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英语:Unit 5Can you come to my party教案与练习(人教新目标八年级上)


2011-2012 学年初中英语八年级上册(人教新目标)素材(含教案和练习) Unit 5 Can you come to my party 一、学习目标: 1、知识目标:掌握本讲的词汇、短语和句型。 2、能力目标:能礼貌地发出、接受、拒绝邀请。 3、 情感目标: 通过本讲学习, 培养学生礼貌待人的品质, 学会交际技巧。 二、重点、难点: 重点:单词 another, busy, invitation, whole, till; 短语 thanks for, come over; 句型 Can you come to my party on Wednesday? Sure, I’d love to. 难点:辨析 another, other, the other, others, the others 的区别;学会 接受邀请与拒绝邀请的表达等。 三、知能提升: (一)重点单词 [单词学习] ◎ another 【用法】 “另一个,再一个” 。通常用于三个以上或不确定数量中的任 意一个人或物。 【例句】May I have another egg, please? 【考查点】辨析:another, other, the other, others 与 the others ○→○○●○○(one…another…)侧重在三个或三个以上的人或物 中选择其中任何一个。 I don’t like this pair of shoes. Would you please show me another pair? ○→●(one…the other…)表示只有两者的情况下,一个与另一个的 关系。 I have two friends. One is a teacher and the other is a doctor. ○→●●●(one…the others…)侧重列举多数人或物中的一个与其

余全部。 They have four children. One is a girl, the others are boys. ○○○→●●●●(some…the others…)列举多数人或物中的一部分 和其余全部。 Some students are reading, the others are drawing pictures. ○○○→○○●●●(some…others…)列举多数人或物中的一部分 和另一部分中的一些(不是全部) [来源:Z+xx+k.Com] 。 Last Sunday, some students went to the Great Wall, others stayed at home. 【易错点】没有识记它们的用法 【考题链接】 —What about this T-shirt? —I don’t like the color. Please show me one. A. other B. the other C. another D. each other 答案:C 解题思路: 表示三者或三者以上中的 “另一个” 时用 another, other the 跟单数名词,指“两个中的另一个” ,也可以跟复数名词,指特定范围内的 另一部分;each other 指“互相” 。 ◎ busy 【用法】busy 作形容词,意为“忙的,繁忙的” ,反义词 free。 【例句】I’m very busy so I have no time to see you. 【考查点】be busy with sth. 与 be busy doing sth. be busy with sth. 意为“忙于??” 。 He is busy with his homework. be busy doing sth. 意为“忙于做??” 。 They are busy going shopping for Tom’s birthday. 【易错点】没有识记两个短语的用法 【考题链接】 The new term is coming. The students are busy the classrooms. A. clean B. cleans C. to clean D. cleaning 答案:D 解题思路: 此题考查 busy 的用法。忙于某事或忙于做某事” be busy “ 用

with sth. 或 be busy doing sth.,但不能接 to do。句意为“新学期快到了。 学生们正在忙着打扫教室。 ” ◎ whole 【用法】作形容词,表示“整个的,全部的,完整的” ,一般放在冠词、 物主代词或指示代词之后。如:the whole city, my whole life 等。 【例句】The whole class is quiet and no one speaks. 【考查点】辨析:all 与 whole all 修饰名词时,常用于冠词、物主代词或指示代词之前。 如:all the world, all my life 等。 另外,whole 一般不修饰不可数名词或物质名词,而 all 则可以。 如:all the water 而不说 the whole water 【易错点】all 或 whole 与限定词的位置关系 【考题链接】 All the family were at home when he called yest erday. (同义句转换) were at home when he called yesterday. [来源:Z*xx*k.Com] 答案:The whole family 解题思路:all the family=the whole family. 句意为“昨天他打电话的 时候,全家人都在” 。 ◎ invitation 【用法】 “邀请,邀请书” ,名词。动词形式为 invite。 【例句】1. There is a letter of invitation for you. 2. She invited me to go shopping with her. 【考查点】invite sb. to do sth.以及名词 invitation 的使用 【易错点】invitation 的拼写 【考题链接】 Thank you very much for your . (invite) 答案:invitation 解题思路: your 是形容词性物主代词, 用来修饰名词, 所以应填 invite 的名词形式 invitation。 ◎ till 【用法】表示“直到??之时;在??之前” ,相当于 until。作介词 时,后面接名词;作连词时,常用来引导一个时间状语从句。当用于肯定

句时,主句动词常为延续性动词,表示这个动作一直延续到 till/until 所表 示的时间为止。 【例句】1. They worked till/until six o’clock. 2. Mary will wait for you till/until you come. 【考查点】短语 not… until/till 的用法 not…until/till… 意为“直到??才??” ,表示 until/till 所表示的时 间一到,主句谓语动词所表示的动作才发生。 He didn’t go to bed until/till his mother came back. 【易错点】没有识记 not…until/till 的用法 【考题链接】 I didn’t know he came back I met him in the street. A. since B. when C. until D. after 答案:C 解题思 路: 句意为“直 到在街上遇到他 ,我才知道他回 来了” 。 not…until/till.是固定结构,意为“直到??才??” ,故选 C。 [即学即练] 1. —Do you want cake? —Yes, I usually eat a lot when I’m hungry. A. other B. the other C. another D. others 2. Though it is very long, I can tell story. A. the all B. the whole C. all of D. whole the 3. They are busy their homework. A. to do B. do C. doing D. does 4. Thank you for inviting me.(同义句转换) Thank you for . 5. Please invite some of your friends with you. A. play soccer B. to play the soccer C. playing soccer D. to play soccer 6. Since I had a lot of homework to do, I di dn’t go to bed 12 last night. A. until B. when C. while (二)重点短语 [短语学习] ◎ thanks for

【用法】 “因?? 表示 (非常) (某人) Thanks/Thank you for …, 感谢 ” 其中 for 是介词,其后常接名词或动词-ing 形式表示感谢的原因。 【例句】1. Thanks for your letter. 2. Thank you for giving me so much help. 【考查点】thank 和介词 for 搭配 【易错点】不知道与介词 for 搭配 【考题链接】 Thank you inviting me to your birthday party. I really had a good time there. A. on B. for C. in D. of 答案:B 解题思路:Thank you for…意为“为??而感谢??” ,固定搭配。 ◎ come over 【用法】意为“过来,顺便来访” ,多指朋友、亲戚或熟人之间的非正 式探望活动。常与介词 to 连用。 【例句】Please come over to my office after class. 【考查点】在具体语境中和其他短语的辨析 【易错点】搭配错误 【考题链接】 Can you to my home for dinner this evening? A. come over B. come out C. come on D. come at 答案:A 解题思路: come over 意为 “顺便过来” come out 意为 ; “出版, 开花” ; come on 意为“加油” 。根据句意“今晚你能来我家吃晚饭吗?”可知选 A。 [即学即练] 1. Thank you for me work out the math problem. A. help B. helps C. helping D. helped 2. You visited me last Sunday. Thank you. (同义句转换) Thank you me last Sunday. 3. Jack, can you to my home for supper this evening?[来源:学# 科#网] A. come in B. come out C. come over D. come back 4. 你明天能顺便来我家看看我的父母吗? Can you to my house to my parents

tomorrow? (三)重点句型 [句型学习] ◎ —Can you come to my party on Wednesday? —Sure, I’d love to. 【用法】Can you…? 意为“你能??吗?”是客气地请求或邀请某 人做某事的句子。 接受请求或邀请时常用 Sure, I’d love to…或 Thanks a lot for…或 Certainly. 来应答。如有事不能接受请求或邀请,则说:I’m sorry, but I can’t… 【例句】—Can you play football with me? —Sure, I’d love to. (—I’m sorry, but I have a lot of work to do. ) 【考查点】答语用 Sure, I’d love to. 【易错点】漏写 I’d love to 中的 to。 【考题链接】 —Would you like to see Beijing Opera with us now? — —That’s all right. Maybe next time. A. Sure, I’d love to. B. Sounds like a great idea. C. I can’t wait. Let’s go. D. I’d love to, but I am busy. 答案:D 解题思路:对于别人的邀请,如果接受可以说 Sure/Yes, I’d love to, 如果拒绝则可以说 I’d love to, but…或 I am sorry, but…来陈述理由。此题 由 Maybe next time. 可知是拒绝邀请, 故只有 I’d love to, but I am busy 符 合题意。 ◎ Please keep quiet! 【用法】keep 后常接形容词,意为“保持(某种状态),这时 keep ” 作系动词,也可以用 be 替换。即 Please be quiet! 【例句】You should do some exercise to keep healthy. 【考查点】keep sb./ sth. + 形容词/ Ving, 表示“使??保持(某种状 态)。 ” 【易错点】形容词或动词的 ing 形式作宾补。 【考题链接】

1. It’s cold outside. Please keep the door . A. open B. close C. opened D. closed 答案:D 解题思路:本题考查“keep +名词+形容词”结构,符合题意的有 C、 D 两项,而根据前文“外边冷” ,可知选 D。 2. The earth is our home. We must it clean. A. change B. sweep C. keep D. build 答案:C 解题思路: keep+名词 “ (代词) +形容词” 是固定用法, 意思是 “使?? 保持(某种状态)。 ” [即学即练] 1. —Will you go shopping with us this Sunday, Jenny? —Yes, . A. I do B. I’d like to C. I’d love to do D. I’m busy 2. Please keep the windows . A. closing B. closed C. close D. to close 预习导学 上册 Unit 6 I’m more outgoing than my sister.[来源:Zxxk.Com] 一、预习新知 重点单词:both, however 重点短语:in some ways, more than 重点句型:1. Liu Ying is not as good at sports as her sister. 2. She’s a little more outgoing than me. 3. I think a good friend makes me laugh. 4. He can’t stop talking. 二、预习点拨 思考问题一:both 在句子中的位置。 思考问题二:我们学过的和 way 有关的短语有哪些? 思考问题三:可以修饰比较级的词有哪些? 同步练习

(答题时间:45 分钟) Ⅰ. 单项选择 1. — you go to the mall with me this afternoon? — Sure, . A. Can, I can’t B. Can, I’d love to C. Are, I am D. Do, I do 2. —Can you come to Susan’s party? —Sorry. I look after my grandma. A. am B. have to C. can D. do ﹡3. I have to study the history test Thursday afternoon. A. at, on B. for, in C. at, in D. for, on 4. Lily likes playing piano, and she has piano lesson every Sunday. A. the, the B. the, a C. /, the D. /, a 5. I don’t like the color of this coat. Can you show me one? A. other B. others C. the other D. another 6. She often invites me tennis in the afternoon. A. play B. plays C. playing D. to play 7. — ? —It’s Tuesday, the 10th. A. How is it today B. What’s the dates C. What’s the date D. When is it today 8. —Thanks a lot for helping me. — . A. You’re welcome B. It doesn’t matter C. No, thank you D. It’s kind of you ﹡9. —We are going to plant trees next week. —Wonderful! Planting trees is a lot of fun. I’d like to you . A. visit B. join C. follow D. meet 10. You have a cold. After taking the medicine, you’d better stay in bed tomorrow. A. from B. till C. before D. after 11. She is busy a letter to her parents. A. writes B. writing C. to write D. writes ﹡12. The earth is our home. We should keep it . A. is clean B. cleaning C. clean D. to clean 13. Can you my house to have a meeting tonight? A. come back B. come over C. come over to D. leave for

﹡14. Thanks a lot helping me my English. A. to, in B. to, with C. for, in D. for, with 15. I go to bed I finished my homework at 12 yesterday evening. A. /, till B. didn’t, after C. didn’t, until D. did, until Ⅱ. 完形填空 Thank you for your letter and your invitation. I really hope I can 1 with you, but I have to say 2 to you .I’m too 3 next week! On Monday, I’d like to see the doctor. There is 4 wrong with my 5 , I can’t see people or things a little far 6 me clearly(清 楚地). Maybe I should 7 a pair of glasses. On Tuesday, I have football training. You know, I’m on the football team of our school. We’ll have an English test on Friday morning, 8 on Wednesday and Thursday, I have to stay at home and study hard. On Friday afternoon, I’m going to a 9 . My favorite star Michael Jackson will come. I like his music very much. Have a good time! And please call me after you come 10 from the camping. 1. A. go camping B. go shopping C. go to Hong Kong D. go to the US 2. A. hello B. thanks C. sorry D. good-bye 3. A. sad B. free C. quick D. busy 4. A. nothing B. everything C. anything D. something 5. A. hands B. eyes C. ears D. feet 6. A. from B. to C. of D. with 7. A. decide B. wear C. take D. try 8. A. but B. although C. because D. so 9. A. supermarket B. concert C. bank D. hospital 10. A. down B. up C. back D. in Ⅲ. 阅读理解 A Happy Children’s Palace Monday English Learning

— Prof.(教授)G. White Would you like to improve your English? This is for middle school students .(2 weeks) Tuesday Photography Mr Green 17:30 — Learn to take good photos. Bring your camera with you. (4 weeks) 19:00 Wednesday Computer Prof. J. Brown 18:00 — Learn how to use the new software(软件). 19:00 (10 weeks) Friday Drawing Miss Yang Lin 19:00 — Would you like to learn drawing? It is for beginners(初学者)only .(16 weeks) 20:30 Cambridge Young Learner’s English 剑桥少 ( Saturday 儿英语) 15:00 — Prof. W. Lambert 16:30 The lessons are for the children of 5—10 (20 weeks) Swimming Club Mr Liu Xin Sunday Want to keep in good health? Want to swim 10:00 — like a fish? 11:00 Come to the club.(9 weeks) 1. You can’t go to Happy Children’s Palace to learn some skills(技能) on . A. Monday B. Wednesday C. Thursday D. Sunday 2. Tom is a middle school student. If he wants to improve English, he can learn it from . A. Prof. W. Lambert B. Prof. G. White C. Prof. J. Brown D. Mr Liu Xin 3. If you’d like to learn to use the new software, you have to go to Happy Children’s Palace . A. twice B. nine times C. ten times D. sixteen times 4. Happy Children’s Palace is forty minutes’ ride from Henry’s home. After learning drawing on Friday evening, Henry can get home at about by bike. A. 9:00 B. 9:10 C. 9:30 D. 9:40 5. The underlined word “photography” means(意思是) in 19:00 20:30

Chinese. A. 摄影

B. 画画

C. 舞蹈

D. 演讲

B It was Mary’s birthday. She received a letter from her uncle. “Dear Mary”, he wrote in his letter, “Happy birthday. I’m sending you some chickens .They will arrive tomorrow .I hope you’ll like them. Uncle Toby.” Mary was very pleased. She liked eating eggs and chicken. “I can keep the chickens for their eggs or eat them,” she thought. When the chickens arrived the next day, they were put in a box .Mary was very happy. She took the box off the truck and began to carry it into her garden, but the box of the chickens was so heavy that she dropped it. The box fell on the ground and broke, the chickens all ran out. They ran here and there. Mary spent hours in trying to find them. A few days later, her uncle came. He asked, “Did the chickens arrive safely?” “Yes, but I dropped the box. It broke open and the chickens ran everywhere. It took me the whole morning to look for them.” Mary said. “Did you find them all?” asked her uncle. “I hope so,” Mary answered. “but I only caught eleven of them.” “That’s very interesting. I only sent you six.” her uncle said with a smile. 6. Mary received a letter from her . A. aunt B. uncle C. grandfather D. friend 7. When she received her present, Mary was . A. happy B. sad C. worried D. unhappy 8. Why did Mary drop the box? Because . A. she didn’t like the present B. the box was too heavy C. she wanted to break the box D. she couldn’t wait to look at her present 9. It took her to find the chickens. A. an hour B. two hours C. three hours D. the whole morning[来源:学|科|网 Z|X|X|K] 10. Did Mary know how many chickens her uncle sent her? A. Yes, she did. B. Yes, she didn’t C. No, she did. D. No, she didn’t IV. 语篇填空

根据汉语提示,在空白处填写适当的词语补全书信。 Hi Li Jie, Thank you for your invitation. I’m 1 (非常抱歉) can’t go I to your home the day after tomorrow—I’m 2 (去度假)in the countryside with my sister at the weekend. Next week, I’m 3 (确定很忙). On Monday evening, I’m 4 (去看电影) with Zhang Yu. On Tuesday morning, I have to 5 (去看牙医). __6__(在星期三下午), I’m practicing soccer with 7 (校队). And I have to study for my __8__(英语测验)on Thursday. On Friday evening, I’m having a 9 (生日聚会)for my mom. Can you come and 10 (加入我们)for the party? Write soon. Wang Jun V. 书面表达 根据提示写一封 80 词左右的信。 Tom 邀请 Wang Hai 参加他本周日的生日聚会,但 Wang Hai 的父母 出差要到下个月才能回来,奶奶卧病在床需要人照顾。另外英语考试即将 来临,因此他无法前去参加生日聚会。Wang Hai 感到很抱歉,只好写信 辞谢。 Dear Tom, Thank you very much for inviting me to your birthday party. I’d love to go, but I really can’t. My parents

Yours, Wang Hai 试题答案 I. 1. B 2. B 3. D 解析:study for…意为“为??而学习” ;具体到某一天的上、下 午、晚上用介词 on。 4. B 5. D 6. D 7. C 8. A

9. B 解析:visit 意为“参观,看望” ;join 意为“加入,参加” ,指加入 某组织或团体,成为其成员之一;follow 意为“跟随” ;meet 意为“见面, 接见” 。 10. B 11. B 12. C 解析:keep + 宾语+ 形容词作宾补;clean 既可作动词,又可作形 容词。在此用作形容词。 13. C 14. D 解析:Thanks a lot for…“为??而感谢” ;help sb. with sth. “在 某方面帮助某人” 15. C II. 1~5 ACDDB III. 1~5 CBCBA 6~10 ABDBC 6~10 BABDD

IV. 1. very sorry 2. taking a vacation 3. really busy to the movies 5. go to the dentist 6. On Wednesday afternoon 7. the school team 8. English test 9. birthday party us

4.

going

10.

join

V. Dear Tom, Thank you very much for inviting me to your birthday party. I’d love to go, but I really can’t. My parents are out on business. They are coming back next month. And now I have to look after my grandma because she is ill in bed. And I also need to study for my coming English exam. I’m very sorry that I can’t go to your party. Thank you for asking me. I hope you can have a good time. Yours, Wang Hai


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