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湖北省宜昌市第一中学高二英语上学期10月月考试题

宜昌市一中高二年级十月阶段性考试 英 语
分值:150 分

考试时间: 120 分钟

本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分,考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一 并交回。 注意事项: 1. 答第 I 卷前, 考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选出每小题答案后, 用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动 , 用橡皮 擦干净后, 再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上, 否则无效。 第I卷 第一部分:听力(共两节, 满分 30 分) 做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂 到答题卡上。 第一节:(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 1. Where was the man born? A. In France. B. In Poland. C. In America.

2. What did the boss call the woman about? A. A project. B. An appointment. C. A business trip.

3. What did the woman do today? A. She went shopping. C. She climbed a mountain. 4. What does the woman mean? A. The man can attend the party with his wife. B. The man should stay at home with his wife. C. The man should spend more time with his wife. 5. What happened to the man?
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B. She surfed the Internet.

A. He had a car accident. B. He was stuck in the traffic. C. He stepped on some chewing gum. 第二节:(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话,回答第 6 和第 7 题。 6. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A job position. B. How to use a website. C. An interview they just had. 7. How will the woman know the decisions? A. The man will call her. B. She needs to visit the man. C. She will receive an e-mail. 听下面一段对话,回答第 8 和第 9 题。 8. What kind of film Captain America is? A. English with Chinese subtitles. B. Chinese with English subtitles. C. Spanish with Chinese subtitles. 9. How much will the woman pay for the tickets? A. $15. B. $30. C. $45.

听下面一段对话,回答第 10 至第 12 题。 10. What does the woman think of campus life? A. It’s rich and colorful. B. It’s all about studying. C. The food in the canteen is terrible. 11. What does the man say about the club? A. They will take up a lot of time.
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B. It’s hard to learn useful skills there. C. People can make new friends there. 12. What will the man probably do? A. Write a resume. B. Join the Student Service Centre. C. Check out some information about clubs. 听下面一段对话,回答第 13 至第 16 题。 13. What sort of band does the man play in? A. A hip-hop one. B. A rock one. C. A jazz one.

14. What is he busy with this weekend? A. A music show. B. Band practice. C. A lecture.

15. How long has he been playing music? A. Eight years. B. Ten years. C. Twenty years.

16. What do we know about drums from the conversation? A. They are rarely part of jazz music. B. They are the man’s least favorite instrument. C. They require a deep understanding of music. 听下面一段独白,回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. Why does the world focus on Neil Armstrong this week? A. He died last Saturday. B. He makes a miracle again. C. He was the first man to walk on the moon. 18. What can we learn about Armstrong’s walk on the moon? A. He made it in his sixties. B. He walked on the moon for almost 3 hours. C. He started the space race with the Soviet Union. 19. What did Armstrong do in later years? A. He wrote books at home. B. He taught at a university. C. He farmed in the countryside.
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20. What did President Obama say about Armstrong? A. A bright star. B. A hero of all time. C. An example of service.

第二部分:阅读理解 (共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。 A Educating girls quite possibly brings in a higher rate of return than any other investment available in the developing world. Women education may be an unusual field for economists, but increasing women’s contribution to development is actually as much an economic as a social issue. And economics provides guideposts that point to an explanation for why so many girls are deprived(被剥夺) of an education. Parents in low-income countries fail to invest in their daughters because they do not expect them to make an economic contribution to the family: girls grow up only to marry into somebody else’s family and bear children. Girls are thus seen as less valuable than boys and are kept at home to do housework while their brothers are sent to school—the prophecy (预言) becomes self-fulfilling, trapping women in a bad circle of neglect. An educated mother, on the other hand, has greater earn ing abilities outside the home and faces an entirely different set of choices. She is likely to have fewer but healthier children and can insist on the development of all her children, ensuring that her daughters are given a fair chance. The education of her daughters then makes it much more likely that the next generation of girls, as well as of boys, will be educated and healthy. The bad circle is thus transformed into a good one. Few will question that educating women has great social benefits. But it has enormous economic advantages as well. Most obviously, there is the direct effect of education on the wages of female workers. Wages rise by 10 to 20 percent for each
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additional year of schooling. Such big returns are impressive by the standard of other available investments, but they are just the beginning. Educating women also has a significant effect on health practices, including family planning. 21. By saying “the prophecy becomes self-fulfilling...” in Paragraph 2, the author means that __. A. girls will turn out to be less valuable than boys B. girls will be capable of realizing their own dreams C. girls will eventually find their goals in life beyond reach D. girls will be increasingly discontented with their life at home 22. The author believes that a bad circle can turn into a good circle when ___. A. women care more about education B. girls can gain equal access to education C. a family has fewer but healthier children D. parents can afford their daughters’ education 23. What does the author say about women’ s education? A. It deserves greater attention than other social issues. B. It is now given attention before anything else in many developing countries. C. It will bring in greater returns than other known investments. D. It has aroused the interest of a growing number of economists. 24. The passage mainly discusses________. A. unequal treatment of boys and girls in developing countries B. the potential earning power of well-educated women C. the major contributions of educated women to society D. the economic and social benefits of educating women

B Listening to music while you drive can improve your speed and ability to get away from accidents, according to Australian psychologists(心理学家). But turning your car radio up to full volume could probably make you end up in an accident. The performance of difficult tasks can be affected if people are subjected to loud noise.
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The experience of pulling up at traffic lights alongside cars with loud music made some psychologists in the University of Sydney look into whether loud music has something to do with driving. The psychologists invited 60 men and women aged between 20 and 28 as subjects and tested them on almost the same driving tasks under three noise conditions: silence、 rock music played at a gentle 55 decibels(分贝) and the same music at 85 decibels. For 10 minutes the subjects sat in front of a screen operating a simple machine like a car. They had to track a moving disk on screen, respond to traffic signals changing color and brake(刹车)in response to arrows that appeared without warning. On the tracking task. there was no difference in performance under the three noise conditions. But under both the loud and quiet music conditions. the performers “braked” at a red light about 50 milliseconds sooner than they did when there was no rock music at all. That could mean a reduction in braking distance of a couple of meters actually. the difference between life and death for a pedestrian(行人). When it came to the arrows that appeared across the visual field. the psychologists found that when the music was quiet. people responded faster to objects in their central field of sight by about 50 milliseconds. For the people listening at 85 decibels. response times dropped by a further 50 milliseconds—a whole tenth of second faster than those “driving” with no music. “But there’s a trade-off.” the psychologists told the European Congress of Psychology. “They lose the ability to look around the whole situation effectively. ” In responding to objects that suddenly appeared. people subjected to 85—decibel rock music were around 100 milliseconds slower than both the other groups. Since some accident—such as children running into the road—take place without any notice. drivers listening to loud music must be less safe as a result. 25. Which of the following is the best way to make driving safer? A. Loud music. B. Quiet music. C. Silence. D. Heavy metal music.

26. What does the phrase “the pulling up” in paragraph two mean? A. Stopping. C. Putting up with. B. Giving somebody a lift. D. Driving.
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27. Where did the researchers do the experiment? A. At crossroads. C. In a crowed street. B. At a police traffic station. D. Under the same conditions as those of the streets.

28. Which of the following is NOT true of loud music? A. It helped the performers to brake sooner at red lights. B. It helped the performers to be more careful. C. It helped the performers to respond faster to objects stepping in the way. D. It can do more good than harm to drivers.

C We are all interested in equality, but while some people try to protect the school and examination system in the name of equality, others, still in the name of equality, want only to destroy it. Any society which is interested in equality of opportunity and standards of achievement must regularly test its pupils . The standards may be changed—no examination is perfect—but to have tests or examinations would mean the end of equality and of standards.There are groups of people who oppose this view and who do not believe either in examinations or in any controls in school or on teachers.This would mean that everything would depend on luck since every pupil would depend on the efficiency, the values and the purpose of each teacher. Without examinations, employers will look for employees from the highly respected schools and from families known to them - a form of favoritism will replace equality . At the moment, the bright child from an ill-respected school can show certificates to prove he or she is suitable for a job, while the lack of certificate indicates the unsuitability of a dull child att ending a well-respected school.This defending of excellence and opportunity would disappear if examinations were taken away, and the bright child from a poor family would be a prisoner of his or her school’s reputation(声誉), unable to compete for employment with the child from the favored school. The opponents of the examination system suggest that examinations are an evil force
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because they show differences between pupils.According to these people, there must be no special, different, acad emic class.They have even suggested that there should be no form of difference in sport or any other area: all jobs or posts should be filled by unsystematic selection.The selection would be who themselves are probably selected by some computers. 29.The word made by people “favoritism” is used to describe the phenomenon that _____. A.children from well-respected schools tend to have good jobs B.bright children also need certificates go get satisfying jobs. C.poor children with certificates are favored in job markets D.children attending ordinary schools achieve great success 30.What would happen if exams were taken away according to the author? A.Schools for bright children would lose their reputation. B.There would be more opportunities and excellence. C . Children’s job opportunity reputation. D.Children from poor families would be able to change their schools. 31.The opponents of the examination system will agree that _____. A.computers should be selected to take over many jobs B.jobs should not be assigned(分配) by systematic selection C.special classes are necessary to keep the school standards D.schools with academic subjects should be done away with 32.The passage mainly focuses on _____. A.examination and equality C.opportunity and employment B. schools and certificates D. standards and reputation would be affected by their school

Choose Your One-Day Tours! Tour A – Bath & Stonehenge including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge-£37until 26 March and £39 thereafter. Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey, the Royal Crescent and the Costute Mutant. Stonehenge is one of the world’s most famo us prehistoric
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monuments dating back over 5,000 years. Tour B – Oxford & Stratford including entrance fees to the University St Mary’s Church Tower and Anne Hathaway's house-£32 until 12 March and £36 thereafter. Oxford: Includes a guided tour of England’s oldest university city and colleges. Look over the “city of dreaming spires (尖顶 )” form St Mary’s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder. Tour C – Windsor Castle & Hampton Court including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace-£34 until 11 March and £37 thereafter.

Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, Henry Mill’s favorite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle (entrance fees not included). With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze (迷宫) where it is easy to get lost! Tour D – Cambridge including entrance fees to the Tower of Saint Mary the Great£33 until 18 March and £37 thereafter. Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century. 33. Which tour will you choose if you want to see England’s oldest university city? A. Tour A C. Tour C B. Tour B D. Tour D

34. Which of the following tours charges the lowest fee on 17 March? A. Windsor Castle & Hampton Court. C. Bath &Stonehenge. B. Oxford & Stratford D. Cambridge.

35. Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction? A. It used to be the home of royal families. B. It used to be a well-known maze C. It is the oldest palace in Britain 第二节:(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项 ,选项中有两项为多余选 项。
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D. It is a world-famous castle.

T raining for a marathon requires careful preparation and steady, gradual increases in the length of the runs. _36_ , buy the best-fitting, best-built running shoes you can find. No one can say which brand will work best for you or feel best on your feet, so you have to rely on your experience and on the feel of each pair as you shop. When you have found shoes that seem right, walk in them for a few days to double-check the fit.__37_.As always , you should stretch(伸展) at least ten minutes before each run to prevent injuries. During the first week, do not think about distance, but run five minutes longer each day. __38__,it is wise to take a day off to rest. But during the next week, set a goal of at least a mile and a half per run. __39__.After two weeks, start timing yourself.__40 _. Depending on the kind of race you plan to enter, you can set up a timetable for the remaining weeks before the race. A. After six days B. For a good marathon runner C. Before you begin your training D. With each day, increase the distance by a half mile E. If they still feel good, you can begin running in them F. Time spent for preparation raises the quality of training G. Now you are ready to figure out a goal of improving distance and time

第 II 卷 第三部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) “Down-to-earth” means someone or something that is honest, practical and easy to deal with. It is 41 to find someone who is down-to-earth. A person who is

down-to-earth is easy to talk to and 42 other people as equals. A down-to-earth person is just the 43 of someone who acts important and proud. Down-to-earth persons 44 be important members of society, of course. 46 45

they do not let their importance “go to their heads”. They do not

themselves

to be better persons than others of less importance. Someone who is filled with his
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own importance and pride, often without cause, is 47 air”. There is 48

to have “his nose in the

way a person with his nose in the air can be down-to-earth.

Americans 49 another expression that means almost the same as “down-to-earth”. The expression is “both-feet-on-the-ground”. Someone with both-feet-on-the-ground is a person with a good 50 of reality. He 51 what is calle d “common sense”. his knowledge of what is real.

He may have 52 , but he does not allow them to 53 The opposite kind of 54

is one who has his “head-in-the-clouds”. A man with

his-head-in-the-clouds is a dreamer whose 55 is not in the real world. 56 , such a dreamer can be brought back to earth. 57 words from a teacher can usually bring a day-dreaming student down-to-earth. Usually, the person who is down-to-earth is very 58 to have both feet on-the –ground. 59 we have both our feet on-the –ground, when we are down-to-earth, we act

honestly and openly 60 others. Our lives are like the ground below us, solid and strong. 41. A. pleasant 42. A. meets 43. A. case 44. A. must 45. A. But 4 6. A. wish 47. A. said 48. A. some 49. A. discover 50.A.understanding 51. A. demands 52. A. fortunes 53. A. block 54. A. idea 55. A. mind B. sad B. welcomes B. kind B. may B. So B. expect B. told B. a B. find B. wish B. lacks B. dreams B. protect B. people B. life C. common C. receives C. opposite C. should C. For C. desire C. asked C. no C. make C. reason C. has C. achievements C. own C. attitude C. body D. surprising D. accepts D. example D. will D. And D. consider D. made D. every D. use D. expectation D. likes D. disadvantages D. gain D. person D. head

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56. A. Always 57. A. Sharp 58. A. possible 59. A. Though 60. A. toward

B. Therefore B. All B. probable B. Since B. for

C. However C. No C. likely C. When C. over

D. Sometimes D . Bad D. able D. Unless D. onto

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节: (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 The adobe dwellings(土坯房) 61 (build) by the Pueblo Indians of the American Southwest are admired by even 62 most modern of architects and engineers. In

addition to their simple beauty, what makes the adobe dwellings admirable is their 63 (able) to “air condition”a house without 64 (use)electric equipment. Walls made of adobe take in the heat from the sun on hot days and give out that heat 65 (slow)during cool nights,thus warming the house. When a new day breaks, the walls have given up their heat and are now cold enough 66 (cool) the house during the 68 (go)

hot day: 67 the same time, they warm up again for the night This cycle

day after day: The walls warm up during the day and cool off during the night and are thus always a timely offset(抵消)for the outside temperatures. As 69 (nature)

architects, the Pueblo Indians figured out exactly 70 thick the adobe walls needed to be to make the cycle work on most days.

第四部分:写作 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节:短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删减: 把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改: 在错词下面划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
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2. 只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 One day, little Tony went to a shopping center with his parent. It was very crowded. Tony saw a toy on a shop window. He liked it so very much that he quickly walked into the shop. After looks at the toy for some time, he turned around and found where his parents were missing. Tony was scared and begun to cry. A woman saw him crying and telling him to wait outside a shop. Five minutes later, Tony saw parents. Mom said, “How nice to see you again! Dad and I were terrible worried.” Tony promised her that this would never happen again.

第四部分:
第二节:书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假如你是王明,将到美国参加一个英语学习俱乐部活动,你要在会上交流自己的英语学习体 会。请根据要求写一篇发言稿。内容包括:学习方法、学习收获、学习困难。 注意: 1. 词数 100 个左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; Dear friends, ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________

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宜昌市一中高二年级十月阶段性考试 英 1~5 BAAAC ACABA BADC DACDA 62. the 67. at CCCAB ACBA CBADA CABBB BDA DACCA 64. using 69. natural 65. slowly 70. how CEADG 语

21-40 ABCD 41-60 ADCBA 61. built 66. to cool

63. ability 68. goes

短文改错 第一句: parent---parE? ts 第三句: on---in 第四句: 删除 very 第五句: looking---looking / 删除 where 或者 where---that 第六句: begun---began 第七句: telling---told / a---the 第八句: saw 和 patents 中间加 his 第十句: terrible---terribly 书面表达 Dear frie?dR, In today’s world, being able to master a foreign language will be helpful our life. Here,I’d like to share my learning methods. First, I think it useful to learn grammar and remember as many useful sentence patterns as we can. I believe the more we read, the better our English will be. So I spend much time reading English newspapers and magazines after class, which helps Besides, TV and radio programs are also of great help. awareness of foreign cultures but also helps in

a lot to improve my English.

Learning English not only increases my

me to communicate with English-speaking people and make more new friends. However, sometimes I get discouraged because I keep forgetting words I have just learned. I’d like to use the opportunity to seek for your advi ce. Thank you!
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