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外研版八年级下册第一单元笔记 ★★★重要单词 1.tidy-untidy ; happy-unhappy ; pleasant-unpleasant ;

comfortable-uncomfortable;ableUsual-unusual; able-unable; Un-为一个形容词的否定前缀; 为一个形容词的否定前缀; 为一个形容词的否定前缀 Possible-impossible; polite-impolite;mobile-immobile;mature-immature Im-也是一个形容词的否定前缀,通常只放在 p 开头的形容词前。 也是一个形容词的否定前缀, 开头的形容词前。 也是一个形容词的否定前缀 2.Relax v 放松 It's very important for us to learn to relax ourselves. Music can help to relax you. Relaxed adj 放松的 随意的 放松的,随意的 You should make your guests feel relaxed. As long as you are relaxed before the important exams, your parents will be relaxed. 3.Interview v/n 面试、采访/会见、面谈 面试、采访 会见 会见、 The reporter interviewed our teacher this afternoon. I think i did a good job in that interview. 4.Choose v 选择 挑选 At last i chose a white dress as my birthday gift. You must choose your way by yourself. Think twice, before you choose which computer to buy. 5.Need v/n 需要 A friend in need is a friend indeed. I need to take a bath.---Do you need to take a bath? I need take a bath.----Need you take a bath? 6.Experience 经历(可数的) 经历(可数的)

My grandma has many unforgettable experiences. 经验(不可数的) 经验(不可数的) He has rich experience,after all he has taught English for 5 years. Experienced; adj 有经验的,熟练的--inexperienced. 有经验的,熟练的 7. Imagine-imagination 想象,设想 想象, You can imagine how surprised I was. Imagine what our kids would look like. 8. Successful. Adj, 成功的 I want to be a successful businessman. This teacher is very successful. That thief has a successful day! 9. Something,anything,everything,nothing , , , Somebody,anybody,everybody,nobody 这些复合不定代词被修饰时, , 这些复合不定代词被修饰时, , , 形容词在后。 形容词在后。 Something interesting ★★★重要短语 1. A bit=a little +adj/adv 一点 This room is a little small=This room is a bit small. Richy is a little taller than me.=Richy is a bit taller than me. 2. A bit of +n=a littele There is a bit of water in the cup.=There is a little water in the cup. I need a bit of help. 3. Bit by bit 一点一点地 Miss Li always saves money bit by bit. Everyone should save time bit by bit. 4. Tidy up 整理,收拾 整理, He began to tidy up his desk 。 It's time to tidy up my room. …… 5. At the end of…… 在……的最后(时间、位置) ……的最后(时间、位置) 的最后

At the end of this semester, i will be the No.1. 6. Be famous for…… …… 因……而著名 ……而著名

Beijing is famous for the Great Wall and Beijing opera. Hangzhou is famous for West Lake. 7. Be famous as 作为……(的身份) 作为……(的身份)而著名 ……

Beijing is famous as the capital of China. New York is famous as the biggest city of US. Jay Zhou is famous as a popular singer. 8. Such as 例如

It's more useful to learn modern languages, such as English and German, than Latin. There are much food on the table, such as rice,bread,peas and milk. 9. Sb spend…… 时间与金钱 doing sth ……(时间与金钱 …… 时间与金钱) I spent 2 hours reading English last night. We spent 2 weeks traveling in Sydney. 10. Good luck= break a leg! 11. As a result,结果是 结果是 It has not been rainy for 2 months.As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden. He was late. As a result, he could not take the exam. 12. As a result of = because of 因为 He was late as a result of the snow. 13. Take up 占据(时间与空间) 占据(时间与空间) This work will take up a lot of my time. . I must get rid of this large table;it takes up too much room. . I'm sorry to have taken up so much of your valuable time. . 14. As well as 还有……(侧重点在前面) 还有……(侧重点在前面) …… She is beautiful as well as clever. 她不但聪明,还很漂亮。 她不但聪明,还很漂亮。 他不但种菜也种花。 他不但种菜也种花。---

★★★重要语法——句子结构——主谓宾补 重要语法——句子结构—— ——句子结构——主谓宾补

句子结构分类: 句子结构分类:
1.主系表 主系表 主语: 主语:动作的执行者 系动词: 动词;感官系动词( 系动词:be 动词;感官系动词(look,feel,sound,smell,taste,seem 等) 表示变化的( 表示变化的(get,grow,become,go 等) 表示状态不变的 表示状态不变的(keep) ) 表语:表明主语“是什么” 名词) 怎么样” 形容词或者介词短语) ( ; ( 表语:表明主语“是什么” 名词)“怎么样” 形容词或者介词短语) Eg:She is my sister. : Lily is very beautiful. Richy is in my classroom. Practice: 1. 当时他看起来不高兴。 2. 我喜欢的运动是游泳和滑冰。 3. 我擅长英语。 4. 收到你的来信我很高兴。 5. 那是在 2000 年 2 月 8 日早上 7:15. 6. 天变得越来越黑。 7. 这食物吃起来挺可口的。 8. 这故事听起来很有趣。

2.主谓 主谓
谓语动词:不及物动词, 需要加宾语就能表达出完整意思。 谓语动词:不及物动词,不需要加宾语就能表达出完整意思。 Eg:He is smoking. : Mr Li has left at half past seven. An terrible accident happened last night.

1. 1984 年至 1990 年我在光明小学学习。 2. 今天上午,我们在校门口会面然后一起去那里。 3. 时间很快过去了。 4. 这几年我们家乡发生了巨大的变化。 5. 小车没有停而是快速的开走了。 6. 在过去的 10 年间它的经济发展迅速。 7. 那个年轻人重重地摔倒在地。 8. 过去他早上习惯于早起。

3.主谓宾 主谓宾
谓语动词:及物动词,必须加上宾语才能表达出完整的意思。 谓语动词:及物动词,必须加上宾语才能表达出完整的意思。 宾语: 宾语:动作的承受者 Eg:I love English very much. : He is playing the violin. I bought a new hat last week. The boy has finished his homework.

1. 去年在学校电脑竞赛中我获得了一等奖。 2. 在业余时间我喜欢听流行音乐和收集邮票。 3. 几天前我和我兄弟骑自行车去看电影。 4. 我们也在校园内和周围种上了许多树。 5. 晚上时,我可以看电视新闻或看报纸。 6. 在回家的路上他把钱给丢了。

7. 昨晚大约九点的时候,我正在做作业。 8. 才艺展示(Talent Show)将于 6 月 18 日在北京电视台举行。 9. 下午,我将带你们转转,看一看一些名胜。 10. 盼望能尽早见到你。

4.主谓双宾 主语 谓语 间接宾语 直接宾语 主谓双宾: 主语+谓语 间接宾语+直接宾语 谓语+间接宾语 主谓双宾
My mum gave me some money=My mum gave some money to me. Richy lent me her bike=Richy lent her bike to me. My grandma made me a cake= My grandma made a cake for me. My dad bought me a laptop.= My dad bought a laptop for me. "to"表示物体从一方转到了另一方; 表示物体从一方转到了另一方; 表示物体从一方转到了另一方 “for”则是为了另一方。 ”则是为了另一方。

1. 去年王老师教我们英语。 2. 明天我要给他写封信,告诉他这个好消息。 3. 他们给他提供了一份工作,但他拒绝了。 4. 在我 14 岁生日时,爸爸给我买了一辆新自行车。 5. 昨晚我花了两小时才完成作业。 6. 对不起,能问你一个问题吗?

5.主谓宾补:主语+谓语 宾语 补语(复合宾语) 主谓宾补:主语 谓语 宾语+补语 复合宾语) 谓语+宾语 补语( 主谓宾补
做补语的谓语动词有: ★ 后面跟不定式 to do 做补语的谓语动词有:ask,want,allow,tell,would like 等; Eg: The teacher asked me to make a sentence. : The grandpa told us an interesting story. The boss allows us to have a rest at 4:30pm.

的不定式作补语的谓语动词有 look at,see,listen 词有: ★后面跟不带 to 的不定式作补语的谓语动词有: to,hear,have,make,let,notice 等: Eg: Eg:I noticed him wear a blue shirt. I heard a boy sing songs. ★adj Your present makes me very happy. Her words made him sad. The headmaster'coming makes me very surprised. interested. His story made me interested. Practice:
1. 当时我看到那些孩子在河边玩。 2. 我们正在使我们的国家变得越来越美丽。 3. 当我到达教室时,我发现里边没有人。 4. 昨天下午在公交车上我的钱包让人给偷了。 5. 我注意到凯特整个早上都在图书馆里看书。 6. 父亲叫我给他带些报纸来。

6.There be 句型 There be+主语 地点状语(就近原则) 主语+地点状语 就近原则) 主语 地点状语( There is a picture on the wall. There is a boy and two girls in this room. Practice:
1.图书馆里有许多不同种类的书。 2.教室里有许多新的桌子和椅子。 3.杯子里还有一点水。 4.办公室里有一位女士和两位男士。

★★ 判断句子结构: She grows vegetables. Last year her aunt borrowed her uncle a car. There were two thieves in this supermarket the day before yesterday. In the evening he reads. John enjoys making things. Richy's mother likes going shopping. Her hobby can help her save money bit by bit. 基本句型翻译综合练习: 1. 那噪音太响,我无法继续学习。 2. 得知你 9 月份要来我很高兴。 3. 人们需要一个可以休息和玩乐的地方。 4. 当那个人在过马路时,小车撞了他。 5. 我已答应明天下午 3:30 到机场接他。 6. 听了我说的话,我的邻居向我道歉并马上把电视音量关小。 7. 他是一个很有学问的人我们都很欣赏他。 8. 在过去,人们主要通过写信、打公共电话来彼此保持联系。 9. 我宁愿呆在家里,因为我可以做我想做的,比如:读书、看电视、帮助父母做 家务。 10. 我们应该把中国文化和历史介绍给外国人,以便他们能更多的了解中国。 11. 为了改善北京交通,政府应鼓励更多人使用公共交通或自行车。 12. 以我的观点来看,考试作弊是错的,因为它违反了学校规章。 13. 我们学生应该诚实,尽力通过努力学习而不是考试作弊来获得好成绩。 14. 有个老人静静地坐在附近的一个板凳上。