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新东方四级核心词汇


一、四六级备考词汇重要性 1.听,说 2.阅读 3.写 不同人群背词方式不同 clash [kl??]v.撞击,碰撞;crash[kr??]v.飞机失事;smash[sm??]v.击碎,打碎; ash[??]n.烟灰;abash[?'b??]v.羞愧;cash [k??]n.现金 二、如何记住词汇: 1.记忆最佳时刻 兴奋和半饥饿状态 2.环境重要:合作背词 3.难词生活

化 4.背词的原理 三、方法:音形义 haunt 1)常来常往的地方 2)鬼神出没的地方 3)萦绕 1.拆分法: haunt [h?:nt] n. 栖息地;常去的地方; flaunt [fl?:nt] n. 炫耀 vaunt[v?:nt] n. 自吹自擂 jaunt [d??:nt] n. 远足;短途旅游

daunt [d?:nt] vt. 使气馁,使畏缩 gaunt [ɡ?:nt] adj. 憔悴的;荒凉的 saunter ['s?:nt? ] n. 漫步;闲逛 2.谐音法 journey['d??:ni] n. 旅行 sting[sti?] n. 刺痛;annoy[?'n?i] n. 烦恼 taunt[t?:nt, tɑ:nt] n. 嘲弄;讥讽

convention [k?n'ven??n]n. 大会;nuisance ['nju:s?ns] n. 讨厌的人; colony ['k?l?ni] n. 殖民地,群落 patience['pei??ns] n. 耐性,耐心; amuse [?'mju:z] vt. 娱乐;消遣 3.拼音联想法 shanghai['???hai]

schedule['??dju:?l] n. 时间表;计划表 schema['ski:m?]n.图解、图例 bare [bε?] adj. 空的;赤裸的 famine ['f?min] n. 饥荒; pajama[p?'d?ɑ:m?] n. 睡衣; sanguine ['s??ɡwin] adj. 乐观的 4.词根词缀法背词 词根: (本)body 前缀:改变含义,不变词性 anti(反)+body(体)——抗体 后缀:改变词性,不变含义 pass 通过 passable 可通过的 1)词性转换库 pel----compel [k?m'pel] vt. 强迫,compulsive----compulsion、 repel [ri'pel] vt. 排斥,拒绝;repulsive——repulsion expel[ik'spel] vt. 驱逐;开除 impel[im'pel] vt. 推动;驱使 impel sb to do sth propel[pr?u'pel] vt. 推进 dispel[dis'pel] vt.驱逐; 2)记忆 sit ——sid resident ['rezid?nt] n. 居民 preside [pri'zaid] vi. 主持,担任会议主席 preside over

president['prezid?nt] n. 总统; ;校长 headmaster 小学校长; insidious[in'sidi?s] adj. 阴险的;隐伏的; 3)区分 sist 站着 assist [?'sist] n. 帮助; resist[ri'zist] vt. 抵抗;忍耐,忍住 insist[in'sist] vi. 坚持, persist[p?'sist]vi. 存留,坚持 4)造词 in+n+ate=v. vigor ['viɡ?] n. 活力,精力 invigorate [in'viɡ?reit] vt. 鼓舞;使精力充沛
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sediment['sedim?nt] n. 沉积;沉淀物

timid ['timid] adj. 胆小的;羞怯的 5.字母转换法

intimidate[in'timideit] vt. 恐吓,威胁;胁迫

stressed-stressed [strest] v.给?加压力----dessertsn. 甜点;甜品(dessert 的复数) later-['leit?] adj. 更迟的;更后的-------alter ['?:lt?] vt. 改变,更改 agony['?ɡ?ni] n. 苦恼;sob[s?b] n. 啜泣,呜咽 somber's?mb?] adj. 忧郁的; live [l?v]adj. 活的 evil['i:v?l] n. 罪恶,邪恶 veil[veil] n. 面纱;面罩 unveil[,?n'veil] vt. 使公诸于众,揭开 sober ['s?ub?] adj. 冷静的,清醒的

vile[vail] adj. 卑鄙的;邪恶的

sneak [sni:k] n. 鬼鬼祟祟的人——snake [sneik] n. 蛇;阴险的人 mood [mu:d] n. 情绪,语气——doom[du:m] n. 厄运; 6.形近记忆法 adapt[?'d?pt] 适应 coast[k?ust]海岸线 adopt[?'d?pt] 采纳 adept['?dept 有技巧

roast [r?ust] 烧烤 boast [b?ust]吹嘘 toast['t?ust]干杯

considerable [k?n'sid?r?bl] 相当多 considerate [k?n'sid?rit]体贴的 7.同义区分联想法 H S K bare [bε?]半裸 nude[nju:d]全裸 bald[b?:ld]秃的 glimpse [ɡlimps] n. 一瞥,一看 一见钟情 love at the first glimpse peep [pi:p] 偷窥 peer [pi?]凝视 gape [ɡeip] n. 裂口, glance[ɡlɑ:ns] n. 一瞥

gaze [ɡeiz] n. 凝视;注视 8.拼写口诀法

rim[rim]边缘 brim[brim]边缘 grim[ɡrim]恐怖 trim [trim]修剪 9.读音口诀法 toil and moil 辛辛苦苦 foil [f?il] 锡纸,挫败 spoil [sp?il]v.溺爱 boil[b?il]v.沸腾 bloodboil 热血沸腾 10.字母含义联想法 trench [trent?]壕沟------wrench[rent?]扭伤 snack[sn?k] n. 小吃,快餐——naked ['neikid] adj. 裸体的;
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bloom[blu:m] 开花——gloom [ɡlu:m] n. 忧郁;阴暗

groom 新郎

blear [bli?]adj. 朦胧的;模糊的 bold [b?uld] adj. 大胆的,blight [blait] n. 枯萎病;荒芜 blast['bl?st] n. 爆炸; re—retire [ri'tai?]退休 request [ri'kwest]要求

conquest['k??kwest] n. 征服,战胜 regulate['reɡjuleit] vt. 调节, 11.词源法 Psyche ['psaiki] n. 赛克(女子名)psyche ['psaiki] n. 灵魂;心智 Cupid['kju:pid] n. 丘比特(罗马神话中的爱神) Venus['vi:n?s] n. [天] 金星;维纳斯(爱与美的女神) Psycho 'psaik?u] n. 心理分析,精神分析 psychology[psai'k?l?d?i] n. 心理学;心理状态 Cupid cupiditykju:'piditi] n. 贪心,贪婪 Eros['i?r?s] n. 厄洛斯(爱神) rose[r?uz] n. 玫瑰 morose [m?'r?us] adj. 郁闷的;孤僻的

virose ['vai?r?us] adj. 有毒的;amorous['?m?r?s] adj. 多情的;恋爱的;prose[pr?uz] n. 散文 Venus venereal [v?'ni?ri?l] adj. 性病的;性交的 venerate ['ven?reit] vt. 崇敬,尊敬 avenue ['?v?nju:] n. 大街;林荫大道 revenue ['rev?nju:] n. 税收,国家的收入 12.生活学英语 safeguard ['seifɡɑ:d] n. [安全] 保护;保卫 rejoice [ri'd??is] vi. 高兴; luxury 'l?k??ri, 'l?ɡ??ri] n. 奢侈,奢华 nutrition [nju:'tri??n] n. 营养,营养学 belle [bel]n. 美女

Unit 1 1. Those gifts of rare books that were given to us were deeply _________. [A] appreciated [C] appealed [B] approved [D] applied

分析:[A] appreciate [?'pri:?ieit] 涨价,欣赏,感激 [B] approve [?'pru:v] 批准 [C] appeal [?'pi:l] 吸引 [D] apply [?'plai] 应用 申请 imply [im'plai] vt. 暗示;supply [s?'plai] n. 供给,补给;供应品
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2. Niagara Falls is a great tourist __________, drawing millions of visitors every year. [A] attention [C] appointment [B] attraction [D] arrangement

分析:A. attention [?'ten??n]n.注意 B. attract [?'tr?kt]v. 吸引 tract 拉 tractor 拖拉机;contraction 收缩;subtract 减去;abstract ['?bstr?kt] n. 抽象; C. appointment [?'p?intm?nt]n. 任命 make an appointment 约会 D. arrangement [?'reind?m?nt] n.安排 range [reind?] n. 范围 编故事记单词 apply for 申请 approve [?'pru:v] v. 批准 appreciate [?'pri:?ieit]v. 欣赏 attention [?'ten??n]n.注意 attract [?'tr?kt]v. 吸引 arrange [?'reind?]v. 安排 appointment [?'p?intm?nt]n.任命 3. Some diseases are ________ by certain water animals. [A] transplanted [C] transported [B] transformed [D] transmitted arrange [?'reind?] vt. 排列;安排;整理

A. transplant [tr?ns'plɑ:nt]v. 移植 transplantation n. 移植; B. transform [tr?ns'f?:m]v. 运行 transformation [,tr?nsf?'mei??n,] n. 转化;转换 C. transport [tr?ns'p?:t;]v. 运输 transportation [,tr?nsp?'tei??n] n.运输 D. transmit [tr?nz'mit] vt. 传达;遗传 transmission [tr?nz'mi??n,] n. 传送;播送;传递; trans 前缀系列词汇串记
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transaction [tr?n'z?k??n]交易; active 积极的;passive 消极的; translate 翻译;translator 翻译者 transfer [tr?ns'f?:]转移;转让 transparent [tr?ns'p?r?nt]透明的; 4. In a sudden _____ of anger, the man tore up everything within reach. [A] attack [C] split 1、attack [?'t?k] 攻击 [B] burst [D] blast

B. burst [b?:st] 一阵一阵的 C. split [split] 劈开 splitting D. blast ['bl?st]爆裂 tackle 处理 mingle 混合 last 结尾系列词汇 last [lɑ:st, l?st]n.最后 blast[bl?st]v.爆炸 clast [kl?st] n.碎片 elastic [i'l?stik] adj.灵活的 只有 last 持续最后 无法(b 联想为不)持续只能爆炸 炸开(c)了岩石成碎片 前添(e)后加(ic)才变灵活 5.Slides are sometimes called ____ film. [A] slight [C] light [B] vigorous [D] transparent

A. slight [slait] 轻轻的 苗条的 B. vigorous ['viɡ?r?s] adj. 有力的;精力充沛的 C. light ['lait] n. 光;光线;光明 D. transparent [tr?ns'p?r?nt] adj. 透明的;显然的
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apparent [?'p?r?nt] adj. 显然的;表面上的 6. She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make it _______ enough to eat. [A] mild [C] light [B] slight [D] tender

A. mild [maild] adj. 温和的;轻微的 B. slight [slait] adj. 轻微的 C. light light ['lait] n. 光 light 结尾系列词汇串记 light ['lait] n. 光 flight [flait] n. 飞行;fight [fait] vi. 打架; delight [di'lait] n. 高兴 slight [slait] adj. 轻微的,苗条的 alight [?'lait] vi. 点燃 blight [blait] n. 枯萎;荒芜 plight [plait] n. 困境 只有 light 点燃光 飞(f)在光前是飞翔 弟弟(de)见光真快乐 蛇(s 像蛇)在光前真苗条 光前加 a 是点燃 光前加 b 是枯萎 光前加 s 是轻微 光前加 p 是困境 D. tender 谐音法 d 开头词汇串记 delicious [di'li??s]a.好吃的 depart[di'pɑ:t]v.离开 desire [di'zai?] n. 欲望;要求, drag [dr?ɡ] vt. 拖拉;拽;dragon 龙;dragfly 蜻蜓 dense [dens] adj. 浓厚的;稠密的
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ense 结尾词汇串记 tense [tens]紧张;tension 紧张 dense [dens]adj. 浓厚的;稠密的;condense [k?n'dens]浓缩;density 密度; sense sens] n. 感觉,官能; sensitive 敏感的; nonsense 胡说八道;哪里哪里

immense [i'mens] adj. 巨大的,宏伟的; 浓密的是 dense 紧张的是 tense 感官、感觉真 sense 宏伟巨大 immense dense 系列词汇串记 density condense tense 系列词汇串记 tension ['ten??n] n.紧张,不安 social tension intensive [in'tensiv]n.精读 extensive [ik'stensiv] adj. 广泛的;广阔的 extension intense [in'tens] 强烈的 intensity [in'tens?ti] 强度 hypertension [,haip?'ten??n] n. 过度紧张;高血压 sense 系列词汇串记 sense commonsense ['k?m?n'sens] adj. 常识的;具有常识的 nonsense sensitive to hypersensitive [,haip?'sens?tiv] adj. 过敏的;高灵敏度的 insensitive [in'sens?tiv] adj. 感觉迟钝的,对?没有感觉的 senseless ['senslis] adj. 无知觉的; sensible['sens?bl]a.明智的 7.He _______ to study harder in the future so that he could have more opportunities to find a better job.
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[A] resolved [C] requested

[B] resorted [D] reserved

A. resolve [ri'z?lv] vt. 决定;决心 B. resort [ri'z?:t] v.求助 C. request [ri'kwest] n. 请求;需要 D. reserve [ri'z?:v] v.订房间 make a reservation observe [?b'z?:v] vi. 观察; deserve [di'z?:v] vi. 应受,应得 conserve[k?n's?:v]保存 conservation[,k?ns?'vei??n] n. 保存,保持;保护 preserve[pri'z?:v] n. 保护 preservative [pri'z?:v?tiv] n. 防腐剂 8.Sometimes it is very difficult to _______ some of the English words. Even the native speaker can not help. [A] decrease [C] define A. decrease increase [in'kri:s, 'inkri:s] n. 增加,增长 B. detest [di'test] vt. 厌恶;憎恨 C. define [di'fain] vt. 定义;使明确;规定 definition[,defi'ni??n] n. 定义 D. delight [di'lait] n. 高兴 vt. 使高兴 fin 系列词汇串记 definite ['definit] adj. 一定的;确切的 [B] detest [D] delight

indefinite [in'defin?t] adj. 不确定的;模糊的; confine [k?n'fain, 'k?nfain] n. 界限,边界 v.限定 refineri'fain] vt. 精炼,提纯;改善; affinity [?'fin?ti] n. 密切关系;吸引力 infinite ['infin?t] n. 无限 9. Many years ago, a lot of factories were _______ from big cities to the mountainous areas in
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case of war. [A] transferred [C] transmitted [B] transformed [D] transported

A. transfer [tr?ns'f?:] v. 转让;转学; B. transform [tr?ns'f?:m, tr?nz-]vt. 改变 transformation[,tr?nsf?'mei??n]n. 转化;转换; C. transmit[tr?nz'mit]vt. 传输;传播 transmission[tr?nz'mi??n] D. transport [tr?ns'p?:t] v.运输 transportation [,tr?nsp?'tei??n]n.运输 port 系列词汇串记 passport ['pɑ:sp?:t]n. 护照 export [ik'sp?:t] n.出口 import[im'p?:t]n. 进口 porter ['p?:t?,] n.行李搬运工 redcap support 支持 10.His speech _______ the young people to continue their study. [A]glanced [C] inspired [B] delayed [D] vanished

A. glance (快速的)一撇;glimpse(无意的)一撇 peep 偷窥 B. delay 推迟、拖延 C. inspire 鼓励 inspiration [,insp?'rei??n] n. 灵感;鼓舞; D. vanish 消失 spir 系列词汇串记 spirit ['spirit] n. 精神

expire [ik'spai?, ek-] vi. 期满;终止 human—humid——humidity moist——moisture——damp inspire 鼓励;鼓舞 perspire [p?s'pai?] vt. 使流汗
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aspire[?'spai?] vi. 渴望;立志;追求(to doing sth ) 11. I caught a ______ of the taxi before it disappeared around the corner of the street. [A] vision [C] look A. vision vis 系列词汇串记 visible ['viz?bl] adj. 明显的 invisible [in'viz?bl] adj. 无形的,看不见的 revise [ri'vaiz, 'ri:vaiz] n. 修订;校订 visit['vizit] n. 访问;参观 supervise ['sju:p?vaiz] vt. 监督,管理; B. glimpse C. look D. scene[si:n] n. 场面;情景; sceneryscenery ['si:n?ri] n. 风景;景色 landscape ['l?ndskeip] n. 风景 12. The old couple decided to _____ a boy and a girl though they had three of their own. [A] adapt [C] receive A. adapt B. bring C. receive D. adopt 编故事记单词 Conceive [k?n?si:v]vt./ vi.(of)构想,设想;怀孕 perceive [p?? si:v]vt.觉察 receive [ri?si:v]vt.收到;受到;接待 deceive [di?si: ]vt.欺骗,蒙蔽 v [B] bring [D] adopt [B] glimpse [D] scene

13. Our hopes __________ and fell in the same instant. [A] aroused [B] arose
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[C] raised

[D] rose

A. arouse [?? rauz] vt.引起,激起,唤起;唤醒 B. arise [?? raiz] vi.产生,出现 C. raise [reiz]vt./ n.举起;增加;募集资金 D. rise [raiz] vi.升起;起立

14. It is rather ____ that we still do not know how many species there are in the world today. [A] tedious [C] boring [B] embarrassing [D] mortal

A. tedious [?ti:di s]a.乏味的,单调的,冗长的 ? tedium [?ti:di m] n.冗长乏味 ? 2、embarrassing [im?b?r vt.使窘,使尴尬,使不好意思 ?s] assassin [?? s?sin] n.刺客,暗杀者 bar 系列词汇串记 —— bar 表示横木 bar from sb doing 阻止某人做某事 behind the bars 被捕入狱 bar exam 律师资格考试 bargain ['bɑ:gin] n.交易, 便宜货 v.讨价还价 barren [?b?r a.贫瘠的;不(生)育的;没有结果的 ?n] siren [?sai r?n] n.汽笛,警报器;迷人的女人,妖妇 ? barbarous ['bɑ:b?r?s] adj.野蛮的, 粗俗的 barbarian [bɑ:'b? ?ri?n] n.野蛮人 adj.野蛮的 historian [his?t :ri?n]n.历史学家 ? guardian [?g ɑ:di?n] n.监护人;守卫者 barrier ['b?ri?] n.栅栏, 障碍物, 屏障 C. boring [?b :ri?] a.令人厌烦的,乏味的 ? annoy [?? i] vt.使恼怒,使烦恼 n? bother ['b? ? v.烦扰, 使恼怒, 使不安, 费心 n.麻烦, 烦扰, 焦急 ?] brother ['br? ? n.兄弟, 教友, 同胞 ?] irritate [?iriteit] vt.使恼怒,使烦燥;
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big brother 黑社会老大

D. mortal ['m? :tl] adj.致命的, 终有一死的 tal 联想为头系列词汇串记 mental ['mentl] adj.思想的, 心理的, 精神的 fundamental [?f nd?'mentl] adj.基本的, 根本的, 重要的 n.基础, 基本原理 ? vital ['vaitl] adj.至关重要的, 有活力的 total ['t?utl] adj.总的, 全体的, 完全的 n.总数, 合计 digital ['did? it?l] adj.数字的, 数码的 talent ['t?l?nt] n.天资, 天才, 才能 permanent ['p?:m?n?nt] adj.永久的, 持久的 capital ['k?pitl] n.首都, 资本, 大写字母

cap 系列词汇串记 capacity [k?'p?siti] n.容量, 容积, 能力, capture ['k?pt? ?] vt.捕获, 占领, 夺取, 吸引 escape [is'keip] v.逃跑, 逃脱, 逃避

15. The prisoner has been ____ of many privileges that average citizens enjoy. [A] ensured [C] deprived A. ensure sure 系列词汇串记 insure [in'? u?] vt.保险, 确保 leisure ['li:? ?] n.闲暇, 休闲 assure [?'? u?] vt.使确信, 使放心, 确保 ensure [in'? u?] vt.担保, 保证, 使安全 B. inform [in'f? :m] inform sb of sth information 信息 form 系列词汇串记 inform formal ['f? :m?l] adj.正式的, 正规的 formation [f? :'mei? ?n] n.形成, 队形,
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[B] informed [D]derived

v.通知, 告诉

reform [ri'f? :rm] n.改革, 改良 v.改革, 革新 uniform ['ju:nif? :m] n.制服 adj.一致的, 统一的 transform [tr?ns'f? :m] vt.改变, 转换 C. deprive [di?praiv]vt.(of)剥夺,使丧失 D. derive [di'raiv] v.获取, 得自, 起源 16. Animals can become unusually _____ when they are upset by a sudden environmental change. [A] vital [C] vigorous [B] considerable [D] aggressive

A. vital ['vaitl] adj.至关重要的, 有活力的 B. considerable [k?n'sid?r?bl] adj.重要的, 相当大的, 可观的 C. vigorous ['vig?r?s] adj.精力充沛的, 有力的 vi 联想为六系列词汇串记 virtue ['v?:tju:] n.美德, 德行, 优点 by virtue of virose ['vai?r?us]adj. 有毒的, 有毒性的, violent ['vai?l?nt] adj.猛烈的, 强烈的, 暴力的 violate [?vai leit]vt.违反,违背; ? vibra ['vaibr?]n. 振动 vibrate ['vaibreit] vt. (使)振动, (使)摇摆 navigate ['n?vi?geit]vi.航行, 驾驶, 操纵 D.aggressive [?'gresiv] adj.侵略的, 进攻性的, 好斗的 gress 系列词汇串记 aggressive [?'gresiv] adj.侵略的, 进攻性的, 好斗的 progress [?pr ?ugres, pr?? gres]n./ vi.前进,进步,进展 make a progress congress ['k? ?gres] n.代表大会, 议会;立法机关 digress [dai'gres] v.偏差,偏离 17. The winning team loudly _____its victory. [A] eluded [C] reclaimed [B] proclaimed [D] exclaimed

A. elude [i'lu:d] vt.逃避, 躲避 elusive [i?lu:siv]a.躲避的 elusion [i?lju: ?n]n.逃避,躲避 ? illusive [i'lu:siv] adj. 幻影的, 错觉的
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illusion [i'lu:??n] n.错觉, 幻觉 B. proclaim [pr?'kleim] vt.正式宣布, 声明,

C. reclaim [ri?kleim] vt.要回;开垦(荒地); D. exclaim [iks'kleim] v.大叫, 呼喊, 大声说出 acclaim [?'kleim] exclaim [iks'kleim] n.欢迎 v.大叫, 呼喊, 大声说出

elude [i'lu:d] vt.逃避, 躲避, reclaim [ri'kleim] v.收回, 回收, 纠正, 开垦

declaim [di'kleim]v. 朗诵 proclaim [pr?? kleim]v.宣布 18. Gasoline is _____ by the spark plugs in the engine. [A] ignited [C] excited [B] stimulated [D] illuminated

A. ignite [ig?nait] vt.点燃 ig 谐音联想为一个系列词汇串记 ignore ignorant ['ign?r?nt] adj.忽视不理的 igloo [?iglu:] n.冰屋 fatigue [f?? ti:g]n.疲劳,劳累 B. stimulate [?stimjuleit] vt.刺激,激励 st 联想为街道系列词汇串记 stimulate nasty [? nɑ:sti]a.恶心的;令人讨厌的 crystal [?krist l]n.水晶; ? strategy ['str?tid? i] n.策略, 战略 contrast [?k ntrɑ:st]n.对比;in contrast to ? strip [strip]v.脱光衣服;剥夺 stage [steid? ]n.舞台;stagger ['st?g?]v.步履蹒跚 strain [strein] n.拉紧, 紧张 stable ['steibl] adj.稳定的
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restrain [ri?strein] v.限制

constrain [k?n?strein ]vt.限制,约束

establish [i?st?bli ]vt.建立,创办,设立 ? C. excite [ik?sait]vt.使激动 D. illuminate [i?lju:mineit] vt.照明,照亮 一路系列词汇串记 illusion [i'lu:? ?n] n.错觉, 幻觉 elude [i'lu:d] vt.逃避, 躲避 elope [i'l?up] v.私奔 antelope [??ntil up]n.羚羊 ? 19. To be an inventor, one needs profound knowledge as well as a very _____ imagination. [A] vivid [C] living [B] bright [D] colorful

imagination [i?m?d i?nei ?n]n.想象(力); ? ? image 'imid? ] n.印象, 形象, imagine [i'm?d? in] vt.想像, 设想 viv 系列词汇串记 vivid [?vivid] a.生动的 revive [ri?vaiv] v.复活 survive [s?? vaiv]vi.幸存,存活 B. bright [brait]a.明亮的 C. living ['livi?] adj.活着的, 生动的 make a living D. colorful ['k? l?f?l] adj.多姿多彩的 20. When I read the newspaper, I always read the _______ first. [A] headlines [C] heaven [B] blank [D] haven

A. headline [?hedlain] n.大字标题 B. blank [bl??k]n.空格 lank 系列词汇串记 lank [l??k]a.瘦削的 blank [bl??k]n.空格 flank [fl??k] n. 侧面;侧翼
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plank[pl??k]n.木板 rank [r??k]n.排名 crank [kr??k] n. 曲柄;frank prank [pr??k] n. 恶作剧 只有 lank 瘦又长 b 在 lank 前变空格 f 在 lank 前是侧翼 p 在 lank 前是木板 lank 变 rank 是排名 前面加 c 是曲柄 前面加 f 真坦白 前面加 p 才是恶作剧 C. heaven ['hevn] n.天空, 天堂 D. haven [?heiv ?n]n.避难所

unit2
1.This product is _______ to change without notice. [A] loomed [C] subject [B] squeezed [D] aspired

A. loom [lu:m]a.若隐若现的 B. squeeze [skwi:z]v.挤来挤去 breeze [bri:z]清风 freeze [fri:z] 冰冻 freeze,微风 breeze,挤来挤去 squeeze C. subject ject 系列词汇串记 subject ['s?bd?ikt]遭受,经历 object ['?bd?ikt] 反对 objection [?b'd?ek??n]n. reject [ri'd?ekt] 拒绝

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inject [in'd?ekt] 注射 project ['pr?d?ekt] 投射;项目 D. aspire[?'spai?] to doing sth aspiredv. 向往;热望(aspire 的过去分词) aspiring [?'spai?ri?] aspiration

2. If you have any problems during your study here, please do not _______ to call me for help. [A] hesitate [C] urge A. hesitate['heziteit] 犹豫 ate 联想成吃系列词汇串记 candidate ['k?ndideit, ]n.候选人 considerate [k?n'sid?rit] adj. 体贴的;体谅的 adulate ['?djuleit] vt. 谄媚 imitate['imiteit] vt. 模仿,仿效 B. despair [di'spε?] n. 绝望;令人绝望的人或事 C. urge[?:d?] n. 强烈的欲望 urgent ['?:d??nt] adj. 紧急的;急迫的 ent 联想成 enter 系列词汇串记 talent ['t?l?nt] n. 才能;天才 permanent ['p?:m?n?nt] adj. 永久的,永恒的;不变的 potential[p?u'ten??l] n. 潜质;潜力 D. request [ri'kwest] n. 请求;要求 re 联想成阿姨系列词汇串记 regulate ['reɡjuleit] vt. 调整,规定 legislate ['led?isleit] vi. 立法;制定法律 bore [b?:] n. 孔;令人讨厌的人;烦 fare [fε?] 头发 grey[ɡrei] n. 灰色
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[B] despair [D] request

ore[?:] n. 矿;矿石 relief [ri'li:f] n. 救济;减轻(brief[bri:f]简洁的; in brief 简而言之 /grief [ɡri:f] n. 悲伤;忧伤

3. It’s very _____ of you not to talk aloud while the baby is asleep. [A] concerned [C] considerable [B] careful [D] considerate

A. concern k?n's?:n] n. 关系;关心 corn[k?:n] n. (美)玉米 corner['k?:n?] n. 角落,拐角处 concern[k?n's?:n] n. 关系;关心 B. careful C. considerable [k?n'sid?r?bl] adj. 相当多的;重要的 D. considerate [k?n'sid?rit] adj. 体贴的;体谅的; thoughtful['θ?:tful] adj. 深思的;体贴的

4.What she achieved in her research might _______ what she had been expecting. [A] exceed [C] excess A. exceed [ik'si:d] vt. 超过;胜过 proceed[pr?u'si:d]vi. 向前走;继续进行 ex 系列词汇串记 exit ['eksit, ] n. 出口 external [ik'st?:n?l] n. 外部; internal 内部 exchange [iks't?eind?] n. 交换;交流; excursion [ik'sk?:??n] n. 探险;远征 except [ik'sept] conj. 除了;要不是 cept 系列词汇串记 accept [?k'sept] vi. 承认;同意 acceptance [?k'sept?ns] n. 接受 concept ['k?nsept] n. 观念,概念 B. exclaim [ik'skleim]vt. 大声说出
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[B] exclaim [D] extend

C. excess [ik'ses] success [s?k'ses] n. 成功,成就 access ['?kses]n. 接近;使用权 have access to accessible 可接近的 process ['pr?uses, ]n. 队伍,队列 incessant [in'ses?nt]adj. 连续不断的; D. extend [ik'stend] vt. 伸展,扩展 tend 系列词汇串记 attend [?'tend] vi. 出席; contend [k?n'tend] vi. 争论 intend [in'tend] vi. 有打算 pretend [pri'tend] v. 假装

5. By law, when one makes a large purchase, he should have _______ opportunity to change his mind. [A] anxious [C] efficient [B] effective [D]adequate

A. anxious ['?nk??s] adj. 焦虑的;B. effective fect 系列词汇串记 effect [i'fekt] n. 影响;效果 effective 有效果的 defect ['di:fekt] n. 缺点,缺陷 affect [?'fekt] n. 影响 perfect ['p?:fikt]a.完美的 infect [in'fekt] vt. 感染,传染 C. efficient [i'fi??nt]adj. 有效率的 谐音法串记 E 开头词汇 efficient [i'fi??nt] adj. 有效率的 efficiency engine ['end?in] n. 引擎,发动机 career 职业

evident ['evid?nt] adj. 明显的;evidence 证据 exhaust [iɡ'z?:st] v. 耗尽;疲劳
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expand [ik'sp?nd] vt. 扩张;使膨胀 electron [i'lektr?n] n. 电子(electronic) D. adequate ['?dikwit] adj. 充足的;足够的

6. Critics believe that the control of television _________ by mass advertising has the quality of the programs. [A] affected [C] inclined [B] effected [D] declined

A. affect [?'fekt; '?fekt] vt. 影响; affection [?'fek??n] n. 喜爱,感情 B. effect [i'fekt] n. 影响;效果 e 表示出系列词汇串记 elaborate [i'l?b?r?t] adj. 精心制作的 evaporate [i'v?p?reit] vt. 使??蒸发; eliminate [i'limineit] vt. 消除;排除 emerge [i'm?:d?] vi.出现,暴露 merge 出现 (submerge [s?b'm?:d?] vt. 淹没;) emergence evolve [i'v?lv] vi. 发展,进展 C. incline [in'klain] vi. 倾斜;倾向; D. decline [di'klain] n. 下降;衰退;拒绝

7. If you want to know the train schedule, please _____ at the booking office. [A] acquaint [C] request [B] inquire [D] require

A. acquaint [?'kweint] vt. 使熟悉(with) quaint [kweint] dj. 古怪的 拼音法词汇串记 naive [nɑ:'i:v]adj. 天真的 ban [b?n] n. 禁 bachelor ['b?t??l?] n. 学士;单身汉
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leisure ['l???] n 休闲娱乐 mature [m?'tju?] adj. 成熟的; premature 早熟的 nature ['neit??] n. 自然; moist [m?ist] n. 潮湿 moisture 潮湿的 dumb [d?m] adj. 哑的 n.哑巴 deaf m 联想成妹妹系列词汇 jam [d??m] n. 果酱 loom calm [kɑ:m]平静 dim [dim]a.暗淡的 B. inquire [in'kwai?] vi. 询问 acquire [?'kwai?] vt. 获得 C. request quest [kwest] n. 追求; conquest ['k??kwest] n. 征服,战胜 bequest [bi'kwest] n. 遗产;遗赠 D. require

8. The European Union countries were once worried that they would not have _______ supplies of petroleum. [A] proficient [C] potential [B] efficient [D] sufficient

A. proficient [pr?u'fi??nt]a.熟练的 B. efficient[i'fi??nt] adj. 有效率的; C. potential[p?u'ten??l] adj. 潜在的;可能的 D. sufficient [s?'fi??nt] adj. 足够的;充分的 deficient[di'fi??nt] adj. 不足的;有缺陷的;不充分的 编故事记单词 deficient adj. 不足的;有缺陷的;不充分的
21

proficient [pr?u'fi??nt]a.熟练的 efficient 有效率的; sufficient[s?'fi??nt] adj. 足够的;充分的 fici 系列词汇串记 artificial [,ɑ:ti'fi??l] dj. 人造的;仿造的; beneficial[,beni'fi??l]adj. 有益的,有利的(insect) superficial[,sju:p?'fi??l] adj. 表面的;肤浅的 super 系列词汇串记 superior [sju:'piri?]a…高的 super ['sju:p?] adj. 特级的;极好的 supermarket['sju:p?,mɑ:kit] n. 超级市场; supreme[sju'pri:m] a.最高的;至高无上的 paramount['p?r?maunt] adj.至高无上的

9. In 1914, an apparently insignificant event in a remote part of Eastern Europe ______ Europe into a great war. [A] inserted [C] pitched [B] imposed [D] plunged

A. insert[in's?:t, 'ins?:t] vt. 插入;嵌入 exert [iɡ'z?:t]vt. 实施;运用,发挥;施以影响 desert['dez?t] n. 沙漠;荒原 assert[?'s?:t]vt. 断言 B. impose [im'p?uz] vt. 强加;征税 C. pitch[pit?]v.投、掷 witch [wit?] n. 巫婆,女巫(switch [swit?] n. 开关;) ditch [dit?] n. 沟渠;壕沟 hitch [hit?] n.钩 pitch D. plunge[pl?nd?] n. 投入;跳进

22

10. His tastes and habits ____ with those of his wife. [A] combine [C] coincide A. combine [k?m'bain]v.合并 谐音法串记以 F 开头的词汇 fade[feid]a.退色的 fertile['f?:tail] n. 肥沃,多产 fertilizer['f?:tilaiz?] n.肥料;化肥 float [fl?ut] v.漂浮 feeble ['fi:bl] adj. 微弱的,脆弱的 flee[fli:] vt. 逃跑,逃走 B. compete [k?m'pi:t] vi. 竞争;比赛;对抗 pet 系列词汇串记 pet [pet] n. 宠物 petrol['petr?l] n. (英)汽油 appetite ['?pitait] n. 食欲;嗜好;胃口 carpet ['kɑ:pit] n. 地毯; car 系列词汇串记 cargo ['kɑ:ɡ?u] n. 货物,船货 carrot ['k?r?t] n. 胡萝卜 caricature ['k?rik?tju?] n. 漫画;讽刺画 carpenter ['kɑ:p?nt?] n. 木匠,木工 vicar ['vik?] n. 教区牧师 C. coincide [,k?uin'said]vi. 一致,符合;同时发生 D. conclude [k?n'klu:d] vi. 推断;断定 conclusion [k?n'klu:??n] n. 结论;结局;推论 conclusive [k?n'klu:siv] adj. 决定性的;最后的 [B] compete [D] conclude

11. Europe's earlier industrial growth was _____ by the availability of key resources, abundant and cheap labor, coal, iron ore, etc.
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[A] retained [C] maintained

[B] sustained [D] remained

A. retain [ri'tein]vt. 保留;保持; B. sustain [s?'stein] vt. 支撑,承担 C. maintain [mein'tein] vt. 维持;继续

tain 系列词汇串记 contain [k?n'tein] vt. 包含;控制(continent ['k?ntin?nt] n. 大陆) container [k?n'tein?] n. 集装箱;容器 pertain [p?:'tein] vi. 相关;关于(pertinent'[p?:tin?nt] adj. 相关的,相干的;) entertain[,ent?'tein] vt. 娱乐;招待 attain [?'tein]v.获得 obtain [?b'tein]v.得到 D. remain [ri'mein]v.依然

12.This tree is too _______ to be planted in this area. [A] tremendous [C] ashamed [B] vigorous [D] tender

A. tremendous[tri'mend?s] adj. 极大的,巨大的 tremble['trembl] n. 颤抖;战栗 end 系列词汇串记 legend ['led??nd] n. 传奇; bend [bend] n. 弯曲 vt. 使弯曲; mend [mend]v.修补 appendix[?'pendiks] n. 附录;阑尾;附加物 B. vigorous['viɡ?r?s]adj. 有力的;精力充沛的 “精力充沛”同义词词汇串记 vigorous robust [r?u'b?st, 'r?ub?st]adj. 强健的;健康的 energetic [,en?'d?etik] adj. 精力充沛的 vi 系列词汇串记
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evident ['evid?nt] adj. 明显的;明白的 vice [vais]n. 恶习;缺点 vague[veiɡ] adj. 模糊的;含糊的 vital['vait?l] adj. 至关重要的;生死攸关的 C. ashamed [?'?eimd] adj. 惭愧的,感到难为情的 ash 系列词汇串记 clash [kl??] v.撞击 crash [kr??] n. 碰撞;崩溃 smash [sm??] n. 破碎; ash [??] n. 灰;灰烬 ashamed [?'?eimd] adj. 惭愧的,感到难为情的 cash[k??] n. 现款,现金 D. tender ['tend?]a.疼的

13.We are _______ at the rapid progress Mark has made in this semester. [A] distinguished [C] astonished [B] annoyed [D] ignored

A. distinguish [dis'ti?ɡwi?] v. 区别,区分;辨别 di 系列词汇串记 distress [di'stres] n. 危难,不幸 dim [dim] adj. 暗淡的,昏暗的 diverse [dai'v?:s] adj. 不同的;多种多样的 diversity digest [di'd?est] n. 文摘;摘要 v.消化,吸收 B. annoy [?'n?i] n. 烦恼 C. astonish [?'st?ni?] vt. 使惊讶 ish 系列词汇串记 flourish ['flauri?]vi. 繁荣,兴旺 thrive [θ raiv] vi. 繁荣,兴旺;

furnish ['f?:ni?] 详细? 提供;供应(furniture) vt. polish ['p?li?] n\v. 磨光,擦亮 publish ['p?bli?]v. 出版;发行
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vanish ['v?ni?]v. 消失;突然不见 D. ignore [iɡ'n?:] vt. 驳回诉讼;忽视;不理睬 ignorant

14.He designed an experiment in order to _______ his theory. [A] demonstrate [C] defend [B] glitter [D] grope

A. demonstrate ['dem?nstreit] vt. 证明;展示; demon ['di:m?n] n. 恶魔;魔鬼 四级中 rate 系列词汇串记 exaggerate [iɡ'z?d??reit]v. 夸大;夸张 moderate ['m?d?r?t, 'm?d?reit] adj. 适度的;合适的 generate ['d?en?reit] vt. 使形成;发生;产生 penetrate ['penitreit] v. 渗透;刺入;弥漫 B. glitter ['ɡlit?] vi. 闪光;闪烁 C. defend [di'fend] v. 保卫;防守 offend [?'fend] vt. 冒犯;使?不愉快 D. grope [ɡr?up] n.\v. 摸索;触摸 grace [ɡreis] n\v. 优雅;恩惠 glitter ['ɡlit?] vi. 闪光;闪烁 grain [ɡrein] n. 粮食; grope [ɡr?up] n. 摸索;触摸 vt. 摸索

15.Although the traffic is not busy, he likes to drive at a _______ speed. [A] spare [C] moderate A. spare [spε?]v.节约;空闲 四级中 are 系列词汇串记 spare share [?ε?] vt. 分享
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[B] irritable [D] moral

hare [hε?] n. 野兔 ware [wε?] vt. 留心;小心 B. irritable ['irit?bl] adj. 过敏的;急躁的 irrigate ['iriɡeit] vt. 灌溉; comfortable ['k?mf?t?bl] adj. 舒适的,舒服的 vegetable ['ved?it?bl] n. 蔬菜 C. moderate mod 系列词汇串记 moderate ['m?d?reit] adj. 稳健的,温和的;适度的 mode [m?ud] n. 模式; model ['m?d?l] n. 模型;典型; modest ['m?dist] adj. 谦虚的 (humble ['h?mbl] adj. 谦卑的,谦虚的) modify ['m?dist] adj. 谦虚的 D. moral ['m?r?l] n. 道德;

16.He _______ a lot of time in trying to develop the education system in this area. [A] invested [C] castigated A. invest [in'vest] v. 投资, B. investigate [in'vestiɡeit] v. 调查;研究 C. castigate ['k?stiɡeit] vt. 严惩;苛评 D. navigate ['n?viɡeit] vi. 航行,航空 irritable ['irit?bl] adj. 过敏的;急躁的 irrigate ['iriɡeit] vt. 灌溉; castigate['k?stiɡeit] vt. 严惩;苛评 navigate ['n?viɡeit] vi. 航行,航空 investigate[in'vestiɡeit] v. 调查;研究 [B] investigated [D] navigated

17.Your _______ in teaching is different from mine. [A] altitude [B] approach
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[C] pray

[D] flaunt

A. altitude ['?ltitju:d] n. 高地;高度 exalt[iɡ'z?:lt] vt. 提升;提拔 B. approach [?'pr?ut?]n. 方法;接近 C. pray[prei] vi. 祈祷; 四级 P 系列词汇串记 praise [preiz] n. 赞扬;称赞 pride [praid] n. 自豪;骄傲 poverty ['p?v?ti] n. 贫困;困难 pour [p?:] n. 倾泻;流出 loop [lu:p] n. 环形;圈 D. flaunt [fl?:nt] n. 炫耀;飘扬

18.The doctor gave me a chest X-ray and _______ some medicine for me. [A] prescribed [C] gambled [B] floated [D] drifted

A. prescribe [pris'kraib] 详细? 规定;开处方 vt. scribe 系列词汇串记 ascribe [?'skraib] vt. 归因于;归咎于 describe [di'skraib] vt. 描述,形容; prescribe [pris'kraib] vt. 规定;开处方 subscribe[s?b'skraib] vt. 签署;赞成;捐助 B. float[fl?ut] vi. 浮动;飘动 飞系列词汇串记 lag l?ɡ] n. 落后 lash [l??]n. 鞭打 flag[fl?ɡ] n. 标志;旗子 flash [fl??] n. 闪光,闪现

lame [leim]adj. 跛足的 flame [fleim] n. 火焰;热情 are flare [flε?] vt. 使张开;使闪耀 lip [lip] n. 嘴唇;边缘 light ['lait] n. 光,光亮
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flip [flip]vi. 用指轻弹;蹦跳 fligh [flait] n. 飞行;班机

C. gamble ['ɡ?mbl] n. 赌博;冒险 D. drift [drift] v\n. 漂流,漂移

19.Nobody knows his _______ for helping us. [A] motive [C] potential [B] grace [D] disease

A. motive ['m?utiv] n. 动机,目的 四级 mot 系列词汇串记 motivate ['m?utiveit] vt. 鼓励;使有动机 motion ['m?u??n] n. 动作;移动 emotion [i'm?u??n] n. 情感;情绪 motor ['m?ut?] n. 发动机,马达 promote [pr?u'm?ut] vt. 促进;提升 remote [ri'm?ut] adj. 遥远的;偏僻的; B. grace [ɡreis] 优雅 四级 race 系列词汇串记 race [reis] n. 比赛种;种族 brace [breis] n. 支柱;背带;支架 grace trace [treis] n. 痕迹 vt. 追踪 C. potential [p?u'ten??l] n. 潜能;可能性;潜质 D. disease [di'zi:z] n. 病,[医] 疾病 ease [i:z] n. 轻松,舒适 do sth at ease disease lease [li:s] n. 租约; release [ri'li:s] n. 释放;发布 please [pli:z]vt. 使喜欢;使高兴 crease [kri:s] n. 折痕;折缝 vt. 弄皱 embrace promotion

20. Human behavior is mostly a product of learning, but the behavior of an animal depends mainly
29

on _____. [A] ability [C] instinct [B] thoughts [D] response

A. ability [?'biliti] n. 能力,能耐 B. thought [θ?:t] n. 思想;思考 C. instinct ['insti?kt] n. 本能,直觉;天性 stinc/sting 系列词汇串记 extinct [ik'sti?kt] adj. 灭绝的,绝种的 distinction [dis'ti?k??n] n. 区别;差别; distinguish [dis'ti?ɡwi?] vi. 区别,区分;辨别 D. response [ri'sp?ns] n. 回答;响应;反应 respond [ri'sp?nd]vi. 回答;作出反应 responsible [ri'sp?ns?bl] adj. 负责的,可靠的 be responsible for

unit 3 1.I am_____ enough to make up my own mind. You do not need to teach me. [A]ponderous [C]numerical [B]mature [D]guarantee

[A]ponderous ['p?nd?r?s] adj. 笨重的;沉闷的 [B]mature [m?'tju?] adj. 成熟的 妈妈系列词汇串讲 image ['imid?] n. 影像;想象 mare [mε?] n. 母马;母驴 nightmare ['naitmε?] n. 恶梦; moral ['m?r?l] n. 道德; mend [mend] vt. 修理,修补 smother ['sm?? n. 窒息状态;vt. 使窒息 ?] [C]numerical [nju:'merik?l] adj. 数值的;数字的 [D]guarantee [,ɡ?r?n'ti:] n. 保证;担保;保证人

30

2.They serve_____ [A]notorious [C]delicious

food in this restaurant. [B]naive [D]liberal

[A]notorious[n?u't?:ri?s] adj. 声名狼藉的,臭名昭著的 noticeable ['n?utis?bl] adj. 显而易见的,显著的 [B]naive [nɑ:'i:v] adj. 天真的,幼稚的 innocent ['in?s?nt] n. 天真的人;笨蛋 [C]delicious [di'li??s] adj. 美味的;可口的 [D]liberal['lib?r?l] adj. 自由主义的

31


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