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EEC初二下unit7 知识点讲解


Unit7 知识点讲解 1.else adv.别的,其他的 1)用于 something, anything, nothing, somebody, anybody, nobody 等词后面 e.g.①Ask somebody else to help you.请别人帮帮你吧。 ②I’m full. I don’t want anything else to eat. 我饱了,不想再吃了 2)用于 who, what,等疑问代词之后, e.g. What else do you want? 你还想要其他的吗? Who else did you see at the party? 在晚会上你还看到其他的什么人了? ※(3)else 可以有所有格形式(else) e.g. He was wearing someone else’s coat.他穿着别人外套 Is there anything else? 还有其他东西吗?= Is there any other things? anything else= any other things something else= some other things nothing else= no other things 2.ready adj.准备好的 1Are you ready to order? 你准备好点餐了吗? (1) be(get) ready to do 准备好做某事 be (get) ready for 为??做好准备, ①We are ready to go on a school trip. 我们准备去学校旅行。 ②Are you read for the exam? 这次考试你准备好了么? ③The farmers are busy getting ready for the next year. 农民正忙于为明年作准备。 ④He is always ready to help his friends . 他总是乐意帮助朋友。 3.order,V.点餐 order sb. Sth. =order sth. for sb. 为某人点某物 n. 订购 May I have your order, please? 请问, 你要点菜吗?n . 顺序 put sth in the right order 把?排列为正确顺序 out of order 杂乱的 e.g. He ordered me a beer and a sandwich = He ordered a beer and a sandwich for me . 他给 我要了一杯啤酒和一个三明治 Put the pictures in the right order from 1-4. 把图片从 1 到 4 按正确顺序排列 4. 1) menu n. 菜单 What’s on the menu tonight ? 今晚的菜单上有什么菜? Here are your menus. 这是菜单。这句话是倒装句, 当主语是名词时,用全倒装;当主语 是代词时,用半倒装。 ① Here you are. 给你 ②Here is your ticket? 这是你的票 5.. How is everything? 一切都好吗? How is everything? Delicious. 本课根据上下语境是问“味道还好吗?” “很好吃。 ” How is everything?一切都好吗?(问候语) Not too bad. 很好/Everything is good 一切顺 利。 How are you? 你好吗? How is it going? /How are you doing? 一切都好吗? 6. Can I have some more soup? 我能多要些汤吗?

1)Can I have some more ??表请求 , 提出要求“我想多要一些??”在这个句子中习 惯用 some 不用 any。 (2) 句中 more 是形容词,意为“另外的、额外的”置于数词或 any 、some 、no、a few、 a little、many 、much 、等后面。 e.g. ① He will stay there for a few more days. 他在那还要呆几天。 ②You should eat some more vegetables 你应该多吃一些蔬菜。 ③ I have no more money with me 我没带更多的钱。 ④ I want two more eggs.我再要两个鸡蛋。 (3)more 也是 many 、much 的比较级,意为“更多的” 。 e.g. ⑤He has more money than I have. 他比我的钱多。 ⑥There are more boys than girls in our class. 我班的男生比女生多。 ※ more or less 差不多, once more 再, 又 what’ more 而且, s 此外 Lesson 2 8.1..pay v. -pays-paying-paid-paid 付钱 支付,缴纳 pay money for sth. 花钱(付款)买某物 pay sb. 付款给某人 pay for sth.为某物付款 pay for sb.为某人付款 pay sb. for sth.因(做)某事为某人付款 ①.He paid twenty yuan for the dictionary. 他花 20 元买这本字典。 ② Did you paid the doctor yesterday?昨天你酬谢那位医生了吗? ③ Have you paid for the dress?这件连衣裙的钱你付了吗? ④ Shall I pay for you?我替你付款好吗? ⑤ The boss paid me for the work.老板因我的工作给了我酬金。 词组:pay a bill 支付账单;pay taxes 纳税;pay up 付清全部欠款 区分 cost/spend/pay (1)cost 需多少钱,值多少钱;是以物或事作为主语,不能用作被动形式。 e.g. This dress cost me thirty dollars.这件女裙值三十美元。 (2)pay 付款,支付;是以人为主语,常与介词 for 连用 e.g. I paid ten yuan for the book.我买书花了十元钱。 (3)spend 花费,用钱;是以人为主语。 spend on sth. spend …(in) doing sth. e.g. He spends a lot of money on books.他花费许多钱在书籍上面。 She spent three hours(in)doing her homework.她看电视花费了三个小时。 9.restroom 公共卫生间 e.g. There is a restroom near our school.我们学校附近有一个公共卫生间。 10..paper 纸(un.)a piece of paper 一张纸 newspaper 报纸 (cn.) an evening paper 一份晚报 papers 文件(尤指身份国籍等

证明材料) Please show me your papers.请出示你的身份证。 papers 试卷 e.g. She spent all right doing the math papers.她花费了整晚做数学卷。 11..somewhere adv. 某处,在某处 ①somewhere to do②somewhere + adj.③somewhere + else We need to find somewhere to live.我们需要找个住处。 Can we go somewhere warm?我们能不能去个暖和的地方? I’m going somewhere else this evening.今晚我去另一个地方。 12. sea 海洋 n.near the sea 海边附近 by the sea 在海边 by sea = by ship/by boat 海上旅行 in the sea 在海里 over the sea 在海外 at sea 在海上 在海里 e.g. They often go on vacation near the sea. 她们经常去海边度假。 There is a beautiful house by the sea.海边有一座漂亮的房子 I went to Shanghai by sea.我乘船去上海。 13..noice v.注意到,通知 →n. 布告,通知;注意 ①notice sb./sth. 注意到某人/物 ②notice sb/sth doing 注意到某人、某物正在做某事 ③notice sb./sth. do 注意到某人、某物做了某事 ④notice that ?. 注意到?I notice that you are not wearing your glasses today.我注意到你今 天没戴眼镜。 I didn’t notice you when you passed by.你走过时我没看见你。 Did you notice anything strange?你注意到有什么奇怪的事吗? He noticed the man leaving the house. 他注意到那人离开了这栋房子。 I noticed him come in.我注意到他进来了。 We didn’t notice that you were wearing your new hat.我们没有注意到你戴着你的新帽子。 The notice on the wall says “No Smoking” 墙上的告示写着“请勿吸烟” They took no notice of those workers. 她们没有注意到那些工人。 14.while conj. 在??的时候 He listened to music while he was doing his homework. 他写作 业的时候听音乐。 (1) while 引导时间状语从句,意为“当??时候”“和??同时” , ,这时主从句谓语动作 同时发生,从句谓语通常是延续性动词。 e.g.① Marry watched TV while she ate supper.玛丽边吃饭边看电视。 ②He fell asleep while he was doing his hometown.他做着做着功课就睡着了。 (2)while 表示对比和转折,意为“然而” ,此时,while 一般位于句中。 e.g.①Some people waste food while others haven’ enough.有些人浪费粮食然而有些人吃不 t 饱。 ②You like sports while I prefer music.你喜欢运动而我喜欢音乐。 15.something pron.某事,某物 ①something to do②something +adj.③ something else There is something wrong with the TV.电视机出故障了。 Please give me something to eat, I’m hungry.请给我一些吃的东西,我饿了。

I have something else to tell you. 我还有其他事要告诉你们。 16. woman n. 女人 (pl) women Is that woman your English teacher? 那位妇女是你的英语老师吗? women doctors/drivers 女医生们/司机们 There are many women drivers in Harbin. 哈尔滨有许多女司机。 Women’s Day 妇女劳动节 17.part n.部分,零部件 The first part of the story is interesting.这个故事第一部分很有趣。 。 We’ve done the difficult part of the job.我们已经将工作中困难的部分做完了。 take part in?参加,参与?? We will take part in the game.我们将参加这次比赛。 18.over prep.在?之上,越过;高于,在?.之上,超过 =more than;在?期间 There is a lamp over the table. 桌子上方有一盏灯 is over forty.=He is more than forty. 他四十多岁。 Will you be at home over Christmas? 你圣诞节期间在家吗? ※over/through/across 的区别 ①over prep.“在??之上、越过”(有盖在上面一带的意思); ②through prep.“穿过” (从一段到另一端) ; ③across prep.“横过” (从一边到另一边) There is a bridge over the river.河上有一座桥。 The horse jumped over the wall.马跳跃过墙。 He walked through the forest alone.他独自穿过森林。 The man went through the back door into the garden.这个人穿过后门进入花园。 Children mustn’t walk across the street alone. It’s dangerous.小孩子千万不要独自过马路, 很危险。 Can you swim across the river?你能横渡这条河吗? 19.friendly adj. 友好的;同义词 kind be friendly to sb =be kind to sb 对某人友好 A new student joined our class. We are friendly to her. 我们班来了一名新同学,我们对她很 友好 20.mostly adv. 主要地,大部分 The work is mostly finished. 这项工作已基本完成。 We are mostly our on Sundays. 我们星期日多半不在家。 21..hang v. hang-hangs-hanging-hung-hung 悬挂—hanged—hanged 吊死,绞死 Hang your coat on the hook.把外套挂在钩子上。 I’ll hang the picture as high as I can. 我将尽可能把这些图挂得高些。 。 22.Thai n. 泰国人,泰语 Thailand n.泰国 Thais speak Thai in Thailand.泰国人在泰国说泰语。 23.sign n.标记,符号,记号 v. 签字

mathematical signs 数学符号 traffic sign 交通标志 Sign (your name)here, please. 请在这签 字。 sign up 报名参加 24.Who is the woman in the white dress? 穿白衣服的女人是谁?= Who is the woman wearing the white dress? in 表示“穿着” ,in+衣服(或颜色)表示穿衣服的状态相当于 wearing. The woman in white is a nurse.那位穿白衣服的女人是护士。 He is in a blue shirt.他穿着一件蓝色衬衫。 25.need ①need v. 需要,必要②need sth.需要某物③need to do sth. 需要做某事④need doing sth.= need to be done 需要(被)做某事 Do you need any help? 你需要帮助吗? We need to study English hard.我们需要努力学习英语 Your shirt is dirty, it needs washing/ to be washed.你的衬衣脏了,需要洗洗。 I need to wash my hands.我需要洗洗手。 model v. 用于疑问句和否定句 You needn’t finish the work today.你今天不必完成工作。 Need I do the work right now? Yes, you must. /No, you needn’t.我需要马上做这个工作吗? 是的,你必须做。/不,你不需要。 My family visited a small town by the sea over the weekend.我们全家在周末参观了一个海边 的小镇。 26.over prep. 在??期间 Over the next few days, they got to know the town well.在随后得几天里,他们就熟悉了这个 小镇。 We’ll be away over the New Year.新年期间我们不在家。 27.As I was reading the menu, the man who owned the restaurant came to our table.当我看菜 单时,餐厅的主人来到我们桌旁。 。 由 as 引导的时间状语从句表示“当??时候”表示一段时间,此句中的“as ”也可换 成 when 和 while。 When/While/As she was a child, she lived in Harbin.当她小时候,她住在哈尔滨市。 As my mother was cooking ,my father came back. 当妈妈做饭时,爸爸回来了。 28. seem v.看起来①seem+(to be)+ adj.②seem + to do sth.③It seems that …… But while we were eating, the man seemed a little excited or nervous.但是我们吃饭时, 那个男 人看起来有点兴奋或紧张。 The man seemed a little excited or nervous.= It seemed that the man was a little excited or nervous. They seemed (to be) interested in the picture.他们看起来对这幅画感兴趣。 He seems to know everything.他似乎什么都知道。 It seems that she is very tired. 似乎她很累。 29.a little 修饰形容词和副词的比较级。

a little heavier 有点重 a little hotter 有点热 a little 修饰不可数名词 He knew a little English. 他懂得一点英语。 30.two pieces of paper 两张纸 My father said yes, so the man gave him two pieces of paper.我 爸爸说行,所以这个男人给她两张纸 英语中一些不可数名词可以用量词来表达数量 a piece of bread/meat 一片面包/肉 a spoonful of sugar/ salt 一勺糖/盐 a glass of milk/ water 一杯牛奶/水 31. drop v. 掉,掉下 drop—drops—dropping—dropped—dropped I dropped my watch and it broke. 我的手表掉在地上摔坏了。 While I was running to school, I dropped my books. 当我跑向学校的时候,我掉了书 32.steamed adj. 蒸的 I like steamed dumplings. 我喜欢吃蒸饺 33. 常用的点餐就餐用语 Have you got a table for two, please?请问您有两个人的桌子吗? Have you booked a table?您预定餐桌了吗? Would you like something to drink?您想喝什么? Would you like to see the menu?您需要看菜单吗? Are you ready to order?您现在可以点餐吗? Excuse me, could I see the menu, please?打搅一下,我能看看菜单吗? Could I have the bill, please?请拿账单来,好吗? How would you like to pay?请问您怎样付款? Do you have today's special?餐厅有今日特餐吗? ※What would you like to drink? 你想要喝点什么? “Would you like ??” 是委婉向对方提 出要求、邀请或询问,意思是”你想要??吗?”,这个表达方式比“Do you want ??”句 型委婉有礼貌。 ”Would you like ?? 句型用于邀请对方做某事时,句中要用动词不定式 做宾语 Would you like some soup? 你想要些汤吗? Would you like to have some dumplings for breakfast? 早饭你想吃饺子吗? 单元语法: 过去进行时 (一过去进行时 定义:过去进行时表示过去某一时刻后某一段时间正在进行的动作 句子结构:肯定句 be(was/were)+doing 否定句 be(was/were)+not doing 一般疑问句 Was/Were +主语+doing....? 回答 Yes,主语+was/were No, 主语+wasn’t/weren’t 特殊疑问句 疑问词+was/were +主语+其他? 常用时间状语:at that time/moment, at this time yesterday(last night/Sunday/week?)

at+点钟+yesterday(last night/Sunday?),when/as/while 引导的时间状语从 句等 He was watching TV at eight last night. Was he watching TV at eight last night? Yes, he was. No he wasn’t. What was he doing at eight last night? He was watching TV. (二) :过去进行时与一般过去时的比较 1. 一般过去时表示过去某一时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常与一般过去时连用的时间 状语如 just now, a moment ago, yesterday, last week(month/year), the day before yesterday 等 连用。 I was at home yesterday. 昨天我在家。 We went to the park last Sunday. 上周日我们去公园了。 。 I met her in the street the day before yesterday.前天群殴在街上遇见了他。 2.过去进行时表示过去某一段时间或某一刻正在进行的动作。常与之连用的时间状语有 at that time/moment, at this time yesterday(last night/Sunday/week ? ) , at+ 点 钟 +yesterday(last night/Sunday?),when/as/while 引导的时间状语从句等 e.g. What were you doing at seven p.m. yesterday? 昨天晚上七点你在干什么? He was reading books at this time yesterday? 昨天这个时候他在看书。 3.一般过去时往往表示某一动作已经完成或结束, 过去进行时表示动作在持续或可能未完 成。 e.g. She wrote a letter to her friend last night. 她昨晚给她的朋友写一封信(信写完了) She was writing a letter to her friend last night. 她昨晚一直给她的朋友写信。 (信不一定写 完) (三)while/when/as 的区别 1.when 和 while 的用法区别: 1)when ,while 都有“当??时候”的意思。when 既可表示某一点时间,也可以表示 一段时间。在 when 引导的时间状语从句中,其谓语动词可以是延续性的,也可以是非延 续性的,可与主句的谓语动词同时发生,也可在其后发生。 e.g. I was just reading a book when she came into my room.她走进我房间时,我正在看书。 Were you writing when the teacher came in? 老师进来的时候,你在写信吗? When he was a child he was always trying out new ideas.他小时候就常常实验一些新的设 想。 2) while 只能表示某一段时间, 不能表示某一点时间。 while 引导的时间状语从句中, 在 其谓语动词只能是延续性的,而且也只能与主句中的谓语动词用时发生或存在。 While Jim was mending his bike, Lin Tao came to see him.正当吉姆修车时,林涛来看他。 You can’t do your homework while you’re watching TV.你不能一边看电视一边做家庭作 业。 3)另外,when 和 while 的区别还在于:while 引导的时间状语从句多用于进行时态, 而 when 引导的时间状语从句多用一般时态。 While they were talking, the bell rang.正在他们谈话的时候,上课铃响了。 I was doing my homework when my mother came back home yesterday evening.昨天晚上妈

妈回家的时候,我正在做家庭作业。 2、as 引导时间状语从句,as 为“当??时候”解,它表示的是一个时间点,和 when 一样, 相当于 at a point of time. as“当??时” ,强调 at the same time ,不指主句和从句的动作先后,尤指动作和事件同 时发生,此时可以用 when 互换;as 还可以说明两种正在发展或变化的情况,不能同 when 互换。 e.g. As/When you leave, don’t forget to take the bag.走的时候,别忘了拿包。 e.g. As he gets older, he gets more open.他越老越开朗了。 注意:while ,when ,as 表示“当??的时候”的区别:while 强调同时性或某时间段 内一种情况发生时另一种情况出现,与延续性动词连用;when 可与延续性动词或非延续 性动词连用,在强调“当时”“这时”之意时;as 强调同时性,指“一边??一边??” , , 一件事发生,另一件事情立刻发生。 写作指导 饭店不仅提供各种美食,而且提供一个享用美食的舒适环境。现在越来越多的人愿意邀 请他人到饭店就餐,庆祝生日或一些重要节日时也喜欢到饭店就餐。这样既省去做饭的 麻烦,有能体会与人美食的美妙感受。你有过到饭店就餐的经历吗?请把你的那份经历 与我们分享一下吧! HAVING DINNER AT A RESTAURANT More and more people like to have dinner with friends at the restaurant. I always remember the first time I went to the restaurant. Uncle Liu was my father’s classmate 25 years ago. He came to our house for a holiday. At noon, father decided to have lunch at a restaurant. I was happy. As soon as e walked into the restaurant, a waitress led us to a table. She served us tea, and then gave us a menu. There were many different dishes on the menu. Uncle Liu ordered some vegetables, and my father ordered fish and meat. “What about you?” my father asked me. “I’d like some drink and chicken.” I said. They were talking while they were enjoying their meals. I helped myself to all the dishes. They were delicious. At the end of the meal. I’ve got an ice cream. What a wonderful meal I had! It’s a nice experience. I will never forget it.


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