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2014年10月月考(2试卷)


高级中学 2014 届高三第 2 次月考

英 语
本试卷共三大部分,满分 135 分。 2014 年 10 月 12 日 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔,将自己的班别、班座号、姓名、试室号、试 室座位号,分别填写在答题卡和答题卷上,以便于分卷和查分。同时用 2B 铅笔涂上考生号、 科目名称和 A 卷。 例如:答题卡上写: 高三(25)班 12 号李甲 33 试室 5 号 请再把这 5 项信息写在答题卷密封线内! 2.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内相应位 置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔、透明胶和涂改 液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 3.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。

I. 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 60 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

It was an extremely busy day, and I was so tired of my life that I was getting a little angry with myself and everyone around me. When returning home, I met my old friend Paul in the street. He looked 1 and invited me to his home for dinner. We had not seen each other for many years, so though I was very tired I accepted his 2 As we entered the door of his 3 , Paul started 4 , “I have a dream, a song to sing, to help you through everything.” I felt 5 at his behavior, but in a minute I understood. Two young girls walked to Paul and hugged him. They couldn’t walk 6 or spoke clearly, but their faces were full of 7 and sang the same song. We talked about our family and work, and I learned from Paul that his 8 were born as “special children”. They were mentally changed. Their 9 died years ago. Paul was both mother and father to his beautiful daughters. But he said he was so 10 that the little angels were together with him. That night, we talked a lot, and his happy smiles made my anger and 11 fade. I forgot how many times I 12 about my life and my work. But Paul’s life was an 13 to me. The man smiled at his life and 14 any trouble as a gift of life. It was Paul who taught me to deal with life 15 and encouraged me to move on. 1. A. happy B. sad C. angry D. hungry 2. A. motivation B. communication C. recognition D. invitation 3. A. room B. kitchen C. house D. window 4. A. dancing B. singing C. fighting D. scolding
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5. A. surprised 6. A. quickly 7. A. puzzles 8. A. sons 9. A. wife 10. A. lucky 11. A. illness 12. A. thought 13. A. inspiration 14. A. hoped 15. A. bravely
第二节

B. frightened B. hurriedly B. tears B. families B. father B. friendly B. tiredness B. brought B. imagination B. expected B. cheerfully

C. educated C. strongly C. smiles C. parents C. mother C. unlucky C. happiness C. worried C. evaluation C. treated C. sharply

D. terrified D. steadily D. griefs D. daughters D. ancestor D. unhappy D. carelessness D. complained D. instruction D. approved D. publicly

语法填空 (共 10 小题 ,每小题 1.5 分 ,满分 15 分)

阅读下面短文, 按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求, 在空格处填入一个适当的词或 使用口号中词语的正确形式填空 ,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16~25 的相应位置上。

Maria and Lisa were best friends. They shared a two-bedroom apartment in Hollywood. Maria was a clerk at 16 clothing store, and Lisa was a clerk at a supermarket. Their hours varied, so 17 didn't get to spend a whole lot of time together. 18 last weekend both were off work. "Let's go to the beach," suggested Maria. "That's a good idea," agreed Lisa. The drive to the beach 19 (take) more than an hour. When they got there, the hot and 20 (sun) Hollywood weather had become cool, windy, and overcast beach weather. 21 of them had been to the beach many times before, so they were not 22 (surprise) by the change in weather. They put on their jackets, shoes, and socks, and headed north to hunt for seashells. Within an hour they had collected about twenty beautiful shells into a plastic bag. They were still walking slowly north 23 they heard a roar. They turned around to see a four-wheel All Terrain Vehicle (越野车) 24 (come) rapidly toward them. Sand flew onto the two girls. They both screamed. The driver was wearing a jacket that said Beach Patrol(海岸巡逻队). He got off the ATV and started yelling at them. "What are you two doing here? Get out of here 25 I write you a ticket(罚单)and have you arrested."
Ⅱ 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节:阅读理解(共 20 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A,B,C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

Nick Petrels is a doctor in Montreal. He works 60 hours a week. He takes care of 159 patients a week in the hospital and at his office. He's been a doctor for ten years. Dr. Petrels gives his patients good medical advice. But he doesn't just tell his patients what to do. He also sings to them on television! Dr. Petrels has his own TV show. The show is in Italian, English and French. The doctor starts the show with a song and then
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gives medical advice. He explains a medical problem or disease in simple language. After that, he sings another song. Dr. Petrels produces and performs in his own show every week. The program is very popular with his patients and with people who enjoy his singing. His dream is to perform in Las Vegas. His favorite songs are love songs, and he has a compact disk(激光唱片)of love songs that he wrote. Dr. Petrels says, "I always loved to sing. All my problems are gone when I sing." But when Dr. Petrels was young, his father didn't want him to be a singer, so he went to medical school. Some people tell Dr. Petrels he can help people more as a doctor. But Dr. Petrels says he helps people when he sings, too. "I like to make people smile. Sometimes it's difficult to make a sick person smile. Medicine and entertainment both try to do the same thing. They try to make people feel good." 26. Dr. Petrels works 60 hours a week, because he _______. A. gives his patients medical advice B. takes care of 159 patients a week C. sings on television D. has his own TV show 27. Dr. Petrels _______, so he is called a singing doctor. A. has been a doctor for ten years B. always loved to sing C. is popular with his patients D. also sings to his patients on TV 28. In his TV show, Dr. Petrel _______. A. sings and gives medical advice B. sings about different diseases C. starts to explain diseases with a song D. sings love songs he wrote 29. Dr. Petrels' show is popular _______. A. in Las Vegas. B. at medical school C. with people who like his singing D. with patients in Montreal 30. The phrase “Medicine and entertainment both try to do the same thing” in the last paragraph means _______. A. Singing does good to the patients B. Singing does good to the patients as well as medicine C. Entertainment is better than medicine D. Neither singing nor medicine can cure sick people B I really hadn’t meant to yell at them. But that grey afternoon saw it just as my son and daughter were making a terrible mess on the floor in the kitchen. With a tiresome report to write, I felt bothered at my desk. Suddenly, it occurred to me that my kids were at fault. A voice inside me insisted that I do something quickly. “Ok, you two here, but what an awful thing you are attempting!” I was shouting angrily. I made for them, while it became evident that the boy wanted no part of me. “Get away from us!” he shouted back, there being an expression of support from his sister.
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All of a sudden, I found the fault in myself. Quickly I shaped my hands into pincers(钳子) and crawled towards them, “Crabby(暴躁的) Daddy is here. Ha, Ha, Ha, he likes to yell at children, and then eat them!” My son continued to keep me away, but now he was laughing and crying at the same time. My mission to repair the damage caused by my yelling seemed to work well. Still, I regretted not having controlled myself first in a right way. Need I let them know how badly they were acting by blaming? This is a lesson that serves myself. It only shows just how to get rid of something (ill-feelings, responsibility…) by blaming others. It’s not my “best self”. We have to search for our “best self” when with our children. They don’t need perfect parents, but they do need parents who are always trying to get better. Here, I am reminded of the words of a great thinker. “When a man lives with God, his voice shall be as sweet as the murmur of the book…” Then, in our lifetime, couldn’t we always speak to our kids in such a sweet voice since most of us consider them as the most precious in the world? And before we reach this level, what should we do when we come across various difficult cases with our children? 31. The author couldn’t help yelling at his kids this time probably because________. A. the weather was so unpleasant B. he was tired of his boring work C. the kids didn’t ask him to join them D. a Daddy has his right to do so 32. Which of the following made the author aware of his fault? A. No obvious reason. B. The boy’s yelling back. C. His self-awareness. D. The girl’s shouting back 33. According to the passage, the author will _____ in another similar situation. A. play a crab again like this time B. apologize to kids in a sincere way C. avoid blaming kids in a hurry D. beat them up about such things 34. What will the writer go on to write about in the next paragraph(s)? A. How to behave ourselves properly when kids are at fault. B. How to play with our children in a more interesting way. C. How to deal with the housework with children around us. D. How to persuade children to do what they are told to. 35. What does “the boy wanted no part of me” in the third paragraph mean? A. The boy was happy because I loved them. B. The boy was curious because I wanted to help them. C. The boy was very happy for I was angry.
D. The boy didn’t want me to join them. C

Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those
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people around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people's. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle, compare their own performances (表现) with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not. If it is a matter of right answer, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time to such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can't find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure(衡量)their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know. 36. According to the passage, the best way for children to learn things is by_______ A. listening to skilled people's advice B. asking older people many questions C. making mistakes and having them corrected D. doing what other people do 37. Which of the following does the writer think teachers should NOT do? A. Give children correct answers. B. Allow children to make mistakes. C. Point out children's mistakes to them. D. Let children mark their own work. 38. According to the writer, teachers in school should__________. A. allow children to learn from each other B. point out children's mistakes whenever found C. correct children's mistakes as soon as possible D. give children more book knowledge 39. The passage suggests that learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are_________. A. different from learning other skills B. the same as learning skills C. more important than other skills D. not really important skills 40. The title of this passage could probably be__________. A. Let Our Teachers Stop Work B. Let Us Make Children Learn C. Let Children Correct their Exercises D. Let Children Learn by Themselves
D

Most young people enjoy some forms of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling, or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be a game of some forms—football, basketball, hockey, golf or tennis. It may be mountaineering.
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Those who have a passion of climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks in high mountains? This astonishment is caused, probably, by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure. Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as others, as there are for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of different kinds which would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering with other more familiar sports we might think that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a “team game”. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no “ matches” between “teams” of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork. The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities. A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year by year. A skier is probably past his best by the age of thirty. But it is not unusual for men of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they perhaps climb with more skills and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment. 41. What sports are popular among people in winter in the passage? A. Soccer and golf. B. Skiing and skating. C. Cycling and hockey. D. Mountaineering. 42. The underlined word “passion” in Paragraph 2 could best be replaced by ______. A. strong emotion B. good way C. better feeling D. enough affection 43. Mountaineering is a sport, not a game because_______. A. it has man-made rules B. it is too dangerous for climbers C. it can’t bring people joy or leisure D. it is free for climbers to use their own methods 44. We know from the passage that _______. A. mountaineering has no appeal for people B. physical quality is more important than mental one for climbers C. a mountain climber passes his best by the age of thirty D. it is possible for an old man of fifty or sixty to climb the Alps 45. What is the best title for the passage? A. Sports in winter B. Team work in climbing
C. Mountaineering D. The quality for mountaineering

第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 请阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选项字 佛冈中学 2014 届高三第 2 次月考 第 6 页 共 8 页
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母涂黑。(如选 E 请涂 AB,如选 F 请涂 CD) 下面是美国著名游记作家 Bill Bryson 的几本作品,首先请阅读它们的封面信息: A. B. C.

A Walk in the Woods: Rediscovering America on the Appalachian Trail D. E.

The Lost Continent: Travels in Small-Town America F.

I’m a Stranger Here Myself: Notes on Returning to America after 20 Years Away

The Road Less Traveled: Neither Here nor There: 1000 Amazing Places off the Travels in Europe Tourist Trail 下面是对这几本书的简要介绍,请把它们对应的封面信息找出来:

The English Landscape: Its Character and Diversity

46. In this collection, Bill Bryson is writing from home. We find he assesses life both in New England and in the contemporary United States. With the telescopic perspective(远望 视角) of one who has stepped out of the American mainstream and come back after 20 years, Bryson holds the mirror up to U.S. culture and feel strange to his motherland. 47. This book is a guide to the world’s unspoilt sights and experiences. It presents one thousand fresh and fascinating alternatives to hundreds of well-known tourist destinations and sights, including alternatives to the Carnival in Rio and the beaches of Thailand, the most-visited national parks, over-rated restaurants and holiday sites. 48. Returning to the U.S. after 20 years in England, Bill Bryson decided to reconnect with his mother country by hiking the length of the 2100-mile Appalachian Trail. Awed by merely the camping section of his local sporting goods store, he still goes into the wilderness and learns hard lessons about self-reliance. 49. A travelogue by Bill Bryson is as close to a sure thing as funny books get. This book is no exception. Following an urge to rediscover his youth, the author leaves his native Des Moines, Iowa, in a journey that takes him to across 38 states in the country, which is like a small town in his opinion. 50. Born in Iowa, Bryson backpacked through Europe as a young man. While living in England some 20 years later, he revisited many of the same places from arctic Norway’s northern lights to romantic Capri in Italy. Here he jumps back and forth between old
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memories and new experiences. 四.写作(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节 基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 你是你校校报的小记者, 最近对一位在华的外国志愿者进行了一次采访。 以下是这次采访的情况: [写作内容] 时间:上周末 对象:在中国农村教书的志愿者卢安克(Eckart Loewe) 主题:他的志愿者之路 基本情况:1968 年出生在德国汉堡(Hamburg);1990 年夏天,短短 3 个月的中国之旅,让他深深 地爱上了广西的乡村。 从教过程: (1)1999 年,在广西的一个乡村成为一名志愿者教师; (2)发现中国家长重视成绩却忽视孩子孩子的天性和兴趣。 教育理念:如果一个人只是为了别人的理念而生存,他就永远找不到自我的方向和力量。 [写作要求]只能使用5个句子表达全部内容; [评分标准]句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯 第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Children in kindergarten are learning social skills. For this reason, it’s important to tell the children what will make them become good citizens when they grow up. It’s up to parents, teachers and all others involved with a kid to teach these skills. Teaching kids to pick up things by themselves is a good way to teach them not to throw things on the ground. For example, if a class has to make paper cutouts (剪下的图样), after cutting, have the children pick up the wastepaper and place it in the wastebasket. The golden rule of good citizenship should be taught at this age. The rule is “One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself”. Teachers should ask their students how they want to be treated. There are many answers, such as not being treated in bad manners. The teacher should explain that others don’t like to be scared, so you should not scare (使惊恐) others either. Following the laws is good citizenship(公民义务). Proper games can be played in the classroom. Games have rules, and all students in the class should follow the rules of the games. If a child doesn’t want to follow, it is up to the teacher to explain them to the child. Teaching children about following rules should help them understand the need to obey the law when they become adults. 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 个词概括这篇短文的内容要点; 2. 不少城市在创建文明城市。请以约 120 个词谈我们如何成为文明市民。内容包括: (1) 你认为文明市民 (a civilized citizen) 应具备什么素质,列举两三种文明行为; (2) 作为中学生,谈谈你应如何从小事做起,为创建文明城市作贡献。 【写作要求】 1.可以使用实例来支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的 句子; 2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。

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