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A sad love story

1. turn up 1) appear 出现,露面 他到目前还没有出现。 He __________________so far. hasn’t turned up 你总是迟到!(做事慢慢吞吞的) You’re always __________ turning up late for everything!

请把火调大一点。 turn up the fire. Please _________

turn down turn off turn on turn out turn to sb. for help
关小,拒绝 关掉

结果是...... 向某人求助

2. keep one’s word 守信用, 遵守诺言 break one’s word 违背诺言 in a word 简言之 in other words 换句话说 have a word with sb. 与sb.交谈 have words with sb. (about sth.)

e.g. 我想和你谈一下。
have a word with you. I’d like to ___________

3. Well, he was not going to hold his breath for her to apologize. 他不打算精神紧张地等她来道歉。

@ apologize v. 道歉 apologize to sb for (doing) sth = say sorry to sb for doing sth

to You must apologize ____the teacher for _____being so rude.

apology (n.)
表达道歉 接受道歉 拒绝道歉

make /offer an apology accept an apology refuse an apology

@ hold one’s breath


e.g.当那个女孩看到那条蛇的时候,她屏住呼吸。 her breath at the sight of the snake. The girl held _____________ 相关短语: 呼吸 take breath take a deep breath 深呼吸

lose one’s breath= be out of breath 喘不过气来

breathe v. breath n.

e.g. When we got to the top of the mountain, we were nearly ___. D A. under our breath B. lost our breath C. caught our breath D. out of breath
lose one’s breath = be out of breath

4. drown (drowned, drowned ) v. @ 浸、泡, 淹没,淹死 e.g.洪水淹没了街道和房子。 drowned the streets and houses. The floods ___________ @ 借… 消愁 drown one’s sorrow/sadness in… drown one’s sorrow/sadness in coffee

B girl in e.g. Frank tried to save the _____ the river, but unfortunately he was ___. A. drowned; drowning B. drowning; drowned C. drowned; drowned D. drowning; drowning
drowning 将要溺死的 drowned 已被淹死的

5. It was obvious that the manager of the coffee
shop was waiting for Li Fang to leave...

@ obvious adj. 明显的, 清楚的 obviously adv. 明显地,清楚地

It + be + obvious +that-clause

e.g. It was obvious that she was in danger.

6.wipe (wiped, wiped) vt. 擦,擦去
? wipe off 抹掉,擦掉 ? wipe up 擦干净,歼灭
The students on duty D __ the blackboard during break. A.wiped the words off C. cleaned clean the blackboard =wipe the words off the blackboard B. washed D. A and C

7. As Li Fang set off for home, he thought...

set off:

动身, 出发; (侧重去某一个地方);使(地雷、 炸弹)爆炸;

1) Tom and his father set off for America

2) The bomb set off among the crowd.
3) A woman’ beauty is set off by her clothes and jewellery.


set sb. to do something. 使某人开始工作 set sb. doing something 使某人处于某种动的状态

set about doing sth.
=set out to do sth

set up
set down



v. (forgave, forgiven)

forgive sb (for) sth宽恕某人某事 forgive (me) the debt免除我的债务 e.g. 请原谅他的粗鲁吧。

Please forgive him for his rudeness.
forgiving adj. 宽仁的,宽大的 forgiveness n. 宽恕

ask for forgiveness 请求宽恕 receive forgiveness 接受宽恕

9. remind sb. of sth 提醒某人某事

1) 他提醒我那个承诺。 He reminded me of my promise. 2) 他提醒我要早起。 He reminded me to get up early. 3) 他提醒我本应该小心点。 He reminded that I should have been more careful.

remind sb. to do sth remind sb. that…

10. --ing的用法 1. She could be with her friends right now laughing at him. 伴随状语 2. Finding that Zhinu was heart-broken, her mother decided to let the couple cross the Milky Way to meet once a year. 原因状语 3. As he sadly passed the tea shop on the corner on his way home, he heard a voice calling him. 宾补 4. There was Hu Jin waving at him and calling. 定语

-ing 分词作状语应注意的几点: 1. 分词表示的必须是主语发出的动作;

2. 分词表示的动作和谓语动词表示的动作是同 时发生的; 3. 分词表示的次要的动作,对谓语的动作或者 状态加以说明。可表示伴随、时间和结果。

1. Being so poor in those days, we could not afford to send the boy to hospital.
2. Walking out of the room, he found the boy still there. 3. Her husband died in 1980, leaving her with two boys.

4. They stood there for an hour, watching the game.

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