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名词性从句.学生版


名词性从句 名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作主句的主语、表语、宾语和同位语。因此, 名词性从句可分为主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句和同位语从句。 (一)引导名词性从句的连接词 1、连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which (有词义,在从句中担任成分, 如主语、表语、宾语、或定语等.) 2、 连接副词: when, where, why, how (有词义,在从句中担任成分, 作状语。 ) 3、连接词:that, whether, if, as if (that 无实际意义,在从句中不作成分,有 时可省略; if (whether), as if 虽有词义, 但在从句中不担任成分, 只起连接作用。 ) (二)主语从句 1、主语从句在复合句作主语。 e.g. Who will go is not important. Why he was late again puzzled me. 2、用 it 作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。 e.g. 你是否来不重要.

昨天你没来聚会真遗憾.

明天可能会有暴风雪.

据宣告, 谋杀犯已经被判处死刑.

3、that 引导主语从句时,that 不能省略。 e.g. _______he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. ______ he will come to the conference has excited every one of us. (三)表语从句 表语从句在复合句中作表语,位于系动词之后。 e.g. The question was who could go there. This is _______our problem lies.
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My idea is _______ we can get more comrades to help in the work. The reason______ he was absent was ______ he was ill. (四)宾语从句 1、宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词 that 一般可省略。 e.g. 我希望一切顺利。

他从不承认他错了。

I don't doubt ______ he will be punished for breaking the school rules. The teacher said _______there were some mistakes in my composition and ______ I had to correct them after class. 2、it 作形式宾语。 e.g. We find_____ important that we should study hard to realize our dream. I have made _____ a rule that I work out every day. I hate it when they talk with their mouth full of food. 3、介词之后的宾语从句。 e.g. I’m interested in ______ you’ve said. He was not conscious of ____ an important role he had played in the match. You may depend on it that I shall always help you. 4、whether 与 if 都可以引导宾语从句,常可互换。 但在下列情况下用 whether: a. 主语从句 b. 表语从句 c. 同位语从句 e. 介词后的宾语从句 f. 后接动词不定式 (whether to do sth.) g .whether or not 连在一起引导宾语从句时不用 if e.g. I don’t know _______or not the report is true. It depends on _______ we have enough time. They don’t know ________to go there. I haven't dealt with the question of ________ I'll go to visit him. 你是否会成功还有待于去看。

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(五)同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语, 一般位于该名词 (如: news, fact, idea, suggestion, promise 等)之后,说明该名词的具体内容。 e.g. I have no idea when he will be back. The fact _______he had not said anything surprised everybody. There is no possibility ______ he can win the first prize in the competition. Cf: The proposal that he put forward is to be discussed at the meeting. The proposal that we should import equipment from abroad is to be discussed at the meeting.

巩固练习
1.(2011北京卷22)________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A. Which B. What C. That D. Whom 2.(2011北京卷31)The shocking news made me realize ________ terrible problems we would face. A. what B. how C. that D. why 3.(2011上海卷35)There is clear evidence _________ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. A. what B. if C. how D. that 4. (2011上海卷38) The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of _____ others actually understand. A. why B. that C. which D. what 5. (2011山东卷26) I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ______ he never finishes anything. A. that B. when C. where D. why 6.(2011山东卷33)We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know__________ she’ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which 7. (2011江西卷26) The villagers have already known _________ we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge. A. this B. that C. what D. which 8.(2011江苏卷26)It was never clear _______ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A. that B. how C. when D. why 9.(2011安徽卷33)His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out _________it is he is trying to express. A. that B. how C. who D. what 10.(2011四川卷10)Our teachers always tell us to believe in ________ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A. why B. how C. what D. which 11.(2011辽宁卷23) Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ________ to read first. A. what B. who C. how D. why
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12.(2011辽宁卷32)When the news came __________the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. A. since B. which C. that D. because 13.(2011天津卷13)Modern science has given clear evidence __________ smoking can lead to many diseases. A. what B. which C. that D. where 14.(2011陕西卷15)I’d like to start my own business–that’s________ I’d do if I had the money. A. why B. when C. which D. what 15.(2011重庆卷22)It is still under discussion __________the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not. A. whether B. when C. which D. where 16. (2011重庆卷34) It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life. A. whose B. what C. which D. that 17.(2011湖南卷31)Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious _________the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why

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