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Grammar
人称代词&物主代词&反身代词

人称代词的基本形式:

主格

I

you

he

she

we

you

they

宾格 me

you

him her
her

us
our

you
your

them
their

your his 形容 my 词性 物代 名词 mine yours his 性物 代 反身 代词
myself yourself himself

hers ours

yours theirs

herself

ourselves

yourselves

themselves

? 人称代词: ? I love mom, mom loves me. ? 主格 宾格 (动词之前)(动词、介词之后) ? 我 I me ? 你 you you ? 他 he him ? 她 she her ? 它 it it ? 我们 we us ? 你们 you you ? 他们 they them

观察下列句子:红色字体的意思;红色的用法。
I am fine, thanks. A glass of milk for me.

You can play the piano.
He is from England.

Nice to meet you.
Let’s ask him.

She likes swimming.
It has bright eyes.

Let me ask her.
I like it. Let us go to school. Pleased to meet you. Let’s ask them.

We are late.
You are good friends.

They are bananas.

人称代词作主语时用主格。 I’m in Class Three ,Grade One. It is a taxi. He is watching TV. She is cooking.

主格:作主语,表示谁怎么样了、干什么了。

人称代词作宾语时用宾格。
宾格作宾语,表示动作行为的对象。

We like him very much. Give it to me. Let’s go (let’s =let us)

? 人称代词: ? I love mom, mom loves me. ? 主格 宾格 (动词之前)(动词/介词之后) ? 我 I me ? 你 you you ? 他 he him ? 她 she her ? 它 it it ? 我们 we us ? 你们 you you ? 他们 they them

? 人称代词: ? . ? 主格 ( ) ? 我 ? 你 ? 他 ? 她 ? 它 ? 我们 ? 你们 ? 他们

宾格 ( )

My name is John. What is your name ?

His father father likes swimming.
This is her bag . Its name is Snow. Our teacher teacher is Mrs. Wang. These are your books books . Their photos are on the wall.

英语物主代词是表示所有关系的代词。 1. 形容词性物主代词起形容词的作用, 用在名词前,不可单独使用。
-What’s your name, please? -My name is Mary. Is this his book? Her favorite food is noodles. -Where are their English books? Its name is Mimi.

2.名词性物主代词相当于一个名词, 不可用在名词前,可单独使用。
This is my book. The book is mine. That is your desk. That’s yours. 名词性物主代词 =形容词性物主代 词+名词

This is his cup. It’s his.
That is her skirt. The skirt is hers.

That’s its banana. The banana is its.
This is our classroom. It’s ours.

This is their basketball. It’s theirs.

一、选出括号中正确的词,在正确的词上打勾。

1.This is(my √ / I)mother. 2. Nice to meet (your / you √ ). 3. (He / His √ )name is Mark. 4. What’s(she / her √ )name? 5. Excuse(me √ / my / I). 6. Are(your / you √ )Miss Li? √ 7. ( I/ My)am Ben. 8. (She / Her)is my sister. √ 9. Fine , thank (your / you √ ). 10. How old is (√ he / his)

二.用括号中的适当形式填空 your (you)pencils? (1)Are these ________ Yes, they are ________ ours (our). (2)—Whose is this pencil? —It’s ________ mine (I). them (they)very much. (3)I love ________ (4)She is________ my (I)classmate. (5)Miss Li often looks after________ (she) her their (6)—Are these ________ (they)bags ? —No, they aren’t ________ theirs (their). ours They are ________ (we). Lucy’s ( Lucy ) sister. (7)Lily is _______

什么是反身代词?
? 反身代词又称为自身代词,表示动 作行为反射到行为执行者本身。它 还可以在句中起到强调的作用,用 以加强语气(注意:反身代词不能 单独做主语)。

【用法展现】
? 1. 可用作宾语,指的是宾语和主语表示同一 个或同一些的人或事物。
如:Maria bought herself a scarf. 玛丽亚给自己买了一条围巾。 如:We must look after ourselves very well.

我们必须好好照顾自己。

? 2. 可用作表语,指的是表语和主语表示同 一个或同一些人或事物。 如: She isn’t quite herself today. 她今天 有点不舒服。
?

? 3. 可用作主语或宾语的同位语,常用来加 强语气。 如:She herself will fly to London tomorrow. 明天她自己将要坐飞机去伦敦。 I met the writer himself last week. 我上周见到了那位作家本人。

? 4. 用在某些固定短语当中。
look after oneself / take care of oneself 照顾自己 teach oneself sth./ learn sth. by oneself自学 enjoy oneself玩得高兴,过得愉快 help oneself to sth请自用……

? ? ? ? ? ?

hurt oneself摔伤自己 say to oneself自言自语 lose oneself in 沉浸于,陶醉于…之中 leave sb. by oneself把某人单独留下 buy oneself sth.给自己买……东西 introduce oneself 介绍……自己

himself 1. My classmate, Li Ming, made a card for _________
just now.

myself with a knife yesterday. 2. Bad luck! I cut _________ themselvesvery 3. They tell us they can look after_________
well.

itself 4. My cat can find food by_________ .
yourselves some beef, boys. 5. Help __________to herself in the park yesterday 6. Jenny enjoyed_________ ourselves . 7. We can finish our homework by_________
afternoon.

yourself to us ? 8. Xiao Hui, can you introduce _________

9. Look and complete.

her — Sara is here. That’s __________ hat. his — Ben is here, too. That’s __________ coat.

9. Look and complete.

her — Mom is back. That’s__________ handbag. his — Dad is back, too. That's __________ jacket.

9. Look and complete.

your — Excuse me. Is this __________ bag? My — No, it isn’t. __________ bag is blue.

9. Look and complete.

his — _______boss is here. That’s ______ laptop. My — Yes, he always comes very early.