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欧洲语言学习,教学,评量共同参考架构(CEF)


歐洲語言學習、教學、評量共同參考架構(CEF) ) 整體能力分級說明(Common Reference Levels: global scale) )
C2(精通級) C2(精通級) Mastery 精通使用者 Proficient User C1(流利級) C1(流利級) Effective Operational Proficiency

對所有聽到、讀到的信息,能輕鬆地做觀想式瞭解。能由不同的口頭書面信 息作摘要,再於同一簡報場合中重做論述及說明。甚至能於更複雜的情況下,隨 心所欲地自我表達且精準地區別出言外之意。 Can understand with ease virtually everything heard or read. Can summarise information from different spoken and written sources, reconstructing arguments and accounts in a coherent presentation. Can express him/herself spontaneously, very fluently and precisely, differentiating finer shades of meaning even in more complex situations. 能瞭解多智識領域且高難度的長篇文字,認識隱藏其中的深意。能流利隨意 地自我表達而不會太明顯地露出尋找措辭的樣子。針對社交、學術及專業的目的, 能彈性地、有效地運用言語工具。能清楚的針對複雜的議題進行撰寫,結構完整 的呈現出體裁及其關聯性。 Can understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning. Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes. Can produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, showing controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

獨立使用者 Independent User

初級使用者 Basic User

針對具體及抽象主題的複雜文字,能瞭解其重點。主題涵蓋個人專業領域的 技術討論。能即時地以母語作互動,有一定的流暢度且不會感到緊張。能針對相 當多的主題撰寫出一份完整詳細的文章,並可針對所提各議題重點做出優缺點說 B2(高階級) B2(高階級) 明。 Can understand the main ideas of complex text on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native Vantage speakers quite possible without strain for either party. Can produce clear, detailed text on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options. 針對一般職場、學校、休閒等場合,常遇到的熟悉事物時,在收到標準且清 晰的信息後,能瞭解其重點。在目標語言地區旅遊時,能應付大部分可能會出現 的一般狀況。針對熟悉及私人感興趣之主題能簡單地撰稿。能敘述經驗、事件、 B1(進階級) B1(進階級) 夢想、希望及志向,對看法及計畫能簡短地解釋理由及做出說明。 Can understand the main points of clear standard input on familiar matters regularly encountered in work, school, leisure, etc. Can deal with most situations likely to arise whilst travelling in an area where the language is spoken. Can produce simple Threshold connected text on topics which are familiar or of personal interest. Can describe experiences and events, dreams, hopes and ambitions and briefly give reasons and explanations for opinions and plans. 能了解大部分切身相關領域的句子及常用辭(例如:非常基本之個人及家族資 訊、購物、當地地理環境,工作)。針對單純例行性任務能夠做好溝通工作,此一 任務要求簡單直接地對所熟悉例行性的事務交換信息。能簡單地敘述出個人背 A2(基礎級) A2(基礎級) 景,週遭環境及切身需求試務等狀況。 Can understand sentences and frequently used expressions related to areas of most immediate relevance (e.g. very basic personal and family information, shopping, local geography, employment). Can communicate in simple and routine tasks requiring a Waystage simple and direct exchange of information on familiar and routine matters. Can describe in simple terms aspects of his/her background, immediate environment and matters in areas of immediate need. 能了解並使用熟悉的日常表達方式,及使用非常簡單之詞彙以求滿足基礎需 求。能介紹自己及他人並能針對個人背景資料,例如住在哪裡、認識何人以及擁 A1(入門級) A1(入門級) 有什麼事物等問題作出問答。能在對方語速緩慢、用詞清晰並提供協助的前提下 作簡單的交流。 Can understand and use familiar everyday expressions and very basic phrases aimed at the satisfaction of needs of a concrete type. Can introduce him/herself and Breakthrough others and can ask and answer questions about personal details such as where he/she lives, people he/she knows and things he/she has. Can interact in a simple way provided the other person talks slowly andclearly and is prepared to help.

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備註:一、歐洲語言學習、教學、評量共同參考架構 (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: learning, teaching, assessment,簡稱 CEF)係歐洲理事會(Council of Europe)於 1996 年公布,為一國 際認定之語言能力分級參考標準。 二、本表英文部分係摘錄自 Council of Europe 網站資料(網址:http://www.coe.int)。

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