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八年级下册6单元笔记


Unit 6 语言基础知识: 1.shoot →shot →shot v. ① 射击(中)② 开枪 (1)shoot sb./sth. “射中,击中” (2)shoot at sb. /sth. “朝…开枪” e.g. The boy is shooting birds. 2. (1)move sth. “搬/移某物” (2)move the mountains “移山” (3)move to sp “搬到某地 earth n. ① 泥土② 地球 1. send →sent→sent vt. ① 发送,邮寄② 提醒 send sb. to do sth. “派某人做某事” 2. move v.① 搬(移、挪)动② 感动 moved adj. “感动的”moving adj. “令人感动的” be moved by sb./sth. “被…所感动” 3. remind vt. ① 使…想(记)起② 提醒 (1)remind sb. of sth. “使某人想起…” (2)remind sb. to do sth. “提醒某人做…” (3)remind sb. 实从“提醒某人…” e.g. The old photos remind me of my childhood . 7. This /Here is what I said .“这是我所说的话” 8. work on (doing)sth. “从事/忙于(做)…” 9. solve a /the problem “解决问题” 7.(1) a good way to do sth. “做某事的一个好的方法” (2) many other ways “许多其它的方法” 8. a bit of U “一点,少量” a bit of milk “少量牛奶” 9. 有点, 稍微(四个程度 adv.) kind of = a little= a bit= a little bit adj./adv. a little bit silly “有点愚蠢” 10.seem adj. = seem to be adj.“似乎…” (1)seem to do sth. “似乎做…” (2)It seemed /seems that 句子 “似乎…”
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14.(1) keep doing sth. “坚持做某事” (2)give up (doing)sth. “放弃(做)某事” 15.posstble adj.可能的→impossible adj.不可能的 Anything is possible. “一切皆有可能” as soon as possible “尽可能快”位于句未。 as much as possible “尽可能多”位于句未。 16.(1)instead adv. “反而,取而代之”位于句首或句末做状语。 (2)instead of n./pron/ving.“代替,取代” 17. neither pron.“两者都不”→(反)both “两者都” neither …nor…“即不…也不/两者都不”① 用来连接两个并列成分 ② 连接两个词做主语时,谓语动词遵遁就近原则。e.g. Neither you nor he is right. 18.called = named 名字“叫做…”过去分词做后置定语。 19. for the firet time “第一次”常位于句未。 20. be new to sb. “对于某人是新鲜的/陌生的” 21. main character “主要角色” 22. tradition n. 传统→traditional adj. 传统的 23.have/has 过去分词,构成现在完成时态。 24. different opinions “不同的观点” 25. be/become interested in …“对…感兴趣” 26. fight bad people “和坏人斗争” 27. at other times “在其他时候” 28. 29. 5 monkeys “5 只猴子” →exciting adj. donkey “驴” (1)excite vt. 使…激动(兴奋)→excited adj. (2) excite sb. “使某人激动” e.g. The movie excites us. (3) be excited about …“对…感到兴奋” 30. 31. 32. hide sb./sth. “藏起…” come out ① 出来② 出版,发行,推出③ 开花,结果 (1)east “东”west“西”south “南”north “北”变 adj.时加 ern . hide his tail. “藏起他的尾巴”

(2) west n.“西部→western adj.“西方的” (3) western
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29.

(1)the 形容词,表示某一类人。做主语时,谓语动词用复数形式

(2)the weak = weak people “弱者” (3)the young= young people “年轻人” (4)the blind =blind people “盲人” 30. 31. one of the 最高级 复 n. “最…之 状语从句

(1)unless = if not “除非,如果不”引导条件状语从句,时态:主将从现, 主过从过。 e.g. ① You won't get good grades unless you study hard. ② We will go hiking unless it rains tomorrow. (2) “如此…以至于…” so (程 adj.)adj./adv. that 结果状语从句 such (adj.) n. that 结果状语从句 .① Tom is ② Tom such a clever boy that the teachers like him. is so clever that the teachers like him.

so many/much n.“如此多” e.g. There were so many people that we couldn't have fun at the party. so few/little n. “如此少” (3)“一…就…”as soon as 引导时间状语从句,时态:主将从现,主过从过。 e.g. I will call you as soon as he comes. (4)too adj./adv. to do sth. “太…而不能” …enough to do sth. “足够…可以做” not …enough to do sth. 不够…不能做.. e.g. He is too young to go to school 32. =He is so young that he can't go to school=He isn't old enough to go to school. have (no)time to do sth. “(没)有时间做某事” 37. fall in love with …“(突然)爱上…” 38. mouse →(pl)mice n. 老鼠 39. can't help / stop doing sth. “忍不住做某事” 40. 41. the new couple “一对新婚夫妇”做主语时谓语动词用复数形式。 fit v. 适合,adj. 健康的 “很适合某人”
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(1)fit sb. /sth. “适合…” (2)fit sb. well/fine

42.

smile

v. n. “微笑”

smile at sb. “朝某人微笑” with a smile “带着微笑”,句首或句末。 43. marry vt. ① 嫁娶② 结婚→married adj. 结婚的 (1)marry sb. “嫁/娶某人,和某人结婚” (2)be /get married to sb. “和某人结婚” 44. gold u. “金子(币)”-----golden adj. c. “丝绸”→silky adj.“如丝绸般的” 45. silk

46. an emperor “一个国王” 47. cheat sb. “欺骗某人” 48. once upon a time = long long ago “很久以前”用在讲故事的开头。 49. wife →(pl.) wives n. “妻子” 50. sound stupid “听起来愚蠢” 41. all adj. “所有的,全部的” whole adj. “整个的,全部” 一般情况下可以互换,与限定词之间的位置不同,另外,whole 不能修饰 u. (1) the whole family = all the family “整个家庭” (2) all day = the whole day “整天” (3) all my books =my whole books “我所有的书” 42. plan v. n. 计划,安排→(P)planned→(现分)planning plan to do sth. = make a plan to do sth. “计划做某事” 43.save vt.① 拯救② 节约(省)③ 积攒 (1)save sb. “拯救某人” (2)save money “省(攒)钱” (3)save water “节约用水” 44. in the sun / moonlight “在阳光/月光下” 55. along the way “沿途,一路上” 56. be /get lost 30.57. 59. a 60. shine bright “明亮地照耀着” bright bright future “一个光明的未来” find one's way out “找到某人的出路”
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58. What a long time you slept in the forest ! adj. ① 阳光明媚的,光明的,明亮的⑵ 聪明的

61.

shine →shone v. 照耀,发光

62. no more n. = not …any more “不再” We have no more stones = We don't have stones any more. 47. 由…制成 (1)(be) made of ,能看出原材料 (2)(be) made from ,不能看出原材料 (3)a house made of wood (过去分词做后置定语)“一座由木头制成的房子” vt. ① 跟着(随)② 听懂,跟上 48. follow

follow sb. “跟着/上某人” 65. never mind “没关系,不要紧” 66. lead →led → led v. ① 领(引)导② 通向、导致、引起 (1)lead sb. to do sth. “引导某人做某事” (2)lead sb. to sp “带领/引导某人去某地” (3)lead to sp “通向某地” (4)lead to sth. “引起,导致…” e.g. The small road lead to a garden . Smoking may lead to cancer. (癌症) 67. 声音 n. “声音”泛指自然界的任何声音。 (1)voice n. “噪音”指人发的声音,如说话声,唱歌声,也可能指鸟鸣声。 (2)sound “制作噪声” e.g. (1) Don't make noise ,The boy is sleeping. (2) There was no sound in the movies then. (3) My mother's voice is sweet 68. 69. wonder v. 想知道→wonderful adj. “精彩的,极好的” the next day “第二天” inside the house “在房子里” the next morning “第二天早晨” 可以判断一般过去时态。 (3)noise n. “噪音,声响”指让人不舒服,不悦耳的声音。make (a )noise

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