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八年级下学期期末考试英语试题及答案


第二学期期末试卷
八年级英语
第Ⅰ卷(共80分)
一、听力测试 (共20小题;每小题1分,计20分) 第一部分:听对话回答问题(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分) 本部分共有10道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍。在听每段对话前,你将 有5秒钟的时间阅读题目,听完后,你还有5秒钟的答题时间。 1.What place of interest does he want to visit?

A.

B

.

C.

2. Which organization does Jack’s sister work for?

A. B. 3. Where are the two speakers talking now?

C.

A.

B.

C.

4. Which sign do they talk about in the conversation?

A. B. C. 5. When will the plane take off? A. 7:15. B. 7:00. C. 7:30. 6. What can we learn about this young man? A. He hasn’t got married. B. He is very shy. C. He has a sense of homour. 7. Why is the boy still in the library? A. Because the book is interesting. B. Because he forgets the time. C. Because the bad weather prevents him from leaving. 8. Which of the following is helpful to live a green life in Daniel’s opinion? A. To drive to school. B. To ride a bicycle to school. C. To take the underground to school. 9. What does the woman want her son to do? A. Save energy. B. Save water. C. Reduce air pollution. 10. What can we learn from the man’s words? A. David lost his racket. B. David should pick up his things. C. David may be somewhere nearby. 第二部分:听对话和短文答题 (共10小题;每小题1分,计10分)

你将听到一段对话和两篇短文, 各听两遍。 听每段对话或短文前, 你将有时间阅读相关小题, 每小题5秒钟,听完后,每小题你仍有5秒钟的答题时间。 听一段对话,回答第11-12小题 11. How many times has the boy read the novel? A. Never. B. Twice. C. Three times. 12. What will the girl probably do? A. She’ll borrow the novel. B. She’ll go to buy the novel. C. She’ll work in the bookshop. 听第一篇短文,回答第13-15小题。请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表。 Life in the past and now What the speaker’s father did with the old radio He listened to 13 . What the speaker’s grandpa’s new radio looks like It’s 14 . What the speaker has now A 15 . 13. A. the news B. football matches C. English 14. A. modern B. big C. small 15. A. radio B. computer C. television 听第二篇短文,回答第16-20小题。 16. What does the organization encourage? A. The understanding between children and adults B. The understanding between people with and without intellectual disabilities C. The understanding between the deaf and the blind 17. When was the organization set up? A. In 1898. B. In 1968. C. In 1986. 18. How many athletes take part in the activities now? A. A few hundred. B. 107. C. Over 4 million. 19. Besides athletic competition and other programs, what else does the organization provide? A. medical treatment B. sports training C. food and drinks 20. Whose lives are changed by the organization? A. People with poor children in poor areas. B. People with intellectual disabilities in 170 countries. C. People with intellectual disabilities in all countries around the world. 二、单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,计15分) 在下列各题 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选择一个能填入题干空白处的答案。 21. As we all know, playing A. /; an B. /; a A. of; meeting chess is usually C. the; an C. for; meeting B. sometime; sometime D. some time; some times C. of; to bring C. in place C. was seen C. Mostly; almost D. of; not to bring D. on the place D. was seen to D. Most; almost well. one-to-one game. D. the; a D.of; to meet.

22. You two live in the same community now. It’s too hard _____you to avoid_____ her. B. for; to meet 23. My uncle will come _______ next month and he will stay here for _______. A. sometime; some time C. sometimes; some time A. for; to bring A. in the place A.saw to A. Mostly; most B. for; not to bring B. on place B. is seen to B. Most; mostly

24. It’s careless ________ Jim ________ his homework to school. 25. Without enough trees, soil won’t be kept____. And then sandstorms may happen. 26. The young man_______ leave his office around eight o’clock last night. 27. _______ of the people in the North live on wheat. They live _______ on wheat. 28. These kinds of CD-ROMs in that shop over there. They

A. are sold; are sold B. are sold; sell 29. – Have you read the __

C. sell; sell

D. sell; are sold

of the country you are going to?

– Yes. Now I know it’s famous for natural beauty. A. instruction B. introduction C. interview D. conclusion 30. Try to guess its meaning when you meet a new word. Don’t just ________ your dictionary all the time. A. look on B. take on C. keep on D. depend on 31. –Sally, I went to the concert last night. How big Yangzhou Music Hall is! – So it is. It is ________ to hold more than one thousand people. A. big enough B. enough big C. too big D. big too 32. – You ha ven’t been to Hong Kong Disneyland ,have you? – _______. But this summer I plan to go to Shanghai Disneyland with my parents. A. Yes,I did B. No,I didn’t C.Yes,I have D. No,I haven’t 33. – Did the do ctors save the man? – Yes. He _____ on the morning of March 5th and now he is out of danger. A. was operated A. You are welcome C. It doesn’t matter 35. – You shouldn’t stay up late tonight. A. No pain, no gain C. Many hands make light work B. operated C. operated on — __________. B. No problem D. I wouldn’t mind a cup of coffee – Thanks, I will go to bed earlier. B. I believe practice makes perfect D. I won’t burn the candle at both sides . D. was operated on 34. — Bill, can I get you anything to drink?

三、完型填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,计 15 分) 阅读下列短文,从文后所给 A、B、C、D 四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。 I was walking down the road one day when my phone rang. 36 voice on the other end spoke to me, “Dad, please come back soon. I miss you so much!” I thought that it was a wrong number. A short while later, the call came once again, so I 37 impolitely, “You’ve called the wrong number!” and then hung up. During the 38 days, I often got the 39 call. But I didn’t care much about it. Then one day she kept calling me, 40 I didn’t answer. Finally I answered the phone and heard a weak voice, “Dad, pleas e come back. I miss you so much! Dad, I’m i n so much 41 ! Mom said you were too busy to take care of me. But, dad, please 42 me again, OK?” It was 43 to refuse the innocent(天真的)ask. I made a 44 kiss on the phone and heard the weak voice say, “Thank you…Dad, I am so…happy, so…happy….” Shortly after this, I became curious about 45 it was on the other end of my phone. So I called back, and a woman answered, “Sorry, sir. I am really sorry to 46 you. My daughter has had bone cancer since she was born. And her father…died in a car 47 two weeks ago. I didn’t want to tell her the news. Poor baby. When she couldn’t 48 the painful chemotherapy(化疗), she would cry for her dad because her dad 49 encouraged her. I really don’t know what to do, so I gave her a random(随意的) phone number…” “How is your daughter now?” I couldn’t wait to ask. “She has died. You must have 50 her on the phone, because she died with a smile, tightly holding the cell phone….” Tears full of my eyes…. 36. A. A boy’s B. A child’s C. My daughter ’s D. My son’s 37. A. spoke B. told C. returned D. answered 38. A. other B. front C. following D. coming

39. A. different 40. A. t hough 41. A. dangerous 42. A. look after 43. A. easy 44. A. softly 45. A. that 46. A. trouble 47. A. experiment 48. A. receive 49. A.seldom 50. A. kissed

B. same B. and B. troubles B. kiss B. sad B. sweet B. what B. ask B. event B. stand B. sometimes B. taught

C. wrong C. as if C. pain C. help C.difficult C. lower C. who C. stop C. accident C. fighting C. never C. shouted

D. funny D. so that D. different D. support D. happy D. wisely D. how D. reach D. activity D. faced D. always D. told

四、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,计30分) 阅读下列短文,从每小题A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。 A Canada 4:00 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. Canada is a big country with six time zones(时区). In the west, it is four a.m., and everyone is asleep, but in the east it is half past eight and people are awake. It is a cold Friday morning in November. Scotland 12:00 noon Scotland is part of the UK. The capital of Scotland is Edinburgh. It is twelve noon, or midday, in Edinburgh. Children are having lessons, but they are looking forward to the weekend because there is no school on Saturday and Sunday. Egypt 2:00 p.m. Friday is already the weekend in Egypt. It’s a special day for Muslims, so schools, offices and shops are closed in all Arab countries. So now, at two p.m., most people there are having lunch with their families. Japan 9:00 p.m. Japan is seven hours ahead of Egypt, so it is already Friday evening there. The weekend is beginning. Most people are out with friends or watching television or playing computer games.

51. If it is 12:30 p.m. in eastern Canada, the time is _______ in western Canada. A. 8:00 a.m B. 10:00 a.m. C. 1:30 p.m. D. 4:30 p.m. 52. The people in needn’t go to work on Fridays. A. Canada B. Scotland C. Japan D. Egypt 53. While Canadian children are waking up, children in Scotland are ________. A. sleeping B. having lessons C. watching TV D. playing games B I was telling my boy Sonny the story of the hare and the tortoise. At the end I said, “Son, remember: Be slow and steady (镇定的), and that will win the race. Don’t you think there’s something to learn from the tortoise?” Sonny opened his eyes wide, “Do you mean next time when I’m entering for the 60-metre race I should wish that Billy, Tony and Sandy would all fall asleep halfway?” I was shocked, “But the tortoise didn’t wish that the hare would fall asleep!” “He must have wished that,” Sonny said, “Otherwise how could he be so foolish as to race with the hare? He knew very well the hare ran a hundred times faster than he himself did.” “He didn’t have such a wish,” I insisted. “He won the race by perseverance (坚忍不拔), by pushing on steadily.” Sonny thought a while. “That’s a lie,” he said. “He won it because he was lucky. If the hare hadn’t happened to fall asleep, the tortoise would never have won the race. He could be as steady as you like, or a hundred times steadier, but he’d never have won the race. That’s for sure.” I gave up. Today’s children are not like what we used to be. They’re just hopeless. 54. The writer wanted his son _______.

A. to learn from the tortoise B. to open his eyes wide C. to enter for the 60-meter race D. to have a big wish 55. According to Sonny, it was the tortoise’s wish that _______. A. the hare would be as steady as he was B. he could run faster than the hare C. the hare would fall asleep during the race D. he would have a sleep during the race 56. Sonny believed that the tortoise won the race ________ . A. by pushing on steadily B. by luck C. by taking a risk D. by telling a lie 57. It is clear that the writer ________ in the end. A. learned a lesson B. won the argument C. became impatient D. was satisfied C I hid the long black bag in the garage two days ago. Tonight, in the dark, I would finally take it away. If everything went OK, it would be done by morning. But I had to be sure no one, not even my wife, saw me. It was more difficult to get away from the party than I expected. I said that the children were tired and needed to get to bed. It was partly true. But the main reason for leaving was that I wanted to complete my plan. First I had to get the kids to sleep. That was never easy at any time and tonight it was even more difficult. The eldest one wanted to know why we left the party early. I told him 10:30 pm was not early. As usual, I read them a bed time story, but I had to stop myself reading too quickly or they would learn my secret. Silence finally came, and feeling like a thief in the night, I went out of the house and into the garage. Taking one end, I pulled the bag out from its hiding place and took it into the garden. I was worried that my neighbours might see me and call the police. It was already eleven o’clock. By the light of the moon I started working, trying to make as little noise as possible. And that was not easy with a saw (锯子) and a hammer (锤子). After much hard work, I finally completed my work. I looked down at my watch. It was exactly 4:00 am. Then I went inside to have a shower and get a few hours of sleep. It wouldn’t be long now before the kids would rush into my room and wake me up to tell me about the new tree-house Father Christmas brought them this year. 58. Why did the man feel nervous? A. He left the party too late. B. He was afraid of the darkness. C. He didn’t know where the black bag was. D. He worried that others would know his secret. 59. The underlined word “they” in Paragraph 3 refers to_______. A. thieves B. parents C. children D. neighbours 60. In what order did the man do the following? a. Read the kids a story. b. Had a shower. c. Worked in the moonlight. d. Pulled the bag from the garage. e. Went to a party. A. e-d-a-b-c B. e-a-d-c-b C. a-b-e-d-c D. a-e-d-c-b 61. How would the children feel when they saw the man’s work? A. Interested. B. Excited. C. Tired. D. Angry. D Most people around the world are right-handed. This also seems to be true in history. In 1799, scientists studied works of art made at different times from 1,500 B.C. to the 1950s. Most of the people shown in these works are right-handed, so the scientists guessed that right -handedness has always been common through history. Today, only about 10% to 15% of the world’s population is left-handed. Why are there more right-handed people than left-handed ones? Scientists now know that a person’s two hands each have their own jobs. For most people, the hand is used to find things or hold things. The right hand is used to work with things. This is because of the different work of the two sides of the brain. The right side of the brain, which makes a person’s hands and eyes work together, controls the left hand. The left-side of the brain, which controls the right hand, is the centre for thinking and doing problems. These findings show that more artists should be

left-h anded, and studies have found that left-handedness is twice as common among artists as among people in other jobs. No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed instead of left-handed. Scientists have found that almost 40% of the people become left-handed because their main brain is damaged when they are born. However, this doesn’t happen to everyone, so scientists guess there must be another reason why people become left-handed. One idea is that people usually get right-handed from their parents. If a person does not receive the gene(基因) for right-handedness, he/ she may become either right-handed or left-handed according to the chance and the people they work or live with. Though right-handedness is more common than left-handedness, people no longer think left-handed people are strange or unusual. A long time ago, left-handed children were made to use their right hands like other children, but today they don’t have to. 62. How many people in the world are left-handed now? A. Less than one sixth. B. More than a half. C. About 40% D.The passage doesn’t tell us. 63.Which of the following has the closest meaning to the underlined word “damaged” in this passage? A. knocked B. changed C. broke D. harmed 64. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. No one really knows what makes a person become right-handed. B. Left-handedness is cleverer than right-handedness. C. Today children are not made to use their right hands only. D. Scientists think there must be some reason why people become left-handed. 65. The best title for this passage is _______. A. Scientists’ New Inventions B. Left-handed People C. Which Hand D. Different Brains, Different Hands

第Ⅱ卷 (共60分)
五、词汇应用(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分) 根据句子意思,用括号中所给汉语提示或英语单词的适当形式填空。(每空一词) 66. Another three holes will be ________ (dig) before they have lunch. 67. Human rights groups have been___________ (close)watching the case. 68. With the money , we have ___________ (success) sent many children to school. 69. In fact, the teacher is pleased with his __________. (explain) 70. With the development of ___________ technology, more and more illnesses will be cured. (medicine) 71. Are you getting used to___________ (分开) rubbish into different groups in your daily life? 72. The shoes he bought yesterday is (相似的)to mine. 73. UNICEF helps build a better world for everyone, _________(特别)children around the world. 74. Jimmy felt ___________ (自豪) than anyone else because he was recommended as “the Most Helpful Student” in our school. 75. She does like to have the last word in any___________ . (讨论) 六、任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,计 10 分) (每空一词) You have studied hard in class, done all of your homework, and you think you have understood the material, but then the day of the test comes. Suddenly, you feel so nervous that you can’t answer the questions. If this sounds like you, you may have a case of test anxiety--- the nervous feeling that people sometimes get when they’re about to take a test. Test anxiety can be a real problem when someone is so stressed out over a test that he or she can’t focus on the test questions and do his or her best work. Feeling ready to meet the challenge, though, can keep test anxiety at a manageable level. Use a little stress to your advantage. Stress is a signal that helps you prepare for something important that is about to happen. Instead of reacting to the stress by worrying or complaining about the test with friends, let stress remind you to study well before a test. Ask for help. If having a test stresses you out so much that your mind goes blank and causes you to miss answers that you know, then your level of test anxiety probably needs your care. You should talk to your teacher if you get extreme test anxiety. Be prepared. Some students think that going to class is all it takes to learn and do well in

tests, but there is much more to learni ng than just hoping to take in everything in class. That is why good study habits and skills are so important ---and why no amount of cramming ( 临时死 记硬背 ) or study the night before a test can take the place of the deeper level of learning that happens over time with regular study. Also, take care of your health---by getting enough sleep, exercise, and eating well before a test ---can help keep your mind working at its best. Everything takes time and practice, and learning to beat test anxiety is no different. It won’t go away overnight, but facing and dealing with test anxiety will help you deal with stress management, which is a valuable skill in many situations besides taking tests. Learn to fight 76 test anxiety It is a 78 feeling that people sometimes get when they are about to take a test. It can be a 79 problem.

77

is test anxiety?

1. Use a little stress to your advantage. Stress can 81 you to study well before a test. 2. Ask for help. You should talk to your teacher. 80 on solving the 3. 82 well. Going to class is not all. Good study habits and problem of test anxiety skills are also important. 4. Take care of your 83 . Get enough sleep, exercise and eating well. Learning to beat test anxiety takes time and practice. It is the 84 Conclusion as other things. Facing and dealing with test anxiety is a valuable 85 . 七、缺词填空(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分) (每空一词) 根据短文内容和所给首字母提示,在下文空格处填入适当的词使短文完整。 (每空一词) Anger is a kind of feeling. Many things can make you angry. When your teacher gives you too much homework, when your team loses an important game, when your friend borrows your favorite thing and then b 86 it, you may get really angry. Usually, your body will tell you when you are angry. For example, you breathe much faster, your f 87 turns red and you may want to break something or hit someone, but sometimes, you try to hide your anger. For example, you may hide it in your head. The problem is that if you do this, you may get a h 88 or your stomach may hurt. In fact, it's not g 89 to hide your anger, and it's normal for you to get angry sometimes. But anger must be let out in the right w 90 , without hurting others or yourself. Let me give you some advice. When you get angry, you can talk about it with o 91 people. It's h 92 to talk about your anger with other people, such as parents, teachers, good friends etc. When you talk about anger, those b 93 feelings can start to go away. On the other hand, when you start to feel angry, you can do some other t 94 : count from 1 to 100, go for a bike ride, think about good things, and so on. In a word, don't let your anger c 95 you. Remember that how you act when you are angry can make everything better or worse. 八、书面表达(计 30 分) A.根据所给汉语完成下列句子,词数不限。 (共 5 小题;每题 2 分,计 10 分) 96. 需要更多的钱来继续我们的工作。 __________________________________________________________________________ 97. 新能源有着广泛的用途而且永远用不完。 __________________________________________________________________________ 98. 有了你们的支持,晚会将会取得巨大成功。 __________________________________________________________________________ 99. 如果有人挡了你的路,你应当礼貌地等到他动了为止。 __________________________________________________________________________

100. 采取一些简单的措施,那么你会对地球产生巨大的影响。 __________________________________________________________________________ B.写作(计 20 分) 假设上周你们全家去瘦西湖公园游玩。 请你根据以下要点提示, 用英语写一篇短文参加 “How to Behave Politely”为主题的征文比赛,并适当加以评论。要点提示如下: 1. 我们玩得正开心, 不文明的一幕发生了: 一位女士满不在乎将垃圾扔在地上; 亲身经历 2. 我试图阻止,但她拒绝听我的; 3. 我将垃圾捡起来并放进垃圾桶; 4. 人人都应该学习一些有关礼仪方面的知识; 我的观点 5. 良好的礼仪很重要。......(列举不同场合该有的文明行为一至两点) 6. 对我们来说,提升礼仪是必须的...... 要求: 1. 词数 100 个左右。开头已给出,不计入总词数。 2. 所写短文必须包括以上要点,省略处适当发挥使短文通顺流畅。 3. 文中不得出现真实的人名、校名、地名等相关信息。 Last week, all my family visited the Slender West Lake. ____________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________ _________________________________ ______________________ ________________________________________________________ (友情提醒:请将第 I 卷答案填涂在答题卡上,第 II 卷答案写在答题纸上,否则无效)

听力 CBCCA 单选 BCADC 完型 BDCBA 阅读 ADB 词汇dug

CCCBC DBBBD CBCBC ACBA

CBBCB ADDDD ACBDA

BBCBC

DCBB successfully

ADBC explanation prouder real medical discussion Advice/ Suggestions/

closely

separating 任 务 型 against Tips remind

similar What

especially nervous

Prepare

health

same way

skill

缺词 breaks face headache good other helpful bad things

control

翻译句子 1. More money is needed to carry on with our work. 2. New energy has a wide use and will never run out. 3. With your support, the party will achieve a great success. 4. If someone is in your way, you should wait politely until he moves. 5. Follow some simple steps, and you will make a big difference to the earth. 作文 We were enjoying ourselves when something impolite happened. A lady dropped some litter carelessly on the ground. I tried to stop her, but she refused to listen to me. I picked it up and threw/put it into the bin/ dustbin. I think everyone should learn something about manners. Good manners are important. When we are in the library, we should keep quiet. When we cross the road, we should obey traffic rules. (Before we get on a bus, we should queue for our turn.) It’s necessary for us improve our manners.


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