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河南周口中英文学校18-19学度高三12月周考试题—英语

河南周口中英文学校 18-19 学度高三 12 月周考试题—英语
PartⅠChoices(50×1) 1.__________alanguagerequirestimeandeffort. A.LearnB.LearningC.TolearnD.Beinglearned 2.Itisnotalwayseasy__________invitations. A.torefuseB.refusingC.toberefusedD.beingrefused 3.__________nowseemsimpossible. A.SavingmoneyB.TosavemoneyC.BeingsavedmoneyD.Tobesavedmoney 4.Toanswercorrectlyismoreimportantthan__________ A.aquickfinishB.tofinishquicklyC.finishingquicklyD.youfinishquickly 5.How__________theproblemwillbediscussedattomorrow’smeeting. A.tosolveB.tobesolvedC.beingsolvedD.solving 6.Itwaspolite_________thechildtogiveuphisseattotheelderlywoman. A.forB.ofC.toD.with 7.Isitnecessary__________thebookimmediately? A.forhimtoreturnB.thathereturnsC.hisreturningD.ofhimtoreturn 8.It__________forty-fiveminutes__________therebybus. A.cost,togetB.takes,gettingC.takes,togetD.takes,togetto 9.Itisnogood__________.Youshouldgive_________. A.tosmoke,itupB.smoking,itupC.smoking,upitD.tosmoke,upit 10.Itisno__________debatingwithTom,becausehewillneverchangehismind. A.useB.helpC.timeD.while 11.Doyouconsideritanygood__________again? A.totryB.tryC.tryingD.foryoutotry 12.Idon’tthinkit’smuchgood__________tohim. A.writingB.towriteC.tobewrittenD.beingwritten 13.__________theassignmentmadehisfatherlosehistemper. A.Theboy’snothavingdoneB.Theboynothavingdone C.Theboy’shavingnotdoneD.Theboyhavingnotdone 14.Idon’tremember__________aboutit. A.himtellingusB.histellingusC.himtotellusD.hetellsus 15.Herwishis__________anengineer. A.becomingB.becomeC.tobecomeD.beingcome 16.Somepeople’sgreatestpleasureis__________. A.fishingB.tofishC.tobefishingD.beingfish 17.Thereportwasso__________thattheywereall__________. A.inspiring,excitingB.inspiring,excitedC.inspired,excitedD.inspired,exciting 18.---“Youlookpale.”---“Ifeelalittle__________.” A.tireB.tiredC.tiringD.tiresome 19.Heseems__________hereforthreeyears. A.tobelivingB.tohavelivedC.tohavebeenlivedD.tolive 20.---“What’smadeyousoupset?” ---“_________threeticketstothepopmusicconcert.”

A.LostB.LosingC.BecauseoflosingD.SinceIlost 21.Thoughitbegan_________,theykepton_________inthefield. A.raining,workB.torain,workingC.raining,withtheworkD.torain,towork 22.Hisparentsinsistedon__________tocollege. A.heshouldgoB.hegoC.hisgoingD.himtogo 23.Whatapity!Onecannothelp__________sorryfortheinjured. A.tofeelB.oneselftofeelC.feelingD.oneselffromfeeling 24.Hedecided__________pianobecausehewastiredofit. A.togiveteachingupB.givingupteachingC.togiveupteachingD.togiveinteaching 25.Nothingcould__________theboyfrom__________thetallbuilding. A.prevent,riskingclimbingB.prevent,riskingtoclimb C.stop,riskclimbingD.keep,riskingclimb 26.OnSundaysIprefer__________athometo__________out. A.tostay,goB.staying,goC.staying,goingD.tostay,going 27.Howmuchtimedidyouspend__________thetext. A.copyingB.tocopyC.incopyD.oncopying 29.Thoughitsoundsabittoodear,itisworth__________. A.beingboughtB.buyingC.tobuyD.buyingit 30.Thenoveliswell__________. A.worthtoreadB.worthbeingreadC.worthytoreadD.worthyofbeingread 31.Thefarmerswerebusy__________cotton. A.topickB.pickingC.withpickingD.pluck 32.Hedevotedhislifeto__________theatomictheory. A.studyB.bestudiedC.studyingD.havestudied 33.Wearebothlookingforwardto__________nextweek. A.goingonvacationB.goonvacationC.begoingonvacationD.havegoneonvacation 34.Herparentsobjectedto__________thatfarmer,thoughhehasalotofmoney. A.hermarryingB.marryingC.marryD.hermarryingwith 35.Ifyouwanttobeawriter,Isuggestthatyoushouldpayattentionto__________theworksof LuXun. A.readB.readingC.readerD.beread 36.Heisanexperienceddriverandheisused__________inallkindsofweather. A.todrivingB.todriveC.fordrivingD.tohavedriven 37.Becauseoftheheavyrain,theyhadtoputoff__________thesportsmeet. A.takingplaceB.totakeplaceC.holdingD.tohold 38.On__________thenews,sheturnedpale. A.heardB.hearingC.havingheardD.herhearing 39.---“Didyougetintouchwiththemlater?” ---“Yes,Ifinallysucceeded__________thembyphone.” A.toreachB.toreachingC.reachingD.inreaching 40.You’dbetter_________herthesadnewsnow. A.nottotellB.won’ttellC.nottellD.don’ttell 41.Thechairlooksratherhard,butinfactitisverycomfortableto__________. A.sitB.sitonC.besatD.besaton

42.I’mnotsurewhichrestaurant___________. A.toeatonB.eatingatC.toeatatD.foreating 43.---“Whatdoyouthinkofthismiddleschool?” ---“Itisaverygood___________.” A.schooltostudyB.schooltostudyinC.studyingschoolD.schoolforchildrentostudy 44.---“I’dliketobuyanexpensivecamera.” ---“Well,wehaveseveralmodels___________.” A.tochoosefromB.ofchoiceC.tobechosenD.forchoosing 45.Wehadnomoneyandnoplace__________. A.toliveinB.toliveC.livinginD.living 46.Inthepast,peopleused_________thatthemoonwastoofaraway__________.Butnowitispo ssibleforman__________therebyspaceship. A.tothink,nottoreach,togetB.tothink,toreach,toget C.tothinking,toreach,willgetD.thought,toreach,togetto 47.Hersonpromised__________inthebedroomuntilthebabystopped__________. A.staying,tocryB.tostay,cryingC.forstaying,tocryD.tostay,tocry 48.Ihadn’texpectedRobert__________butIhadhoped__________. A.toapologize,thathecouldcallB.apologize,thathewouldcall C.toapologize,himtocallmeD.apologize,himtocallme 49.Iwonderedwhetherthefilmwas__________worth__________. A.very,toseeB.well,seeingC.very,beginseenD.well,tobeseen 50.Themanmanagedtomakehimself__________withhis__________French. A.understood,breakingB.understand,broken C.understand,breakingD.understood,broken PartⅡCloze(1×20) Directions:Thereare20blanksinthefollowingpassage.Foreachblanktherearefourchoice smarkedA,B,C,andD.YoushouldchoosetheONEthatbestfitsintothepassageandmarkthecorr espondingletterontheANSWERSHEET. Asubjectwhichseemstohavebeeninsufficientlystudiedbydoctorsandpsychologistsisthe influenceofgeographyandclimateonthepsychologicalandphysicalhealthofmankind.Ther eseemsnodoubt(51)thegeneralcharacterofthelandscape,therelative(52)ofdayandnight ,andtheclimatemust(53)playabigpartindeterminingwhatkindofpeoplewe(54). Itistruethatafewstudieshavebeenmade.(55)alltheinhabitantsofaparticularareaenjoy exceptionallygoodorbadhealth,scientistshave(56)contributoryfactorssuchasthepres enceor(57)ofsubstanceslikeiodine,fluoride,calcium,orironinthewatersupply,orperh apstypesoflandthatprovidebreedingplaces(58)pestslikemosquitoesorrats. (59),wecanallgeneralizeabouttypesofpeoplewehavemet.Those(60)incountrieswithlong darkwintersare(61)tobelesstalkativeandlessvivaciousthaninhabitantsofcountrieswh erethe(62)ismoreequable.And63)theoliveandtheorangegrow,theinhabitantsarecheerfu l,talkative,andspontaneous. Butthese(64)generalizationsareinadequate:the(65)ofclimateandgeographyshouldbest udiedin(66).Doallmountaindwellerslivetoaripeoldage? Doesthedrinkingofwine,(67)thebeer,resultinasunnyandopentemperament?Isthestrengt handheightofoneoftheKenyantribesduetotheir(68)drinkingofthebloodofcows?

Wearenotyetsure(69)theanswerstosuchquestions,butletushopethatsomethingofbenefit

tomankindmayeventuallyresult(70)suchstudies.

51.A.ifB.whetherC.whichD.that

52.A.timeB.lengthC.spanD.extension

53.A.neitherB.bothC.noneD.all

54.A.areB.belongC.fallD.like

55.A.WhenB.ThatC.WhereD.Whereas

56.A.acknowledgedB.identifiedC.recognizedD.distinguished

57.A.absenceB.disappearanceC.occurrenceD.existence

58.A.byB.toC.forD.with

59.A.ThereforeB.SimilarlyC.ConverselyD.Moreover

60.A.liveB.livingC.stayD.staying

61.A.dueB.aptC.ableD.ready

62.A.weatherB.climateC.geographyD.situation

63.A.whereB.hereC.thatD.thus

64.A.ordinaryB.averageC.commonplaceD.conventional

65.A.effectivenessB.affectionC.efficiencyD.influence

66.A.depthB.widthC.distanceD.scope

67.A.otherB.ratherthanC.moreD.less

68.A.consistentB.permanentC.alwaysD.habitual

69.A.toB.ofC.withD.in

70.A.asB.fromC.inD.by

PartⅢReadingComprehension(2×20)

PassageA

Todayapilotistotallydependentonwhattheairtrafficcontrolleronthegroundtellshim

.Hecan’tseeenoughtobesafe.Flightwatchisaninstrumentintendedtohelphim.

Onascreeninfrontofthepilot.Therewillbeamapoftheairspacearoundtheplane.Thepilot’

sownflightlevelorheightandhisownplaneatthecenterofthescreenwillshowup.Onthemapa

nyotherplanesintheairspacewillappearasblobsoflightwith



tails



showingthedirectionoftheirflight.TheFlightwatchmapisunusual,fortheotherplanesar

enotshownattheirtrueranges,butattheirdistancesawayinflyingtime.Thatgetsoverthep

roblemoffastplanesbeingtoofarawaytobeseenbutlikelytomakecontactinsecondsandslow

planesthatarecloseenoughtobeseenbutsoslowthatthere



snochanceofcontactfor,say,tenminutes.

Thepilotwillbeabletoseeonthescreenwhetheranotherplane



scourseconflictswithhisown.Thescreenwillshowhimtheflightnumberoftheotherplane,s

ohecancontactairtrafficcontrolandaskthemabouttheotherplane



scourse.Thenhecantakeavoidingactionifnecessary.Thescreenwillshowhimwhetherhisac

tionputshimindangerfromyetanotheraircraft.

Technically,thesystemwillbequitecomplex.Computerswillbenecessaryonthegroundandi

neachaircrafttoenableFlightwatchtocollectdataabouttheplanes



coursesandtocalculatethedistancesbetweenplanes.Butsuchsmallcomputersarenowquite

cheap,simpleandreliable.

71.Forhissafeflight,whatisapilotdependenton?

A.Flightwatch. B.Theairtrafficcontrollerintheplane. C.Thecommandoftheairtrafficcontrollerontheground. D.Thepilothimself. 72.Whichofthefollowingcanhelpthepilottokeepcontactwiththeairtrafficcontroller? A.Thescreen.B.Acomputer. C.Thepassagedoesn’tmentionit.D.Flightwatch. 73.TheFlightwatchistouse_______. A.quitecomplexB.quitesimpleC.expensiveD.cheap 74.ThemainpartsoftheFlightwatchare_______. A.computersB.ascreenandcertaincomputers C.blobsandtailsD.aFlightwatchmapandsmallcomputers 75.Thecomputersare_______. A.smallB.neitherlargenorsmallC.largeD.notmentioned
PassageB Theadvantagesanddisadvantagesofalargepopulationhavelongbeenasubjectofdiscussi onamongeconomists.Ithasbeenarguedthatthesupplyofgoodlandislimited.Tofeedalargep opulation,inferiorlandmustbecultivatedandthegoodlandworkedintensively.Thus,each personproduceslessandthismeansaloweraverageincomethancouldbeobtainedwithasmalle rpopulation.Othereconomistshavearguedthatalargepopulationgivesmorescopeforspeci alizationandthedevelopmentoffacilitiessuchasports,roadsandrailways,whicharenotl ikelytobebuiltunlessthereisabigdemandtojustifythem. Oneofthedifficultiesincarryingoutaworld-widebirthcontrolprogramliesinthefacttha tofficialattitudestopopulationgrowthvaryfromcountrytocountrydependingonthelevel ofindustrialdevelopmentandtheavailabilityoffoodandrawmaterials.Inthedevelopingc ountrywhereavastlyexpandedpopulationispressingharduponthelimitsoffood,spaceandn aturalresources,itwillbethefirstconcernofgovernmenttoplacealimitonthebirthrate, whatevertheconsequencesmaybe.Inahighlyindustrializedsocietytheproblemmaybemorec omplex.Adecreasingbirthratemayleadtounemploymentbecauseitresultsinadecliningmar ketformanufacturedgoods.Whenthepressureofpopulationonhousingdeclines,pricesalso declineandthebuildingindustryisweakened.Facedwithconsiderationssuchasthese,theg overnmentofadevelopedcountrymaywellprefertoseeaslowlyincreasingpopulation,rathe rthanonewhichisstableorindecline. 76.Asmallpopulationmaymean_______.. A.higherproductivity,andaloweraverageincome B.lowerproductivity,butahigheraverageincome C.lowerproductivityandaloweraverageincome D.higherproductivityandahigheraverageincome 77Accordingtothepassage,alargepopulationwillprovideachancefordeveloping_______.. A.agricultureB.transportsystemC.industryD.nationaleconomy 78.Accordingtothepassage,slowlyrisingbirthrateperhapsisgoodfor_______.. A.adevelopingnationB.adevelopednation C.everynationwithabigpopulationD.everynationwithasmallpopulation 79Inadevelopedcountry,peoplewillperhapsgooutofworkifthebirthrate_______..

A.goesupB.goesdownC.remainsstableD.isoutofcontrol 80.Itisnoeasyjobtocarryoutageneralplanforbirthcontrolthroughouttheworldbecause_ ______.. A.therearetoomanyunderdevelopedcountriesintheworld B.underdevelopedcountrieshavelowlevelofindustrialdevelopment C.differentgovernmentshavedifferentviewsofthequestion D.evendevelopedcountriesmayhavecomplexproblems PassageC Areyoucarryingtoomuchonyourbackatschool?I ’ msurelotsofchildrenofyouragewillsay “Yes”.NotonlythestudentsinChinahavethisproblem,butchildrenintheUnitedStatesal sohaveheavyschoolbags. Doctorsarestartingtoworrythatyoungerstudentsarehavingbackandneckproblemsasaresu ltofschoolbagsbeingtooheavyforthem. “ It ’ shardformetogoupstairswithmybagbecauseit ’ ssoheavy, ” saidRickHammond,an11-year-oldstudentintheUS. Rickisamongstudentswhohavecommonschoolbagswithtwostrapstocarrythem,butmanyother studentschooserolling(有滚轮的)bags. Butevenwithrollingbags,gettingupstairsandbusesisstillaproblemforchildren.Manyof themhavehurttheirbacksandnecksbecauseoftheheavyschoolbags. Buthowmuchistoomuch?Doctorssaystudentsshouldcarrynomorethan10%to15%oftheirownbo dyweight. ScottSmith,abackdoctor,saidchildrenunderGrade4shouldstaywith10%.Butitisalsoimpo rtantthatolderchildrendon ’ tstaywithover15%,becausetheirbodiesarestillgrowing. “Childrenarelosingbalanceandfallingdownwiththeirschoolbags,”hesaid. Parentsandteachersarestartingtotellchildrentoonlytakehomelibrarybookstheywillbe readingthatnight.Someteachersareusingpiecesofpaperorthinworkbooksforstudentstot akehome. Oneofthebestanswersis,assomechildrensaid,tohavenohomeworkatall! 81.Fromthepassagewecanknowthat.______ A.onlychildreninChinacarrytooheavyschoolbags B.childreninothercountriesdon’tcarrytooheavyschoolbags C.bothchildreninChinaandtheUScarrytooheavyschoolbags D.onlychildrenintheUScarrytooheavyschoolbags 82.Childrenfeelithardforthemtogoupstairsbecause______. A.theyaretooyoung B.theirschoolbagsaretooheavy C.theydon’tknowhowtogoupstairs D.theirparentsdon’talwaysgoupstairswiththemtogether 83.Ifachildcarriesaheavyschoolbag,______. A.hisbackandneckwillbehurt B.hisheadandarmswillbehurt C.hishandswillbehurt D.hisfeetwillbehurt 84.Accordingtothedoctor,ScottSmith,ifachildinGrade5weighsabout30kilos,theschool

baghecarriesshouldnotbeove______r.

A.5kilosB.3kilosC.5.5kilosD.4.5kilos

85.Somestudentsthinkthebestanswertothisproblemisthat______.

A.theyshouldhavealittlehomeworktodoaftertheygethome

B.theirteachershadbetternotaskthemtodoanyhomework

C.theyshouldonlytakehomeliterarybookstheywillreadthatnight

D.theyshouldusethinworkbooksinsteadofthickones

PassageD

Firstaid









isthecaregiventotheinjuredorsickassoonaspossibleafteranaccidentorillness.Itisth

isimmediatecareandattentionbeforethearrivaloftheambulance(





车)thatsometimesmeansthedifferencebetweenlifeanddeath,orafullorpartialrecovery.

Firstaidhaslimitations,asnoteverybodyisadoctororexpert,butitisakeyelementofthet

otalmedicalsystem.

Theprincipletobeadoptedinfirstaidisimmediateaction.By-standers(





者)orrelativesnotknowingwhattodo,orbeingtoofearfultotry,haveunwiselycontributed

tounnecessarydeathsandworseinjuries.

Itisimportantthatanyactiontakenbythefirstaidproviderisstartedasquicklyaspossibl

e.Quickactionisnecessarytosavelifeandpartsofthebody.Onewhoisnotbreathingeffecti

vely,orisbleeding(



血)heavily,requiresimmediatehelp.Ifquickeffectivefirstaidisprovided,thentheyhav

eamuchbetterchanceofagoodrecovery.

Butitshouldberememberedthatanyactiontakenistobemostcareful,andfright(



惧)bythefirstaidproviderandby-standerswillnotbegoodtothewholething.Trytoremainc

almandthinkyouractionthrough.Acalmandcontrolledfirstaiderwillgiveeveryoneconfid

encethattheeventisbeinghandledefficientlyandeffectively.

86.Thewriterseemstosuggestthatifyoudon’tknowmuchaboutfirstaid,youshould______.

A.callforhelpfromprofessionalsB.stilltrytohelp

C.standbyandnottrytohelpD.learnitfromadoctor

87Accordingtothepassage,someinjuredorsickpeoplediedasaresultof______.

A.otherpeople’shesitationtoofferfirstaid

B.unprofessionalfirstaid

C.unnecessaryfirstaid

D.unwisesuggestionsbyby-standers

88WhichofthefollowingisTRUEaccordingtothepassage?

A.Oneshouldnotapplyfirstaidtotheinjuredwithoutknowingthecauseoftheaccident.

B.Itiseasytocarryoutfirstaidifonehasthenecessaryfacilities.

C.Firstaidisanimportantpartofthewholetreatment.

D.Firstaidmaynotbeeffectivebeforeadoctororexpertcomes.

89.Themostimportantthinginprovidingfirstaidisto______.

A.callforanambulanceB.preventbleeding

C.knowwhattodoD.actquickly

90Whileofferingfirstaid,thehelpershould______.

A.beself-controlledB.haveotherstoassisthim

C.haveconfidenceinthesickpersonD.getridoftheby-standers PartⅤTranslation〔10×1.5〕 91.他在车祸中不幸断了一只胳膊。 92.几乎每个人在这次考试中都不及格。 93.我们不需要空调,我们也买不起。 94.这些鞋子穿着特别舒服。 95.你特别难想象她做了午饭。 96.Everyonehashisownwayoflife. 97.Withoutyourhelp,wecouldnothavefinishedthetaskyesterday. 98.Petersaidhewouldnotmindmyopeningthewindows. 99.Theriverusedtobecleanbutithasgotpollutedsincethechemicalplantwasbuilt. 100.Therockethasenabledmantoachievetheage-olddreamoftraveltothemoon. PartⅥWriting(25points) Directions:WriteacompositiononthetopicWhyaSenseofHumorIsImportant.Youshouldwrit enolessthan150wordsandyoushouldbaseyourcompositionontheoutline(giveninChinese)b elow.PleasewriteontheANWSERSHEET. Outline: (1)幽默能表达个性; (2)幽默有益于身心健康; (3)幽默能融洽与他人的关系。