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高级英语期末复习(sad young men)


1.At the very mention of this post-war period, middle-aged people begin to think about it longingly. 2.In any case, an American could not avoid casting aside its middle-class respectability and affected refinement. 3.The war only helped to speed up the breakdown of the Victorian social structure. 4.In America at least, the young people were strongly inclined to shirk their responsibilities. They pretended to be worldly-wise, drinking and behaving naughtily. 5.The young people found greater pleasure in their drinking because Prohibition, by making drinking unlawful added a sense of adventure. 6.Our young men joined the armies of foreign countries to fight in the war. 7.The young people wanted to take part in the glorious ad-venture before the whole war ended. 8.These young people could no longer adapt themselves to lives in their home towns or their families. 9. The returning veteran also had to face Prohibition which the lawmakers hypocritically assumed would do good to the people. 10. (Under all this force and pressure) something in the youth of America, who were already very tense, had to break down. 11. It was only natural that hopeful young Writers whose minds and writings were filled with violent anger against war, Babbitry, and "Puritanical" gentility, should come in great numbers to live in Greenwich Village, the traditional artistic centre. 12. Each town was proud that it had a group of wild, reckless people, who lived unconventional lives. Ⅴ . See the translation of the text. Ⅵ. 1. flapper: (Americanism) (in the 1920s) a young woman considered bold and unconventional in action and dress 2. provincial: narrow, limited like that of rural provinces 3. code: any set of principles or rules of conduct; a moral code 4. Prohibition: the forbidding by law of the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic liquors for beverage purposes~ specifically in the U. S., the period (1920-1933) of prohibition by Federal law 5. agent : an active force or substance producing an effect , e.g. , a chemical agent 6. orgy: any wild, riotous, licentious merrymaking; debauchery 7. Greenwich Village : section of New York City, on the lower west side of Manhattan: noted as a center for artists, writers, etc. 8. draft : the choosing or taking of an individual or individuals from a group for some special purpose, especially for compulsory military service 9. distinction: the quality that makes one seem superior or worthy of special recognition 10. action: military combat in general 11. whip up: rouse; excite 12. give: bend, sink, move, break down, yield, etc. from force or pressure 13.burden: repeated,central idea;theme 14. keep up with the Joneses: strive to get all the material things one’ s neighbors or associates have 15.write off:drop from consideration Ⅶ.

1.speakeasy:a place where alcoholic drinks are sold illegally,esp.such a place in the U.S.during Prohibition 2 . sheik : a masterful man to Whom women are supposed to be irresistibly attracted 3.drugstore cowboy:A western movie extra who loafs in front of drugstores between pictures 4. soap opera: a daytime radio or television serial drama of a highly melodramatic, sentimental nature.It has been so called since many original sponsors were soap companies. 5. Babbittry: (after George Babbit, title character of a satirical novel(1 922)by Sinclair I. ewis)a smugly conventional person interested chiefly in business and social success and indifferent to cultural values:Philistine 6.fast:adj. living in a reckless,wild,dissipated way 7.boobery:same as Babbittry,smug,self—satisfied,conformist in cultural matters 1.We have become a world power so we can no longer in our action just follow the principles of right and wrong as accepted in out own country。nor can we remain isolated geographically protected by the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.In other words.t he United States can no longer pursue a policy of isolationism. 2. The war only helped to speed up the breakdown of the Victorian social structure. 3. The Great Economic Depression which started in the United States in 1 929 brought the young escapists back to their senses and stopped the wild,riotous lives they were living. 4.These young people could no longer adapt themselves to lives in their home towns or their families. 5.1t was only natural that hopeful young writers whose minds and writings were filled with violent anger against war. Babbittry. and “Puritanical” gentility, should come in great numbers to live in Greenwich Village,t he traditional artistic centre. 6.Many other young people began to intensify and spread this revolt of the young by their own misdeeds—breaking the law and living unconventional lives. The young intellectuals living in Greenwich Village helped to keep the revolt alive and to spread it throughout the country. 7. These young brothers and sisters did not take part in the war, so they had no feeling of real disillusionment or loss. Nevertheless they began to imitate the manners of their elders and live the unconventional and nonconforming lives of those who were rebelling against society. 8. America could see and hear nothing except the shining gleam and the ringing sound of the doller. /The American people are not moved or stirred by anything. They are only conscious of money and wealth.


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