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高三英语下学期阅读


猜词法

该题型常见的设题方式有:
? 1.The word________could best be replaced by________. ? 2.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word________. ? 3.By______the writer means________. ? 4.In the ______paragraph, the word"_______" means (refers to )_______. ? 5.The underlined word_______is closest in meaning to _______.

方法1:定义,解释法
信息词:is, was, means, that is, that is to say, in other words, refer to ... ? 1. A biography is the story of a person's life written by another. 传记
? 2. To boycott a store means to refuse to shop in the store. 拒绝

? 例1:(NMET 1998 B篇)He was one of 80 middle school students from China attending a month-long "Youth Summit". ........The Youth Summit was aimed at increasing understanding and friendship between young students of the two countries through visits and discussion. 55.The words "Youth Summit " refer to _______. D A.visits to the Nixon's Library B.the Chinese students' visit to the US C.a meeting discussing relations between China and the US D.activities to strenghen the ties between China and the US.

? Doctors believe that smoking is detrimental to people's health, They also regard drinking as harmful. ? 例2.(2001年北京春季 B篇)He called to us that there was no one there, so we ran down to the bank, looking everywhere carefully. We could not understand where the man had gone. When it got dark, we went back to our camp feeling bewildered. ? 57.The word "bewildered" in the text C probably means_________.
A.ashamed C.unable to understand B.nervous D.eager to know

方法2:同义法 有害的 adj.

方法3:反义法
? 信息词:however, but, while, instead, unlike, on the other hand...
? 1.Jane was talking with others while Tom remained reticent all the time.
沉默不语

? 2.His offices is a drab places, but her new office is a bright, cheerful place. 单调乏味,无生气

? 例3.(NMET 1999 B篇)Computer people talk a lot about the need for other people to become "computerliterate"...............The computer experts have to learn not to tell people about computers, but have to be able to answer all questions people ask, people don't have to learn computer terms (术语), but the experts have to explain in plain language. The computers are becoming "people-literate". ? 57.We can infer from the text that "computer-literate" D means__________. A.being able to afford a computer B.being able to write computer programs C.working with the computer and finding out its value D.understanding the computer and knowing how to use it

方法4:上下文分析法
? 例4.(NMET 1997A篇)The 20 gold medal winners are all primary and middle school students under the age of 14. "Many of the problems are of college level and these pupils can figure them out . It is just unbelievable!" said a teacher from Guang-dong province. ? 54.The underlined phrase "Figure out" in the C text means___________. A.guess B.add up C.work out D.study

?方法5:逻辑关系(如对比,转折,因果,
让步等)
He is generous, though he is not rich.
慷慨,大方

? 方法6:根据举例

杂志,期刊

I like to read some English periodicals like China Today, Eglish Salon, Overseas, etc.

? 其他方法:如构词法,标点(冒号,破折号)

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庄逍遥忽然想要反问她“我到底是你的什么人,你究竟又把我当成了你的什么?”但是他终究没能够问出这样的一句话来,他害怕她的答案让 他再也没有出现在她身边的理由,他叹了口气终究是漠然的走出了房间。 那晚之后,白荌苒便不再去到庄逍遥的房间,她觉得自己应该要拾起那些被他践踏的自尊,在心里默默地起誓“再也不要去理庄逍遥那个坏蛋 了”,但是每每想到这样的一种结局总是忍不住落下泪来。 白荌苒不断的告诉自己“要振作起来,要去向自己的男神知北前进,那才是正解”虽然如是想着,想要以另外一种事物替代自己的不安心理, 但是效果十分微弱。那段时间庄逍遥也不知是出于什么缘由,总是神出鬼没的,有时甚至很久都不会见到他,白荌苒觉得自己又陷入了一种难 以预料的不安中。 她正百无聊赖的做一些策划的时候,有人过来拍了拍她的肩膀,她那一刻居然欣喜若狂的想要去拥抱一下庄逍遥那个家伙了,不知不觉中她竟 那样的想念他了,她佯装薄怒的开口,可唇角却扬起了很好看的笑容“高老庄你这个死家伙跑哪里去了?” 等到她抬头才发现是知北站在她跟前,她尴尬地笑了笑,说了句“抱歉”。 知北并不理会这些,只默然的开口“你到我办公室来一趟”。 白荌苒黯然的应了声“哦”


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