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八年级英语(下)人教新版unit3培优精选训练题


八年级英语(下册)培优精选试题(五)
一. 单词拼写. 1._______________n. 垃圾,废物 2.________________________倒垃圾 3._______________v. 对折,折叠 4._______________n. 混乱,脏乱,食堂 5._______________v. 扔,投掷 6._______________________频繁,反复 7._______________pron.adv. 二者都不;也不 8._______________n. 运动衫,衬衫 9._______________________一…就…,尽快 10.______________v. 前行,经过,批准 11.______________v. 借,借用 12.______________v. 借给,借出 13.______________n. 手指 14.______________v. 憎恶,讨厌 15.______________n. 杂务,乏味的工作 16.______________conj. 当...时候,而,然而 17.______________ n. 小吃,点心,快餐 18._______________n. 精神压力,心理负担 19._______________v. 浪费,消耗 20._____________________目的是,为了 21._______________v. 提供,供给,供应 22.______________adv. 无论如何,不管怎样,而且 23._______________v. 取决于,依靠,依赖 24.____________________依靠于 25._______________v. 发展,壮大,开发,研制 26._______________adj. 独立自主的,不受约束的 27._______________n. 独立 28._______________adj. 公平的,公正的 29._______________adj. 不公平的,有偏见的 30._______________n. 公正性,合理性 31._______________conj. 因为,既然 32._______________n. 邻居 33._________________________照顾,处理 34._______________adj. 生病的,有病的 35._______________v. 落下,跌落 二. 语法填空. Last month, our dog ① _______ (welcome) me when I ②______(come) home from school. He wanted ③ ____ walk, but I was too tired. I ④ _______ (throw) down my bag and went to the living room. The minute I ⑤ ____ (sit) down in front of the TV, my mom ⑥ ____ (come) over. “①______ you please take the dog ②___a walk?” she asked. “③______I watch one show first?” I asked. “No!” she ④_____(reply) ⑤_____(angry). “You watch TV all the time and never help out ⑥_____ the house! I can’t work all day ⑦_____do housework all evening.” “Well, I work all day at school, ⑧_____! I’m just as ⑨_____(tired) as you are!” I ⑩______ (shout) back. My mom did not say ① ______(something) and walked ② ______. For one week, she did not do any housework and ③ _______ did I. Finally, I ④ ______ not find a clean dish ⑤ _____a clean shirt. The next day, my mom ⑥ ______(come) home from work ⑦ _____ (find) the house clean and tidy. “What happened?” she asked ⑧ ___surprise. “I’m so sorry, Mom. I finally understand that we need ⑨ ______(share) the housework ⑩ _______ (have) a clean and comfortable home,” I replied.

三. 语法填空. I do not understand why some parents _____their kids _____ ______(让...帮忙)housework and chores at home. Kids these days already _______ _______ _______ (压力太大) from school. They______ _______ _______ ______ (没时间学习) and do housework, too. Housework is ____ _______ ____(浪费......) their time. Could we just let them ____ (do) their job as students? They should ____their time ________(在...花费) schoolwork ______ _______ ____ _______ _______ _______(为了取得好成绩) and get into a good university. Also, when they get older, they will have to do housework so _____ _____ ______ ________ (没必要) for them to do it now. It is the___________ ________(父 母的工作)____ _________ (provide) a clean and ________ ___________(舒适的环境)at home for their children. And anyway ,I think _____ ________ (做家务) is not so difficult. I do not _________ _______ (介意做) them. I think ____ is important for children_____ _______ (学习) ______ _______ ______ _______(怎样干家 务)and help their parents________ housework. Children these days ________ ____(依靠)their parents too much. They are always asking :“Could you get this for me ?” or “Could you help me with that ?” _______ ________(做 家务) _______ (help) to develop ______ _____(孩子们 的独立) and teaches them ______ _______ _____ ______ ______ (怎么照顾自己). It also helps them to understand the idea of _______(fair). _________ they live in one house with their parents, they should know that everyone should ___ _______ _______ ________(贡 献力量) ________(keep) it clean and tidy. Our neighbors’

son ______ _____ (进入了) a good college but during his ________(one)year, he ______ ______ _____(不知 道)____ ____ _____ ____ ______ _______(怎么照顾自 己). ______ ____ _______ (结果), he often ______ _______ (生病) and his grades _______(drop). _______ ________(越早) kids _______ ____ ____ _____________ (学会独立), ______ ________ (越好) it is for their future. 四. 单词拼写. 1. I’m not hungry, but I’d like to eat some _______(小吃). 2. It’s too expensive and ________(而且) the color doesn’t suit you. 3. Was it really________(公正的) to him to ask him to do all the work? 4. These days many middle school students still have lots of ____________(精神压力) from school. 5. She___________(发展) the company from nothing. 6. The restaurant p_________nice meals, so we often have meals there. 7. Let your little daughter make some decisions by herself. It’s important to develop her i___________. 8. Lucy and I are next-door n____________. 9. She d___________her glasses on the floor and broke them this morning. 10. Her grandma was badly i_________in hospital. 11. They're looking at the sky in__________(surprised). 12. The harder you study, the__________(happy) you'll be.

八年级英语(下册)培优精选试题(六)
五. 补全句子. 1. Jim worked hard at his lessons___ _______ ____(为了) get good grades. 2. Good health__________ ____(依赖) good food, exercise and getting good sleep. 3. Could you please_____ ________ _____(照料) my pet dog while I’ m away? 4. Some parents think doing chores is ____ ______ ____ (浪费) kids’ time. 5. How do you make your dream______ ______(实现)? 6. 你应该坚持每天早上锻炼。 You should______ ________exercising every morning. 7. 我爸爸习惯晚饭后看报纸。 My father____ _______ _____ _________newspapers after supper. 8. 把握自己的生活对我们来说很重要。 It’s very important for us to___ ___ ______ ___our lives. 9. 他病得很厉害,今天无法上学。 He was_____ill_______he couldn’t go to school today. 10. 他的确不善于做决策。 He is really bad at________ __________. 11. 她花光了钱,还向我借了一些。 She_____ _____ ____her money and _______some _____ me. 12. 非常感谢你帮我学习英语。 Thanks a lot____ ______me with my English. 13. 李斌长得像他父亲。 Li Bin_____ _______his father. 14. 下个月我将能拥有一份好工作。 I’ll ___ _____ ___have a good job next month. 15. 你的帮助使我们按时完成工作成为可能。 Your help______ ____ _________for us____ ______ the work on time. 16. 两天前我邀请朋友参加我的生日聚会。 I _______my friends____my birthday party two days ago. 17. 去年这家工厂为一些残疾人提供了工作。 The factory______work____some _____ people last year. 18. 在考试中,你越细心,出的错误就越少。 In the exam, _____ ______ _________you are, _____ ______ mistakes you’ll make. 19. 仅仅给他们一些钱是不够的。 ____not just________ ____ _____some money____them. 20. 我不介意再等五分钟。 I don’t _______ ________for five more minutes. 21. 你能整理一下你的房间吗? Could you please ________ _________ _________? 22. 我必须干些活。 I ________ _______ do some work. 23. 我可以用一下你的电脑吗? Could I______________your computer? 24. 如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。 She ______ _____ happy ____ she _____ this _______. 25. 整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。 For one week, she did not do any housework and________ _______I. 26. 我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。 My mom came over ____ ________ ________ I sat down in front of the T V. 27. 我讨厌做家务。 I hate to do _____________ . 28. 上周当我从学校到家的时候,我们狗欢迎了我。 Last month, our dog welcomed me ____ ___ _____ _____ from school. 29. 我们种的树越多, 环境污染就越少. _______ _______ trees we planted, _______ _______ ____________ we will have. 六. 短文改错. (30 分) I don’t understand why some parents makes their kids help on housework and chores at home. Kids these days already have enough stresses from school. They don’t have time study and do housework, too. Housework is a waste for their time. Could we just let them to do their job as students? They should spend their time in schoolwork in order get good grades and get into good university. Also, when they get older, they would have to do housework so there’s not need for them do it now. It is the parent’s job to provide a clean and comfortably environment at home for

their children. And anyway, I think doing chores is not so difficulty. I don’t mind doing them. I think it is important children to learn how to do chores and help their parents with housework. It’s not enough to just get good grades at school. Children these days depends on their parents too much. They always asking, “Could you get this for me?” or “Could you help me with that?” Doing chores help to develop children’s independent and teach them how to look after themselves. It also helps them to understand the idea of fairness. Since they live on one house with their parents, they should knew that everyone should do their part in keeping them clean and tidy. Our neighbor’s son got into a good college but during his first year, he has no idea how to take care of himself. For a result, he often fall ill and his grades dropped. The earlier kids learn to be independence, the better it is in their future. 七. 完形填空 A篇 Jack went to a barber’s shop(理发店) and had his hair cut. But when he 1 out, he was not happy with the result. When his friend Bob saw him, he __2__ and said, “What happened to your hair, Jack?” Jack said, “I tried a new barber’s shop today, 3 I wasn’t quite satisfied with my old one, but this one seems 4 _ worse.” Bob agreed, “Yes, I think you’re right, Jack. Now I will tell you 5_ to do when you go into a barber’s shop next time, look at all the barbers’ hair, find out whose hair looks 6_ , and then go straight to him.” “__7__ shall I go to him?” Jack asked. “But that would be foolish!” “No, no, it wouldn’t,” answered bob. “Who cut that man’s hair? Just think it. He couldn’t cut it __8 , could he? __9 barber cut it. So you know he can’t be the B. came C. looked D. watched D. looked D. when D. quite _10_ barber.” 1. A. brought 2. A. cried 3. A. so 4. A. very B. laughed C. shouted B. because C. and B. too C. even

5. A. why 6. A. worst 7. A. How 8. A. herself 9. A. Other 10. A. best

B. how B. best B. What B. himself B. Others B. worst B篇

C. when C. shortest C. Why C. yourself C. Another C. good

D. what D. longest D. When D. myself D. The other D. bad

Have you ever asked yourself why children go to school? You may ___11 learn these things? We send our children to school to prepare them for the time 13__ they will be big and will begin to work for 14___ . Nearly everything they study at school has some practical use(实用)in their life. But is that the 15 reason why they go to school? There is more in education than just __16 we have left school we can 17 facts. We go to school above all to learn how to learn, so that then to learn. A man who really knows how to learn will always be successful, because whenever he has to do something new which he has never had to do how to do it __19 18 he will rapidly teach himself the best way. The uneducated person, they go to learn languages, P.E., . But why do they history, science and all other 12

on the other hand, is 20 unable to do something new, or does it badly. The purpose(目的)of school, therefore, it not to teach languages, math, geography, etc, but to teach pupils the way to learn. 11. A. speak 13. A. while 15. A. only 16. A. study 17. A. make 18. A. later 19. A. from 20. A. either 八. 书面表达 目前中学生学习任务重,压力大,而丰富多彩的业 余生活,有利于开拓视野,调节身心,提高学习效率。 请以“My Free Time”为题,写一篇作文谈谈你的业余生 活,如看书、看电视、玩电脑、做运动、做家务等。 B. tell B. when B. nearly B. studied B. keep B. ago B. in B. neither C. say C. math C. which C. them C . lone C. keep on C. then C. with C. other D. talk D. physics D. where D. themselves D. alone D. go on D. / D. on D. nor 12. A. matters B. subjects 14. A. oneself B. they

C. learning D. learn


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