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高一期末考试


北师大高一英语期末复习 第一单元课时总结
重点短语: Couch potato 电视迷 Sit on the sofa坐在沙发上 Sit in the chair坐在椅子上 Sit at one’s desk坐在桌上 Tell sb about sth告诉某人某事 Wake up=awake醒来 Get up immediately立刻起床 Turn on =switch on打开 Go downstairs下楼 In the living room在卧室 In the dining room在餐厅 Eat sth for lunch/breakfast/dinner早中晚饭吃…… At the moment现在 Watch TV series看电视剧 Switch over 换台 Switch off=turn off关掉 Do some exercise 做锻炼 Take the dog for a walk遛狗 Walk the dog遛狗 Portable TV便携式电视 Laptop computer笔记本电脑 Walks round in a circle绕圈走 Live this lifestyle过……的生活 Lead a……life过……的生活 Live a……life过……的生活 Make meals做饭 Make the bed铺床 Remote control遥控器 A remote place遥远的地方 At your feet and in your hand近在咫尺 Work one’s way through做….来谋生 Go off响起 Jump out of从….跳出来 It takes sb+时间+to do花费时间做某事 It costs sb+时间/金钱+to do花费时间金钱做某事 I spend+时间/金钱+(in) doing/on sth花费时间金钱做某事 Get changed/dressed换衣服、穿衣服 Take up占据时间和空间 Make up占据百分比 Be filled with充满

Be full of充满 I am full吃饱了 Urgent matters紧急事件 By around 8 o’clock八点钟左右 Answer the phone/e-mails接电话、回邮件 Be ready for doing sth/sth准备好做 Be asleep/alive/awake醒着、活着 Do sth for fun做…..事寻乐 Complain to sb about/of sth向某人抱怨某事 Try one’s best to do sth尽力做某事 Do one’s best to do sth尽力做某事 Be/get bored with sth无聊 Support the family养家糊口 Travel to work 去上班 Be tired of对….疲惫 Arrive at(小)/in(大)到达 Check numbers核对账目 In a nearby shop=in a shop nearby在附近的商店里 Return to=go back to返回 Take a weekend break周末休息 Far away from离得远 Do good to=be good for对…..有好处 Be good to sb某人对某人很好 In the north of在….北方 Be at work投身工作 Have the same work hours有相同的工作时间 Early in the morning and late at night起早贪黑 Make sure=ensure确保 Be free of sth 免于 Grow wheat种麦子 Look after sth照顾 Study by distance learning远程学习 Be interested in感兴趣 Get/have a chance/an opportunity to do sth有机会做某事 Be busy with/doing忙于做…… be fond of=be crazy about喜欢,痴迷于 be on the same course as sb与..上一样的课 interrupt others打断某人的话 make notes of=take notes of=note down做笔记 introduce sb to sb向某人介绍某人 introduce sth引进….. last for several hours持续几个小时 as a result=in consequence结果是 as a result of=in consequence of由于….的缘故 come up with 想到 catch up with赶上

solve the problem解决问题 invite sb to do sth邀请某人做某事 be served as=be served to do被用来做…. in order to=so as to 为了 be popular with流行 play an important role/part in sth起很重要的角色、作用 such as=for example=for instance比如 as well as也 offer sb sth提供某人某物 do their business经商谈生意 In fact=actually事实上 Daily routine日常生活 Give sb some advice提建议 It makes a difference to起作用,有影响 Look forward to sth/doing sth盼望做某事 重点句型 1,Not….until 直到…..才 He didn’t go to bed until his father came home. 2,So/such…… that/so…….as 如此…….以至于 The question is so difficult that nobody can solve it. It is such a difficult question that nobody can solve it.——定语从句接完整句子 The question is so difficult as nobody can solve. 3,far away from/far from The village is far away from the city.(远离…..) The money is far from enough.(远远不够)

第二单元课时总结
基础短语
Manned spaceship载人飞船 Man-made spaceship人造飞船 Lift off发射升空 Take off起飞 Choose sth from 从…..选择 Sth be chosen from从…..选择 Launch a campaign发起某个活动 Feel the high gravity 感到很强的重力 Separate sth from sth 分隔 Divide sth into sth 分割 Soar into the sky翱翔太空 because of=thanks to=owning to因为 circle the earth 绕地球转 for the sixth time第六次

six times六次 speak with 与某人交谈 complete tasks完成任务 express one’s opinion表达观点 explore and use space peacefully和平开发利用太空 land safely安全着陆 glow red烧得通红 come back into=return into返回进….. the earth’s atmosphere大气层 let out parachute打开降落伞 millions of百万 all over China全中国 climb out of爬出 wave to the crowds向人们挥手 collect information搜集信息 do research做研究 call an ambulance 打电话叫救护车 fight for 为…..而奋斗 fight against与…..作斗争 lead the revolution领导革命 in my opinion在我看来 from my point of view在我看来 as far as I am concerned在我看来 agree with sb同意某人 listen to倾听 if it is possible如果可能 if possible如果可能 go to poison进监狱 Organize protests组织抗议 Organize the march组织游行 Make a speech做演讲 Give a lecture作报告 receive a medical degree获得医学学位 sb in need需要帮助的人 come out of prison出狱 travel around the world环球旅行 change one’s opinions on sth改变对….的看法 move up to first获得第一 speak about the time when…..讲诉那段时光….. practice doing sth练习做….. look back=recall=retrospect回顾,回首 be strict with对…..严厉 compete against与某人竞争 complete/finish one’s school完成学业 express/show an interest in sth对….感兴趣 come to an end结束 make progress取得进步

cause problems引发问题 be worried about担心…. do the dishes洗碗 wash the dishes洗碗 go/get on well with each other与…..相处融洽 be keen about 喜爱 make films制片 be in college在大学 be famous for以…而出名 be popular with流行 be familiar with sth/to sb熟悉….. at first/last最初/最后 on one’s own=by oneself独自 start a new life=lead a new life开始新生活 do sth with great courage有勇气做某事 raise money for sb/to do sth为……筹集钱 donate money to sb.为……捐款 Promote research into促进对…研究 Draw/claim one’s attention吸引某人注意 Encourage sb to do sth鼓励某人做某事 All kinds/sorts of各种各样 Say goodbye to sb告别某人 Think of sth/doing sth想到做某事 Come to do sth开始做….. Give up doing sth放弃做某事 Pull through=overcome difficulties 渡过难关 Commit suicide自杀 react to sth对….做出反应 get involved in陷入,卷入….. get involved with参与 improve the quality of提高…..质量 be confident of /that/to do sth对…有信心 be far too busy with sth/doing sth做…..太忙 come off it别吹牛了,别胡说 be dead right完全正确 in the course of 在…..过程中 space exploration太空探索 make the journey into space太空之旅 in order to do为了做…. at the risk of doing sth冒…..风险做某事 air crash空难 soon after不久之后 have a hunger to do sth渴望做某事 be friendly/kind to对…..友好、善良

重点句型 1、定语从句 Yesterday I helped an old man who had lost his way. 昨天我帮助了一位迷路的老人。 That is the teacher who teaches us physics. 那就是教我们物理的老师。 Li Ming is just the boy ( whom ) I want to see. 李明正是我想要见的男孩。 I still remember the day when I first came to this school. 我仍然记得第一次来学校的那一天。 Shanghai is the city where I was born. 上海是我出生的城市。 2、not only…..but also…..句型 He can not only play the piano but also play the violin. Not only can he play the piano but also he can play the violin. 3、if possible If possible, we should check numbers again If possible, I want to become a doctor when I grow up.

第三单元课时总结
一、短语积累 Celebrate the Spring Festival过春节 All over the world全世界 On this special occasion在这种特殊场合 All kinds of=all sorts of各种各样 Be made with有….参与制作 Be made of由…..做成 Be made from由…..做成 Bean paste豆沙 Fall on落在 Lunar month农历月份 Light lanterns点亮灯笼 Destroy the building摧毁大楼 Burn down烧毁 Fool sb戏弄某人 Thousands of成千上万 In the past在过去 Decorate sth with sth用….装饰 Light bulbs电灯泡 In many shapes/sizes形状、大小各异 In recent years=recently最近 Take part in=participate in=join in参加 Fill out the form填表 Wash away冲走 Splash the car洗车 Police on duty值班警察 Be related to 与…..有关 Be linked to与…..有关 Be connected with与…..有关 Operate on sb给某人做手术 Put out the forest fire扑灭森林大火

Make a speech about做有关…..的报告 Have hot pot吃火锅 Go abroad出国 Job with good salary/wage高薪工作 A bunch of flowers一束花 Pass the examinations通过考试 Win a match/ competition比赛获胜 Get married with sb与某人结婚 Marry sb嫁给某人 Well done=good job干得好 Be about to do sth将要做某事 Celebrate the marriage ceremony婚礼庆典 On religious occasion宗教场合 Get an invitation to收到邀请去…. Ought to do=should do应该做某事 Attend the reception出席招待会 At the entrance/exit在出口、入口处 The entrance/exit to….的出口、入口 The answer to…..的答案 The key to…..的关键、钥匙 Raise money for 为…筹钱 Donate money to为….捐钱 Contribute sth to贡献….. A symbol/mark of….的标志 Symbolize/mark sth 象征、标志着…… Last through the night一整晚 Give advice to sb给某人建议 Agree with sb同意某人 Agree on sth同意某事 On the envelope在信封上 Open the year calendar翻开日历 Carol service圣歌 Make snowman堆雪人 Have snowball fights打雪仗 Put up竖起、装饰 Stay awake保持清醒 Stay up late熬夜 As…..as possible/you can尽可能 Swallow food吞咽食物 Laugh at sb嘲笑某人 Look down on/upon看不起某人 By bedtime睡觉时间 Turn off关掉 As soon as一……就….. Fall asleep入睡 Fall into a deep sleep睡得很沉 Have a shower=take a bath洗澡

Put on穿上 Take off脱掉 Are you joking开什么玩笑! Hold a party举行聚会 Put out the mat铺开毛毯 Fry food煎食物 Take photos照相 Complain to sb about sth向某人抱怨某事 Be in a mess一团糟 Harvest the crops收割庄稼 Dance in costumes盛装跳舞 Invade sp入侵某地 Adopt the proposition采纳提议 Adopt an orphan收养孤儿 Make a bonfire点燃篝火 Dress up打扮 Frighten away吓走 Go from door to door串门 Collect information about收集…的信息 Thorough cleaning大扫除 the festival atmosphere节日气氛 last for 3 days持续三天 family gathering大团圆 be supposed to do应该做某事 thank you for doing sth多谢某人做某事

重点句型 1、as …… as possible/you can (1)、 For the limited time, I have to be there as soon as possible (2)、To catch the early bus, you have to arrive at the bus station as soon as you can. (3)、The baby is sleeping, you ought to keep as quiet as possible/you can. 2、fall on (1)、The spring festival falls on the first day of the first lunar month. (2)、The burden would then fall on the Europeans. (3)、Much of the losses will fall on public spending.

第四单元课时总结
基础短语
Virtual reality虚拟现实 Make suggestions提出建议 Make predictions about预测 Make up for弥补;组成;化妆;整理;占比

Come true实现 In one’s lifetime在某人一生中 Science fiction科幻小说 Artificial satellite人造飞船 Global warming全球变暖 In secret=secretly秘密的 Be in the secret知情,了解 Do harm to sth=harm sth伤害…… Go wrong出错 Do wrong to sb冤枉某人 Find out找出,查明,发现 Figure out 解决,算出,想到,理解 Work out计算出,弄明白 Affect one’s life影响某人生活 In the past/last few years在过去几年 Be related to/with与……相关 Be linked to与……相关 Be connected with/to与……相关 Be relevant to与……相关 Be pessimistic about对….悲观 Be optimistic about对…..乐观 Commit crimes犯罪 Get into进入 In the near future在不久的将来 Cause chaos制造混乱 Book tickets订票 All sorts of=all kinds of各种各样 A huge growth in sth…..的快速增长 Get entertainment from从….获得娱乐 With the increasing use of随着….大量使用 An expert on sth…..的专家 Take actions to do采取措施 Take measures to do采取措施 Get worse and worse变得更糟 Get in touch with与…..保持联系 Keep in touch with与…..保持联系 Fancy doing sth喜欢做某事 Hang on=hold on不挂断 Hang around with sb与….鬼混 Feel stressed有压力 Be up to 忙些什么 It depends on sth由…..确定 Go camping去野营 Help sb with sth帮助某人做 Website address网址 What’s more另外 Get to the destination去目的地

In the flesh=in person亲自 The historical sites历史遗迹 Pack a suitcase收拾行李 Imagine doing sth想像做某事 Dip your toe in the sea把脚伸到海里 Go on a trip/tour去旅游 A world-famous university世界著名大学 Just the same和…..一样 Have a population of人口数为….. Be located in/on位于 People of many different cultures不同文化背景的人 Go back=date back追溯到 Settle down定居 For some time一段时间 Nuclear-free zone无核区 Protest against对….的反抗 Anywhere else别的地方 (a)Plenty of=plenties of许多 Average temperature平均温度 Regular international flights定期国际航班 Take over接管 Make an arrangement for安排 Make a mistake犯错 Make a phone call打电话 Arrange for sb to do sth安排某人做某事 Official head of state国家元首 Give the vote to sb给予…..选举权 Old age pensions养老金 Consist of=be made of= is comprised of由…..组成 A higher rainfall更多的降雨量 Cut off分割 Be unique to为….所特有 Outdoor life户外活动 Be successful at擅长 Beautiful scenery优美景点 Scenery spot景点 Old forests原始森林 Wonderful hot springs温泉 Do research on sth做….的研究 Do sth for the purpose that做….为了 Look forward to doing sth盼望做某事 Receive your replies收到回复 Surf the internet上网 Give up sth/doing sth放弃做某事 Keep up-to-date与时俱进 It is convenient to you在你方便的时候 Search for=look for寻找

Keep contact with sb与….保持联系 Contact sb联系某人 Chat with each other彼此交流 Communicate with sb与某人交谈 重点句型 1、I find it+adj I find it hard to imagine how hard-working you are. I find it difficult to solve the problem. 2、You are wrong, aren’t you? He is very tired, isn’t he? He never goes to the cinema, does he? I don’t think he is handsome, is he? I don’t think he can solve the problem, can he?

第五单元课时总结
基础短语
Special effects特效 React to对….做出反应 Watch a concert看音乐会 From the beginning to the end从头到尾 Support one’s family养家糊口 Be used to doing sth习惯做某事 Get used to doing sth习惯做某事 Get accustomed to doing sth习惯做某事 Be used to do sth被用来做某事 Used to do sth过去常常做某事 In the public eye公众人物 Sth comes out出版 Publish sth出版 Print sth出版 Sth goes to press出版 Make sb famous overnight一夜成名 Make albums出唱片 Continue doing sth继续做某事 Give performances on stage =perform on stage登台表演 Hundreds of数百 Have a strong fan base粉丝众多 Not an empty seat=no empty seat座无虚席 At last=at the end of sth最后 At first起初 Warm sth up捂热 In the wrong places时机不当 Be full of=be filled with充满 Express love and joy表达爱意 Cause a few problems引发问题 Enjoy the concert欣赏音乐会

Long-time fans铁杆粉丝 Throughout the concert整场音乐会 Be impressed by被…..感染 Finish sth with sth以…..结尾 Pick sb up接某人 Worry about=be worried about担心 Pass=walk past走过路过 The telephone rings电话铃响了 Rent a flat租房子 Go on holidays去度假 A sharp singing style尖声高唱 The stage design舞台设计 Play a role in 扮演…..角色 Body movements肢体语言 Climb a hill爬山 Go up/downstairs上楼、下楼 Row a boat划船 For example=for instance比如 Light a fire点火 In other words换句话说 In a word总之 Learn a lot about学习有关 Learn sth from sb从….学到 How do you like =what do you think of认为….怎么样 Miss a test错过考试 Look after sb照顾某人 Go to the cinema去看电影 Hand in sth提交 Write up the project补写论文 Shave off one’s hair剃头发 Folk music民族音乐 Classical music古典音乐 Prefer to do…..rather than do与其…不如 Give a concert办音乐会 Combine sth with sth结合 Mix sth up混合 Explain to sb sth向某人解释 Explain sth to sb向某人解释 Try to do sth试图做某事 Try doing sth试着做某事 Create something new创作新的东西 Feel doing sth感觉做某事 The rest of the world世界上的其他人 From birth to death从生到死 As early as possible尽早 Clap the rhythm打拍子

Clap one’s hand=applaud鼓掌 At times=sometimes有时 Give up doing sth放弃做某事 Think of doing sth考虑做某事 Across the world全世界 Go on to do sth继续做别的事 Go on doing sth继续做同一件事 Stop to do sth停下来去做别的事 Stop doing sth停止做某事 In some ways在某些方面 To some degree在某种程度上 In one sense在某种意义上 Go back to=return to返回 Experiment with sth用….做实验 Change one’s appearance改头换面 A pioneer in sth某一领域的先驱 Live up to one’s expectation达到某人的要求 Expect s to do sth期望某人做某事 Persevere in doing sth/at sth坚持做某事 Become refreshed精力充沛 Chinese folk dance 中国民族歌舞 Art form艺术形式 Tell sb a story讲述某事 Come from来自 From one generation to another代代相传 Be famous for以….出名 On special occasions在特殊场合 People of all ages男女老幼 Be dressed in打扮 Skip it 别提了,别放在心上 Forget it别在意 Take it easy别紧张 Back and forth前前后后 To the rhythm和节拍 Be unique to为….所特有 Be popular with sb受欢迎 Noble family=humble family贵族/平民 Immigrant cultures移民文化 For example=for instance比如 In couples=in pairs成对 Search for exact information搜索精确信息 On time 准时 In time及时 Promise to do sth承诺做某事 Go camping去野营 Dream of sth/doing sth梦想做某事/梦到… Let sb fall/down让某人失望

Refer to指的是….. Classical composer古典音乐作曲家 Beautiful melodies优美的旋律 Start off出发,开始 Grow out of由…衍生出来 In two week’s time在接下来的两周 Take part in参加 Dribble the ball运球 Roll down/up卷起,放下 Wind up摇下(车窗) Recommend sb to do sth/as推荐某人做某事 At the same time与此同时 For sure=surely确定

第六单元课时总结
重点短语
The descriptions of 对….的描述 During one’s lifetime在某人一生 Combine sth with sth与……结合 Hold several exhibitions办几场展览 Promote Chinese folk art促进民族艺术 At high speed快速的 Across the sky横贯长空 On the left/right side of在左、右边 In ink用墨水 In the shades在树荫下 In a creative way创造性的 Wipe the sweat擦汗 Work with wood做木匠 During one’s early youth在某人早年 Pictures of scenery风景画 A well-known/typical example代表作 On one’s back在背上 One’s eyes are fixed on盯着看 Fix one’s eyes on盯着看 Focus on 注视 Pay attention to注意 Concentrate on全神贯注 Leave sb doing sth让某人干某事 Use one’s imagination发挥想象 Soft portrait of sth/sb细腻的肖像画 Be deep in thought陷入沉思 Be positioned above/on/at/in sp定位于 At a very young age很年轻 Along one’s body浑身上下

Stand on the shore站在海边 Interview sb on sth对…..就有关…..采访 Date back to追溯 Everyday life日常生活 Daily life日常生活 Marry sb去某人 Laugh at sb嘲笑 Go on to do继续做其他事 Go on doing继续做某事 Religious purposes宗教目的 Design patterns设计图纸 Put up sth张贴 Celebrate weddings婚庆 Try out doing sth for oneself尝试做某事 Wave goodbye to sb挥手道别 In the shape of…..的形状 Model sth on sth按…..的样子塑型 Come up to sb走向某人 Accept one’s offer接受某人的施舍 On the third floor在第三层 By the time到….时候 Pay rent to sb付租金 Share sth with sth与某人分享 Make much noise吵闹 Worry about=be worried about担心 Even so即便如此 Show/have mercy to对…..怜悯 At the mercy of任由….摆布 Running water自来水 Have/take a shower/bath洗澡 Dream sth/of doing sth梦到、梦想做某事 Hold one’s breath屏住呼吸 On either side在另一边 Be adapted from由……改编 Adapt oneself to适应 Work out 解出算出,弄明白 In the bottom right hand corner在右手边的墙角 Average family普通家庭 Compare sth with sth与….比较 Compare sth to sth把…..比作 In comparison with与之对比 Outstanding examples of…..的典型 World heritage site世界文化遗产 Be located in坐落于 A memorial to sb/sth纪念….. Besides=in addition=in addition to sth除此之外 Three miles away from离…..三公里远

Be surrounded by被…..环绕 Be proud of引以为豪 Places of interest风景名胜 Scenic spot景点 Historical site历史遗迹 Narrow alleys羊肠小道 Pretty streams涓涓细流 Tile house瓦房 A unique natural wonder一个自然奇迹 Outstanding natural beauty突出的自然之美 Be famous for以……著称 Be home to….的家 Endangered animals濒危动物 Introduce sth to sb向某人介绍 It is one turn to do sth轮到某人做某事 Take turns to do sth轮流做某事 Be determined to do决心做某事 Make it best-ever 让….成为最好 Works of art工艺品 Take photos照相 Be agreed to do 同意做某事 Over the decades几十年来 Remind sb of提醒某人某事


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