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EEC初二上Unit11知识点讲解


初二上 Unit11 知识点讲解 1 .fight v. fought; fought; fight for 为什么而战 fight against=fight with 和谁作战 fight together 并肩作战 They ____________ (fight) yesterday because of my Fault(错误) 2. prefer v. =________________prefer-prefers-preferring-preferred (1)prefer A to B=like A better than B 和 A 相比更喜欢 B eg. I prefer apple to orange= I like apple better than orange (2)prefer doing A to doing B eg. I prefer swimming than to skating. (3)prefer sb. to do eg. I prefer you to come to the meeting. (4)prefer to do 喜欢做… eg. I prefer to go shopping with my sister. (5)prefer to do sth. rather than do eg. I prefer to stay at home rather than go shopping. (6)prefer to do instead of doing sth. Eg. I prefer to stay at home instead of going shopping. 注意:prefer 不可以与 more /most 连用 ( )1. I prefer to ______rather than_______. A. read books, watch TV B. read books, watching TV C. reading books, watching TV ( )2. She prefers coffee _________ milk.A. with B. to C. for ( )3. My parents _______walking to taking a bus or driving. A. prefer B. like C. enjoy ( )4. I prefer to listen to GG’ s songs rather than___________ the film which Directed by zhang yimou. A. watch B. watching C. to watch 3. body n. pl._________人人__________ 任何人__________ 4. balance v.保持平衡 保持/失去平衡 keep / lose one’s balance n.天平 称一副天平 a pair of balanc( )1. John has to balance ___________. What’s wrong with the other foot? A. with one foot B. on one foot C. on feet ( )2. The girl__________ and fell down from the floor.That’s terrible ! Did she hurt herself? A. lost her balanceB. out of balanceC. in balance 5. lose v. 失去;输;失败 lost, lost, losing 反义词__________ 1. 输给某人 lose to sb 2. 失去信心 lose heart 3.迷失方向 lose one’s way 4.减肥.lose one’s weigh 5.. 增重 gain weight= put on weight 6.. 丧生 lose one’s life /lose their lives 7.. 比赛输了 lose the match

8.You may lose the train.= You may miss the train. 你可能要错过这趟火车。 lost adj. =missing 丢失的 (1).Some families _________ everything in the earthquake. ( lose ) ( )2.How was the football match yesterday? Did we ________? I don’t want to talk about it. They _______ us 4-3. A. win, beat B. win, win C. lost, lost ( )3. Is tai chi _________ than kung fu? A. more slowly B. slower C. more slow ( )4. What a pity, our team __________ the match yesterday. Don’ t be sad. Strive for in(努力)you can win someday. A. lose B. lost C. losing 6. breathe v. 呼吸 n. .breath 1. 深呼吸 breathe deeply/take a deep breath 2.屏住呼吸 hold one’s breath 3. 吸入新鲜空气 breathe in fresh air ( )1. There is something wrong with his ______, so he______ heavily. A. breath, breathes B. breathing, breaths C. breathe, breath ( )2. The air was so cold that we could hardly________. A. breath B. breathe C. breathing ( )3. I’m too nervous. I almost can’ t______. You can take a deep ______or you can pull the wall with your hands. A. breathes, breath B. breathing, breather C. breathe, breath ( )4. All of us ____________ to see who would win the game. It was the most interesting link(环节). A. hold our breath B. held our breath C. breathe 5. She____________(breath) hard after she goes running. 7. slow adj&adv 比较级__________ 最高级_________ 反义___________ ( )Wei Hua runs _________ than Susan. Do you think so? Yes, Susan really needs enough exercise. A. much slowlierB. much more slowlyC. very more slowly 8. mind n. 思想 想法 v. 介意 v. 介意 mind (one’s) doing sth. 介意某人做某事 eg. Do you mind my sitting here?= Do you mind if I sit here?你介意我坐这儿吗? 1. 下决心 make up one’s mind to do sth. = decide to do sth. = make a decision to do sth. 2. 改变某人的主意 change one’s mind .3.记住 keep in mind 4. 没关系 Never mind =I t doesn’t matter . 5. 锻炼你的思维 exercise your mind6.开阔视野 open one’s mind 1.Would you mind my ___________the window? (close) ( )2. I will give you the last chance to choose. You shouldn’t change your ___________ any more. A. mind B. brain C. head

( )3. Would you mind _______________ my pet dog when I am out? A. taking care ofB. take care ofC. to take care of 9. move v. 移动 ;感动 n. _______________ move to 搬到…/ move back 搬回来/ move about 走来走去/ move away 离开 move house 搬家/ move out 搬出去/ move in 搬进来/ move on 继续 Look! This is a water ___________ (move) 10. 独自地 by oneself= on one’s own = alone 1. It’s useful for the students to learn the lessons by__________.(they) 2. Her sister always asks others for help, but she likes studying by ________.(she) 3. We should wash clothes by ___________ (our). 4.We should practice learning our subjects alone.= We should practice learning our subjects______ ______. 5. Did he have a good time yesterday? Yes. He enjoyed ____________ very much. A. him B. himself C. his teach oneself=learn by oneself 自学 help oneself (to doing/sth.) 自己随便吃点儿… enjoy oneself=have a good time 玩得高兴,过得愉快 11. think v. 过去式__________ 过去分词___________ 认为;考虑_______________;_______________ 深思熟虑_____________ 1. Tai chi exercises your mind and makes you ________. ( thought ) 2. I’m thinking of ________ weight these days. ( lose ) 12. relax v. 放松 adj.__________ ___________ n._____________ 放松某人__________________ 放松自己______________ 使某人放松________________ 1. I want to relax _____________. (my) 2. The light music makes him _____________. (relax) 3. I feel ______ after the exam. Well. You can have a good _______ now. A. relax, relaxation B. relaxed, relaxation C. relaxation, relax 13. snowboard v. 滑板滑雪 1. 去滑板滑雪_________________ 1. Did you watch the ___________ contest on TV yesterday evening? (snowboard) 2. Last week my family went ___________ and had a good time. (snowboard) 14. recently adv. 近来 =_______________________________ adj._____________What sport did you do ________________?(recent) 15. 在海滩上____________________________去海滩_____________________________ 16. would (modal v.) 原形_____________ 1. Most weekdays, I would like ____________(relax) after school. ( )2. ________ you like something to eat? -Some bread.

A. Can B. Would C. May 17. let v. 现在分词____________ ( )1. My parents won’t let me _________ that kind of sport. A. try B. to try C. trying ( )2. My teacher always __________ us recite the dialogue. A. let B. lets C. letting 18. make v. 现在分词___________ 过去式_____________ 过去分词__________ ( )1. My mom makes me ___________ around the house.A. help B. helping C. helped 2. She _______ me do a lot of work. ( make ) 19. 在周末______________; _______________ 20. 做家务______________;________________ 15.on the beach; go to the beach 16.peace n.和平 adj. peaceful adv. peacefully in peace 处于和平之中,和平地=peacefully. 17.win v. won→ won → winning n.winner 获胜者 loser 失败者 18.be fond of = love =like =enjoy 19. 3、 body-bodies somebody anybody body clock 生物钟 body language 肢体语言 语法:动名词做宾语 1. watch sb. doing sth. 观看某人正在做…… 2. stop doing sth. 停止做某事 3. remember doing sth. 记得已做过某事 4. try doing sth. 努力/试着去做…… 5. like doing sth. 喜欢做某事 6. forget doing sth. 忘记已做过某事 7. go on doing sth. 继续做某事 8. be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 9. be worth doing sth. 某事值得一做 10. carry on doing sth. 继续做某事 11. couldn't help doing sth. 忍不住做某事 12. enjoy doing sth. 喜欢做某事 13. feel sb. doing sth. 感觉某人正在做某事 14. finish doing sth. 完成某事 15. feel like doing sth. 想做某事 16. go hiking 远足 17. give up doing sth. 放弃做某事 18. have fun doing sth. 感到做某事很有乐趣 19. have problems doing sth. 做某事遇到了很多问题 20. hear sb. doing sth. 听 见 某 人 正 hate doing sth. 不喜欢做某事









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It is +形容词 +doing sth. 做某事…… keep on doing sth. /keep doing sth. 持续做某事 mind doing sth. 介意做某事 make it possible by doing sth. 使做某事成为可能 prevent sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事 practise doing sth. 练习做某事 prefer doing sth. to doing sth. 喜欢做……不喜欢做…… stop sb.from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事 see sb. doing sth. 看见某人正在干某事 There be sb./sth. doing sth. 某地有某人或某物正在做某事 Thank sb. for doing sth. 谢谢某人做了某事 take an active part in doing sth. 积极参加做某事 use sth. for doing sth. 用某物做某事 (be used to do sth.) What about doing sth.? 做某事怎么样? without doing sth. 没有干某事 work all night doing sth. 工作整晚做某事


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