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名词性从句学生版


高一升高二精品班教学辅导教案
学科: 英语 任课教师: 肖老师 授课时间:2012 年 7 月 27 日(星期五) 8:30--10:00

姓 名 阶 段 教 学 目 标 重 点 难 点

梁宏安 基础( √ )

年级:高一 提高(√ )

教学课题

重点语法归纳复习:名词性从句语法专项讲 解

强化( )

课时计划

第( 1 )次课 共( 2 )次课

知识点:名词性从句专项讲解 考点:名词性从句的基本运用 方法:例句分析----归纳总结-----课堂强化练习----课后作业训练

重点:名词性从句的用法 难点:主语从句,宾语从句,表语从句,同位语从句和其他从句的区别使用

课前检查

作业完成情况:优□ 良□ 中□ 差□ 建议__________________________________________

教 学 内 容 与 教 学 过 程

一、作业检查与分析 二.新课教学 名词性从句 1.How should we use modern technology? The problem is …

2.When will man be able to live on Mars? ….is unknown to us all.

3.Where will all these advanced technology lead us ? I can’t imagine….

一. 主语从句:从句在句中充当主语成分 (1)What/where/when/how/who/whose/whether+主语+谓语+meant/suggested /is /was that 主语从句, 表示一件事情 What the boss said really meant you’d better buy this kind of mobile phone.

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Where he hid the money is to be found out . Whether or not she’ll learn a second foreign language isn’t clear.

(2)It 的用法: (形式主语) 很可能/重要的是…/必要的是…/很清楚…______________________________________ 据说/据报道…______________________________________ 已经通知/宣布…______________________________________ 显然、明显、碰巧的是..______________________________________ 并不奇怪/无疑…______________________________________ (众所周知)______________________________________ (俗话说)______________________________________ 注 意:“if” 不能引导主语从句,应有“whether”引导。 主语从句的 ―that‖ 一般不能省。 ―what‖引导主语从句时,谓语动词: 1)常与其后的名词作表语一致 2)根据句子的语境而定。

What you left are only several old books. What you said is of great importance. What he says and does doesn’t concern me. What he says and does don’t agree.

活学活用: 1.___ he made an important speech at the meeting was true. A. That B. Why C. What D. How

2. ___we’ll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather . A If B Whether C That D Where

3.___ is known to us all is that America is a developed country____the First World. A.Which; belong to C. What; belonging to B. As, belonged to D. It; belonging to

4. It’s known to us all ___ a form of energy .

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A. water is C. is water

B. that water is D. that water to

5. It worried her a bit ___ her hair was turning gray. A. whether B. That C. what D. when

6.What I say and think ___ none of your business. A. is B. are C. has D have

2. 宾语从句:从句在句中充当宾语成分 连词:that, whether,if ( that 常可省略)

who, what, which, whoever, whatever, when where why how 1). They know that the habit will kill them. 2).It all depends on whether they will support us . 3) He asked how much I paid for the violin. 4).He made it clear to the public that he did an important and necessary job . 5).I find it necessary that we should do the homework. 注 意:

1、当主句的谓语动词是一般现在时或一般将来时,宾语从句的谓语动词可以用所需要的任何一种 时态。(主不过,从随意) 2、当主句的谓语动词是一般过去时,宾语从句的谓语动词要用相应的过去时态,但当宾语从句 叙述的内容为客观真理时,仍然用一般现在时。(主过从过) The teacher told his class that light _______ faster than sound. 活学活用: The radio says it _______ cloudy tomorrow. (be)

The headmaster hopes everything ______ well. (go) Tom says that they _________ I hear they __________ (play) basketball at six o’clock yesterday evening. (return) it already.

He said that they _________ members of the Party since 1948. (be) 6. I didn’t know what time he _______ the letter. (write)

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7. Could you tell me who _________ away the book already? (take) 8. Ling Feng told me he _________ to the Great Wall several times. (be)

3. 表语从句:从句在句中充当表语成分,一般放在连系动词之后. 作用:对主语进行解释说明。 连接词:that / whether /as if /as though( if 不引导表语从句) 连接代词:who / whom / whose / which / what 连接副词:when / where / why / how / because The question is whether we can rely on him. That’s because we were in need of money at that time . He looked as if he was going to cry . That’s why I was late . 注意:在表语从句中,表“是否” 时,只能用 “whether”不能用“If”。 一般情况下,“that”不能省。 It is /was because …. It is /was why…. 3. The reason (why…/for…)is /was that…. 4 The reason is because /why… 活学活用: 1. That’s ___ the Party called on us to do. A. why B. what C. how D. that

2. The reason is ___ he is unable to operate the machine. A. because B. why C. that D. Whether

3 .That is ___ they separated. A. that B. what C. which D. where

4.Jane is no longer ___ she was four years ago. A. what B. which C. that D. when

4 同位语从句:从句在句中充当同位语成分,其一般跟在一些抽象名词( idea ;belief ; fact ;

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truth ; problem ;news 等)后面,对名词作进一步解释说明. 同位语从句常用 that 引导或用连接副词 when / where/why / how / whether 1) The idea that computers can recognize human voices surprises many people . 2) Word came that Napoleon himself was coming to inspect them . 3).Sydney kept his promise that he would always do anything he could for Lucie to make sure of her happiness. 对比分析: I have heard the news that he visited our factory . I have heard the news that he told you the other day . 同位语从句和定语从句的区别: 1 同位语从句——that 只起连接作用,不作任何成分 定语从句—— that 是关系代词,起连接作用和充当宾语和主语 2 同位语从句——同位语从句和前面的名词是同位关系,对名词进行补充说明 定语从句 ——定从和前面的名词是所属关系,对名词进行修饰,加以限定 3 同位语从句——that 不能省 定语从句——that 在从句中作宾语时,可以省 分析以下句子: 1.The idea that computers will recognize human voices surprises many people.

2. The possibility that the majority of the labor force will work at home is often discussed.

3. We’ll discuss the problem that

the majority of the students are often late for school.

活学活用: 1. ____made the school proud was ____more than 90%of the students had been admitted to key universities . A What / because C That / what B What / that D That / because

2.___she couldn’t understand was ___ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons .

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A What / why B That / what C What / because D Why / that 3. He is absent from school . It is __ he is seriously ill. reason 4 ___has helped to save the drowning girl is A Who B The one 5. C Anyone worth praising . A. why B. because C. that D. the

D Whoever

Information has been put forward __ more middle school graduates will be admitted into

universities . A that B how C where D what

6. ___ is no possibility ___ Bob can win the first prize in the match. A. There, that C. There, whether B. It, that D. It, which

7 – I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week . -- Is that ___you had a few days off ? A why B when C what D where

8 Are you still thinking about yesterday’s game ? --- Oh ,that’s ___. A what makes me feel excited B whatever I feel excited about C how I feel about it D when I feel excited .__ fashion differs from country to country may reflect the cultural differences from one aspect . A What B That C This D Which

10. When you answer questions in a job interview ,please remember the golden rule :Always give the monkey exactly __ he wants . A what B which C when D that

11. We made the suggestion that he ___ his work . A continues C continued B continue D had continued

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14.Many newspaper printed the governor’s statement _____ would support a tax cut. and he B. was that he C which he D that he

15._____ man must fear when traveling in space is radiation from the sun. Which B. How C. What D. That

16.It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. A. However C. whichever B. whatever D. whenever

Homework:
(1)复习本次课的知识点; (2)完成以下练习: 1. Can you make sure ___ the gold rings? A. where she had put B. where had she put C. where she has put D. where has she put

2.The reason that has been such a success ___ he never gives up. A. is B. is because C. is that D. is what

3. ______ breaks the law should be punished. A .Whoever B. No matter who C. anyone. D. who

4. That is ___ I had to take the risk of being washed away. A. why B. reason why C. how D. what

5. Do ___ you think is right ___ difficulties you may have. A. what ;however C. whatever ; whoever B. that ;whatever D. what; whatever

6.The workers considered it important ___ the boss would agree to give them a rise. A. whether B. how C. where D. which

7. Along with the letter was his promise ____ he would visit me this coming Christmas. A. which B. that C. what D. whether

8. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ___ I disagree. A. why B. where C. what D. how

9. Difficulty lies ___ we have no money.

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A. that

B. in that

C. in the fact D. in the fact that

10. I don’t think the question of ___ they are old or young is important. A. which B. whether C. how D. why

11. It makes no difference ___ you will go today or tomorrow. A. if B. whether C. that D. what

12. _____ should be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should 13. The news ____ Lincoln was murdered filled A. which B. when C. that D. how the American people’s hearts with deep sorrow.

14. ____ he said at the meeting astonished everyone present. A. What B. That C. The fact D. The matter

15. I don’t trust his promise ___ he will buy me a new car. A. which B. what C. when D. that

备 注

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