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八年级下册英语Unit10导学案


Unit 10 I’ve had this bike for three years.
第一课时 学习目标: ★ 知识目标: 掌握本课单词和短语 yard sale, sweet, soft toy, bear maker, scarf, board game, check out ★ 能力目标:能听懂谈论人们拥有某物多长时间的话题,能熟练运用 since, for 谈论自己的个 人物品。 ★ 情感目标:正确处理并充分利用自己的废旧物品。 【预习内容】 : 一、英汉互译。 1. 多长时间__ __2. 三年了______________ 3. 如何骑自行车_______________ 4. 进行庭院销售. ____________ 6. 不再_ 7. 有需要的人____ _____ 8.75 美分_________________9. 面包机___________ ___10. 玩具熊________________ 11 向某人告别 12.带来甜蜜的回忆 Language points: 1. --How long have you had that bike there? --I have had it for three years 辨析:how long, how soon, how often, how far 1) ①How long 多久, 多长 (时间) 。 对时间段提问, 如: for+时间段=since +一段时间+ago; since+过去的时间点/时间段+ago /过去时的句子。 e.g. ---For five years. ②How long 还有“多长”之意。对物体的长度提问。 2) How soon 多久以后。 对―in+时间段提问, 常用于一般将来时‖, 其答语常用―in+时间段‖。 e.g. Mr. Li will be back in a week . –--be back? have you worked in Beijing? Section A (1a-2d)

3)How often 多久一次,对频率提问,其答语为:once(twice/…)+时间段,always,usually 等。 e.g. --- Once a day.
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do you exercise?

4)How far 多远,对距离提问,其答语是表距离的内容。 e.g. -is it from here to your school?

-- It‘s a ten—minute bus ride. 辨析:for 与 since for 其后只能接表示―一段时间‖的名词性短语, 可用于多种时态, 表示动作或状态持续时间 段长短。 e.g. I ( have)in this city for five years.

since 其后接表示―时间点‖的短语或从句(过去时) ,也可以接―一段时间+ago‖,常用于 完成时态;还用于句型:―It is +时间段+since+一般过去时的句子‖。表示过去某个时间发生并 持续到说话时的动作或状态。 e.g. I came to China two years ago.==I ==Two years since I China.==It‘s China for since I . China.

2. Jeff‘s family is having a yard sale. have a yard sale 举行庭院拍卖会。 sale 用作名词, 意为―出售, 销售‖, on sale 意为―出售, 上市‖; for sale 意为―待售, 供出售‖, 尤指从主人手里出售。 e.g. ①Chickens are ②I‘m sorry, it‘s not in the market. 小鸡在市场上出售。 . 抱歉,它不出售。

3. Amy thinks it‘s hard to sell her old things. 艾米认为卖掉她的旧东西很难。 It‘s +adj. (+for sb.) to do sth. 意为―(对某人来说)做某事时……的‖,it 是形式主语,真正 主语是后面的动词不定式。 e.g. learn English well. 学好英语对于我们来说是很重要的。

4. Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories. 艾米想保留她的旧东西,因为它们勾起她的甜蜜回忆。 1)memory n.,意为―记忆;回忆‖,复数形式为 背诵‖。 lose one’s memory ,动词为 memorize,意为―记忆,

失去记忆 have a good/ bad memory 记忆力好/不好。
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e.g. She

她记忆力好。

2)bring back 使??回忆起来/使??恢复/拿回来 e.g.Your article happy memories for me .你的文章勾起了我美好的回忆。

5.You can also give old things away to people in need. 1) in need 需要 e.g. A friend need(n)其前面不要冠词。 is a friend indeed.(谚语)患难见真情。 a doctor .(急需要)

2)be in (great )need of ??(急)需要??e.g.The village is

3)need 作实义动词讲,①sb. needs sth./to do sth. ②sth. needs doing sth.==sth. needs to be done e.g.垃圾需要倒出去。Trash .

4)need 作情态动词讲,常用于否定句或疑问句中,--Must??? --No,
sb. ./don’t have to.

6. 1)not…anymore 再也(不) ; (不)再。相当于 no more .表示次数上的不再。常修饰非延 续性动词。 e.g.They The doctor told me play the computer games .他们不再需要帮助了。 .医生叫我别再玩电脑游戏了。

2)not…any longer 再也(不) ; (不)再。相当于 no longer . 表示时间上的不再,常修饰延续 性动词. e.g.① we are ②He young.我们不再年轻了。 .他不再住在这儿。

7. The stories inside may be a bit old, but they‘re still interesting. ①a bit 意为―一点儿,稍微‖,修饰形容词或副词,相当于 a little; ②a bit of +不可数名词,a little 直接加不可数名词。 e.g. There is / water in the bottle. 瓶子里有点儿水。

③not a bit =not at all 意为―一点也不‖ not a little =very 意为―非常‖
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e,g. She is He is

happy. 她一点儿也不快乐。 tired.=He is very tired. 他非常累。

8. And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids. ①check 用作及物动词,意为―检查,审查‖,短语 check out,意为―察看,观察‖。 e.g. If you finish it, it by yourself first.如果你完成了,就自己先检查一下。 all the books for children.察看一下所有的儿童书籍。 ②check 还可用作名词,意为―支票。账单‖ 重点句型:1)--How long have you had that bike over there?—I’ve had it for three years. 2)You can also give old things away to people in need. 3)Because I don’t read it any more . 4)because I have had it since I was a baby. 学习步骤: 1、 听写新单词,2、引入新课并操练。3、对照学案预习 1a—2d。4、听录音完成 1b,2a, 2b 听力训练。 直击中考,课堂练习 1、Both his parents look sad . Maybe they _________what's happened to him. A. knew B. have known C. must know D.will know 2、He has _______ been to Shanghai, has he ? A. already B.never C.ever D. still 3、Have you met Mr Li ______? A. just B. ago C.before D. a moment ago 4、The famous writer _____ one new book in the past two year. A. is writing B.was writing C.wrote D.has written 5、—Our country ______ a lot so far. —Yes. I hope it will be even ______. A. has changed ; well B. changed ; good C. has changed ; better D. changed ; better 6、Zhao Lan ______already ______in this school for two years. A. was ; studying B. will ; study C. has ; studied D. are ; studying 7、We ______ Xiao Li since she was a little girl. A. know B. had known C. have known D. knew
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8、Harry Potter is a very nice film .I_______ it twice. A. will see B. have seen C. saw D.see 9、—These farmers have been to the United States. —Really ? When _____ there ? A. will they go B. did they g C. do they go D. have they gone 10、—______ you ___ your homework yet? —Yes . I _____ it a moment ago. A. Did; do; finished B. Have; done; finished C. Have; done; have finished D. will; do; finish 课后反馈 一.用所给 词的适当形式填空: 1.I_______ already ________(see) the film. I ______(see) it last week. 2. ―_______ he ________ (finish) his work today?‖ ―Not yet.‖ 3. My father_______ just______(come) back from wor k. He is tired now. 4. ―Where‘s Li Ming?‖ ―He ________(go) to the teacher‘s office.‖ 5. Shanghai _______(be) a small towm hundreds of years ago. Now it _______(become) a large city. 6 .I _______(work) here here since I _____(move) here in 1993. 7. So far I ______ (make) quiet a few friends here. 8. How long ______ the Wangs __________( stay) here 直击中考,翻译句子 1.我买了这个自行车三年了。I bike 2.她借这本书号几个月。She 3.这些旧东西能勾起许多甜蜜的回忆。 These old things can 4.我想把这些玩具送给需要的人。I want to 5.这些衣服太小了一颗不再适合我了。 These clothes are too small 6.这个庭院拍卖会已经持续很长时间了。The yard sale 7.两小时前他察看了这些旧物品。He 8.自从我是一个孩子时,我就拥有这个玩具熊。
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the . the book months.

. these clothes the people.

. for a long time. the old things two hours ago.

I

the bear I

.

第二课时 ★ 教学过程:

Section A (3a-3c)

一.【学习目标】: 1. 能够熟记并正确使用下列单词和短语: junior clear bedroom certain honest while truthful。 2. 学习在文章中运用现在完成时。 3. 运用 for 和一段时间的现在完成时。 4. We have decided to each sell five things we

no longer

railway part

no

longer

use.

For

example... 5. 运用 have+Vpp. 二.预习导学: 将下列短语译成英语。 1. 长大___________________ 2. 中学_________________________

3. 变得更小了________________ 4. 庭院销售__________________ 5. 儿童福利院__________________________________ 6.清理,丢掉 _____________________ 7. 不再使用________________________ 8. 起初____________________ 9.和……一起玩______________

10. 放弃,交出_________________ 11. 实话实说____________________________ 12.对于,关于 14.truth(adj.) 三. 课堂反馈。 1)完成 3b。 2)完成 3c 的表格 Step 1 Language points 13.与??分开 15honest(o.p.)

1. We have already cleared out a lot of things from our bedrooms. clear v. 清理;清除 e.g. I‘ll clear out 清理;丢掉 that closet for you. 我要替你把那个小衣橱清理出来。
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2. We have decided to each sell five things that we no longer use.

no longer 意为―不再;不复‖,===not …any longer。如: He lives here. (= He ) 他不再住这儿了。

3. My daughter was more understanding, although she also felt sad to part with certain toys. 1) certain adj. 意为―某种;某事;某人‖。

e.g. He decided to sell his certain books. 他决定卖掉他的某些书籍。 [拓展] certain 形容词,意为―确实的,无疑的‖ === sure。 常用结构:be certain /sure to do sth. 肯定要做某事 be certain/sure of/about sth. 对某事确定、有把握 be certain/sure of doing sth. 有把握做某事 be certain/sure +从句 e.g. He felt quite certain of success. 他对成功很有把握。 2) part with 与??分开;放弃、交出, part v. 离开, 分开 part(n.)play a part in?? 参与 take an active part in ?? 积极参加 一定……

e.g. Don‘t part with/give up your dream. 不要放弃你的梦想。 4. As for me, I did not want to give up my football shirts, but, to be honest, I have not played for a while now. 1) as for 至于,关于 e.g. As for us, we are fortunate. 可对我们来说,我们是幸运的。

2) to be honest 意为―说实在的,说实话‖,经常单独使用,作插入语,用逗号与句子隔开。等 于 to tell the truth ―老实说,说实话‖。 e.g. , she is not an honest girl. 说实话,她不是一个诚实的女孩。

honest 为形容词, 意为―诚实的;老实的‖。反义词为 dishonest ―不诚实的‖。
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e.g. An honest man does not tell lies. 诚实的人不会说谎。 3) while n. 一段时间,一会儿 while 还可用作连词,引导时间状语从句,意为―当……的时候‖,while 引导的时间状语从句 中的动词必须是延续性动词。 e.g. They chattered away happily . 他们高兴地闲扯了一会儿。 他在度假期间仍与我们保持联系。 某人自己的东西。 ③名词 owner 主

He kept in touch with us while he was on vacation. 5. own ①v. 拥有; 有. ②adj. 自己的 人 one‘s own sth.

e.g. Most households now own at least one car. 大多数家庭现在至少有一辆汽车。 6. truthful adj. ①(指人)诚实的;==honest (指物)真实的==true ③副词 truly boy. ②T he story is (他并非总是说真话。)

②名词 truth 诚实,真相 e.g. ①Jim is a ③He was not always 当堂达标 直击中考,单选:

1. Tina told me that she would eat the junk food A.any more 2.They A.cleaned out B.any longer C.no longer

. D.not longer

many old things when they cleaned up the old house. B.clean out C.clean up their teachers. C.care for with the old toys any more . D.join in D.clean off

3.All the students felt sad to A.part with 4.—Dad! B.take part will we

--- Let‘s give them away to the Children‘s House. A. What deal B. How do C. What do D. When do

5.How time flies! Several years

since we started our middle school life .
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A.have passed 句型转换。

B.has passed

C.will pass

D.passed

1.I move to England last year . I England last year .

2.We returned to Wuhan since yesterday . We 3. three years to Wuhan since yesterday . he became a teacher. he became a teacher .

Three years 4. He owns the big house . The big house 直击中考,翻译 1. 说实在的,同自己的子女分离时不容易的。 , 2. 至于我,我不在使用这些旧东西。 me, I 3. 我父亲已经决定戒烟。 My father ‘s smoking. use the old things. him.

one‘s children.

4. 你们将怎样处理你们拍卖所募集来的钱。 will you the money you the sale ?

5. 妈妈已经从房间里清除了一些旧东西。 Mum‘s already some old things from the room .

第三课时 学习目标 : 1.熟练现在完成时态及关键词

Section A (Grammar focus – 4c)

2.学会如何运用延续性动词和非延续性动词。
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预习检测: 1.变得太冷 3.搬到美国 5.来日本 3 年 精讲点拨 :现在完成时 表示从过去已经开始持续到现在的动作或状态, 可以和表示―从过去某一时刻延续到现在的 一段时间状语‖连用,如―for + 时间段‖、―since + 过去时间点‖、―since + 过去时的从句‖、―since + 一段时间 + ago‖以及 so far(到目前为止)等时间状语连用,且 for 与 since 引导的时间状语可以 相互转换。 e.g. My uncle has worked at this factory for ten years. = My uncle has worked at this factory since ten year ago. I‘ve lived here since 1990. 自从 1990 年以来我就住在这里。 I haven‘t seen him for three years. 我三年没有看见他了。 She‘s been at this school since five years ago. 自从五年前以来她就在这个学校。 歌诀:含有 for,since 的现在完成时的用法歌诀: 过去的动作或状态,一直持续到现在,for、since 把时间带 句中动词的特点 此种用法中表示持续性的动作或状态的动词必须是延续性动词(否定句除外) 1. 这本书我买了 5 年了。 I have bought the book for five years. ( ) I‘ve had the book for five years. ( 2. 你哥哥参军多长时间了? How long has your brother joined the army? ( )
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2.最古老的建筑物之一 4.返回到他们的家乡

)

How long has your brother been in the army/been a soldier? ( 非延续性动词和延续性动词之间的转换 1. 转换为相应的延续性动词,用于现在完成时。 borrow — keep buy — have put on — wear catch a cold — have a cold get to know — know get to sleep — sleep 2. 转化为―be + 形容词/副词/介词/名词‖ begin / start — be on open — be open die — be dead fall sleep — be asleep become — be go out — be out close — be closed

)

get to/arrive/reach — be (in) leave — be away finish — be over

join — be in/be a member of make friends — be friends

come/go — be + 相应的介词短语 当堂练习: 单选 1.She this book for nearly three weeks. B. has lent C. has bought D. has kept

A. has borrowed

2.—How do you like the song Two Butterflies ? --- Great ! I such a beautiful song before . C. have never heard D. has never heard greatly since 1992. C. changing D. have changed ?

A. don‘t hear B. never hear 3.—The life we were used to A. change 4.--- How long B. has changed

the film King Kong

---- For just several minutes. A. did begin B. has begun C. has been on D. is beginning

5.—Where are the twins ?
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---- They are skating. They have skated A. for three hours ago C. three hours ago B. since three hours ago D. since three hours 1992 . D. in

.

6. Mrs. Wang has lived in Haikou A. since B. from C. after

7.It‘s 3 years since he A. has joined

the army . C. join D. joined friends since three years ago . D. has made

B. has been in

8.Our English teacher is very nice .We A. were 句型转换 1. The old man died last year. The old man B. became C. have been

for a year .

2. This factory opened twenty years ago. This factory 3. Miss Gao left an hour ago. Miss Gao 4. He joined the League in 2002. He a since . an hour ago . for twenty years .

5. He came out two years ago . He for 第四课时 学习目标: ★ 知识目标: 掌握本课单词和短语 search among opposite especially memory crayon shame regard.. as count century according to hold . section B(1a~2d)

consider

★ 能力目标:能从阅读中获得自己周围的事物变化的相关信息。
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★ 情感目标:珍惜自己周围事物的变化,感恩社会,汇报社会,关爱他人。 预习检测: 1.century(复数) 4.build(过去分词) 7.对----也是一样的 9.为了 10.到目前为止 2. memory (复数) 5.搜寻 8.以某人的观点 11.回到 3.give(过去分词) 6.按照

12.你拥有它多长时间了? 一.创设情境,激情导入 二.自主学习、自我提高 1.小组合作完成 1a2.听录音完成 1b—1c。3.Workpairs 1d. 4.阅读 2a 回答 1—3. 5.小组合作完 成 2b—2d 三.合作探究、共同提高 1. Nowadays, millions of Chinese leave the countryside to search for work in the cities. Search 用作不及物动词时,意为―搜索;搜查‖。短语 search for = look for 意为―搜寻,找寻‖。 e.g. He is searching for his sunglasses. 他正在找他的太阳镜。 【拓展】作及物动词,意为―在· · · · · · 搜查‖或―搜查‖。 e.g. They searched the forest for the lost child. 他们在森林里寻找那个走失的小孩。 2. Among these is Zhang Wei, a 46-year-old husband and father 1)among 在三者或三者以上之间。 e.g. Tom sits 2)between 在两者之间 e.g. Tom sits Mary and Frank. 汤姆坐在玛丽和弗兰克之间。 the students. 汤姆坐在学生之间。

3)a 46-year-old husband and father 意为―一位 46 岁的丈夫和父亲‖,相当于 a husband and father of 46years old. four-year-old 是一个复合形容词,特点―一是数词、名词、形容词之间要用连字符连接,二
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是数词后的名词用单数形式。 e.g. Tom is a 10-year-old boy.= Tom is a boy of 10 years old. 汤姆是一个 10 岁的男孩。 【拓展】另一种类似的复合形容词作定语的结构是:数词+连字符+名词,或数词+名词的所 有格。 e.g. a two-month holiday=a two months‘ holiday 一个为期两个月的假期。 Ten-minute walk/drive/ride=ten minutes‘ walk/drive/ride 步行/开车/骑车 10 分钟的路程 3…It‘s a shame, but I just don‘t have the time,… shame 不可数名词,意为―羞耻;羞愧;惭愧‖ 与 a 连用,表示―可耻的人或事;可惜(遗憾) 的事‖。 e.g. He felt It‘s a for what he had done. 他对自己所做过的事不感到羞愧。 你不能留下来吃晚饭,真遗憾。 in

(that) you can‘t stay for dinner.

【拓展】 相关短语: to one‘s shame 令人感到羞愧的是 feel shame at …因· · · · · · 而感到羞愧 shame 羞愧的 have no shame 无羞耻心

4. Many people like Zhong Wei regard with great interest how their hometowns have changed. regard 及物动词,意为―将· · · · · · 认为;把· · · · · · 视为‖。常用短语 regard…as…意为―将· · · · · · 视为· · · · · · ; 把· · · · · · 当做······‖,as 为介词,其后接名词或代词。 e.g. I We you as him my best friend. 我把你当做我最好的朋友。 our brother. 我们把他当成兄弟看待。

5. Children have learned to read and count at my old primary school since the mid-20th century. century 可数名词,意为―世纪;百年‖,其复数形式为 e.g. The mid-20th century 意为―20 世纪中期‖ eighteenth-century writer 18 世纪的作家。 A hundred years . 一百年是一个世纪。 。

6. According to Zhong Wei, however, some things will never change. according to 意为―依照,按照‖,to 为介词,后接名词、代词或从句 e.g. He divided them into three groups
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age. 他把他们按年龄分成三组。

7. Most of the children in my time liked to play together under that big tree, especially during the summer holidays. especially 副词,意为―尤其;特别;格外‖,在句中作状语,用于列举某个特例或某事物的特 殊性。形容词为 especial―特别的,特殊的‖。 e.g. Flowers are always welcomed, in winter. 鲜花总是受到欢迎,尤其是冬天。

8. consider 动词,意为―考虑‖,=think about,后跟名词,代词,动名词,宾语从句或―疑问词 +不定式‖。 e.g. Please I am He ?s never my suggestion. 请考虑我的建议。 my job.我正在考虑换份工作。 how to solve the problem 他从未考虑过如何解决那个问题。

【拓展】在与动词连用时,只能用动名词形式的动词或短语有: consider ―考虑‖ practice―练习‖ mind ―介意‖ have fun ―高兴‖ enjoy ―喜爱‖ miss 错过 keep (on)―继续(一直)‖ finish―完成‖ spend time/money doing sth. feel like ―想要‖ have trouble doing sth. imagine 设想,想象

look forward to ―盼望‖ can‘t help ―禁不住‖ can‘t stand give up ―放弃‖ 歌诀:喜欢错过别介意,完成愉快勤练习,禁不住考虑想放弃 9. in my opinion in one‘s opinion=in the opinion of sb. 意为―依· · · · · · 看‖。

e.g. In my opinion, it‘s best to make some cards for our teachers. 依我看,最好给我们的老师做些卡片。 10. hold e.g. He He hold 及物动词,意为―拥有;抓住‖,过去式和过去分词均为 held a major share in the company. 他持有该公司的大部分股份。 a book in her hand. 她手里正拿着一本书。

【拓展】hold 用作及物动词,还可意为―举行;主持‖,相当于 have e.g. They will hold a meeting to discuss this problem tomorrow.
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11.1) opposite (prep.)在---对面

Eg: There is a supermarket

(在银行对面)。

2)opposite (n.)对立面的人、物(adj.)对面的、另一边的 Eg :There is a garden on the = There is a garden The side of the street. the street.

of white is black.(与白色相对的颜色是黑色)

四.检测反馈,巩固提高 1. I don‘t believe that this ___boy can paint such a nice picture. A. five years old B. five-years-old C. five-year-old 2. According ____ Mr. Wang, we‘ll go on a trip this weekend. A. in B. that C. who D. what

3. Look! She‘s standing ___ the ten children. A. among B. between C. of D. from 4. --Can you give me some information about vacation trips? -- Why not _________ going to Hainan Island? A. consider B. mind C. keep D. think

5. . Mr. Jack ______ China for several years. A. has been to B. has come to 6.--- Your sister --- Yes, she C. has been in D. came to

to London to study English . Is that true ? there for two months. B. will go , has gone C. gone, will be D. has gone ,has been

A. has been, has been 7.Li Hong has A. joined

the army for 2 years. B. joined to C. been in D. joined in

8.It‘s hard to say goodbye to my friends. = It‘s hard to my friends.

9.There was a post office across from the bank. = There was a post office the bank.
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10.She is so clever a girl.= She is 第五课时 经典句型 1. How long have you had that bike over there? I‘ve had it for three years! 2. Jim has been in Japan for three days.

. Section B (3a-Self-check)

3. I used to return home at least once a year, but I haven‘t been back for almost three years now. ★ 能力目标: 能写一篇关于自己身边事物变化的文章。 ★ 情感目标: 珍惜自己周围事物的变化,感恩社会,汇报社会,关爱他人。 ★ 学习过程: Step 1 Summary 一、必记单词 Let students read and spell the words in groups. sweet 甜的,含糖的 soft 软的,柔软的 honest 诚实的;老实的 search 搜查;搜索 羞耻;羞愧;惭愧 regard 将· · · · · · 认为 century 百年,世纪 memory 记忆;回忆 consider 注视;仔细考虑 shame

especially 尤其;特别;格外 hold 拥有;抓住 二、常考短语

Let the students say them in groups, then make examples in pairs. 1. 3. 5. 7. 9. 多久,多长时间 2. 捐赠;赠送 4. 欢迎到……6. 棋类游戏 8. 面包机 10.
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举行庭院拍卖会 不再…… 一点儿,稍微 察看;观察 长大

11. 13 15. 17. 19. 21. 23. 25. 27. 三、经典句型

收拾,整理 12. 不再;不复 14. 例如 16.

许多 起初 一套轨道火车 放弃 至少 一年一两次

…至于……18. 说实在的 在周末 22. 数百万的 24. 20.

寻找 在……的对面 为了

依据;按照 26. 依……看 28.

Let the students make new sentences in pairs. 1. It is +adj. (+for sb.) +to do sth. 2. 4. 6. 7. 8. 四、检测反馈,巩固提高 一、链接中考,单项选择 1. —My god! I ______ the book from the library for more than two months. —Go to see if you will be fined. A. have lent B. have borrowed C. have returned D. have kept 2. — David, where have you ______ recently? —I have ______ to Shanghai with classmates. A. been, gone B. been, been C. gone, been D. gone, gone 3. —Where is Jack‘s brother? I haven‘t seen him for a long time. —______. A. He has been to Suzhou B. He has gone to Suzhou C. He is going to Suzhou D. He will go to Suzhou 4. My friends have ______ there since the firm set up.
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(对某人来说)做某事是…… . 喜欢做某事 + 地点 待在某地多久

. 想要做某事 3. 决定做某事 5. 希望做某事 形容词最高级+可数名词复数 过去常做某事 9.

最· · · · · · 之一 . 需要做某事

A. work B. start working C. begun to work D. worked 5. Sara ______ the Summer Palace twice. A. went to B. goes to C. has gone to D. has been to 6. It ______ 20 years since they ______ to China. A. was, came B. was, have come C. is, have come D. is, came 7. ----______ to Italy? ----No, never, but I went to France 5 years ago. A. Did you go B. Have you gone C. Have you been D. Are you going 8. She is not going to the concerts this Sunday night because she ______ her ticket. A. didn‘t lose B. has lost C. will lose D. didn‘t have 9. We ______ our mission so far. It is really fantastic. A.to finish B. finish C. have finished D. finishing 10. ----Are you familiar with the famous singer---Jay Chou? ----Certainly! I _________ to his concerts many times. A. go B. am going C. have gone D. goes 11. ----Nowadays my hometown has taken a new look. It is so wonderful. ----Really. Great changes _______________during the past 30 years. A. have taken place B. are taken place C. took place D. take place 12. ----Where is my wallet? ----I __________it here just now but I can‘t find it now. A. saw B. have seen C. was seeing D. see 13.I have ________ the book for three days. A.borrowed B.lent C.bought D.kept 14. We have been to Water City. . A.Neither have I B.Nor have we C.So have they D.So do they 15. --May I speak to John? --Sorry, he Japan. But he in two days. A.has been to ;will come back B.has gone to ;will be back C.has been in ;would come back D.has gone to ; won`t come back 16. The Smiths China for three years. A.have come B.have been to C.have been in D.have come to 20.----____ Jim and you _____ the paragraphs _____ ? ----Yes, we ____ them last night. A. Have, copied, already, have B. Did, copy, yet, did C. Have, copied, yet, did D. Did, copy, ever, had 二、用所给动词的适当形式填空 1. Nicolas _________(make) a lot of friends since 2000. 2. They _________(know) many foreigners up till now.
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3. He _________ already _______(write) a letter to the president of the U.S.A. 4. —When _________ she _________(leave)? — 4 weeks ago. 5. —Sally, I _________( not see) you for a long time. —Yeah, I also miss you very much. 6. The class______ (end).for ten minutes. 7.The artist (draw)two hundred pictures in the last two years. 三、按要求完成句子(同义句转换) 1. The twins arrived home three days ago. The twins ___________ _________ home for three days. 2. They bought a new computer last week. They have __________ a new computer___________ last week. 3. The foreign guests left China two days ago. The foreign guests have __________ ___________ from China for two days. 4. The film began fifteen minutes ago. The film __________ ___________ ___________ for fifteen minutes. 5. The old lady died 10 years ago. The old lady ___________ ___________ ___________ for 10 years. 四. 根据汉语提示完成句子 1.你最近收到你美国笔友的来信了吗? _______ you ______ ________ your American pen-pal _________ ? 2. 我们已经很长时间没有看望老师了。 We________ ________ our teacher ______ ______ _______ _______. 3. Billy 曾经去过几次日本。 Billy _______ _______ _______ Japan for ______ times. 4. 史密斯一家还没有回来。 The Smiths _______ _______ _______ _______. 5.每年都有成百万的中国人离开农村到城里去找工作。 Every year, Chinese leave the countryside work in the cities. 6.说来惭愧,我已有三年没有回家乡去看我的父母了。 that I to my home to see my parents. 7.小孩们从六岁起,都已经会了读和数数。 The children have since they were six years old. 8 这本杂志我买了几个月了。 9 这首歌曲在学生之中已很流行.This song 10 在我们心中,我们学校已留下了许多甜蜜的回忆。 Our school some sweet our hearts. popular for a couple of months. the students already .

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