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句子的成分 ⅠSubject:主语表示句子所要说的是谁或什么,是句子的主 体 Please translate the sentences into Chinese first and then tell me what is the subject. 1. The workers built a new house. 2. He works in a big factory. 3. Who is your mother? 4. Nobody knows it. 5. The first is the best. 6. To see is to believe. 7. It is funny to see him making faces. 8. Playing football is a good sport. 9. The young should respect the old. 10. What he said is quite true. 11. That the sun rises in the east is a truth.

Ⅱ Predicate


1. The ship sank to the bottom of the sea. 2. They have finished the task ahead of time. 3. The fish tastes good.

Ⅲ Predicative 特征或状态


1. She is a nurse. 2. My father became a party member during the long march. 3. Oh, it’s you! 4. The garden is beautiful. 5. She feels much better today. 6. The football match became very exciting. 7. He was greatly surprised when he learned the news. 8. Six minus two is four. 9. She was the third to come. 10. Her job is to clean the classroom. 11. My hobby is singing. 12. The watch is out of order. 13. My father is out. 14. My suggestion is that we should water the flowers first. Ⅳ Object 宾语表示动作的对象,是动作的承受者 位于介词后的称为介词宾语 1. He often reads newspaper after supper. 2. We should learn from her. 3. How many pens do you need? I need two.

4. They took the wounded to the hospital. 5. I enjoyed working with you. 6. I hope to see you again. 7. You should write down what the teacher said. 宾语的种类 1. 直接宾语 The Direct Object (something)

She wrote a book last year. 2. 间接宾语 The Indirect Object (somebody) He sent me a birthday gift yesterday. (双宾语)

He sent a birthday gift to me yesterday. 双宾语动词: give, show, pass, teach, send, bring, buy, tell, leave, return, pay …+


make, buy, fetch,…+for Please change the following sentences into another form. He gave me some pictures. Lend me your knife, please. The teacher teaches us English. My mother made a coat for Xiao Lin. He bought me a new cap. . 3. 同源宾语 Liu Hulan died a glorious death.

She dreamed a sweet dream. 4. 复合宾语: (宾语+宾语补足语) They call her Xiao Hong. I find it easy to answer this question. Ⅴ 定语 Attribute 限定或修饰名词或代词

1. He is a handsome fellow. 2. China is a developing country. 3. A new swimming pool is being built in our school. 4. His father is an engineer. 5. They are putting up a wall newspaper. 6. Mary’s parents are both doctors. 7. We have six classes every day. 8. I have nothing to do. 9. My mother is always the first one to get up. Ⅵ 状语 Adverbial 修饰动词,形容词,副词

状语可以用副词(adverb),介词短语(prep. Phrase),不定 式(infinitive), 分词, 形容词(adjective), 复合结构, 从句(clause) 等表示 1. In spring, the flowers are all open. 2. Yesterday she didn’t go to school because of her illness. 3. I shall go there unless it rains. 4. The teacher came in with a book in his hand.

5. The teacher sat there, surrounded by a few students. 6. In order to learn English well, we should practise speaking it every day. 7. He worked so hard that he caught up with others quickly. 8. Although he was poor, he was honest. 9. Shanghai is as beautiful as Beijing. Ⅶ 同位语(Appositive) 位于名词或代词后面,说明它们的

性质和情况 1. We young people are like the sun at eight or nine in the morning. 2. He himself will do the experiment. 3. She is the youngest among us three. 4. He told me the news that he had joined the party. 5. Some subjects, such as physics and biology are very difficult to learn. Ⅷ 宾语补足语 Complement 位于宾语之后,说明宾语的

行为,状态,身份,特征等 1. His father named him Ming Hua. 2. We must make our country rich and strong. 3. I found her already in the care of a nurse. 4. It’s cold outside. Let them in. 5. We noticed her leave the house.

6. When you speak English, be sure to make yourself understood.

Exercise 1. This is a novel. 2. We are watching TV. 3. He gave me two pictures. 4. This book is mine. 5. I kept him waiting two hours. 6. My father was a sailor. 7. There will be a good meal for us at our aunt’s. V 8. Time flies fast. 9. The milk tastes fresh. 10. I am in a hurry to find a job. 11. It is silly to talk like that. 12. Can you get him to help me? 13. She locked all the rooms up. 14. I put your shoes under the bed. 15. We called Xiao Liu our scientist. 16. They welcomed him to their home. 17. He bought some sweets for his son. S Ad. Ad.

18. I prefer my coffee hot. 19. The people all over the world are hoping for peace. 20. A lot of noise is going on outside.

II. . 1. My family has lived in this beautiful street since 197. 2. Li Feng has to speak to the bird in English once a week. 3. It’s a very interesting story. 4. To win the match is really not easy. 5. I can see five hundred cows on top of the rock. 6. I wish you a happy New Year. 7. There is nothing on the desk. 8. I felt my heart beating fast. 9. These ideas seem strange to you. 10. When I entered the theatre, the play had

already begun. 11. The problem is who will water my flower. I

don’t know what kind of tape record I shall buy. 12. 13. 14. I will study hard this term. Bring me a book. She looks prettiest in blue.

15. 16. 17.

The water feels warm. We make him captain. The doctor felt unhappy because one of his

patients died. 18. 19. I am satisfied with what he said. I will go to Nanjing, my hometown ,to visit my

former teacher. 20. III. 1. The teacher taught us some grammer rules. 2. The farmer dug up the soil. 3. She found her ring lost. 4. The great poet lived in the 18th century. 5. The guests have just arrived. 6. There were still a few tickets left when I got to the cinema. 7. She laid the baby on the bed. 8. I wish you success. 9. The party will be held in the grade hotel out side the town. 10. 11. He looked at the poster on the wall. Things got worse and worse. How bright the moon looks tonight.

12. 13.

We found the bank robbed the night before. When I was in Hongkong, I often had meals in

the fast food restaurant. 14. 15. I don’t believe what you have said. The weather is terribly hot.

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