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高二英语牛津英语模块五unit1 language points


Reading Language Points

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1. We have been best friends since primary school and spend almost every day with each other. ? 我们从孩提时代就是好朋友,一 起在校足球队踢足球。 We have been friends since childhood and play together in the school football team.

2. Sometimes, other children say we are no fun because…

fun: [u] means ?enjoyment or pleasure? have fun doing/what fun eg. The journey home was great fun. no fun working ?It is _______ _______ (work) inside when the weather is so nice. ?为什么不和我们一起来呢?会很有趣的。 Why don?t you come with us? It?ll be good fun.

have fun; just for fun; make fun of

having fun ?The children are _____ so much ____. I don?t want to call them inside. ?We drove all the way to the beach, just for fun _______________. make fun of ?People ____________her because she wears such strange clothes.

3. I must have sounded very proud of myself after the test, saying loudly how easy it was and how I was sure to get a good mark. 1) must have done 肯定做了……, 情态动词后接完成式,表示“猜 测”,此事发生在过去。

must have done means guessing that something has happened because there seems to be no other possibility. . … I must have sounded very proud of myself after the test.(Line 8)
… Hannah must have deliberately told everyone about my mark...(Line 21) How they must have laughed behind my back!

She said that someone must have heard us in the toilets, but I don?t believe her.

类似的结构有:can?t have done 不可能做了……;may have done 可能做了……; may not have done可能没做……;should have done 应该做……等。 ? 线路很忙,肯定有人在打电话。 The line was busy; someone must have been ________________ using the telephone.

? 昨晚我应该跟我女儿呆一起的, 可是我忙于工作了。 should have stayed ? I ________________ with my daughter yesterday evening. But I was busy with my work. ? 她说肯定有人在厕所里听到我们 谈话,但我不相信。 She said that someone must have heard ________________ us in the toilets, but I don?t believe her.

? 若指现在,则在情态动词后直接 加动词原形。 ? They should be back by now. ? 他们现在应该回来了。 ? 他可能在来这里的路上。 ? He may be on the way here.

[考例] ----The woman biologist stayed in Africa studying wild animals for 13 years before she returned. (NMET 05, 江苏) -----oh, dear! She ______ a lot of difficulties!

A. may go through

C. ought to have gone through

B. might go through D. must have gone through
[点拨] 根据题干中“studying wild animals for 13 years” 可判断出一定遇到了许多困难。故选D。

现在分词短语可在句中作状语,表时间、结果、原因、伴随、方式等。

leaving ? His parents died, _______(leave) him an orphan. ? Not knowing ______(know) her phone number, he looked it up in the number book. ? ______the programme, they have to stay there for another two weeks.(2004’广东) ? A. Not completing C. Not having completed ? B. Not completed D. Having not completed 现在分词 短语作原因状语,相当于Because they haven?t completed the programme.

4. I didn?t feel like I was overlooking my studies, but maybe I could work harder in Maths. ? feel like +n./pron. 想要某物 ? feel like +doing 想做某事 ? feel like +句子=feel as if +句子 感觉像---

? 今天晚上我不想喝啤酒。 I don?t feel like beer tonight. ? 我难过得想哭。 I was so upset that I felt like crying. ? 我想要散散步。 I felt like I needed a walk.

5. I was determined to be cheerful, but Hannah sensed…

1) determined adj. ?having a strong desire to do something? ?He was quite determined to teach them a lesson. ?He was determined not to be the first to say it. ?My mum is determined that I should go to university.

2) sense [v.]

?The horse sensed danger and stopped. ?When I entered the kitchen, I immediately sensed there was something wrong. ?As soon as he saw her, he sensed that something had happened.

? Come to one’s senses 苏醒 ? Make sense 有道理;讲得通 ? Make sense of sth. 理解或弄懂某事物 ? 当我苏醒过来时,我正躺在地板上。 When I came to my senses, I was lying on the floor. ? 这个句子讲不通。 The sentence makes no sense. ? 你能听懂他的意思吗? Can you make sense of what he said?

He doesn?t seem to have any sense of humor. There is no sense in getting upset about it now. This article does not make sense to me. I am sure David will be able to find the library—he has a pretty good ____of direction.(2005浙江) A. Idea B. feeling C. experience D. sense have a sense of --- “有---的感觉”

6. We went to wash our hands in the girls’ toilets before lunch and I admitted how badly I had done…( P2, line 16) [考点] admit 表示承认,接纳。常用以下搭配:admit sb. into/ to sth. /admit doing sth./. that- clause [考例] They were clearly long-standing customers, and I suppose they must have stayed faithful to him because he had promised to sell good quality fruit. He had a way with them----I had to ____that. (NMET 05,江西完型填空第44空) A. admit B. expect C. announce D. promise

? [点拨] 根据上下文,表示“我不得不承认 那点-------他有…”故选A。

7. I thought that Hannah must have deliberately told everyone about my mark after promising not to. ? 当下文不定式的内容可承上文时, 不定式的内容常常省略, 但to不 可省。

? 小男孩想在街上骑车,但他妈 妈不同意。
The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him not to.

? 我想知道你为什么不按讲的做 呢?
I wonder why you didn?t do as told to.

?帮我照看小猫,介意吗?一点也不 介意,我很高兴。
?---Would you mind looking after my cat? ?---Not at all. I?d be happy to.

当下文不定式的内容表达的是状 态,不定式to后需加be动词。 ? 你哥哥是职业摄影师吗? ? 不,但他想当。 ---Is your brother a professional photographer? ---No, but he hopes to be.

8. I was so angry that I went straight to …

straight ?immediately and directly? ?Go straight home and tell your mother the good news. ?We can meet straight after lunch. ?Let?s go straight down to business.

keep one?s word

?当你允诺孩子以后,你必须履行你的 诺言。 You must keep your word when you promise the children something . ?我不能再信任他,因为他不信守诺言。 I can?t trust him any more because he did not keep his word.

9. He seemed absent-minded and as a result of his careless playing, we lost the game.

seem 后通常跟带to的动词不定式 连用,如果to be 之后跟形容词或 名词,则to be 可以省略。 eg.看起来好像每个人都很满意她。 Everyone seemed (to be) satisfied with her.

( P3 ,line38)

It seems/seemed that 句型中的 it 是无人称或虚设it,作为形式主 语,填补句法上的空缺,并无实 际含义。 ? 看起来好像每个人都很满意她。 It seemed that everyone was satisfied with her.

?seem 的否定形式有两种,do not seem 和seem not,意思一样,后一种 是正式文体。 ?他好像不在家。 He doesn?t seem to be at home. =He seems not to be at home.

? [考点] as a result of 表示由于,后常接名词代词, 或动名词及其名词从句,而as a result 表示结果, 后常接表示结果的句子。 ? [考例] My friend Martin was very sick with a strange fever; _____, he could neither eat nor sleep.(NMET 05, 江西) ? A. as a result B. after all ? C. any way D. otherwise
[点拨]After all 毕竟, any way 无论如何, otherwise否则。上 句说“马丁患了奇怪的发烧,病得很厉害。”下句说“他不能 吃也不能睡。”一词连接词应意为“结果”。故选A。

because of eg.

As a result of his careless study, he failed the Maths test.

10. Afterwards, I told him I thought he was not trying hard enough and he got really angry with me. was not trying hard enough 过去 进行时,这里要根据课文上文中的 描述,Matthew was playing really badly. 做出时态判断。

?我想Jim没看见我,他盯着天空看。 I don?t think Jim saw me; he ___ just ________ into space. was staring ?Shirley去年在写一本关于中国的书, 但不知道她是否完工了。 Shirley ___________ a book was writing about China last year but I don?t know whether she has finished it.

Sentence structures:

11.He said( it wasn’t his fault if he couldn’t play as well as me) and (that I shouldn’t yell at him.)

If there are two object clauses in one sentence, that is used at the beginning of the second object clause and cannot be left out. eg.

eg.

She said…

She said (that) she would fly to Paris and that she would bring me a present.

?她告诉我们她现在正忙,等会儿将 会帮我们。 She told us she was busy and that she would help us later. ?他允诺我他将会早点到家,并将会 为我买些花。 ?He promised me he would be home early and that he would buy me some flowers.

12. …and it turned into a horrible argument

?turn away 走开;转过脸去 ?turn back 折回;翻回到 ?turn on开(电灯、收音机、自来水等) ?turn up向上;出现;扭大(灯、火)等 ?turn down扭小(灯、火等);拒绝 ?turn off关掉(自来水、收音机、电灯等)

13. …and it turned into a horrible argument

?turn in上交 ?turn to变成;请求 ?turn against背叛,反抗 ?turn over;翻身;使翻倒 ?turn out原来是 ?turn into 把……变成

?30 people were expected but only 18 _________. turned up ?--- Was Granny unhappy at that time? --- Yes, but everything turned out _________ all right at last. turn up ?Please ________ the radio; there seems to be something important.

Practice(用turn相关词组填空):

?You can ________ me for help turn to when you?re in trouble. turned down ?Will you _____________ the TV a little? The baby is asleep. ?He asked Jane to marry him but turned down she _____ him ______. Turn in ?__________ your homework when you come to school tomorrow morning.

?If the day ___________ wet, turns out we may have to change our plans. ?When we heat the ice, it will turn into __________ water. ?He tried to join the army but was turned down _______________ because of poor health.

14. He kept on saying really mean things.

mean: unkind ?Don?t be so mean to her. ?It is a mean trick to hide someone?s book so that they get into trouble for not having it in class.

? 15.I feel really guilty because I said some really cruel things too, but I can’t stand seeing our team lose.( P3, line 46) ? [考点] stand vt.承受;经受;承担,常用以下 搭配can't stand sth /doing sth 例如: ? He wants to marry me but I can't stand the sight of him. 他要娶我,但我一见他就受不了。 ? I can’t stand being treated like this.我受不了 别人这样对我。 ? [考例]Modern plastics can ____ very high and very low temperatures. ( NMET 05, 山东) ? A. stand B. hold C. carry D. support
[点拨] hold 持有,拥有,carry携带,传送,support 支撑,支 援,而stand 的意思是“经受”。本句意思是:现代的塑料可以 经受非常高和低得温度。

I can?t stand seeing our team lose.

?Lily can?t stand _______ (work) as working a waitress. ?我不会容忍你那样和我说话。 ?I won?t stand your talking to me like that.

16. Since the match, he hasn?t spoken to me even though we sit next to each other in class. ?even though/even if 即使,引导 让步状语从句。 ?Jenkins先生说即使他得不到邀请, 他也来参加晚会。 Mr. Jenkins said he would come to the party even though he wasn?t invited.

?即使每个机会都给他们,他们也不愿 意跟我们合作。 Even if given every chance, they would not cooperate with us.

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17. … I cannot help wondering if she wants Peter to be his best friend instead of me. (Line 53)
cannot take control of oneself and do…
jokes

eg.

When thinking of the jokes, I can’t help laughing.

?我情不自禁回想过去。 I can?t help thinking about the past. ?当她看新闻的时候,情不自禁笑了。 She couldn?t help laughing when she read the news.

?18.Each player should play to their strengths. (P5, line 22) (NMET 05, 天津) ?[考点] strength 名词,表示力量, 力气, 实力。 ?[考例] Bill was doing a lot of physical exercise to build up his________. ? A. ability B. force C. strength D. mind ?[点拨]这儿考名词的搭配。Ability 能力,force
武力,势力, mind 头脑,智力。build up one?s strength 表示“使自己强壮”,故选C。

? 19. Don’t let a small disagreement ruin your friendship. Do not delay. (P5, line27) ? [考点] delay及物动词表示“耽搁, 拖延, 推 迟”。可以用于被动语态。 ? [考例]John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been ____ by a heavy storm. ( NMET 04, 辽宁) ? A. kept B. stopped C. slowed D. delayed ?[点拨]这儿考动词delay的用法。 题干中be late for 意思是迟到,因此根据句意, 航班 应该是受到“耽搁, 延误”, 故选D。


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