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★四级核心词汇+新东方题库每天背


1 abandon 2absolute

vt. 遗弃,放弃 a.十足的,绝对的,不受任何限制/约束的。

to abandon oneself to ....沉溺于 3 absorb VT。吸引。 。注意,吸收,同化 be absorb in sth. 专心于某事 EG) She was so __B___in her job that

she didn't hear anybody knocking at the door. A attracted n.摘要 vt .做。。的摘要,提取 。 make an abstact of 把。。的要点搞入下来 。 >>concrete (反义)具体的 5 abundant a (IN)丰富的,大量的 B absorbed C drawn D concertrated 4 abstract a。抽象的

The county is abundant in natual resources. 6 abuse n/vt.虐待,滥骂辱骂 It has been reveal that some govemment leaders __C___their authrity and position to get illegal profits for themselves A employ 7 academy 8 accelerate 9 accent vt.重读 10 access n 通道,接近, (或进入,享用的)机会 vt.存取(计算机文件) >>assess(相似词)估计,评价 11 accomadation 13 accordance 14 account n.住处 12 accord n 一致, (国与国之间的)谅解 n.一致,和谐,符合 与。 。一致,依照,根据 in accordance with B take v.(使)加快 C abuse D overlook n.研究院,学会, (中等以上)学校 n 口音,重音

n 记述,帐户,解释

vi (FOR)说明。 。原因, (在数量,比例方面)占 An report said that ment account for 52% of the chinese population. 15 accuse vt.指控 accuse sb. of sth. 指责某人做错某事,控告某人犯某罪 16 accustomed a(TO)习惯的,通常的 v.accustome >>customer 17 acknowledge vt. Michael Jordan was acknowledged as the best barsketball player in the NBA. 18 acquaintance n. have (no/some) acquaintance with... a apeaking acquaintance 19 acquire vt. To acquire great success,you must work hard. (使)习惯于。 。养成习惯

acquire knowledge of .... 20 acquisition n. 21 acute a acute shortage of ... in acute pain 22 adapt 23 adjust vi 24 advance vi.前进,上涨 vt.预先支付,提前,提出 n.前进,进展,增长,预付 a.预先的,先行的 25 advanced a.超前的,高级的,年迈的 26 adventure n。奇遇,冒险 28 advertise vi/vt 登广告,做广告 advertisement 30 advocate n 拥护者,律师 31 affect 影响 affection 喜爱,爱墓 32 agency n.代理行,经销处, (政府等的)专业行政部门 33 agenda 34 agent 词组 一。介词+名词 by accident 偶然 on account of 由于,因为,为了。。 的缘故 。 in addition 另外,加之 in addition to 除。 。之外(还) in the air 流传中 on (the/an )average 按平均值,通常 on the basis of 根据,在。 。的基础上 at best 充其量,至多 for the better 好转,向好的方向发展 on board 在船(车或飞机)上 1 agressive a.侵略的,有进取心的, n.sgression 侵略,攻击 Animals A can become unusually _____when they are upset by a sudden n.议事日程 n.代理商,经纪人,政府代表 n 广告(活动/宣传)广告 29 advisable a.可取的,明智的 vt 拥护, vt. vt. >>adopt vt.

environmental change. ageressive B predominant C vigorous D puzzled

2 alarm n.惊恐 3 alert a.提防的,警惕的 n 警惕,报警 on the alert 警戒着,随时准备着,密切注意着 (EG)The seismogragh invented by ZhangHeng in 132 A.D. could alert people to the coming of earthquake. 4 alliance 5 ally n.结盟,联盟 n./v 同盟者,结盟,支持者

ally sb. /oneself with/to ....使某人或自己与。 。结盟或联姻 6 alongside ad/prep.在旁边,沿着边,横靠 7 alphabet n.;字母表 8 alternative n.替换物,取舍,决择 have no alternative but..除。 。之外别无选择,只有,只好 9 altitude n.高度,海拨

The plane flew at an altitude of 20.000 metres. 10 altogether ad.完全,全部地,总之,总共 11 aluminum 12 amateur n.铝 n./a.业余爱好者,业余艺术家,业余的,外行的

13 ambition n.抱负,野心,企望得到的东西 be full of ambition 雄心勃勃 burn with an ambition 野心勃勃 14 ambulance n.救护车 15 amaze amuse 17 analysis 19 ancestor vt.使大为惊奇 vt.逗乐 n.分析(报告) vt.分析 n.祖宗,原型,先驱 v 抛锚,停泊 21 anniversary n.周年纪念(日)>>annual 一年一次的 22 anticipate vt.预期,期望,提前行动 We must anticipate our competitor by getting our products onto the market first. (EG)1)The new designs of the christmas stamps are always waited for with keen_____. A irritation the airlines of today. A convinced 23 antique B anticipate c resolved D assured a.古时的,过时的,N。古董 B anticipate C prediction D reception 2) People _____that vertical flight transports would carry millions of passenager as do

16 analogy n.比拟,类比,类推 18 analyse (US. analyze)

20 anchor n 锚,给人安全感的物/人

24 apparent a.显然的,表面上的,貌似的 做定语 apparent +n."apparent"在名词前意为“似乎,貌似的”等于(seeming 表面上的,外观 n.) 。 做表语, be + apparent “apparent”在 BE 动词后时可表示“似乎,貌似的”等于(seeming) , 也可表示“明显的”等于 obvious

25 appetite 26 27 appliance 28 appoint

n.胃口,欲望 n.器具,装置 约会,任命

applause n.鼓掌

29 appropriate a. 适当的 vt.私占,拨出(款项等)供专用 appropriate to one's use 占为已有 词组: 介词+名词 1 out of breath 喘不过气来 2 on business 因公,因事 3 in any case 无论如何,不管怎样 4 in case of 假如,如果发生,防备 in case 假使,以防(万一) 5 in no case 决不,无论如何不 6 be chance 偶然,碰巧 7 in charge of 管理,负责 8 (a) round the clock 日夜不停的 9 in common 共同的,共有的 10 in conclusion(that)最后,总之 1 approval 2 approve n.赞成,批准 vt.赞成,批准 a.大概的 vi/近似 vt 近似,估计 They claim ____1,000 factories closed down during the economic crisis a) sufficiently 讲解:sufficiently properly considerably 4 arbitrary a.随意的,专断的 arbitrary choice 随心所欲的选择 A good judge should try to be fair and not to make arbitrary decisions.(武断的决定) I was unware of the critical points involved ,so my choice was quite ______ a)arbitrary 5 architect b) rational n. 建筑师 c) mechanical d)unpredictable b) properly c) considerably d) approximately

3 approximate

6 arise vi. 产生,出现 So me confusion has ___about who can join the association. A) arisen A) risen B) lifted B) arisen C) raised C) raised D) retained D)arrived Many difficult have _____ as a result of the change over to a new type of fuel.

arouse vt. 7 artificial a.人工的,假的 artificial flowers false diamonds (adj.伪造的 adv.欺诈地) 8 aspect n.方面,面貌 9 assemble vi. 集合, assembly n.立法机构,议会,集会,组装 Everybody ____in the hall where they were weclomed by the secretary . A) assembled 10 asset B) accumulate C) piled D) joined n.优点,资产,有价值的人(或物)

11 assume vt.假定,承但,呈现 assumption n.假定,承担 12 astronomy n.天文学 13 atomic a.(关于)原子(能/核武器)的 14 attach vt.连接,使依恋,认为有(重要性,责任等) be attached to 连在...上,附属于,喜爱 Attach is a list of our prices .随函附上我们的报价 15 attack v/n. 攻击 16 attain vt .达到,获得 attainable n.可达到的 attain one's goal 达到目的 17 attend vt.出席,照料,关心 vi.(to)专心于,致力于 18 attention n.注意,立正姿势 19 attorney n.(US)律师,代理人 n.属性 attribute sth .to 把..归于 The car accident was ___to driver's violation of the traffic regulations. A) assigned B) contributed C)attributed D) transferred 21 automatic a.自动的,必然的,无意识的 22 auxiliary a.辅助的,备用的 23 avenue n.林荫道,大街 24 await vt.等候,将降临到...身上 n.奖,奖品,奖金 26 baggage n.行李 27 bankrupt n.破产者 a.破产的,完全失败的 v.使破产 28 barrel n.桶,枪/炮管 29 barrier N 栅栏,障碍,屏障 30 basically ad.基本上 31 battery n.电池,排炮,一系列 25 award vt. 授于,裁定 20 attribute vt.把...归于,

32 bearing n.举止,方位,轴承 33 behalf behave n. 利益,方面 vi.举止,动转 ,反应

behave oneself 检点某个行为

词组::::介词+名词 1 in conclusion 最后,总之 2 on condition (that)假如,在...条件下 3 in confidence 私下的,秘密的 4 in connection with 关于,与...有关 5 in consequence 结果,因此 6 in consequence of 由于....的缘故,因为 7 on the contrary 正相反 8 in contrast with/to 与..对比起来,与..形成对比 9 out of control 失去控制 10 under control 处于控制之下 1 belong(to) vi.属于;应被置(在某处),适应 2 beloved a.所钟爱的 3 bend vi.使弯曲 4 beneath prep.在..下面 ad.在下方 5 beneficial 6 bid n.企图, vt.出(价),祝,表示 vi.喊价 7 blade n.刀刃,刀片 8 bleed vi.出血 vt.勒索..的钱 9 blend v.(使)混和 n.混和物 10 bloody a.非常的,残忍的 vt.使为血所污 11 bold a.勇敢的,冒失的;粗(字体)的,醒目的 12 bolt n.螺栓 vt.拴住 vi 冲出去,逃跑 13 bond n.联结;公债;合同 v.(使)粘合 14 boom n.激增;隆隆声 15 bond n.联结,公债合同 a.有益的

16 bounce vi.(使)弹起 n.弹,反弹 bound a.一定的,受约束的,准备到...去的 17 boundary n.分界线 18 breed n.种,品种 vi.低下(头),压弯 vt.饲养,养育,酿成 19 breeze n.微风 vi.飘然而行 20 broom n.打帚 21 budget n.预算, vi.编预算 vt.规划 a.低谦的 22 bulk n.(巨大)物体;主体 vi.变得越来越大 vt.使更大(或更厚) 23 bump vi 碰,颠簸着前进 n.碰撞 24 bundle n.捆 vt.收集 25 burden n. 重担,使重负 vt.加重压于,烦扰;负重 26 calculate 27 campaign vt.计算;估计,计划 n.运动,战役 vi.参加动动,(竞选) 28 candidate n.申请求职者;投考者,候选人 29 capacity n.容量,才能; 身份,职位 30 capsule n 胶囊,航天舱. 31 capture vt.n.俘虏,夺得,占领 32 cast vt 投射,把..加于;丢弃;脱落 n.演员表,锛型 33 casual a.漠不关心的,随便的,偶然的,临时的

1 When John was arrested for drunken driving ,he expected to lose his driving licence,but he was let ___ with a fine A) through adv.旅行, 允许通行 C) out v.放掉, 泄露, 放大, 出租 B) off v.放出, 饶恕, 准许...暂停工作 D) down v.放下, 使失望, 辜负, 松劲, 减速下降

2 His enthusiasm for the plan seems to have ____ ,he never speaks about it any more A) worn out B) worn off C) tired out D) exhausted C) in accordance with D) provided by 3 The tenant must be prepared to decorate the property _____the terms of the agreement. A) with regard to A) route B) line B) in relation with C) rate D) scale 4 The map was drawn to the standard ___of 1:100000 so there was not much detail.

5 If your house is mear the station,it is _____ for the train. a) handy key bbcda b)intimate c) neghbouring d) adjacent

1 without the friction between their feet and the ground ,people would ___ be able to walk. a)in no time a )none but a) shown up a) Now that a) competent a) agreed to b) by all means b) none other than b) shown over b) In that c) in no way c) nothing but c) shown off d) that d) competent in d) on any account d) no other than d) shown around 2 when he arrived, he found ___ the aged and the sick at home . 3 She must have gone out early ,for she had not ___ for breakfast . 4 ______ I am well again,I can go on with the expedition. c) because 5 Although he has a long training in accountion,he is still not very ___ it . b) competent for b)agreed with c) competent at 6 She wants to know whether the measures have been ___ c) agreed upon d) agreed over 7 _____ you have come ,you may as well stay . a) Since that b) by now c) since when a) in regard to a) confines a) confined a) manners a) Despite of a) figured live in a) kicked out b) killed off c) knicked down d) killed down d) providing that 15 ______ nobody was very enthusiastic about it ,they decided to cancelthe trip. a) not knowing that a) keep up a) give upon c)spoked for a)came to b) saying that c) keep on c)seeing that d)keep off d)give in 16 It is difficult to _____ a conversation with someone who only says "yes " and "no" b)keep to 17 Neither of us would ___,the bargain came tonothing . b) give out c)give away d) called off b)burned out c)truned up d) came off 18 Owing to the bad weather ,the garde party was ____,a)shouted out b)whispered by 19 We expected him at eight but he finally _____ at midnight . b) in comparison with b) limits b)limited b)politeness b) Instead of b ) looked out c)restricts c) restricted c) manner c) In spite of c) carried out d) now that c) regardless of d) takes d) kept d) way d) Against d) came out d) in justice to 8 we deeply regret that we lacked consideration______ those orphans. 9 the teacher _____ has lecture to grammatical analysis. 10 I was _____ by the doctor to five cigarettes a day . 11 Sometimes it is good _____ to ask a lady to go in front of you 12 _____ the interruption,he was able to finish his exercises before the class was over. 13 I shall not bring with me any money till you have _____ the sum which you require. 14 Since the mosquitoes were _____, the island has become a far more pleasant place to

20 We have _____ sugar.Ask mrs Smith to lend s some. a) run out with 答案 CAAAC 王长喜 1._____ money,he is quite rich,but this does not mean he is happy. A. As to B.In term of B.took out C. Concernig C. took off D.In the light of D.took on 2.The new government ______ the foreign -owned oil fields one after another. A. took over discussing. A. out of place B. in no case C.to the point 答案:B A D 1.句意: 说到钱,他相当富有,但这并不意味着他就幸福. 分析: 短语辨析. in term of "就......而言,以.......来表示"; as to "至于,关于,就...... 而言"常用来引出一个新的话题,而该句只是从钱这方面说,他很富有,钱并 不是一个新的讨论话题; concerning "关于,牵涉到,强调与有关联有关系; D. beside the point 3. Something that is _____is not relevant to the subject that you are considering or b)run off c)run out of d) run with out

in the light of sth. "按照,根据,考虑到". 2.句意:新政府接管了一个又一个的外资油田. 分析:考查形近词组辩析. take over "接管,接收(一商业公司等)"; take out "拿出,拔 掉"; take off "(飞机等)起飞,匆忙或突然离开"; take on "表现,呈现(某种品 质, 外表)装出......." 3.句意:离题是指与你考虑或讨论的主题不相关. 分析:短语辩析. beside the point "离题,不中肯",相当于 irrelevant 即 not relevant; to the point "中肯,扼要"相当于 relevant; out of place "不该在的地方,凌 乱"; in no case "任何情况都不........"

1.I find it _____ difficult for the whole family to live within my income. A) invariably A) fall through A) should come 答案: D D C 1. 句意:我发现全家人仅靠我一个人的收入生活越来越难了. 分析:考查副词词义. Increasingly 意为“越来越……”;invariably 意为“永不变地,无变化地,恒久 地”;completely“完全地,彻底地,”;absolutely“绝对地,完全地,彻底地”;工资不够花更有可能是个逐 渐紧张的过程,故选 D) 2. 句意:该药效四小时左右后会消失. 分析:短语辩析.wear off 意为(光泽,感觉,药效等)渐渐消失或磨去;fall through 意为“失败,成为泡 ;end up 意为 “终结,终了,结束(尤指经过较长的时间,过程或经历之后)” ;wind up “结束(尤指讲话)” 影” B) completely B) end up B) come C) absolutely C) wind up C) came D) increasingly D) wear off D) would come 2.The effect of the drug will ______ after four hours or so. 3.I would rather that you ____early tomorrow instead of this evening.

3.句意:我希望你明天早点来,而不是今晚来. 分析:考查虚拟语气. 在 would rather 之后的从句要用虚拟语气.如谓语动词是对现在或 将来的事实的虚 拟,用一般过去时;如果对过去事实的虚拟,要用过去完成时.


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