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新东方四级词汇笔记非常完整版


第1课 如果想达到 85 分以上,词汇应该错 6 个以内。

A revise

B rewrite

C reveal

D reverse

rewrite v. 重写, 改写; revise vt. 修改, 修正; reveal vt.

Jump for the sun, at least you land on the moon. 目标定 揭示,揭露; 的高一点有好处。 4200 单词要求对于 4 级考试,高三毕业是 1800 个单词。 我喜欢这里: I like here. I can succeed. Right: I like it here. I can make it. reverse vt. 颠倒,使反转,使反向。(vers 是词根,表示转 动;re 是前缀,表示向相反方向) 42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday’s performance. A preferable available performance n. 表演, 演出, 演奏; perform vt. possible adj. 可能的 动词后加 able 构成形容词通常表示“可 … 的” read -> B considerable C possible D

Right: I can do it.

注意生活中的英语: Nike 胜利女神。 Just do it. 生活中的英语: Did you have a pleasant journey? (这时要 用降调) I am very much frightened because a girl named Monika

stands beside me. Oh, thank god! He’s not the president readable accept -> acceptable now. (我很害怕) I was just screwed up. (我一团糟) 四级考试中常见的考察词汇的题型: I 押韵题型(押头韵、押尾韵) ; 答案总在相似中,如果有三个一样,基本上就在其中了。 54. The rain was heavy and _A_ the land was flooded. A consequently consistently continue v. 继续,连续; continually adv. 时断时续地; continuously adv. 连续不断地。 B continuously C constantly consider vt. 考虑; considerable adj. (数量或尺寸)相当 大(或多)的。 preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的; available* adj. 可获得的, 可利用的, 可支配的。 (重点词) 33. In general, the amount that a student spends for housing should be held to one-fifth of the total _D_ for

D living expenses. A acceptable B applicable C advisable D available

living expenses 生活费; acceptable adj. 可接受的; apply vt. 申请,应用; applicable adj. 可应用的,适当的,

说不停的咳嗽时, continually 是间歇的时断时续的咳嗽, 合适的; continuously 是一直不停的咳嗽。 advise vt. 建议; advice n. 建议; advisable adj. 明智

consequently adv. 因此,所以;(heavy rain 大雨, light 的,可取的。 rain 小雨) 54. It is our _A_ policy that we will achieve unity through

constantly adv. 始 终 如 一 地 , 连 续 发 生 地 ; constant peaceful means. temperature 恒温 A consistent B continuous C considerate D

consistently adv. 一 贯 地 , 一 致 地 ; consistent adj. continual consistent policy 一贯的政策。 achieve unity through peaceful means 通过和平手段取

36. I hate people who _C_ the end of a film that you 得统一; consistent policy 一贯政策 haven't seen before. II 构词法题型(词的转化,合成,派生);

构成符合形容词的名词和数量词一律用单数。(见下面 2 个例题) A laziness 31. Despite the wonderful acting and well-developed plot the _B_ movie could not hold our attention. A three-hours three-hour’s 267. Professor White wrote a _C_ report yesterday. A two-thousand-words C two-thousand-word B two-thousands-word D two-thousands-words B three-hour C three-hours’

B poverty

C idleness

D inability

laziness n. 懒惰; poverty n. 贫穷; poor adj. 贫穷的; idleness n. 无事可做(中性,有时也有贬义含义); inability

D n. 没有能力,没有办法。 69. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen. They are a thorough _A_. A nuisance B trouble C worry D anxiety

invade 进攻, 侵略; nuisance n. (具体的)令人讨厌的东西;

以 ly 结尾的不全是副词; friendly, lonely, lovely, likely, trouble n. 烦恼,麻烦,问题; lively adj. 考试中常见的否定前缀: un-、dis-、in-、imworry n. 担心, 发愁;anxiety n. 焦虑。What a nuisance. 真是烦。

56. _B_ his sister, Jack is quiet and does not easily make IV 搭配关系问题; friends with others. A Dislike B Unlike C Alike D Liking extent n. 程度; to... extent 到达…程度,在…程度之上; extent 只能和 to 搭配。

like vt. 喜欢; dislike vt. 不喜欢,厌恶; unlike prep. 不 object vi. 反对; object + to + 动名词(动词的 ing 形式) 。 象…; objection n. 反对; objection + to + 动名词(动词的 ing

alike adj. & adv. 同样的(地), 相象的(地); liking n. 爱好, 形式) 。 嗜好; take a liking for 喜欢…,对…产生好感。 III 近义词含义比较; 44. There were some _A_ flowers on the table. A artificial B unnatural C false D unreal V 形相近,意相远; 65. In Britain, the best season of the year is probably _A_ spring. A late B last C latter D later

late adj. 晚的,晚于通常时间的; late spring 晚春、暮春;

unreal adj. 不真实的 ( 不是真实世界所拥有的,虚幻的 ) ; last adj. 最后的,最终的; Ends justify means 不择手段; false adj. 具 有 欺 骗 性 的 , 假 的 , 伪 造 的 ; coin/passport/hair,a false tooth/false teeth unnatural adj. 不自然的,经常用来修饰人的行为举止,表 示做作的,矫揉造作的。 later adj. 更晚的(late 的比较级) 、时间概念后一半的;只 false 适用于表示某个世纪的后半期; The later twentieth century. 二十世纪的后一半。 latter adj. (两者中)后者的; former adj. (两者中)前 者的;

artificial adj. 人 造 人 为 的 artificial leg 假 肢 artificial 59. Some people would like to do shopping on Sundays leather 人造皮 genuine leather 真皮 since they expect to pick up wonderful _B_ in the

54. When people become unemployed, it is _C_ which is market. often worse than lack of wages. A batteries B bargains C baskets D barrels

us. battery n. 电池; bargain n. 特价商品; It’s really a A that bargain. 你真会买东西,不是说真便宜。 B which C as D what

such … that … 如此… 以至于… ; sb + be + ___ + sth

basket n. 篮子; barrel n. 桶; wonderful bargain 物 空格处应为能加双宾语的动词; 美价廉的商品;bargain v. 讨价还价; 加双宾语的动词的用法: 动词 + sb + sth (主动形式) ; sb +

; 53. Remember that customers don’t _D_ about prices in be + pp + sth(被动形式) that city. A debate B consult C dispute D bargain 59. American women were _D_ the right to vote until 1920 after many years of hard vote 选举权] B neglected C refused D denied struggle. [the right to

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41. The bridge was named _A_ the hero who gave his life A ignored for the cause of the people. A after B with C by D from

deny v. 否认,拒绝;deny sb sth 拒绝给予某人某物; 44. They decided to chase the cow away _C_ it did more damage. B until C before D although

cause 事业; be named after 以…的名字命名;

42. There were no tickets _D_ for Friday’s performance. A unless A preferable available preferable adj. 更好的,更可取的; 358. _C_ the Revolutionary War, the United States was an English colony. A Inferior to to B Superior to C Prior to D Preferable B considerable C possible

D 45. _B_ student with a little common sense should be able to answer the question. A Each B Any C Either D One

common sense 常识; each 这个词在英语中强调的是个体 与众不同的特点; any 这个词强调的是很多东西在一起的共性; either 两者之 间任何一个;

具有比较意味的形容词只要与介词 to 搭配即可表示其比较级。 31. The medicine is on sale everywhere. You can get it at super- 表示在…上方,超过… _C_ chemist’s. B some C any D certain

inferior adj. 低于…的, 劣于…的; superior adj. 高于…的, A each 优于…的; prior adj. 在…之前的

46. All _D_ is a continuous supply of the basic

Revolutionary War 特指美国独立战争;second adj. 第二 necessities of life. 的(含有比较意味,也与 to 搭配) He is second to none. 首屈一指,无与伦比; 30. Cancer is second only _B_ heart disease as a cause of death. A of B to C with D from A what is needed needed B for our needs C the thing

D that is needed

当 all 作定语从句的先行词时,从句只能用 that 来引导; all that = what 47. _A_ with the size of the whole earth, the highest

43. It wasn't such a good dinner _C_ she had promised mountain does not seem high at all.

A When compared D Comparing

B Compare

C While comparing 53. You _A_ all those calculations! We have a computer to do that sort of thing. B must not have done D can not have done

本题的关键是弄清 compare 与 mountain 的关系;when 可 A needn’t have done 以直接加过去分词; before(after) + being + 过去分词; C shouldn’t have done

should have + 过去分词 本应该, 本应当; shouldn't have

44. After _A_ for the job, you will be required to take a done 本不应该,本不应当; language test. A being interviewed D having interviewed B interviewed 44. It was very kind of you to do the washing-up, but you C interviewing _D_ it. A mustn’t have done C mightn’t have done B wouldn’t have done D didn’t have to do

They lose their health to make money, and they lose 52. It was essential that the applications forms _C_ their money to restore health. back before the deadline. B would be sent C be sent D were

48. _C_ she first heard of the man referred to as a A must be sent specialist. [专家] A That was from Stephen C It was from Stephen that B It was Stephen whom D It was Stephen that sent

It be essential that 后面一定用虚拟语气,且句子谓语动词 固定为(should) + 动词原型; It was essential that the applications forms send back before the deadline.

本题重点是强调句式; 当被强调部分指人且在句子中作宾语 时,其余部分可用 whom 引导;

49. If these shoes are too big, ask the clerk to bring you 53. We _D_ our breakfast when an old man came to the a smaller _D_. A suit B set C one D pair door. A just have had B have just had C just had D had

50. Many new _A_ will be opened up in the future for just had those with a university education. A opportunities probabilities 51. He must have had an accident, or he _A_ then. A would have been here be here D would be here B had to be here B necessities C realities when 还可以表示①刚..就… (有动作先后关系) 、②恰在此 D 时; 44. I had just started back for the house to change my clothes _D_ I heard voices. B while C after D when

C should A as

45. I felt somewhat disappointed and was about to leave, _C_ something occurred which attracted my attention. B until C when D while

must have + 过去分词 表示对过去行为的肯定推测;

与过去事态相反用:情态动词 + have + 过去分词 来体现虚 A unless 拟语气; must 一定,必须; needn't, don't have to 不必;

64. It was essential that these application forms _D_ back as early as possible.

A must be sent

B will be sent

C are sent

D be sent 被鼓励; been encouraged 已经被鼓励完了, 与主句的谓语动词相对; being encouraged 正在被鼓励

第2课 非谓语动词与独立主格:短语,句子(或者句子,短语)

2.短语部分没有独立主语,则短语结构称为非谓语动词。 非谓语动词的结构:分词(分词短语)

1.当短语部分有独立主语,并且该主语不同于句子主语,这时短 句子的主语决定非谓语动词中的分词是用主动还是被动形式。如 语结构称为独立主格。 (它最明显的特点是短语部分有独立的主 果是句子的主语发出动作,则使用现在分词;如果动作不是由句 语) 。 子的主语发出,则使用过去分词。

独立主格的结构 1:名词(代词)+ 分词 [现在分词、过去分词] 43.No matter how frequently _A_, the works of 现在分词表示主动的,正在进行的行为;过去分词表示被动的, Beethoven always attract large audiences. 已经完成的行为。 作题时要通过判断动作与名词(代词)之间的 A performed B performing C to be performed D

关系来确定是使用现在分词还是过去分词。 当动作由名词 (代词) being performed 发出时使用现在分词,而名词(代词)是受动者时则用过去分词。 54. Silver is the best conductor of electricity, copper _B_ it closely. A followed followed B following C to follow perform vt. 表演,演出,演奏; to be performed 将要被演奏; being performed 正在被 演奏; D being 一些特殊的动词: 第一点:forget 忘记; [反义] remember 记得;

49. All things _A_, the planned trip will have to be called 这两个词后加动词不定式表示将要进行的行为;这两个词后加动 off. A considered B be considered C considering 词 ing 形式表示已经做过的事情。 D 注意:动名词与现在分词形式一样,但含义不同。这两个词后加 动词 ing 形式都是动名词。

having considered call off

取消; cancel vt. 取消; 四级中的考点就是现 forget to do sth. 忘记要去做某事; forget doing sth. 忘记 做过某事;

在分词和过去分词的区别。

独立主格的结构 2:with + 名词(代词)+ 分词 [句子当中作 remember to do sth. 记得要去做某事; remember doing 状语] sth. 记得做过某事;

36. After the Arab states won independence, great 62. I remember _B_ to help us if we ever got into emphasis was laid on expanding education, with girls as trouble. well as boys _C_ to go to school. A to be encouraged encouraged B been encouraged A once offering C being D to offer him offer vt. 提出,提供; offer sb. sth. / offer to do sth. him once offering 如果改成 his once offering 也正确。 B him once offering C him to offer

D be encouraged

as well as 和(相当于 and) ; be encouraged 不会考。

动词不定式有预示将来行为的含义。 to be encouraged 将要 动名词的复合结构:凡是一个动词的后面可以加动名词,就可以

加动名词的复合结构。 动作发出者 + 动名词;当动作发出者名字给出时:名词所有格

(烟和气体) ; give away 泄露,走漏风声;婚礼中新郎的父亲把新娘的手交

+ 动名词;当动名词的复合结构在文章中出现,且动作发出者在 给新郎的过程;赠送礼品。 前文中提过时:形容词物主代词(宾格)+ 动名词。 57. The manager promised to keep me _C_ of how our

形容词物主代词:his, her, my, your, their, our。代词宾格: business was going on. him, her, me, you, us, them。 A to be informed B on informing C informed D

第二点: want 想要; want to do sth. 想做某事; want doing informing 客观需要或缺乏。 keep sb. + 分词; inform v. 通知,告知; inform sb. of

48. Your hair wants _B_. You'd better have it done sth. 通知某人某件事情 tomorrow. A cut B cutting C to cut D being cut keep me informed 使我被告知。 60. The goals _B_ he had fought all his life no longer seemed important to him. A after which D cleaned B for which C with which D at which

注意:want doing 中 doing 表示的是被动含义。 18. This room is so dirty that it wants _A_. A cleaning B to clean C being cleaned

fight with sb. (注意要看整个句子) ; fight with + 工具 用

第三点: mean 意味; mean to do sth. 打算做某事, 意欲… ; 该工具来打仗。 fight for 为…而战。 mean doing 意味着,…的意思是… I fight with him. 我和他打起来了。 I fight with him

25. There's a man at the reception desk who seems very against her. 我和他并肩对付她。 angry and I think he means _B_ trouble. desk 接待台] A making made -------------------------XXXX-XX------------------------55. The children went there to watch the iron tower _D_. A to erect erected watch 看电视用,看比赛用; see 看电影用; B be erected C erecting B to make C to have made [reception 61. I should like to rent a house, modern, comfortable and _B_ in a quiet neighborhood. D having A all in all B above all C after all D over all

all in all 总而言之;above all 首先,尤其是;after all 毕 竟,终究;overall 全面的,总体的 in a word 总之,in short 简而言之,in conclusion 最后,

D being 总之,to sum up 总之,总而言之。 62. _B_ we have finished the course, we shall start doing more revision work. B Now that C Ever since D By now

感官动词 watch, see, hear; 感官动词 + 名词 (代词) + do A For now be erected 强调的是动作的结果; being erected 强调的 是动作的过程。 56. The engine _D_ smoke and steam. A gives up B gives in C gives away D gives off

now that 既然,由于(相当于 since) ; ever since 自从… 以来。 与 that 搭配且后面可以加句子的几个表达形式: now that 既然,由于; in that 因为; except that 除…

give up 放弃; give in 屈服,让步; give off 释放,放出 之外。

except 后面加名词或代词;except that 后面加句子。 63. What you have done is _D_ the doctor’s orders. A attached to contrary to B responsible to C resistant to

67. My camera can be _B_ to take pictures in cloudy or sunny conditions. D A treated B adjusted C adopted D remedied

treat 对待,处理; I’ll treat you. 我请客,应用于真正请客

be attached to 连接,附属; This school is attached to 之前。It’s on me. 应用于结帐时。 Beida. 这所学校附属于北大。 adjust vt. 调整,调节; adopt vt. 收养,领养; remedy

responsible to 对…负有责任; resistant adj. 反抗的,抵 vt. 弥补,补救,修正; 抗的; water resistant 防水的。 be contrary to 与..相反(相违背) 。 64. John regretted _A_ to the meeting last week. A not going B not to go C not having been going 68. A new technique _C_, the yields as a whole increased by 20 percent. A working out B having worked out D to have been worded out

D C having been worked out

not to be going regret doing 后悔做过某事; regret to do sth. 遗憾的做 某事(应用语境非常有限) 。 63. We regret to inform you that the materials you ordered are _B_. A out of work of practice B out of stock C out of reach

yields 产量; work out 作出,推出 关于百分数之前介词的用法 increase to 80 percent 增加到 80% (增加到用 to) increase by 60 percent 增加了 60% (表示增加的幅度用 by) D out 55. Between 1974 and 1997, the number of overseas visitors expanded _A_ 27%. B for C to D in

out of work 失业; out of reach 够不着 within reach 够 A by 得着; out of practice 缺乏练习。

69. Children who are over-protected by their parents

65. They _C_ in spite of the extremely difficult may become _C_. conditions. A carried out forward in spite of 尽管; carry on 坚持,继续。 66. Mrs. Brown is supposed _A_ for Italy last week. A to have left been left be supposed to do sth. 应该(理应)做某事。 B to be leaving C to leave D to have B carried off C carried on D carried A hurt B damaged C spoiled D harmed

spoil vt. 宠坏,溺爱 70. When Mr. Jones gets old, he will _B_ over his business to his son. A take B hand C think D get

take over 接管接收; hand over 移交,交出; think over 仔细考虑; get over 克服,战胜。 -------------------------1991-06-------------------------

37. He’s watching TV? He’s _D_ to be cleaning his room. 41. We had a party last month, and it was a lot of fun, so A known B considered C regarded D supposed let’s have _A_ one this month. A another B more C the other D other

regard as 把…认作

不定代词:1 两者中的一个用 one;另一个则用 the other; 2 很多东西中的一个用 one;

in relation to 与…相比; in contrast to 与…形成对照; in excess of 超过,超出(一定的限定范围) ; in favor of 赞

剩下的所有叫 the others; 3 很多东西中的一个用 one;剩 同,支持。 下的所有里面再拿一个叫 another; 47. Children are very curious _D_. B in person C on purpose D by nature

在剩下的里面再拿一个还叫 another(单数概念) ; 4 很多东 A at heart 西中拿了若干出来用 some;

at heart 在心理,在内心; heart 强调的是内心的感情,

剩下所有叫 others;other 后通常要加可数名词的复数形式; mind 强调的是思维,头脑,soul 灵魂 more 要用在数词的后面 in person 亲自,本人; on purpose 有意的,故意的; by

once more 再来一个(用于很不正式的场合) vravo 再来 nature 生性(天性)使然。 一个(用于正式场合) 48. The match was cancelled because most of the

44. No agreement was reached in the discussion as members _A_ a match without a standard court. neither side would give way to _A_. A the other B any other C another D other A objected to having C objected to have B were objected to have D were objected to having

neither 两者中任意一者都不

58. The man in the corner confessed to _B_ a lie to the

42. It was difficult to guess what her _B_ to the news manager of the company. would be. A impression B reaction C comment D opinion A have told B having told C being told D be told

confess v. 忏悔; confess to 承认,坦白。 49. The teacher doesn’t permit _C_ in class. A smoke smoke permit v. 允许,准许; permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做 某事; permit doing 允许做某事。 B to smoke C smoking D to have a

reaction n. 反应; reaction to 对…作出反应。 43. I decided to go to the library as soon as I _D_. A finish what I did B finished what I did D finished what I was

C would finish what I was doing doing

as soon as 所引导的时间状语从句与主句的时态搭配有一种 -------------------------2000-06------------------------情况是主从句都用一般过去时。 21. As we can no longer wait for the delivery of our order,

45. We are interested in the weather because it _B_ us we have to _D_ it. so directly what we wear, what we do, and even how we A postpone feel. A benefits B affects C guides D effects B refuse C delay D cancel

22. These books, which you can get at any bookshop, will give you _A_ you need. A all the information C all of information B all the informations D all of the informations

affect vt. 影响; effect n. 影响。 46. Will all those _D_ the proposal raise their hands? A in relation to favor of B in contrast to C in excess of

D in 23. Not until the game had begun _C_ at the sports ground.

A had he arrived arrive

B would he have arrived

C did he 29. By law, when one makes a large purchase, he should have _D_ opportunity to change his mind. B urgent C excessive D adequate

D should he have arrived

24. Young people are not _B_ to stand and look at works A accurate of art; they want art they can participate in. [参与,参加] A conservative B content C confident

accurate adj. 精确的; urgent adj. 紧急的,紧迫的;

D generous excessive adj. 过多的,过度的; adequate adj. 充足的,足够的。 30. You will see this product _B_ wherever you go. B advertised C advertise D

conservative adj. 保守的; conservative party 保守党; content adj. 甘愿的,满足的;

confident adj. 自信的, 有信心的; generous adj. 慷慨的, A to be advertised 大方的。 advertising

25. Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been 31. The early pioneers had to _C_ many hardships to unfairly criticized and argue that the power of the settle on the new land. medium is _C_. A granted B implied C exaggerated D remedied A go along with into go through 经历 32. The suggestion that the major _B_ the prizes was B go back on C go through D go

maintain 坚持认为; medium n. 媒体单数,media n. 媒 体复数;

grant vt. 授予, 给予; imply vt. 隐含, 暗示; exaggerate accepted by everyone. v. 夸大,夸张,高估; remedy vt. 弥补,补救,修正。 26. These surveys indicate that many crimes go _A_ by A would present present suggestion, suggest 所引导的句子都用虚拟语气。 should B present C presents D ought to

the police, mainly because not all victims report them. + (动词原形) [victims 受害人] A unrecorded B to be unrecorded 34. Peter, who had been driving all day, suggested _B_ C unrecording at the next town. A to stop B stopping C stop D having stopped

D to have been unrecorded 27. I have no objection _B_ your story again. [object to + 动名词] A to hear have heard B to hearing C to having heard

suggest + doing 也可以 33. Beer is the most popular drink among male drinkers,

D to _A_ overall consumption is significantly higher than that of women. B which C that D what

28. The clothes a person wears may express his _B_ or A whose social position. A curiosity significance status n. 身份,地位; significance n. 意义,重要性; B status C determination

whose 指代的就是他前面的 male drinkers. D 35. I didn't know the word. I had to _C_ a dictionary. A look out B make out C refer to D go over

look up 查阅; look up a word in a dictionary 在字典中

查单词; reference n. 参考书目; reference room 资料室;

before then." A will have gone B had gone C would have gone D

36. The professor could hardly find sufficient grounds has gone _D_ his arguments in favour of the new theory. 当要表达将来的行为在将来的某时间之前完成用将来完成时,

[sufficient 充足的,足够的;grounds 论据;arguments 论 将来完成时结构:will have + p.p. 点] A to be based on D on which to base B to base on 42. You _D_ him so closely; you should have kept your C which to base on distance. A shouldn't follow B mustn't follow D shouldn't have been

base vt. 以…作基础,基于… which 引导从句时,如果从句 C couldn't' have been following 是介词结尾则介词应在 which 之前。 on which (he is) to base following

should have + p.p. 本应该; shouldn’t have + p.p. 本

37. There are signs _A_ restaurants are becoming more 不应该 popular with families. A that B which C in which D whose 43. The growth of part-time and flexible working patterns, and of training and retraining schemes, _D_ women to take advantage of employment

sign n. 迹象; fact n. 事实; evidence n. 证据;后面常 more 加同位语从句来说明具体内容。 同位语从句用 that(不能省略)引导。 38. I think I was at school, _A_ I was staying with a

opportunities. A have allowed B allow C allowing D allows

part-time 兼 职 ; full-time 全 职 ; flexible working

friend during the vacation when I heard the news. [or patterns 弹性工作制; training 培训; else 否则,要不然] A or else B and then C or so D even so retraining 再培训; take advantage 利用; 44. Everybody _A_ in the hall where they were

39. It is said that the math teacher seems _A_ towards welcomed by the secretary. bright students. A partial B beneficial C preferable D liable A assembled B accumulated C piled D joined

assembled 聚集; secretary 书记。

partial adj. 偏袒的,偏爱的(经常与 to 或 towards 搭配) 45. Putting in a new window will _B_ cutting away part of 40. In order to show his boss what a careful worker he the roof. was, he took _C_ trouble over the figures. [figures 数目, A include 数据;extra 额外的,附加的] A extensive B spare C extra D supreme B involve C contain D comprise

involve 引起,与…直接有关 46. Living in the western part of the country has its

41. - "May I speak to your manager Mr. Williams at five problems, _C_ obtaining fresh water is not the least. o'clock tonight?" [the least 最高级] B for which C of which D which

- "I'm sorry. Mr. Williams _A_ to a conference long A with which

42. Living in the central Australian desert has its 主语的前面是部分倒装。 problems, _C_ obtaining water is not the least. [the least 谓语中的一部分通常是指:1、系动词;2、助动词;3、情态动 最高级] A for which B to which C of which D in which 词。 全部倒装的五条原则:

; 47. In the _C_ of the project not being a success, the 1. There be 句型(表示有) investors stand to lose up to $30 million. [in the event of 2. 以 There 或 now 开头的句子,且句子谓语动词为 come 或 万一,如果] A face B time C event D course go; There you go again. 你又去那里了。

in the face of 面对; in the time of 在…时期; in the 3. 以 Here 开头的句子,且句子谓语动词为系动词 be; Here course of 在…期间。 you are. 拿去。

48. The manager would rather his daughter _D_ in the 4. 以副词 out, in, up, down, away 开头的句子; same office. A had not worked D did not work B not to work 在 2、3、4 前提下,如果句子的主语是代词则用陈述句语序。 C does not work 5. 以状语(常见的是地点状语)开头的句子。 部分倒装的六条原则:

would rather + 动词原形; would rather + 句子(用虚 1. so 放在句首时表示承前肯定,这个句子用部分倒装; 拟语气,句子谓语动词用一般过去时) 49. _D_, he does get annoyed with her sometimes. A Although much he likes her her C As he likes her much D Much as he likes her nor, neither 放在句首时表示承前否定,句子也用部分倒装; 2. 省略了引导词 if 的虚拟条件从句,可以把从句中的 had,

B Much although he likes should, could, were 中的任何一个提到从句最前面的位置,构 成部分倒装; 3. as, though 表示“尽管”时引导从句,从句中的表语可以置

如果用 although 引导则应改成: Although he likes her very 于引导词之前构成部分倒装; much, … 系动词后面的部分就是表语,形容词、名词、名词性短语可以

50. The British constitution is _B_ a large extent a 置于系动词之后。 product of the historical events described above. [无论是 在空格前还是后,如果出现了名词 extent 要找介词就着 to] A within B to C by D at 例如:She is beautiful. They are students.

四级考试中出现的是由动词的过去分词转变的形容词作表语的 形式。 26. _B_ as it was at such a time, his work attracted much attention. A Being published B Published C Publishing D To

to a large extent 在很大程度上。

第3课 倒装:倒装有全部倒装和部分倒装。

be published 当题干是 as 引导一个从句, 且 as 前为一个空格时他表示的就

谓语部分所有单词都放在主语前是全部倒装。谓语的一部分放在 是尽管,空格处要填的就是表语。

being published 正在被出版; to be published 将要被出 版。

但强调句式在句中作宾语成分,故正确写法为: what it is that …

此句恢复正常语序应为: As it was published at such a 50. I like watching TV _C_ to the cinema. time … 4. 表示否定含义的单词或短语放在句首,句子用部分倒装; 常见的一些表示否定含义的单词:never, little, few, hardly (… when), scarcely (… when) ; seldom 难得,不常;nowhere 哪里都不。 常见的一些表示否定含义的短语:in no way 决不; on no account 决不; under no circumstances 在任何情况下都不。 A more than to go D rather than to go than 除构成固定短语外就要与比较级搭配,不会单独出现; rather than + 动词原形; 平行结构,遇到平行结构时应做的两步: 1 找出连接词, 2 使要填部分与已给出的对应部分形式完全一 样。 51. I appreciate _D_ to your home. B to have invited C having invited B than going C more than going

5. only + 状语放在句首,句子用部分倒装; (如果 only 去掉就 A to be invited 是全部倒装) 43. Only under special circumstances _C_ to take make-up tests. A permitted are freshmen C are freshmen permitted B freshmen are permitted D are permitted freshmen D being invited

appreciate + 动名词(不能加动词原形,不能加句子) 。 41. I would appreciate _B_ it a secret. A you to keep B your keeping C that you keep D

that you will keep your keeping 动名词的复合结构。 you keeping 也是正确 的。

freshmen 新生; make up for 弥补,补偿; make-up tests 补考(缓考) 。

6. 注意两个表达形式:come what may 无论发生什么情况; 52. I hope my teacher will take my recent illness into say what you will 畅所欲言。 -------------------------1991-06------------------------强调句式的补充内容:被强调部分是疑问词时的情况。 _C_ when judging my examination. A regard B counting C account D observation

take sth. into account 考虑。

60. When I try to understand _C_ that prevents so many 54. Important people don’t often have much free time as Americans from being as happy as one might expect, it their work _C_ all their time. seems to me that there are two causes. A why it does is prevent sb. from doing sth. 妨碍(阻止)某人做某事。 强调部分本为: it is what that prevents so many … 又因为句中有疑问词,应写为: what is it that prevents so ... B what it does C what it is A take away D why it in 55. When I was very young, I was terribly frightened of school, but I soon ___ it. A got off B got across C got away D got over B take over C take up [ 占据] D take

got over it 克服战胜。 56. Many people complain of the rapid _C_ of modern

life. A rate B speed C pace D growth

从句,且从句用 that 引导。 64. He moved away from his parents, and missed them

pace 节奏; rapid pace of modern life 现在生活快节奏。 _A_ enjoy the exciting life in New York. [too … to,太… 57. San Francisco is usually cool in the summer, but Los 而不能…] Angeles _B_. A is rarely B rarely is C hardly is D is scarcely A too much to much so as to B enough to C very much to D

rarely, usually 都是频度副词。 通常频度副词的位置在系动词 65. He was _C_ of having asked such a silly question. 之后,表示实在意思的词前面。 58. The speaker, _D_ for her splendid speeches, was warmly received by the audience. A having known known B being known C knowing A sorry B guilty C ashamed D miserable

guilty adj. 有罪的; be ashamed of 因…而羞愧(不好意 思)的; miserable adj. 悲惨的。

D 66. The last time we had a family reunion was _B_ my brother's wedding ceremony four years ago. B at C during D over

know 没有现在分词; know 用主动形式时只能和两个介词搭 A in 配:of, about。 known for 以…而著名。 60. I couldn’t find _A_, and so I took this one. A a large enough coat C a large coat enough B an enough large coat D a coat enough large

ceremony n. 典礼,仪式。要表达在某典礼(仪式)上用介 词 at。 at the graduation ceremony 在毕业典礼上。 67. What _A_ would happen if the director knew you felt that way? A do you suppose B you suppose C will you suppose

enough 修饰形容词时要放到形容词后面。 61. I always _B_ what I have said. A get to B hold to C lead to D see to

D you would suppose do you supposed 常做插入语。 68. _D_ the advances of science, the discomforts of old

本题所有选项中的 to 都是介词,其后加动词动名词的形式。

hold to 坚守,信守; see to 负责做,处理,照料(后面加 age will no doubt always be with us. [despite prep. 尽管; 的都是某件事情,不加人) as for 关于,至于] B Besides C Except D Despite

62. No sooner had we reached the top of the hill _C_ we A As for all sat down to rest. A when B then C than D until

69. How close parents are to their children _B_ a strong influence on the character of the children. A have B has C having D to have

no sooner … than 一…就… 63. Evidence came up _C_ specific speech sounds are recognized by babies as young as 6 months old. A what B which C that D whose

influence on 对 … 造成影响,很大的影响中形容词用的是 strong。 70. He _A_ when the bus came to a sudden stop. B was hurt himself C was to hurt

evidence 证据、sign 迹象、fact 事实,后面都要带同位语 A was almost hurt

himself

D was hurting himself

A take on

B get on

C put up

D look up

hurt oneself 自残; be to + 动词原形,将要做某事; -------------------------1993-06-------------------------

take on 承担; take on responsibility 承担责任。 47. Having no money but _B_ to know, he simply said he

41. Jean did not have time to go to the concert last night would go without dinner. because she was busy _C_ for her examination. A to prepare being prepared be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事 42. Five minutes earlier, _A_ we could have caught the last train. A and B but C or D an order B to be prepared C preparing A not to want anyone D wanted no one B not wanting anyone C

D to want no one

dinner n. 正餐(多指晚餐) ; supper n. 夜宵,晚餐; breakfast n. 早餐; lunch n. 午餐; brunch n. 早午餐。[but 前后的句子要平衡] 48. We desire that the tour leader _A_ us immediately of any change in plans. B informs C informed D has informed

and 在这里表示一种结果,翻译成“那么(和) ” 。只有两种情 A inform 况下 and 才会这样翻译: 1. 省略句 + and + 句子; 2. 祈使句 + and + 句子。 47. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you _B_ advertisements showing happy balanced families. A are often seeing have often seen B will often see C often see

desire v. 要求, 表要求时后面加句子要用虚拟语气, (should) + 动词原形。 其他同样用法的词还有 ask, demand, request, require. 49. Not _B_, the process of choosing names varies

D widely from culture to culture. A obviously B surprisingly C particularly D

43. I cannot give you _D_ for the type of car you sell normally because there is no demand for it in the market. A an expense B a charge C a purchase D an order not surprisingly 一点也不奇怪。 vary vi. 变化。 vary from … to … 从一种形式变化到另一种形式。 vary between … and … 在两者之间进行变化。

order n. 定购,订单; purchase n. 购买。

45. By the end of this month, we surely _C_ a 29. Features such as height, weight, and skin color _B_ satisfactory solution to the problem. A have found are finding B will be finding C will have found from individual to individual and from face to face. D A change B vary C alter D convert

individual n. 个人,个体; individualism n. 个人主义。

如果一个句子的时间状语是由 by 引导的,则时态要选择完成 44. The hope, goals, fears and desires _D_ widely 时态。 将来的行为在将来的某个时间之前就已完成用将来完成时。 solution to a problem 一个问题的解决方案。 between men and women, between the rich and the poor. A alter B shift C transfer D vary

46. Mr. Wilson said that he did not want to _A_ any 50. A man escaped from the prison last night. It was a further responsibilities. long time _A_ the guards discovered what had

happened. A before B until C since D when

高,调大; turn in + 宾语 上缴,交出; turn down 将声音调低,调

It + 系动词 + 一段时间 + before 引导的句子 在…之前花 小;拒绝; 费多少时间。 refuse sb. 指直接的回绝; turn sb. down 则指委婉的拒

54. Scientists say it may be five or ten years _D_ it is 绝; possible to test this medicine on human patients. A since B when C after D before turn out + 动词不定式 最终证明是,结果是。 57. Many difficulties have _B_ as a result of the change

51. In the experiment we kept a watchful eye _D_ the over to a new type of fuel. developments and recorded every detail. [keep a A risen watchful eye on 密切主意,留神] A in B at C for D on B arisen C raised D arrived

因本句未加宾语,估不应选不及物动词,可排除 C 项; arrive vi. 到达,抵达; rise vi. 升起, 升高 (侧重指旗帜或太阳升起) ; 数量的增高 (侧 重指水位、价位) ;

52. There's little chance that mankind would _D_ a nuclear war. A retain B endure C maintain D survive

the sun rises in the east and sets in the west 太阳东升

retain vt. 保持,保留; endure v. 忍受; maintain vt. 维 西落。 持,保持,坚持认为; arise vi. 升起,升高,出现,发生(经常与抽象名词联用) 。

survive vi. 生存; vt. 活过 … (宾语为某种灾难) 。 survive 69. A completely new situation will _B_ when the a flood 活过一场洪水。 examination system comes into existence. B rise C raise D arouse

前缀 sur 表示过 … ,外,超; vive 表示生活,强调活着。 A arise

54. They usually have less money at the end of the 33. Last year the advertising rate _D_ by 20 percent. month than _C_ at the beginning. A which is B which was C they have D it is A raised B aroused C arose D rose

58. He made such a _D_ contribution to the university that they are naming one of the new buildings after him. B minimum C modest D generous

less … than 句子前后要平衡结构。

55. In the course of a day students do far more than A genuine just _A_ classes. A attend B attended C to attend D attending

name after 以…的名字来命名。genuine adj. 真正的,货 真价实的; genuine leather 真皮; minimum adj. 最低的, 最小的; modest adj. 谦虚谨慎的,

far more than 远远多于, 远不止于; 也要句子前后平衡结构。

56. The French pianist [n. 钢琴师] who had been praised 适度的; very highly _C_ to be a great disappointment. A turned up down B turned in C turned out generous adj. 慷慨的,慷慨大方的(修饰贡献等用这个) 。 D turned 59. Helen was much kinder to her youngest child than she was to the others, _D_, of course, made the others

turn up 后面不加宾语表示出现,后面加宾语表示将声音调 jealous.

A who

B that

C what

D which

severe _B_ by the judge. B sentence C crime D crisis

which 在这里是引导非限定性定语从句, which 引导非限定性 A service 定语从句有 2 个特点:

sentence n. 判决, 判刑; crisis n. 危机; economic crisis

1. which 前面有逗号与其他句子分开。 2. which 指的是前面 经济危机; 整句话的内容。 as 也可以引导非限定性定语从句,指的都是一句话的内容。 68. The residents, _C_ had been damaged by the flood, were given help by the Red Cross. B all whose homes C all of whose

which 指一句话的内容只能置于该句之后, 而 as 既可以在后 A all their homes 也可以在前。 67. _C_ is known to the world, Mark Twain is great American writer. A That B Which C As D It homes

D all of their homes

当给出了句子的主语,且后面有两部分谓语动词,这两部分谓 语动词之间又没有连接词, 时态也不同时,离主语近的谓语动词应为从句的组合成分。

60. In the advanced course students must take 69. You can't afford to let the situation get worse. You performance tests at monthly _B_. A gaps B intervals C length D distance must take _D_ to put it right. A decisions B directions C sides D steps

interval n. 间隔(即可指空间间隔,也可指时间间隔) ,四级 考试中专考时间间隔的概念。 interval 是固定与介词 at 搭配的。

take steps 采取措施,采取行动; take measures 采取措 施; 70. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I _B_

23. Students or teachers can participate in excursions to your advice. lovely beaches around the island at regular _D_. A gaps B rate C length D intervals A follow followed if only 如果,要是...就好了,其后面的句子一定要用虚拟语 气。 1. 如果 if only 后面的句子表示与现在或将来的事实相反,这时 D 谓语动词用一般过去时体现虚拟语气。 2. 如果 if only 后面的句子表示与过去的事实相反,这时谓语动 B had followed C would follow D have

at regular rate 以规则的速度; at regular interval 以规 则的时间间隔; 61. Mr. Johnson preferred _A_ heavier work to do. A to be given having given B to be giving C to have given

64. Our company decided to _D_ the contract because a 词用过去完成时体现虚拟语气。 number of the conditions in it had not been met. A destroy B resist C assume D cancel 47. If only the committee _D_ the regulations and put them into effect as soon as possible A approve approve 如果 if only 后面的句子表示与现在或将来的事实相反,这时 B will approve C can approve D would

65. She is _C_ a musician than her brother. A much of B much as C more of D more as

be of 具有某种性质、品质或特点;

66. Having been found guilty, the man was given a 谓语动词用一般过去时,

也可以用 would + 动词原形。 -------------------------1995-06-------------------------

yards, approximately [ 大 约 ] _B_ from Marathon to Athens [雅典]. B the distance C is the distance D the

42. Mark often attempts to escape _C_ whenever he A distance breaks traffic regulations. A having been fined fined B to be fined B to have been fined distance is

C being 50. You will want two trees about ten feet apart, from _D_ to suspend your tent. A there B them C where D which

escape + 动名词。 44. It is recommended that the project _A_ until all the preparations have been made. A not be started B will not be started

介词 + which + 动词不定式(to do sth.) 整体做定语。 本句可改写为:You will want two tress about ten feet

C is not started apart, to suspend your tent from. 只要见到有介词出现在空格之前,而选项中有 which, them,

D is not to be started

recommend vt. 推荐,建议,后面加句子要用虚拟语气,谓 there, where 等词则应选 which。 语动词的形式:(should) + 动词原形 51. As I was just getting familiar with this job, I had _C_

45. I wish I _D_ longer this morning, but I had to get up to ask my boss. and come to class. A have slept have slept B slept C might have slept D could A many B most C much D more

当 many 没有修饰任何其他词而单独出现时表示很多人。 much 在这里相当于 many things。

wish 后面的句子要用虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反用:情 52. _A_ quite recently, most mothers in Britain did not 态动词 + have + 动词过去分词。 might 经常被翻译成或许。 46. We didn't know his telephone number, otherwise we _D_ him. A had telephoned C would telephone B must have telephoned D would have telephoned take paid work outside the home. A Until B Before C From D Since

until recently 直到最近; not surprisingly 一点也不奇怪。 53. The survival of civilization as we know it is _C_ threat. A within B towards C under D upon

otherwise, or 等表示“否则”的词,后面句子都要用虚拟语 气。 48. While people may refer to television

under threat 受到威胁。 55. In some countries, _D_ is called "equality" [平等]

for does not really mean equal rights for all people. B one C that D what

up-to-minute news [ 最 新 的 消 息 ], it is unlikely that A which television _A_ the newspaper completely. A will replace replaced B have replaced C replace

that 可以引导主语从句,但只做引导词而不充当任何成分。 D 56. I walked too much yesterday and _A_ are still aching now. B my muscles of leg C my leg's

49. An Olympic Marathon [马拉松] is 26 miles and 385 A my leg muscles

muscles

D my muscles of the leg

62. The students was just about to _C_ the questions,

英语中一个名词修饰另外一个名词时第一个名词要用单数。 when suddenly he found the answer apple trees, eye drops A arrive at B submit to C give up D work out

57. Radio, television and press _B_ of conveying news 63. When there are small children around, it is necessary and information. A are the most three common means most common means C are the most common three means most common means 几个词修饰一个名词时修饰词的顺序应为:1. 定冠词 the 应 该放在最前面(离名词最远)的位置; 2. 数词应放在第二位;3. 最后考虑其他形容词。 to put bottles of pills out of _B_. B are the three A hand B reach C hold D place

out of reach 够不着; within reach 够得找。 D are three the 64. The _D_ of blood always makes him feel sick. A form B look C view D sight

form n. 形式, 形状; view n. 风景, 景色/视野, 视域; look 指的是主观有意识的看; sight n. 看见,瞥见(不强调主客观) 。

58. Liquids are like solids _C_ they have a definite 66. Free medical treatment in this country covers volume. A with that B for that C in that D at that sickness of mind as well as _B_ sickness A normal B ordinary C average D regular

三个与 that 的搭配的表达形式:now that, in that [因为], except that。 59. When a fire _C_ at the National Exhibition in London, at least ten priceless paintings were

sickness of mind 精神病; normal adj. 正常的; average adj. 平均的,中等水平的; regular adj. 有规律的,规则的; ordinary sickness 一般

completely 性疾病。 68. Although he had looked through all the reference

destroyed. A broke off B broke down C broke out

D broke up material on the subject, he still found it hard to understand this point and her explanation only _C_ to

break out (火灾、战争)突然发生,爆发;

60. The destruction of these treasures was a loss for his confusion. mankind that no amount of money could _D_. [make up A extended for 弥补] A stand up to make up for 61. Then the speaker _B_ the various factors leading to the present economic crisis. A went after B went into C went for D went on B put up with C come up with turned D 70. It took him several months to ___ the wild horse. A tend B cultivate C tame D breed B amounted C added [add to 增加] D

tame vt. 驯服; breed 强调的是繁殖,侧重指大批量的繁 殖。 It take sb. sometime to do sth. 做某事花了某人多少时

go after 追求,设法得到; go into 谈论,叙述; go for 袭 间。 击/支持; go on 继续。

0 第4课

-- “Did you say that five days _C_ required to

complete that work?” B were C was D is

主谓一致:指的就是给出主语,要求判断谓语动词是用单数还是 A are 复数的问题。 一、就近原则:

3. 表示单数概念的主语,短语,谓语动词,此时谓语动词也用单 数;

指句子的主语由两部分单词或短语构成时,由离谓语动词近的那 因为此结构中短语只是对主语提供附加说明情况,所以谓语动词 部分主语来决定谓语动词的单复数。 只有当以下单词或短语连接主句的两部分时就近原则才适用: 也用单数。 当以下这些标志性的介词或介词短语出现在此结构中时可以不管

1. or 或者; 2. either … or … 不是…就是… ,…或… ; 3. 中间的附加说明情况: neither … nor … 既不…也不… ; with, together with, like, except, besides, in addition to,

4. not only … but also … 不但…而且… ; 5. not … but … 不 rather than, as well as 是…而是… 注意:表示复数概念的主语,短语,谓语动词,此时谓语动词应

例如:主语 1 or 主语 2 谓语动词。 此时由主语 2 决定谓语动 用复数。 词。 4. each, every, either, some, any, no,由以上六个词中任何

10. _C_ either he or his accountants going to claim for 一个所构成的复合代词作主语时; the loss? A Are B Where C Is D Does some 经常构成的三个复合代词: something, somebody, someone;

如果题目改变为:Either he or his accountants ___ going … no 经常构成的三个复合代词: nothing, nobody, no one ; 则应选 A 二、句子谓语动词一定用复数的两种情况: either of + 短语; 5. 通常由 and 连接两部分这种形式做主语谓语动词要用复数,

1. 集合名词做主语, 集合名词没有复数形式, 因为他本身就代表 但在以下两种情况下则应用单数; 一个复数概念。 1> and 连接的两部分指的是同一事物;

常见的几个复合名词: people 人民,人们; police 警察; 2> and 连接的两部分被 no, each, every 中任何一个词修饰时; cattle 牛; poultry 家禽。 2. 表示数量的复数名词 + 不可数名词,整体做主语时 例如: 每位男士和女士都要着装得体。 be supposed to do sth. 理应,应该做某事。

例如:去年出口了八百万顿煤。 Eight million tons of coal Every man and every woman is supposed to dress were exported last year. 三、谓语动词一定用单数的六种情况: properly. 11. Many an airplane _B_ in the exhibition. B has been shown C has shown D

1. 句子的主语是由从句充当的、 动词不定式短语作主语、 动名词 A are shown 短语作主语; 2. 表示时间、重量、长度、价值四方面的词做主语; 399. -- “How many days?” show them

many a(an) 很多,相当于 many; many a(an) + 可数名 词单数,做主语时谓语动词用单数。

6. many a (an) + 可数名词单数,作主语时谓语动词用单数。 45. Corn originated in the New World and thus was not 9. Not only Joan but her sisters _B_ the combination to known in Europe until Columbus found it _A_ in Cuba. the safe which contains the list of the family securities. A being cultivated A have known B know C knows D is knowing cultivated B been cultivated C having

D cultivating

not only … but also … 的一种变形形式,not only … but … 46. The sale usually takes place outside the house, with 另一种变形形式 not only … but … as well the audience _C_ on benches, chairs or boxes. B seating C seated D having

combination n. 密码; combination to the safe 保险箱 A having seated 密码; securities 有价证券。 -------------------------2000-01------------------------been seated

注意:seat 是及物动词,及物动词用主动形式,后面要直接加

41. She ought to stop work; she has a headache because 宾语。 she _A_ too long. A has been reading read had read 过去完成时要与一般过去时搭配。 B had read C is reading Be seated please. 请坐。 英语中只有及物动词才有被动语 D 态。 47. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen _B_ comfortably. B wears C wearing D are worn

has been reading 现在完成进行时:指某行为从过去一点到 A is worn 现在一直在进行。

当 wear 表穿戴时,而句子的主语是被穿戴的东西时,wear

42. Niagara Falls is a great tourist _B_, drawing 是不及物动词,没有被动语态。 millions of visitors every year. A attention arrangement B attraction C appointment 65. The coming of the railways in the 1830s _A_ our D society and economic life. A transformed B transported C transferred D

tourist attraction 旅 游 胜 地 ; attention n. 注 意 力 ; transmitted appointment n. 委任的职位,约会; 字根 trans 在四级中着重考的含义是“从一个地方到另一个地

date n. 日期,约会,枣;表示约会时指的是异性之间的私人 方” 。 约会。 arrangement n. 布置,安排 transform 改革,变革,改变; transport 运输; transfer

blind date 两人第一次见面的约会。 appointment 指公事 转移,移动; 性质的,比较正式的约会。 transmit 传送,播送;疾病的传染,传播; transplant 移

43. I don't mind _B_ the decision as long as it is not too 植。 late. A you to delay making C your delaying to make B your delaying making D you delay to make 48. Some diseases are _D_ by certain water animals. A transplanted transmitted B transformed C transported D

mind 后要加动名词; delay v. 耽搁,延误(后面也要加动 49. Wouldn't you rather your child _B_ to bed early? 名词) A go B went C would go D goes

would rather 的两种用法:1 would rather + 动词原形; 2 would rather + 句子(句子谓语动词用一般过去时体现虚 拟语气) 。 50. Although Anne is happy with her success she

optimistic about 对…持乐观态度。 optional adj. 随意的,任选的,非强制性的; optional courses 选修课; outstanding adj. 卓越的,杰出的; obvious adj. 明显的。

wonders _B_ will happen to her private life. [wonder 后 58. Sometimes I wish I _B_ in a different time and a 面要加疑问词] A that B what C it D this different place. A be living B were living C would live D would

51. The words of his old teacher left a _C_ impression on have lived his mind. He is still influenced by them. [lasting adj. 持 久的,永久的; liberal adj. 开明的,心胸开阔的] A long B lively C lasting D liberal wish 后加的句子一定要用虚拟语气。 与现在事实相反, wish 后的句子经常用一般过去时来体现虚拟 语气。 59. The director was critical _C_ the way we were doing

52. Mike's uncle insists _D_ in this hotel. A staying not B not to stay

C that he would not stay the work. A at B in C of D with

D that he not stay insist 的两种用法:1 insist on … 坚持,坚决要求;

be critical of 对...爱挑剔的,批评。

2 insist + that 引导的从句(从句谓语动词为[should] + 动 60. In a sudden _B_ of anger, the man tore up 词原形) everything within reach. B burst C split D blast

53. We agree to accept _D_ they thought was the best A attack tourist guide. A whatever B whomever C whichever

within reach 够得着; out of reach 够不着; burst 爆发, D whoever 迸发; burst 可以与很多词语搭配表示突然发作: 1 能与人的情绪(喜、怒、哀、乐)搭配; 2 能与掌声、笑

they thought 是插入语,可以不看; tourist guide 导游。 56. Although many people view conflict as bad, conflict is

sometimes useful _C_ it forces people to test relative 声搭配。 merits of their attitudes and behaviors. A by which B to which C in that D so that 61. _D_ she realized it was too late to go home. A No sooner it grew dark than dark that D It was not until B Hardly did it grow

句子的意思是:如果冲突以后能回家反省一下自己是好事情。

in that 因为; conflict n. 冲突; relative merits 相比较 C Scarcely had it grown dark than 而言的优点; so that 以至于。 57. He is _A_ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year. A optimistic B optional C outstanding D obvious dark that

no sooner 在句首时句子要用部分倒装;hardly 要与 when 搭配;scarcely 也要与 when 搭配。 62. In Britain people _C_ four million tons of potatoes

optimistic adj. 乐观的; pessimistic adj. 悲观的; be every year.

A swallow

B dispose

C consume

D exhaust

从本质上来说。

swallow 吞,咽; dispose 去掉,处理,安排; consume 68. _C_ in this way, the situation doesn't seem so 消费,消耗; consumer 消费者; disappointing. B Looking at C Looked at D To be

exhaust 将资源消耗殆尽; 如果与人在一个句子中搭配则表示 A To look at 使人精疲力竭。 looked at

63. I'd _A_ his reputation with other farmers and 70. Some women _D_ a good salary in a job instead of business people in the community, and then make a staying home, but they decided not to work for the sake decision about whether or not to approve a loan. A take into account make out take into account 考虑; make up for 弥补,补偿。 65. She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make it _D_ enough to eat. A mild B slight C light D tender B account for C make up for of the family. D A must make B should have made C would make

D could have made for the sake of 为了… ;为了…的利益; 与过去事实相反时用:情态动词 + have + 动词过去分词; should have + 动词过去分词,表示本应该… -------------------------1997-06------------------------32. You cannot be _B_ careful when you drive a car. B too C so D enough

mild adj. 不辣的; hot adj. 辣的; extra hot 极辣的;

light adj. 清淡的,容易消化的;蛋糕点心等松软的; muffin A very n. 松饼; slight adj. 轻微的,少量的; tender adj. 肉嫩的。

cannot too 在…也不为过,越…越好。 34. Every man in this country has the right to live where

steak n. 牛 排 ; rare 三 成 熟 的 ; medium 七 成 熟 的 ; he wants to _A_ the color of his skin. [regardless of 不 well-done 全熟的;medium rare 五成熟。 管,不顾] B in the light of C by virtue of D

66. We take our skin for granted until it is burned _A_ A regardless of repair. A beyond B for C without D under

with the exception of 35. Housewives who do not go out to work feel they are

take sth. for granted 把什么事当成理所当然的而不重视; not working to their full _B_. beyond prep. 超出 … 的范围。 67. The computer revolution may well change society as _C_ as did the Industrial Revolution. A certainly comparatively B insignificantly C fundamentally A strength B capacity C length D possibility

strength n. 力量, 体力, 实力; capacity n. 才能, 才智 (能 力方面) 。

D 38. The old couple decided to _C_ a boy and a girl though they had three of their own. B bring C adopt D receive

certainly 当 然 的 , 确 定 无 疑 的 ( 主 观 思 想 较 浓 厚 ) ; A adapt insignificantly 没有意义的,无足轻重的;

39. The government is trying to do something to _D_

comparatively 相比较而言的; fundamentally 根本性的, better understanding between the two countries.

A raise

B increase

C heighten

D promote

形式。 the pressure to compete 竞争的压力。

promote better understanding 增进理解。

40. The newspaper did not mention the _A_ of the 49. As teachers we should concern ourselves with what damage caused by the fire. A extent B level C range D quantity is said, not what we think _C_. A have to be said need to say B must say C ought to be said D

extent 作核心名词,表示到…程度了,介词用 to。

41. The soldier was _A_ of running away when the 50. Once environmental damage _A_, it takes many enemy attacked. A accused B charged C scolded D punished years for the system to recover. A is done B is to do C does D has done

be accused of 被指控, 被职责; be charged with 被指控。 51. Studies show that the things that contribute most to 42. Had he worked harder, he _D_ the exams. A must have got through C would get through B could get through a sense of happiness cannot be bought, _B_ a good family life, friendship and work satisfaction. A as for B such as C in case of D in view of

D would have got through

had he worked harder (虚拟语气) = if he had worked harder …

contribute to 对…做出贡献。 52. He will agree to do what you require _D_ him. B from C to D of

与过去事实相反用:情态动词 + have + 动词的过去分词。 A for 45. It seems oil _B_ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take the machine apart to put it right. A had leaked leaking for + 一段时间,做时间状语,谓语动词用完成时态。过去完 成时要与一般过去时搭配。 B has been leaking C leaked

require sth. of sb. 要求某人做某事。 53. The mere fact _A_ most people believe nuclear war

D is would be madness does not mean that it will not occur. A that B which C what D why

fact 后面要加同位语从句。 54. John seems nice person. _C_, I don't trust him. B Therefore C Even so D Though

46. When he arrived, he found _C_ the aged and the sick A Even though at home. A nothing but than 形容词前加 the 表示一类人。 none but 只有,仅有。 B none other C none but

even so 即便如此,尽管如此。 D no other 55. I don't think it advisable that Tom _A_ to the job since he has no experience. A be assigned B will be assigned C is assigned D

47. The pressure _B_ causes Americans to be energetic, has been assigned (should)+ 动 but it also puts them under a constant emotional strain. advisable 后面加句子要用虚拟语气,形式为: A competing B to compete C to be competed D 词原形。 56. _D_, a man who expresses himself effectively is sure

having competed

the right to vote 选举权。 动词不定式作后置定语要用主动 to succeed more rapidly than a man whose command of

language is poor. A Other things to be equal

56. She was glad that her success would ___ for the B Were other things equal women who would follow. D Other things being A make things easier D be easier to make make for 导致,促成;朝某个方向前进,走向那里。 不要选有代词指代不明的选项。A 项中的 things 指的是境况, B make it easier C be easier

C To be equal to other things equal

B 项如果不省略 if 应为:If other things were equal 如果从句用虚拟语气,主句也必须用虚拟语气形式。

other things being equal 在这里是独立主格做条件状语。 境遇。 57. _C_ that my head had cleared, my brain was also 60. We object _C_ punishing a whole group for one beginning to work much better. A For B Since C Now D Despite person’s fault. A against B about C to D for

注意以下三个后面加句子的表达形式:

68. The newest satellite can _A_ a thousand telephone

1 in that 由于,因为; 2 now that 既然,由于; 3 except conversations and a color TV program at the same time. that 除了…之外。 59. By 1929, Mickey Mouse was as popular _B_ children as Coca-Cola. A for B with C to D in A carry B extend C bring D take

carry vt. 传送,传输; extend vt. 延伸,延续(extend to 延伸到,延续到) 。 fetch vt. 去拿来,去请来,去叫来; fetch water 打水。 -------------------------1995-01-------------------------

be popular with + 人的群体 受…欢迎。

60. Because Edgar was convinced of the accuracy of this 41. The grey building is where the workers live, and the fact, he _A_ his opinion. A stuck to B strove for C stuck at D stood for white one is where the spare parts _B_. [spare parts 零 部件] B are produced C produced D

be convinced of 深信,确信; stick to 坚持; strive for A are producing 力求,拼命争取。 being produced

Don’t strive for perfection. 不要凡是都力求达到完美状态。 48. _A_ a teacher in a university, it is necessary to have -------------------------XXXX-XX------------------------48. It’s no use _B_ me not to worry. A you tell having told B your telling C for you to have told at least a master's degree. A To become D becoming master's degree 硕士学位; 当介词 on 后面加动词 ing 形 B Become C One become D On

It's no use + 动名词。 动名词的复合结构,宾格(形容词性 式时表示时间概念“在…之后” 。 物主代词)+ 动名词。 52. If it _A_ too much trouble, I’d love a cup of tea. A isn’t B wasn’t C weren’t D hadn’t been 49. The little man was _C_ more than one metre fifty tall. A nearly B quite C hardly D almost

一般日常用语,用一般时。

hardly more than 不足,不到。

36. The little man was _B_ one metre fifty high. A almost more than more than B hardly more than C nearly

A to dealing

B in dealing

C dealing

D to deal

approach n. 方式,方法; approach to + 动名词。 43. It's already 5 o'clock now. Don't you think it's about

D as much as

53. Medical care reform has become this country's most time _C_? important public health _C_. A question B stuff C matter D issue A we are going home home B we go home C we went

D we can go home

matter 事物,事情; question 有疑而问,并且有待回答的 问题;

it's about time 后面加句子,要用一般过去时来体现虚拟语 气。

questions and answers Q & A 问与答; issue n. 问题 (强 44. Lightning is a _A_ of electrical current from a cloud 调的是政治方面的问题) 。 to the ground or from one cloud to another. [Lightning n.

1999 年前,台湾问题 Taiwan issue;1999 年后,台湾问题 闪电] Taiwan question,态度转变。 60. If you don't like to swim, you _B_ stay at home. A should as well would as well may as well 还是,到不如。 B may as well C can as well A rush B rainbow C rack D ribbon

rush n. 冲撞,冲击,撞击; rainbow n. 彩虹,幻想; rack D n. 支架,挂架; ribbon n. 缎带,丝带,绒带。 46. I've already told you that I'm going to buy it, _A_. B however does it costs much D no matter how it costs

70. They are teachers and don't realize _A_ to start and A however much it costs run a company. A what it takes what takes them start and run a company 创立并经营一家公司。 -------------------------1996-06------------------------B what takes it C what they take D C how much does it cost

however 在这里不表示转折, 而是句子的引导词, 这种情况下 它相当于:no matter how。 意思是,我已经决定要买了,不管多少钱。 47. New York _A_ second in the production of apples,

23. A healthy life is frequently thought to be _D_ with producing 850,000,000 pounds this year. [rank 排名,名 the open countryside and homegrown food. A tied B bound C involved D associated 列第几,强调名列前茅;Big Apple 纽约] A ranked B occupied C arranged D classified

be involved with 牵涉,卷入; be associated with 与... 相关,联系起来。 homegrown food 自家种的食品; wine 葡萄酒; house wine 自家的酒。 虚拟语气 第5课

33. The traditional approach _A_ with complex problems 一、虚拟语气的规则用法: is to break them down into smaller, more easily 1 主、从句都表示与过去事实相反: managed problems. 从句的谓语动词用:had + 动词过去分词;

主句的谓语动词用:情态动词 + have + 动词过去分词。

式:would + 动词原形。

注意:能用于虚拟语气的情态动词只有四个: should, could, 3 当以下动词后加句子时,句子应用虚拟语气,句子谓语动词的 would, might. 形式是: (should)+ 动词原形。

使用哪一个情态动词要由句子含义决定,考试中出现最多的是 a. 表 示 建 议 、 提 议 的 : suggest, advise, propose, could, would. 2 主、从句都表示与现在事实相反: 从句的谓语动词用:动词过去式(如果是 be 则只能用 were) 主句的谓语动词用:情态动词 + 动词原形。 3 主、从句都表示与将来事实相反: recommend, move. [move 只有在表达在会议上提出提议时后面加虚拟语气] b. 表示要求的:ask, demand, require, request, desire. c. 表示指挥、命令的:order, command, direct. d. 表示坚持,坚持认为的:insist.

从句的谓语动词用: were to + 动词原形 (重点) 、 should + 动 4 it is + 第三点中动词的过去分词 + that 引导的从句。 词原形、动词过去式; 主句的谓语动词用:情态动词 + 动词原形。 二、虚拟语气的特殊应用: 这样的结构中从句谓语动词形式为: (should)+ 动词原形。 以下几个形容词置于该结构中时也要用相同的形式来体现虚拟语 气:

1 would rather + 句子,这时句子谓语动词用一般过去时来 important, necessary, essential, obligatory(有义务的,强 体现虚拟语气。 制性的,必须的) 。

2 if only 如果,要是...就好了,if only + 句子,这时句子一 5 第三点中动词相应的名词形式 + that 引导从句,该从句同样 定要用虚拟语气。 有两种形式可以体现虚拟语气: 要用虚拟语气, 谓语动词形式为: (should)+ 动词原形。

a. 如果该句子如果表示与现在或将来事实相反, 谓语动词用一般 经常用于这种结构的词有: suggestion, advice, proposal, 过去时。 recommendation, motion.

b. 如果该句子如果表示与过去事实相反,谓语动词用过去完成 6 以下一些表达方式所在的句子一定要用虚拟语气。 时。 or(表示否则), otherwise, unless, but for(若不是,若非)

70. Look at the terrible situation I am in! If only I _B_ 当遇到含有以上四个表达方式的句子时,先要判断该句是表示与 your advice. A follow followed B had followed C would follow 现在、过去、还是将来事实相反,然后依照相应的虚拟语气规则 D have 用法的形式来确定句子结构。 含有下面三个表达方式的句子体现虚拟语气的形式是固定的:

47. If only the committee _D_ the regulations and put lest(以免,防备), for fear that(惟恐), on condition that(在.. them into effect as soon as possible A approve approve B will approve C can approve 条件下) (should)+ 动词原形。 D would 它们后面句子的谓语动词的形式都是: 7 it is time 是...的时候了。

注意:当 if only 后的句子表示与现在或将来事实相反,该用动 这个结构有以下两种变形形式,所用虚拟语气形式都一样:it is 词过去式来表示虚拟语气,而选项中又没有时,可以采用这种形 high time / it is about time.

这三个结构后面加的句子谓语动词都用一般过去时来体现虚拟语 16. It is a shame that he _B_ that poor little girl! 气。 A deceived B should deceive C deceive D

8 注意以下两种情况下 should + 动词原形中 should 不能省 deceiving 略。 这里 should 表示一种语气,经常被翻译成“竟然” 。 a. 四个动词:think, believe, expect, suspect. 18. Mrs. bliss kept the door and the windows shut lest the noise outside _D_ her son's sleep. [lest(以免, 防备) 后 面句子的谓语动词的形式都是: (should)+ 动词原形] B had interfered with

它们的否定或者疑问形式后面加句子, 句子谓语动词用: should A would interfere with + 动词原形,should 不能省略。 C interfered with

D should interfere with

I don't believe that he should be cheated. 我不相信他也会 -------------------------1996-01------------------------被骗。 b. it is a pity, it is a shame 真遗憾,it is strange 真怪 21. The fifth generation computers, with artificial intelligence, _C_ and perfected now. B have developed C are being

以上三个结构后面加的句子谓语动词用:should + 动词原形, A) developed should 不能省略。 错综时态的虚拟语气 developed

D will have been developed

22. This ticket _C_ you to a free meal in our new

错综时态的虚拟语气即指主句和从句在表达是与什么时态的事实 restaurant. 相反上并不一致(比如主句要表达与现在事实相反而从句要表达 A gives 与过去事实相反) ,这种情况要采用“对号入座”的方法来处理, 即主从句结构分别采用与其表达时态对应的结构。 B grants C entitles D credits

A,B 两项都要加双宾语,结构为:gives / grants sb. sth. entitle sb. to sth. 使某人有权得到某物; credit A to B 相

60. If I hadn’t stood under the ladder to catch you when 信 A 是由 B 造成的。 you fell, you _A_ now. A wouldn't be smiling won't smile B couldn't have smiled 相信飞机失事是由飞行员错误造成的。 Credit the crash to C the pilot's mistake. crash 坠落,坠毁(专指飞机失事) ; collision 碰撞(强调

D didn't smile

。 2. If you had studied the problem carefully yesterday, 两个物体碰撞,如火车、汽车等) _C_. A you won’t find any difficulty now have found any difficulty now C you would not find any difficulty now found any difficulty now we are sorry, very sorry, terribly sorry, awfully sorry. B you would not 23. You _D_ her in her office last Friday; she's been out of town for two weeks. D you have not A needn't have seen C might have seen B must have seen D can't have seen

3. He would be studying at the university now if he _C_ 24. That was so serious a matter that I had no choice but the entrance examination. A passed B have passed C had passed _D_ the police. D should A called in B calling in C call in D to call in

have passed

have no choice but to do sth. 别无选择,只能做...

25. She was so _B_ in her job that she didn't hear anybody knocking at the door. A attracted B absorbed C drawn D concentrated

presence n. 到场,出席; in one’s presence 在某人在场 的情况下。 count on=depend on 指望,依靠,依赖; count up 算出

be attracted by 被…所吸引;be absorbed in 全神贯注 (专 总数; 注)于做… count in 把…算在内; count out 把...排除在外。

be drawn in 被诱骗(诱使)做... ; concentrate on 专注 33. The organization had broken no rules, but _A_ had it 于。 I was simply drawn in. 我是被诱骗上钩的。 acted responsibly. A neither B so C either D both

27. At first, the speaker was referring to the problem of 34. We gave out a cheer when the red roof of the cottage pollution in the country, but halfway in her speech, she came _D_ view. suddenly _B_ to another subject. A committed transmitted switch to another subject 转换话题; switch to another channel 转换频道。 28. It is politely requested by the hotel management that radios _C_ after 11 o'clock at night. [虚拟语气] A were not played did not play B not to play C not be played B switched C favoured D A from B in C before D into

come into view 进入视野,进入眼帘。 cheer n. 欢呼; cheers 干杯; cheer-team 拉拉队; cheer-leader 拉拉队长。英语中为 了…干杯用介词 to 引起。 to your health 为了你的健康干杯; to friendship 为了友 谊干杯。 bottom up 先干了。

D 35. They took _D_ measures to prevent poisonous gases from escaping. B beneficial C valid D effective

29. Although I like the appearance of the house, what A fruitful really made me decide to buy it was the beautiful _D_ through the window. A vision B look C picture D view

take effective measures 采取有效措施。 valid adj. 有效 的,成立的。 36. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true _A_ it comes to

view n. 景色,风景,视野,视域。

30. Cancer is second only _B_ heart disease as a cause classroom tests. of death. A of B to C with D from A when B since C before D after

sure 做定语时表示“可靠的、稳妥的” 。 come to 谈到,提 及。

具有比较意味的形容词都要与介词 to 搭配。

32. The manager needs an assistant that he can _A_ to 37. Careful surveys have indicated that as many as 50 take care of problems in his absence. [in his absence 在 percent of patients do not take drugs _D_ directed. 某人不在场的情况下] A count on B count in C count up D count out A like B so C which D as

drug n. 药品,毒品。 gay adj. 放荡的,快乐的; n. 同性

恋者,尤指男性同性恋。

A to change

B changing

C changed

D change

so 后面加过去分词表示一种程度。 as 后面加过去分词时表示 43. It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have “如同…那样,正如…那样” 。 good manners and _A_ knowledge. B expansive C intensive D expensive extensive

53. I hope all the precautions against air pollution, A extensive _D_ suggested by the local government, will be seriously considered here. A while B since C after D as

extensive adj. 范 围 广 大 的 , 广 博 的 ; knowledge 知识渊博。

expansive adj. 扩张的,面积广阔的; expensive adj. 昂

precautions n. 防治措施; precautions against 防治…的 贵的,高价的。 措施。 intensive adj. 仔细深入的,细致入微的。

after being + 过去分词,注意:after 后面不能直接加过去 54. The patient's health failed to such an extent that he 分词。 was put into _C_ care. B rigid C intensive D tight

38. In developing countries people are _C_ into A tense overcrowded cities in great numbers. A breaking B filling C pouring D hurrying

to such an extent 到如此的程度。 intensive care 特级护 理。 44. Jean doesn't want to work right away because she

pour into 涌入,蜂拥而入。 break into 强行闯入。

39. It's reported that by the end of this month the output thinks that if she _B_ a job she probably wouldn't be able of cement in the factory _A_ by about 10%. [output 产 to see her friends very often. 量] A will have risen been rising 表达将来的行为在将来某时间之前完成用将来完成时。 B has risen C will be rising A has to get D has got 46. A love marriage, however, does not necessarily _B_ much sharing of interests and responsibilities. [a love B were to get C had got D could have

40. If I had remembered _A_ the window, the thief marriage 因相爱而结婚形成的婚姻] would not have got in. A to close closed remember to do sth. 记得要做某事但没做。 B closing C to have closed D having A take over B result in C hold on D keep to

not necessarily 未必; interests n. 利益。 take over 接 管,接收; result in 导致,结果是; hold on 坚持,挺住; keep to 坚

41. There are other problems which I don't propose to 持,遵守。 _A_ at the moment. A go into B go around C go for D go up 47. The ability to store knowledge makes computers different form every other machine _A_ invented. [ever adj. 曾经,以往任何时候] B thus C yet D as

at the moment 目前,现在。 go into 谈论,讨论。

42. Don't get your schedule _C_; stay with us in this A ever class.

48. I'm not sure whether I can gain any profit from the

investment, so I can't make a(n) _C_ promise to help very beginning of next semester. you. A exact B defined C definite D sure A takes effect turns semester n. 学期; president n. 大学校长; take effect 生效,发生效力; take part in 参与,参加; take place=happen 发生; B takes part C takes place D takes

definite: unlikely to be changed 不 可 能 被 改 变 的 ; definite promise 不可能被改变的诺言。 49. I have kept that portrait _B_ I can see it every day,

as it always reminds me of my university days in London. takes turn to do sth. 轮流做某事。 A which B where C whether D when 28. The president made a _A_ speech at the opening

which 在定语从句中除了做主语就是做宾语,when 在定语从 ceremony of the sports meeting, which encouraged the 句中只能做时间状语。 remind sb. of sth. 使某人想起某事。 50. The sports meet, originally due to be held last Friday, sportsmen greatly. A vigorous B tedious C flat D harsh

ceremony n. 典礼,仪式;表达在某个典礼上介词用 at 。

was finally _D_ because of the bad weather. [sports vigorous adj. 强劲有力的,强有力的。 meet=sports meeting 运动会] A set off B broken off C worn off D called off harsh adj. 刺耳的,令人不愉快的; flat adj. 平淡无奇的; tedious adj. 冗长无聊的。 29. It is useful to be able to predict the extent _C_ which

-------------------------1997-01-------------------------

21. Until then, his family _D_ from him for six months. a price change will affect supply and demand. [extent to] A didn't hear D hadn't heard B hasn't been hearing C hasn't heard A from B with C to D for

30. Finding a job in such a big company has always been

until then 直到那时。 hear from sb. 收到某人的来信,得 _D_ his wildest dreams. 到某人的消息。 22. The conference _B_ a full week by the time it ends. A must have lasted D has lasted 见到介词 by 引导的时间状语,谓语动词就应是完成时态。 24. Physics is _B_ to the science which was called natural philosophy in history. A alike B equivalent C likely D uniform B will have lasted A under B over C above D beyond

beyond one’s wildest dreams 做梦也想不到。

C would last 31. It is not easy to learn English well, but if you _C_, you will succeed in the end. A hang up B hang about C hang on D hang onto

hang on 坚持,继续下去。 32. It is reported that _C_ adopted children want to know who their natural parents are. B most of C most D the most of

be alike to sb. 对于某人来说均是一样的。 be equivalent A the most to 相当于。 All tastes are alike to him. 所有味道对他来说都一样。 27. The new appointment of our president _A_ from the

most 单独出现的时候有两种词性要考虑: 1 adv. 非常; 2 adj. 大多数的。 the most 后面加多音节的形容词或副词构成该句的最高级。

most of + 名词,表示这些名词中的大多数。 make the 40. Great as Newton was, many of his ideas _C_ today most of 充分利用。 and are being modified by the work of scientists of our

34. _D_ before we depart the day after tomorrow, we time. should have a wonderful dinner party. [Were they to A are to challenge arrive=If they were to arrive] A Had they arrived arriving B Would they arrive C Were they challenged B may be challenged C have been

D are challenging

as 表示“尽管”时引导从句,从句中的表语可以放在引导词之 前构成部分倒装。

D Were they to arrive

35. The strong storm did a lot of damage to the coastal 41. Please be careful when you are drinking coffee in villages: several fishing boats were _A_ and many case you _D_ the new carpet. houses collapsed. A wrecked B spoiled C torn D injured A crash B pollute C spot D stain

pollute vt. 污染; spot n. 地点, 场所, 斑点, 污点;v. 使…

collapse vi. 倒塌,坍塌; wreck vt. (船只)遭到破坏。 上有斑点、污点。 torn 原形是 tear,n. 眼泪,vt. 撕裂,撕开。 spotted dog 斑点狗。 stain v. 弄脏,玷污,染色。

37. As _B_ announced in today's papers, the Shanghai 59. The tomato juice left brown _A_ on the front of my Export Commodities Fair is also open on Sundays. A being B is C to be D been jacket. A spot B point C track D trace

注意两个非限定性定语从句的引导词:as, which。 which 在做非限定性定语从句引导词时有两个特点:

42. I'd rather read than watch television; the programs seem _B_ all the time. B to be getting worse C to have got

1 which 前要有逗号与前面句子分开; 2 which 引导非限定性 A to get worse 定语从句指的是前面整句话的内容。 只要引导非限定性定语从句 as 和 which 都指一句话内容,区别 worse

D getting worse

all the time 始终,一直。

在于 which 只能放在它所指那句话的后面,而 as 可以在前面也 43. Convenience foods which are already prepared for 可以在后面。 cooking are _D_ in grocery stores. B approachable C probable D available

38. You see the lightning _A_ it happens, but you hear A ready the thunder later. A the instant an instant the instant=as soon as 一…就… 39. The manager lost his _B_ just because his secretary was ten minutes late. A mood B temper C mind D passion B for an instant C on the instant

convenience foods 方便食品; instant coffee/noodle 速 D in 容咖啡/速食面。 ready adj. 准备好的; approachable adj. 可接近的,平 易近人的,亲切的。 probable adj. 可能的; available adj. 可获得的,可利用 的,可支配的。 44. When I caught him _A_ I stopped buying things there and started dealing with another shop.

lose one’s temper 发脾气。

A cheating

B cheat

C to cheat

D to be cheating

都有完整的谓语呢?

45. It is important that enough money _A_ to fund the 1 两个句子中间有连接词连接; project. A be collected B must be collected 2 这两个句子是主从句关系(主从句之间一定要有句子引导词来 。 C was collected 引导) 10. Walter offered us a lift when he was leaving the office,

D can be collected

46. Some old people don't like pop songs because they but our work _A_, we declined the offer. [declined v. 婉 can't _C_ so much noise. A resist B sustain C tolerate D undergo 言谢绝] A not being finished B not having finished D was not finished

tolerate vt. 忍受,容忍; undergo vt. 经历,遭受。

C had not been finished

48. _C_ one time, Manchester was the home of the most 42. A survey was carrie3d out on the death rate of productive cotton mills in the world. [at one time 曾经, new-born babies in that region, _D_ were surprising. 一度] A On B By C At D Of [survey 调查] A as results B which results C the results of it D

49. _A_ it or not, his discovery has created a stir in the results of which scientific circles. A Believe B To believe C Believing D Believed 51. All flights _D_ because of the snowstorm, many passengers could no nothing but take the train. [having been canceled 这里是独立主格作原因状语] B have been canceled

believe it or not 信不信由你。 creat a stir 引起轰动。

50. Mr. Morgan can be very sad _C_, though in public he A had been canceled is extremely cheerful. A by himself individual B in person C in private C were canceled

D having been canceled

D as -------------------------1999-01------------------------46. _A_ the calculation is right scientists can never be

in public 在公众面前; in private 私下单独一个人的时候。 sure that they have included all variables and modeled them accurately. [variable n. 变项,变量;model vt. 建模] A Even if 第6课 关于逗号的一些知识 原则:逗号没有能力连接两个单独的句子。 B As far as C If only D So long as

even if 即使,即便; so long as (后面加句子时)只要。 47. My train arrives in New York at eight o'clock tonight. The plane I would like to take from there _B_ by then. B will have left C has left D had left

如何区分短语与句子?一个结构如果有完整的谓语部分就是句 A would leave 子。

将来完成时:will have + 动词过去分词。

何为完整的谓语部分?如果能判断出一个结构的时态就可以称这 49. Harry was _A_ by a bee when he was collecting the 个结构为完整的谓语部分。 honey. B stuck C bitten D scratched

在什么样的情况下一个逗号可以将句子分成两部分,而这两部分 A stung

sting v. (蜜蜂)叮,蛰; bite v. (蚊子等)咬; scratch 同一个句子中时表示“除…之外” 。 vt. 抓伤,划破(通常指猫抓人) 。 once bitten, twice shy. 一朝被蛇咬,十年怕井绳。 50. The thief tried to open the locked door but _B_. A in no way B in vain C without effect 66. In no country _A_ Britain, it has been said, can on experience four seasons in the course of a single day. A other than B more than C better than D rather

D at a loss than

in vain 徒劳, 白费工夫; But 很少与介词 without 联用; at 63. My father seemed to be in no _A_ to look at my a loss 不知所措。 school report. B emotion C attitude D feeling

52. _B_ seeing the damage he had done, the child felt A mood ashamed. A By B On C At D For

be in no mood to do/doing sth. 没有情绪(心情)做什 么事情。 67. I'm sorry I can't see you immediately; but if you'd

on 后面加动词 ing 形式表示“在…之后”这个时间概念。

54. Research findings show we spend about two hours like to take a seat, I'll be with you _B_. [in a moment 马 dreaming every night, no matter what we _C_ during the 上,立即(它作为时间状语时一定与将来时态搭配) = in an day. A should have done done B would have done instant.] C may have A for a moment D at the moment B in a moment C for the moment

D must have done

should have + 动词过去分词,表示本应该做; may have 68. The trumpet player was certainly loud. But I wasn't + 动词过去分词,表示可能做过; bothered by his loudness _D_ by his lack of talent.

与过去事实相反的虚拟语气主句谓语动词的表达形式可能用 [trumpet 小号] 到:would have + 动词过去分词。 must have + 动词过去分词,表示对过去行为进行肯定推测。 表示一定做过; A than B more than C as D so much as

当否定词 not 与 so much as 出现在同一句子中时,它们的含 义是:与其说…不如说…

can't have + 动词过去分词,表示对过去行为进行否定推测, 70. Our journey was slow because the train stopped _D_ 表示不可能做过。 at different villages. B gradually C continuously D

56. This crop does not do well in soils[各种土壤] _B_ the A unceasingly one for which it has been specially developed. A outside B other than C beyond D rather than continually

unceasingly adv. 不停止地, 不休止地; gradually adv. 逐

outside prep. 在…外边; rather than 而不是(肯定前者, 渐地,逐步地;= step by step. 否定后者) 。 continuously adv. 连续不断地; continually adv. 时

beyond prep. 超出…的范围; beyond his wildest dreams 断时续地。 超出他最狂野的梦想。 -------------------------1994-01-------------------------

other than 不同于,而非,当它与否定词 no 或 not 出现在 43. Frankfurt, Germany, is in one of the most _A_

populated regions of Western Europe. A densely B vastly C enormously D largely

businesses large and small. A feeling B feel C felt D to be felt

densely populated 人口分布稠密; sparsely populated 人口分布稀疏。

考试中常见的几个使役动词:make, get, keep, leave. 考试中的形式:使役动词 + sb.(sth.) + ___ 此时空格处应

52. _D_ of the two books holds the opinion that the 填分词 danger of nuclear war is increasing. A None B Either C Both D Neither 具体是要填现在还是过去分词由空格前的 sb.(sth.)决定, 如果它是动作的发出者则填现在分词,如果它是动作的承受者

none 表示的是三者或三者以上都不; either 表示的是两者之 则填过去分词。 间任意一者。 -------------------------1999-06-------------------------

55. Beethoven is my favorite musician. I regard him as 41. He came back late, _B_ which time all the guests had _A_ other musicians. A superior to to B more superior than already left. C more superior A after B by C at D during

D superior than

介词 by 引导时间状语时一定与完成时态搭配。

注意: 具有比较意味的形容词只需要与 to 搭配, 而无须 more, 45. His remarks left me _D_ about his real purpose. than。 A wondered B wonder C to wonder D wondering

58. She is a very _D_ secretary: she never forgets 49. Although they plant trees in this area every year, the anything or makes a mistake. A anxious B effective C adequate D efficient tops of some hills are still _D_. A blank B hollow C vacant D bare

anxious adj. 忧虑的,焦虑的; anxiety n. 焦虑,忧虑; effective adj. 有效的; take effective measures 采取有效的措施; adequate adj. 充足的,足够的;= surficient. efficient adj. 效率高的,能胜任的。 64. The computer has brought about

blank adj. 空白的(因为没写字而空白) ; hollow adj. 空心 的,中空的; bare adj. 光突突的(山上没有树和草) ;没带首饰的; bald adj. 秃顶的。 50. Being a pop star can be quite a hard life, with a lot of

surprising travelling _D_ heavy schedules. B as to C in relation to D owing to

technological changes _B_ we organize and produce A with regard to information. A in a way B in the way C in that way

owning to = due to 因为。 D in no way 52. William Penn, the founder of Pennsylvania, _C_ defended the right of every citizen to freedom of choice in religion. D by the way A peculiarly B indifferently C vigorously D

in the way 引导句子时表示“在...方面” 。 170. Please move this chair, it is _A_. A in the way B on the way C in a way

in the way 在没有引导句子时表示“挡路的,妨碍某人的” 。 inevitably 67. In Australia the Asians make their influence _C_ in peculiar adj. 奇特的; indifferently adv. 冷漠地,不积极

地;

还可以表示“恰在此时”或“刚…就…”

vigorously adv. 强有力的,强劲有力的; inevitably adv. 68. The project _C_ by the end of 2000, will expand the 不可避免地,必然地。 city's telephone network to cover 1,000,000 users. B being accomplished D having been accomplished

60. We have been told that under no circumstances _A_ A accomplished the telephone in the office for personal affairs. A may we use we use B we may use C we could use

C to be accomplished

D did 69. _C_ evidence that language-acquiring ability must be stimulated. B It is C There is D There being

61. In previous times, then fresh meat was in short _D_, A If being pigeons were kept by many households as a source of food. [in short supply 供应不足] A store B provision C reserve D supply

evidence 表示“证据” ,最大的特点是后面经常带同位语从句 说明证据的内容。 language-acquiring ability 语言习得能力。 evidence 不

in previous times 从前; fresh water 淡水; fresh meat 用在“it is …”这种结构当中。 鲜肉; dove n. 鸽子; 64. After the guests left, she spent half an hour _C_ the

bean curd 豆腐; Bible 圣经; bible 具有权威性的书; sitting-room[客厅]. God 上帝; god 神。 A ordering B arranging C tidying up D clearing

62. As Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces, I have away directed that all measures _C_ for our defense. A had been taken to be taken B would be taken C be taken order vt. 命令;订购;整理,使有条理性; order one's D thoughts 整理思路,整理思绪; arrange v. 布置,安排; tidy up 整理,使整洁(后面通常

以下几个表示 “指挥, 命令” 的动词: order, command, direct. 加某个房间) ; 在引导宾语从句时从句要用“(should) + 动词原形”来体现 虚拟语气。 clear away 把…清除掉。 67. A lorry[卡车] _A_ Jane's cat and sped away. B ran into C ran through D ran down

63. A thief who broke into a church was caught because A ran over traces of wax, found on his clothes, _A_ from the sort of candles used only in churches. A had come B coming C come D that came

run over 撞 倒并碾 过; run into 不期然 地遇到 ; run through 贯穿(多用于抽象事物) ; run down 贬低; run down one's opinion.

65. I was _B_ the point of telephoning him when his 70. Those gifts of rare books that were given to us were letter arrived. A to B on C at D in deeply _A_. A appreciated B approved C appealed D applied

to the point of 到了…程度; on the point of doing sth. 正 要做某事情; at the point of 在某点上; when 除了表示“当…时候”外,

rare books 珍藏本的书籍; appreciate 重视,欣赏,感激; approve 批准,通过,赞成; approve of 赞成,满意; apply 应用,运用;

appeal 呼吁(表示此意义时它经常于 for 搭配) ;申诉,上诉 time. (表示此意义时它要于 to 搭配) 。 -------------------------XXXX-XX------------------------15. Will you _C_ coming to dinner with me? A have the pleasure of C do me the pleasure of B give the pleasure in D take pleasure in A left off B left out C left to D left up

leave off 停止,中断; leave out = omit 遗漏; 43. Education does not _D_ simply _D_ learning a lot of facts. A consist; of B consist; from C consist; for D

pleasure n. 荣幸; 第二选项的正确形式应为:give me the consist; in pleasure of C 选项也可写为:do me the favor(favour) of consist of 包括; consist in(抽象意义的)在于 = lie in 在于。

18. _C_ Goul had said it, he knew what a mistake he had 49. There is no tree _A_ bears some fruit. made. A at once B No sooner C The moment D Hardly A but B which C that D unless

but 用 在 否 定 句 中 并 且 后 面 引 导 一 个 句 子 时 相 当 于

以下几个引导词都可以表示“一 … 就 … ” : as soon as, the “that...not” 。 instant, the moment. 本句可改写为这种形式:There is no tree that does not

25. Norin received a bad wound _B_ the leg when he was bears some fruit. shot at. A on B in C at D of 50. “Will you be able to finish the job this week?” “_D_.” A I don’t know so B I can’t say so C I’m not sure so

表示身体某一部位受伤用介词 in。 hit sb. in the face 打某 D I don’t expect so 人一个耳光。 28. Cork was angry; _D_ he listened to me. A and B but C so D nevertheless I don't expect so 恐怕不行。 394. “I hope that John will play basketball tomorrow.” “Yes, I _D_.” A hope it too B hope too C hope that too D hope

cork n. 软木塞。 nevertheless conj. 尽管如此。

34. That _A_ instrument can record even very slightly so too changes. A delicate B feeble C sensible D feasible 395. “I slipped on the stairs. I think my arm is broke.” “Oh, I _D_.” B do not hope C hope not so D

instrument n. 仪器, (弹奏的) 乐器; delicate instrument A do not hope so 精密仪器。 delicate adj. 精密的,准确的; feeble adj. 软弱的,无力 的; sensible adj. 明智的; hope not

肯定用:I hope so. 否定用:I hope not. 51. She died when she was ninety, not of old age, but

sensitive adj. 敏感的; be sensitive to 对 … 很敏感; _B_ head injury when she fell down a flight of stairs. feasible adj. 可行的,行得通的。 40. Let’s begin the lesson at the place where we _A_ last A of B from C with D for

die of 表示因年老,疾病或饥饿而死亡; die from 指因为受

伤而死亡。

drive sb. mad(crazy) 使某人发疯。

57. You have no busniess _D_ to me the way you did the 114. We are bound _B_ with difficulties in our English other day. A to be talked B being talked C to talk D talking study. A to have met B to meet C meeting D having met

have no business doing sth. 没有理由(权利)做某事。

be bound to do sth. 一定会做某事。

132. _B_ day Bill was starting his motor-bike when his 118. Everyone assumed what he said _B_ based on sister Mary came out and asked for a lift. [the other day facts. 几天前] A Some B The other C Another D On one A is B to be C were D being

assume sb.(sth.)to do sth. 想当然的认为某人(某事物) 要做某事。 assume + that 引导的从句。 129. The shape of Italy on a map has often been

65. I’d just as soon _A_ rudely to her. A you didn’t speak B that you don’t speak D you hadn’t speak

C that you won’t speak

wish, would rather 后面加句子,句子谓语动词用一般过去 compared _C_ a long Wellington boot. 时。 would just as soon 的用法与 would rather 完全相同。 69. Which screw do you want? _A_ will do. A Any one B Not one C Everyone D Anyone A as B with C to D against

compare 与 with 搭配,表示将 A 与 B 进行比较; compare 与 to 搭配,表示将 A 比作 B。 130. Since everyone would like to find an apartment

any one 任何一个(指事物) ; no one 没有人; everyone near the university, there are very few _C_ apartments 每个人; anyone 任何人。 73. I suppose you’re not serious, _C_? A don’t you B do I C are you D aren’t you in the area. A free B empty C vacant D reserved

vacant adj. 空闲的。 144. I know Jonathan quite well and never doubt _B_ he

主、从句整体变反意疑问句时通常都与主句保持一致。

但 suppose, think, believe, imagine 这四个动词后面加了 can do a good job of it. 宾语从句, 然后对整个句子来变反意疑问句时反意疑问句部分与从句保持 一致。 82. The chair belongs _B_ the corner. A to B in C on D with A whether B that C when D what

doubt + whether 引导的从句, 怀疑是否… ; doubt + that 引导的从句。对...真的有疑虑。 156. Let bygones be bygones. Don’t _D_ so much on the past. B lay C dwelt D dwell

belong to 属于(表示归属关系) ; belong in 在…有适当的 A lie 位置。 94. The terrible noise is _B_ me mad. A turing B driving C setting D putting

let bygones be bygones. 让过去的过去吧。 dwell vi. 居 住; dwell on 老是想着… 162. Intellect is to the mind _B_ sight is to the body.

A which

B what

C where

D but

disconnected weigh vt. 斟 酌 , 考 虑 ; interested adj. 有 兴 趣 的 ;

what 这时连接两个句子,表示“有如”或“就像…一样” 。

what 只有用在这种“A 对于 B 来说就象 C 对于 D 一样”句型 disinterested adj. 公正的,无私的; 当中时。 uninterested adj. 不感兴趣的; disconnected adj. 分离

Air is to man what water is to the fish. 空气对于人类来 的,不连贯的。 说就象水对于鱼来说一样重要。 165. His honesty is _D_, nobody can doubt it. A in question question B beside the question 217. Although he sometimes lost his temper, his pupils liked him _D_ for it. B not so little C no more D no less

C out of the A not so much

D without question

lose one’s temper 发脾气。

in question = under discussion 正在讨论中的; beside 222. Wise men seek after truth, _A_ fools desire the question 离题,与题无关; knowledge. B or C as well as D hence

out of the question 不可能的; out of question 没有问 A whereas 题的,毫无疑问的;

whereas conj. 反之,但是。

without question 没 有 问 题 的 , 毫 无 疑 问 的 = out of 239. Water and air are _D_ to living. question. A independent B initial C dependent D

172. Nearly all major cities in the US are crime-ridden. indispensable New York is _A_. A a case in point the case of a case in point 有说服力的例子。 185. “Frank is up late working again.” B a case to point C the case be indispensable to 至关重要的,不可或缺的; D in 240. This report throws light _B_ the situation. A in B on C with D to

throw light on 把光投到…上去, (引申)清楚的阐述。 246. _B_ that we will go abroad. B Chances are C The most likely D

“This is the third time this week he’s had to study A It’s like late, _A_?” A isn’t it B hasn’t it C isn’t he D hasn’t he

Chances will be chances are 很有可能… ; chances were 很有可能… 253. Is there any chance _B_? B whatsoever C wherever D

这里 it 是代词,指代前面整句话的内容。

表示“第几次做某事”变成反意疑问句经常用 it 指代整句话的 A whichever 内容。 252. This is the first time that he has felt really relaxed for months, _B_? A hasn’t he B isn’t it C isn’t he D hasn’t it whenever

whatsoever 经常放在一些名词后面作后置定语,表示“任何 的”或“丝毫的” 。 whatsoever 作后置定语通常放在有 any 的, 或者是否定的句 子中。

191. A judge must be _B_ when weighing evidence. A interested B disinterested C uninterested

D 262. She is so clever as to speak several foreign

languages, not to _D_ of English. A say B tell C read D speak

directly adv. 直接的; conj. 一…就… ,一当…时候。 表示“一…就…”的几个短语:as soon as, the instant, the moment, directly. 323. The cat is, _D_, a member of the family. B no wonder C as a fact D so to

not speak of 更不用说 = not to mention 270. What he did was _C_ than a practical joke. A anything else else practical joke 恶作剧; nothing else than 只不过,仅仅。 B or else C nothing else

D more A as to speak speak

so to speak 可以这么说。

283. I’ll be away for about six months but you can write 335. “What can I do for you?” “If you _C_ see Mr. Keller, to me _A_ my brother. A in care of care of in care of 由…转交。 = C/O 284. Correct the errors, _D_, in the sentence. A if there will be any have any D if any B if there are some B by care of C with care of give him my regards.” D under A would B will C should D shall

regard n. 关心,致意,问候,考虑; 356. The Mayor and Corporation of Hamelin were _A_ for some way of ridding the town of rats. [The Mayor and C if they Corporation 市长和市政当局] A at their wit’s end B at their wits end C in their wit ’s

if any 是一个口语中经常加的插入语成分,表示“如果说有… end 的话” 。

D for their wits end

at one's wit's end 智穷才竭,黔驴技穷。

288. There is no point _C_ in a dangerous place if you 383. I think your sister is old enough to know _B_ to can’t do anything _C_ the people who have to stay here. spend all her money on fancy goods. A remaining … helping C in remaining … to help B to remain … to help D in remaining … helping A other than than know better than 明白事理而不至于做… 417. The police looked _B_ the past record of the B better than C rather than D more

there is no point in doing sth. 做某事也是毫无意义; 这 里 point 表示“作用,用途” 。

291. Do most of us seeing people grasp casually the suspect. outward features of a face and _D_? A let it alone at that B let alone C let well alone D let it go A in B into C for D of

suspect v. 猜疑,怀疑; n. 嫌疑犯。 look for 寻找; look in 顺便看望, 顺便拜访; look into 观

seeing people 视力健全的人; casually 随意地,随便地; 察,调查。 let is go at that 表示“不去多操心,不再多说,随它去了” 。 -------------------------FINISH------------------------316. The policemen went into action _C_ they heard the alarm. A presently B promptly C directly D quickly


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