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初二下unit10


Unit 10 It’s a nice day, isn’t it?
教学目标: 1, 掌握重点词汇 2, 掌握反意疑问句的用法 重点词汇 look through 快速浏览,查阅 Look 构成的词组 Look like--- 看起来像 look the same—看起来一样 Look at– 看 look for– 寻找 look after--- 照看/照顾 look out – 小心/向外看 look over—检查 look around/ round/ about----环顾四周 look up—(在字典,时刻表中)查找 fan ① n.迷,狂热者 idol n. 偶像 ② n. 扇子(可数名词 ) floor fan 落地扇 desk fan 台扇 ceiling fan 吊扇 feel like like ----- 是介词 feel like + v.ing ①感觉像…. I feel like a flying bird. ② 表示“想要”= want /would like I don’t feel like eating anything. 我不想吃任何东西。 本单元语法: 本单元语法: 反意疑问句 :前肯后否 前否后肯 前肯后否 反意疑问句的一般情况 ? 1.Tom is good at English, isn’t he? ? 2. Mike likes playing basketball, doesn’t he? ? 3. I can play basketball, can’t I ? ? 4. My father has been to Beijing twice, hasn’t he ? ? 5. This/that is a table, isn’t it? (these, those-> they) 反意疑问句特殊情况 1,当陈述部分含有 little/few/never/hardly/seldom/no/neither/nobody/nothing/none 等表示否定意 义的词时,疑问部分要用肯定形式。 She has few friends, does she? She has never been there ,has she? There was nothing in the box, was there? None of us knows it, do we? 2,当陈述部分否定意义的词如:unhappy, dislike ,careless 等含有否定词缀在派生词时,仍按 肯定句对待,疑问部分用否定形式。 ? He looks unhappy today, doesn’t he ? ? The girl dislikes history ,doesn’t she? 3,陈述部分为 I think/ believe/ suppose 引导的宾语从句,疑问部分根据从句的情况及整句 所表达的肯定或否定意义来完成。 ? I think he is at home isn’t he? ? I don’t believe Tom can succeed, can he ? 4, 当陈述部分是 everyone/ everybody, someone/ somebody/no one/nobody//none 等表示人的不 定 代 词 是 , 反 意 疑 问 部 分 的 主 语 多 用 they, 但 也 可 以 用 he ; 当 陈 述 部 分 你 的 主 语 是 everything/anything/something/nothing 等表示物的不定代词时,反意疑问部分的主语用 it.

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? Nobody came when I was out, did they? ? Everything has gone wrong today, hasn’t it? 5,当陈述部分是 there be 句型时, ? There are some apples. aren’t there? ? There will be robots in people’s home in the future, won’t there? 6,省略的感叹句的反意疑问句一律使用否定形式,并用 be 的一般现在时。 ? What a clever boy, isn’t he? ? What beautiful girls, aren’t they? 7,祈使句的反意疑问句 Please close the door, won’t you? Don’t close the door, will you? ? Let 开头的祈使句 ? Let’s go, shall we? ? Let us go, will you? 8, 陈述部分是 I am..,疑问部分要用 aren’t I. I’m as tall as your sister,aren‘t I ? 9, 陈述部分的谓语是 wish,疑问部分要用 may +主语 I wish to have a word with you, may I? 10, 含有 ought to (应该)的反意疑问句, 陈述部分是肯定的, 疑问部分用 shouldn‘t / oughtn’t + 主语。 He ought to know what to do, oughtn't he? / shouldn't he? 11, 陈述部分有 have to +v.原 (had to + v.原),疑问部分常用 don‘t +主语(didn’t +主语) 。 We have to get there at eight, don't we? 注意: will have to +V.原 They will have to get there in an hour ,won’t they ? 12, 陈述部分有 had better (最好)+ v. 疑问句部分用 hadn't you? You'd better read it by yourself, hadn't you? 13,陈述部分有 would rather(宁愿) +v.,疑问部分多用 wouldn‘t +主语。 He would rather stay at home than play with her, wouldn't he? 14,陈述部分有 You‘d like to +v. 疑问部分用 wouldn’t +主语。 You'd like to go with me, wouldn't you? 15,must,can 在表"推测"时,根据其推测的情况来确定反意疑问句。 He must be there now, isn't he? It must be going to rain tomorrow, won't it? He can’t be her father, is he? 前否后肯的反意疑问句如何回答 ? 1.It is a fine day ,isn’t it? ? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t. ? 2. It isn’t a fine day, is it? ? Yes(不), it is. No(是的), it isn’t. 注意: 注意:永远不可能出现 yes 后面跟否定形式或者 no 后面永远不可能跟肯定形式的情况 一 单选 1,We watched the train___ the station and then got back home in a taxi. A. leaves B. to leave C. left D. leave 解析:D watch sb/sth do 看着某人或某物做了某事

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2. Why not ___ Tom ____ his English ? A help; improve B. to help; improve C. help; improving D. to help; improving 解析: A why not do …… help sb do sth 帮助某人做某事 3. Mary scarcely comes to visit you on Christmas Day, ______? A doesn't she B. does she C do you D don't you 解析:B scarcely 几乎不若陈述句部分含有否定词,半否定词时,附加疑问句用肯定形式 4. Let's listen to the radio program that the teacher mentioned, ______? A do we B don't we Cshall we Dshan't we 解析:C Let's 习惯上用 shall we? 5. They have to study a lot, ______? A don't they B haven't they C did they D hadn't they 解析: 若句中是 has to / have to / had to ,表 “不得不” 附加疑问句的谓语用 doesn't / don't A / didn't 进行反问 6. When the car crashed, your brother escaped being hurt, ______ ? A didn't he B did he C did it D didn't it 解析:A 主句是过去时 7,____ fine weather it is today! A.How B. What a C. How a D. What 解析:A 感叹句:What + 名词词组+主语+谓语! 8, Don’t worry___ your health. You’re quite well. A. Of B. at C. about D. to 解析:C worry about 担心….. 9,Tom___ his book at home this morning. A.leaves B. left C. forgets D. forgot 解析:B leave sth +地点 把…….忘在某地 10. His father often ___ some newspaper before breakfast. A.look out B. looks like C. looks through D. Looks after 解析:C look out – 小心/向外看 Look like--- 看起来像 look through 快速浏览,查阅 look after--- 照看/照顾 11. The movie that we saw last week was quite interesting, ______? A wasn't it B was it C didn't we D weren't we 解析:A 主语是 movie 12. Nobody will believe how difficult his work has been , ______? A will he B won't nobody C won’t he D won't they 解析:A 主语为指人的不定代词时,附加疑问句的主语用 he / they 13. Jack has coffee with breakfast, ______? A hasn't Jack B hasn't he C doesn't Jack D doesn't he 解析:D 当 have 做“吃,喝,玩,渡过”讲时,反义疑问句用 do/does/did 14. There was no better way, _______? A was there B were there C did there D didn't there 解析:A There be …… 结构,疑问部分用“be+not+there” 15. You had some trouble finding where I live, ______? A didn't you B hadn't you C do I Ddon't I

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解析:A 若句中是 has / have / had 表“有 ”, 其附加疑问句的谓语用 do/ does / did 16,---You mother isn’t a nurse, is she? ---___ . She is a math teacher. A.Yes, she is B. No, she is C. Yes, she isn’t D. No, she isn’t 解析:D 在前否后肯的句子中,yes 表示"不",而 No 表示"是"。 17,You must be careful when you ___ the street. A. cross B. across C. through D. past 解析:A cross 动词,横穿 18, She ___ her new classmates. A. gets along B. gets along well C. gets along well with D. gets along good with 解析:C get along well with sb 与某人相处的好 19, I didn’t know it ___ you told me. A. when B. since C. while D. until 解析:D not …… until 直到…….才….. 20 The snow makes ___ impossible for me to reach school on time. A. it B. one C. that D. this 解析:A make it +adj+ for sb to do……. 21 My computer is _____ cheaper than yours. A. many B. more C. a lot of D. a lot 解析:D a lot 修饰比较级,很 22 The prices of the clothes in the store are very ____. A. expensive B. cheap C. high D. below 解析:C 修饰价格的高—high 低—low 23 Let’s _________ the city this morning. A look for B Look at C look after D look around 解析:D look for– 寻找 Look at– 看 look after--- 照看/照顾 look around----环顾四周 24 _______! There is a car coming. A Look out B Look for C Look over D Look around 解析:A look out – 小心/向外看 look for– 寻找 look over—检查 look around----环顾四周 25 Can you ______ the time of the next train? A look the same B look at C look for D look up 解析:C look the same—看起来一样 Look at– 看 look for– 寻找 look up—(在字典,时刻表中)查找 二,完型填空 I Mr. king had an umbrella shop in a small town. People sometimes returned 1 umbrellas to him . He took them to a big 2 in London .They were mended there. One morning Mr. King went to London as usually by train. He 3 to take an umbrella with him that day. A man with a(n) 4 sat beside him. When the train arrived in London, Mr. King 5 the umbrella as he often did. Just as he was 6 the train, the man 7 him. He said angrily, “ That’s 8 !” Mr King’s face turned red and he gave it back to the man at once. When Mr King got to the big shop, the shopkeeper had got his six umbrella ready. After a good 9 , he said, “ You’ve mended them very well.” In the afternoon he got on that train again, That man he 10 in the morning was on the same train. He looked at Mr. King and his six umbrellas and said, “ You’ve had a rainy day?”

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( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( (

) 1. A. big B. beautiful C. broken D. dirty ) 2. A. factory B. shop C. company D. market ) 3. A. wanted B. had C. forgot D. decided ) 4. A. umbrella B. bag C. cigarette D. child ) 5. A. pick up B. ended up C. put up D. opened up ) 6. A. getting up B. getting off C. getting up D. getting over ) 7. A. sent B. complained C. stopped D. feared ) 8. A. yours B. mine C. his D. hers ) 9. A. comment B. choice C. look D. decision ) 10. A. met B. helped C. called D. criticize

三,阅读理解 Jenny began to go to school when she was at the age of six.She liked her first day very much.Her teacher,Miss Black,was very nice,too. At the end of the second day,the other children left the classroom after school,but Jenny stayed behind and waited.At first,Miss Black had some work to do and did not see Jenny,but then she looked up and saw her. “Why not go with the others,Jenny?”she asked her kindly,“Did you want to ask me some questions?” “Yes,Miss Black,”Jenny said. “What is it?”Miss Black asked. “What did I do in school today?”Jenny said. Miss Black laughed,“What did you do in school today?”she said,“Why did you ask me that,Jenny?” “Because I'm going home now,”Jenny answered,“and my mother's going to ask me.” 1.Jenny went to school_________________. A.when she was too old B.when she was at the age of seven C.when she was six years old D.when she was old 2.The second day,Jenny didn't go with__________________. A.her teacher B.her classmates C.her mother D.her father 3.Why did Jenny stay behind and wait after school?Because she________________. A.had some homework to do B.waited for her mother C.Waited for her teacher to come D.wanted to ask her teacher a question 4.What question did Jenny ask her teacher? A.What did you do in school today? B.Did you want to ask me some questions? C.Why didn't you go with the others? D.What did I do in school today?

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Peter was a small boy. He lived with his parents in a small house near some hills. The people there were all poor.One night it was very dry and windy.When everybody was asleep, Peter suddenly heard some noise. It came out from the kitchen (厨房). He got up and walked to the kitchen. He found that the wood beside the stove (火炉) was burning . There was no water tap (水 龙头) in the house , so he could not put out (扑灭) the fire . He shouted loudly to wake up everyone in the house. Then he ran out of his house and knocked on the doors of many houses to wake the people up. They all left their houses quickly. At last the fire was put out by the firemen. Many houses were burnt. But nobody was burnt in the fire. 1.Peter lived with his______. A.sisters B.brothers C.uncles D.parents 2.One night he found that______ beside the stove was burning. A.the table B.the wood C.the door D.the window 3.______, so he could not put out the fire. A.Everybody was asleep B.He couldn't shout loudly

C.The kitchen was very big D.there was no water tap in the house 4.Peter knocked on the doors of many houses______. A. wake the people up to B. get some water C. find his classmates D. visit them to to to

Fred can make all kinds of shoes and his skills are better than his workmates' in the workplace.The boss likes him and pays him a lot.But he never tidies his room or washes his clothes.He spends much time in watching football games on TV.So he always wears dirty clothes. One day his friend introduced a girl named Betty to him at a party.She was very beautiful.The young man loved her at once.They talked a lot while they were dancing.After that they often met in the park or at the cinema.He asked the girl to marry him,she said she had to ask permission of her parents. Several days later,Betty told Fred on telephone,her parents would ask him to dinner that evening.The young man understood what it meant.He was very happy and hurried to a shop to buy a suit of new clothes.But before he left,he remembered he hadn't bought new socks.He had to bring out all his socks,but they were all dirty.He thought for a while and found a way and put them on.He went there on time with expensive presents.The girl's parents were friendly to him.But soon the woman found his socks were dirty and asked him why.He said in a hurry,“Oh,I've had my socks on inside out!” 1. The boss pays Fred much because____________. A. he works there for long B. the young is kind to him C. he likes the young man very much D. the young man's skills are the best in his workplace 2. The young man often wears dirty clothes because____________.
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A. he is busy all the time B. he is very lazy C. he can't wash them D. they are all old 3. The man was happy because____________. A. Betty's parents asked him to dinner B. he likes all kinds of nice food C. Betty's parents would probably agree to marry Betty to him D. he was glad to know Betty's parents 4.____________,so he bought a suit of new ones. A. Fred's clothes were all dirty B. Fred didn't like to wear the old clothes C. The clothes in the shop were cheap D. Betty wanted Fred to wear new clothes One day, Smith is going to take a train to his hometown. Mr When the train starts, of his one shoes falls to the ground.The train is running faster and faster and he can't pick it up.Then he quickly takes off the other one and throw it on the ground near the fallen shoe.A little boy on the train asks him, “Why do you do that?”“I've already(已经)lost one shoe. ”Mr Smith answers, “If a man picks them up,he may get a pair of shoes.” 1.Mr Smith is going to his hometown_______________. A.by bus B.by train C.by bike D.on foot 2.What happens to the man when the train starts?He loses________________. A.his shoes B.his watch C.one of his shoes D.nothing 3.Mr Smith can't pick up the fallen shoe because________________. A.he don't want to take it B.the little boy has picked it up C.he thinks it is too old D.the train has already started 4.Which of the following is true? A.The boy wants the shoes. B.Mr Smith doesn't want the shoes. C.Mr Smith throws his fallen shoe on the ground. D.Mr Smith thinks a man may get a pair of shoes to wear if he throws the other near the fallen shoe. 四 根据词的适当形式填空。 1. The children enjoyed ________(they)very much in the park. 2. My brother likes to make ________ with different people .(friend) 3. Would you please give ________(we)the football, please ? 4. Jack has very good habits , so he is strong and ________ (health). 5. Mrs. Green is ________(Tom)English teacher . 五 写作 根据所给的中文提示,写一篇旅行日记,不少于 80 个词

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1. 去年夏天我和我父母亲一起去北京旅行了。 2. 乘飞机到那儿大约花了我们两个半小时。 3. 我们参观了许多名胜,例如,长城,天安门广场和历史博物馆。 4. 我拍了许多照片,还给朋友们买了一些纪念品。 我们在那玩得很开心。我希望有一天再次参观它。

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