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人教版八年级下册英语第四单元笔记


八年级下册 Unit 4 单元笔记 【词汇学习】 1.mad adj.极为愤怒的;十分恼火的 She was mad with me for losing my keys.她为我丢了钥匙而生我的 气。 2.anymore adv.再;还(用于否定句) He doesn't come here anymore.他再也不到这儿来了。 3.however adv.无论如何 He can answer the question however hard it is. 不管问题有多难他都 能回答。 4.suppose v.假定;认为;料想;期望 What do you suppose you will do after school? 你放学后想干什么? 5.nervous adj.紧张的;神经质的 I felt very nervous when I went into his office. 当我走进他的办公室时,我感到很紧张。 6.semester n.一学期;半年 We will have ten subjects in this semester. 这个学期我们将学十门功 课。 7.disappointing adj.令人失望的 Maybe this news is disappointing .也许这是一个令人失望的消息。 8.be supposed to 认为必须;认为应该 You are supposed to be successful.你应该成功。 9.get mad 变疯;变得着迷 She gets mad about going to dance.她对跳舞着了迷。 10.get over 恢复,克服困难 Can we get over this difficulty? 我们能克服这个困难吗? 11. first of all 首先

12. pass on 传递 13. be supposed to 被期望或被要求…… 14. do better in 在......方面做得更好 15. be in good health 身体健康 16. report card 成绩单 17. get over 克服;恢复;原谅 18. open up 打开;开拓;开发;开放 19. care for 照料;照顾 20.have a party for sb. 为某人举行一次聚会 21.be mad at sb 对某人恼火,愤怒

【重点句型分析】 1. What are some soap operas you know? 你所知道的有哪些肥皂剧? you know 是定语从句,修饰前面的名词 soap operas 2. What are some things that happen on soap operas? 肥皂剧里发生了 些什么事? That happen on soap operas 是定语从句, 修饰前日面的名字 something. 3. Lana said she wasn’t mad at Marcia anymore . 拉娜说她不再生玛西 娅的气了。 be mad at (with) sb. 对某人恼火 be mad at (about) sth. (doing sth.) 对某事恼火 eg. Mother got mad at (with) me for watching TV for hours. (此处的 got mad at = was mad at) not… anymore 不再……

eg. She didn’t cry anymore. 她不再哭了。 4. bring some books to her house. 给她带来一些书

bring sth. to

从(远处)带来,拿来(到近处)

而其反义词为:take… to “从(近处)拿(走)到(远处) eg. Could you bring some water to me? Please take the chair to Jim’s room. 5.pass this message to sb.将这个消息(信息)传给某人 pass on sth. to sb 把某物传递给某人 eg. She said she would pass the dictionary to Tom. 6.You want to know why C didn’t return it and where it is. 你想知道为什 么 C 未将它还回来并想知道它在哪里。 此句中 why C didn’t return it and where it is 是宾语从句作 know 的宾语, 请注意宾语从句的语序。 (陈述语序) 7.You were supposed to meet at the bus stop this morning to return it. 你应该今早上在车站去见面并把它还给人家。 be supposed to do ……被期望,应该(做……) eg. He is supposed to be there on time.按理他应该准时到哪里。

【课文解析】 1. In English, I’m better at reading than listening. 在英语方面,我的阅读比听力更好。 be better at doing (than doing)是 be good at ……的比较级,意思为 “更擅长……” eg. Are they better at playing football than basketball?

2. I can do better in math.在数学方面我能做得更好。 better 是 well 的比较级 do well in 在…方面做得好 eg. Does she do well in physics? 3. I finished my end –of –year exams last week. 我上周结束了期末考 试。 finish doing sth went to bed? 4. I had a really hard time with science this semester. 这学期我的科学学科学得的确不好。 5. It’s not right to copy other’s homework. 抄袭别人的作业是不对 的。 请记住这一句型:It’s right for sb to do … 6. I said I didn’t think it was a good idea for her to copy ma homework. 我说我认为对她来说抄我的作业不是个好办法。 注意 1:此句中的三个动词都是过去时,即时态的一致性 注意 2:中英文语序(否定词的位置)的不同 7. She said it was much better if she din her own work. 她说如果她自己做作业就会好多了。 much +比较级,意思是“…得多” e.g. He runs much faster than I. eg. Did he finish doing his homework before he

8. Teaching high school students in a poor mountain village in Gansu Province may not sound like fun to you. 在甘肃省一个贫困的山村里教 中学学生在你听起来可能不算什么有趣的事。 此句中 may+ 动词原形,表示“可能……” sound like +名词,意思为“听起来像……” 9. Every year they send 100 volunteers to teach in China’s rural areas. 每年他们都往中国的乡村地区派 100 名志愿者去教书。 send …to …派,送…到… 10. Her village was 2000 meters above sea level. 她的村庄位于海拔 2 千米。 Above 介词. “在?上面” above sea level”海平面” 11. the thin air made her feel sick 稀薄的空气使她病了 make sb. do 使某人干某事(此处只能用动词原形,不能+to) 12.They love heaving volunteer teachers there. 他们喜爱让志愿者老 师教他们。 love doing (to do) 13.There often isn’t money for education. 经常没有钱来受教育。 14. I can open up my students’ eyes to the outside world. 我能开阔学生们的视野,把他们带到外部世界。 15. give them a good start in life 给他们一个生活的新起点

give sb. sth.给某人某物 =give sth to sb

16. She said she likes being a good influence in the children’s lives . 她说她愿意给孩子们的生活中起一个好的影响。 17. Yang Lei enjoyed her time as a volunteer very much. 杨蕾很愿 意做一个志愿者。 18. care for “Mother Earth” 关心“地球母亲” 19. care for wild animals in danger 关心处于危险中的野生动物 20. I can’t do anything about that. 我对于那件事无能为力。

【词语辨析】 1. hard working 与 work hard 前者是形容词,可作表语、定语;如:a hard-working student ; He is hard-working. 后者是一个动词短语,“努力工作”hard 是副词,修饰动作 work. 2. forget to do 与 forget doing… 前者是“忘记做……”(to do 表示将来的动作) e.g. Don’t forget to call me.别忘了打电话给我。 eg. I’ll never forget seeing the musical in New York. 我永远忘不了在纽约 看过的那出歌舞喜剧。

【重难点分析】 直接引语和间接引语 直接引述别人的原话,叫做直接引语;用自己话转述别人的话,叫

做间接引语。间接引语一般构成宾语从句。直接引语必须放在引号内, 间接引语则不用引号。直接引语改为间接引语时,除将引语部分变成宾 语从句外,还必须对直接引语中的人称、时态、指示代词、时间状语、 地点状语等进行改变。


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