir one with their sound, or narrow tubes of metal capable of producing a variety of musical sounds. It is a link to many different periods of history and to people of many cultures. From the use of trumpets in ancient religious ceremonies to the part they play in modern rock bands, the trumpet family of instruments has much to tell about civilization and its development. 41. How do trumpets all resemble each other? C A. They require the same force when blowing them. B. They make the same sound when playing them. C. They use a player's lips to make a sound. D. They have the same size of hollow tube. 42. Why did players and makers want to improve the trumpet? A A. They wanted an instrument that'd be easy to play. B. They wanted an instrument to play easy music. C. They wanted an instrument of different sizes. D. They wanted an instrument that looked attractive. 43. What is the trumpet the leading member of? A A. Trumpet family instruments. B. Remarkable instruments. C. Rock band instruments. D. Religious instruments. 44. What is linked by the trumpet? A

A. Different cultures. B. Different bands. C. Different tubes. D. Different ceremonies. 45. What can trumpets tell us a lot about? B A. The sound of modern rock bands. B. The development of civilization. C. The different varieties of musical sound. D. The links between different people.

Questions 46 to 50 are based on the same passage or dialog. Whether or not vegetarianism should be advocated for adults, it is definitely unsatisfactory for growing children, who need more protein than they can get from vegetable sources. A lacto-vegetarian (part milk, part vegetable) diet, which includes milk and milk products such as cheese, can, however, be satisfactory as long as enough milk and milk products are consumed. Meat and cheese are the best sources of usable animal protein and next come milk, fish and eggs. Slow and careful cooking of meat makes it more digestible and assists in the breaking down of the protein content by the body. When cooking vegetables, however, the vitamins, and in particular the water-soluble (溶解于水的) Vitamin C, should not be lost through over-cooking. With fruit, vitamin loss is too small to be important, because the cooking water is normally eaten along with the fruit, and natural chemicals in the fruit help to hold in the vitamin C. Most nutrition (营养) experts today would recommend a balanced diet containing elements of all foods, largely because of our need for sufficient vitamins. Vitamins were first called "added food factors" when they were discovered in 1906. Most foods contain these other substances necessary for health, in addition to carbohydrates (碳水化合物), fats, minerals and water. The most common deficiency in Western diets today is lack of vitamins. The answer is variety in food. A well-balanced diet, having sufficient amounts of milk, fruit, vegetables, eggs, and meat, fish or chicken (i.e. any good protein source), usually provides the minimum daily requirement of all the vitamins. 46. Vegetarianism is not suitable for growing children because they _A_______. A. need more protein than vegetables can supply B. cannot digest vegetables C. use more energy than adults D. cannot easily digest milk and milk products 47. A lacto-vegetarian can eat ____B_____. A. cheese, beef, and nuts B. carrots, milk, and rice C. potatoes, ham, apples, and beans D. tomatoes, bacon, and oranges 48. Slow and careful cooking of meat ______C__. A. preserves the vitamins B. breaks down the vitamins C. makes it easier to digest D. reduces the protein content

49. The reason why the vitamin loss in fruit is not important is that _D_______. A. vitamins in fruit are not removed by cooking B. chemicals are often used in the cooking of fruit C. fruit has too few vitamins to be important to one's diet D. the cooking water is usually eaten along with the fruit 50. Most nutrition experts today believe the food we eat should contain ____C____. A. more meat than vegetables B. more vegetables than meat C. fruit, cereals and fish as well as meat and vegetables D. as many different kinds of vegetables as possible


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