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帝国大厦


The Empire State Building

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姜懿恒 2010.11.1

introduction
construction cite: Street 5.Manhattan.NewYork.USA on-stream time: 1930.3 time of completion: 1931.5.1 floor area: 0.8 hectare building height: 448.7m(to antenna) 381m(to roof top) building storey: 102 construction costs: 67 million dollars

introduction
Its name is derived from the nickname for NewYork, The Empire State. It stood as the world's tallest building for more than 40 years the Empire State Building was founded in the lightest materials,built in the western economic crisis,which became the symbol of economic recovery in USA.It has been the mark of NewYork forever with the Statue of Liberty.

Architecture

? The building has 85 stories of commercial and office space representing 200,500 m2. It has an indoor and outdoor observation deck on the 86th floor. The remaining 16 stories represent the Art Deco tower, which is capped by a 102nd-floor observatory. Atop the tower is the 62 m pinnacle, much of which is covered by broadcast antennas, with a lightning rod at the very top. ? The building houses 1,000 businesses, and has its own zip code, 10118.

Architecture
? Unlike most of today's skyscrapers, the Empire State Building features an art deco design, typical of pre-World War II architecture in New York. The modernistic stainless steel canopies of the entrances on 33rd and 34th Streets leading to two story-high corridors around the elevator core, crossed by stainless steel and glass-enclosed bridges at the second-floor level. ? The lobby is three stories high and features an aluminum relief of the skyscraper without the antenna, which was not added to the spire until 1952.

Opening

? The building's opening coincided with the Great Depression in the United States, and as a result much of its office space went without being rented. The building's vacancy was exacerbated by its poor location, which placed it relatively far from public transportation

Observation Deck
? The Empire State Building has one of the most popular outdoor observatories in the world, having been visited by over 110 million people. ? The 86th-floor observation deck offers impressive 360degree views of the city. There is a second observation deck on the 102nd floor that is open to the public. ? Tourists may pay to visit the observation deck on the 86th floor and an additional amount for the 102nd floor

Empire State Building Run-Up

? The Empire State Building Run-Up is a foot race from ground level to the 86th-floor observation deck that has been held annually since 1978. Its participants are referred to both as runners and as climbers, and are often tower running enthusiasts. The race covers a vertical distance of 320 m and takes in 1,576 steps.

Empire State Building Run-Up

In Popular Culture
? Perhaps the most famous popular culture representation of the building is in the 1933 film King Kong, in which the title character, a giant ape, climbs to the top to escape his captors but falls to his death.

In Popular Culture

In Popular Culture

In Popular Culture

In Popular Culture

In Popular Culture

The Empire State Building

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