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八年级英语下册Unit 10知识点总结


Unit 10 I ’ve had this bike for three years. 1. I’ve had it for three years. 我拥有它三年了。 【解析】for +一段时间 表示动作持续一段时间,用于现在完成时 【2012 甘肃鸡西市 1】She_____ her hometown for many years. No one nearly knows her. A. has been away from A. was teaching B. has left C. had left 【2012 湖北十堰 2】Ben is a foreign teacher. So far, he __ in Shiyan for five years. B. has taught C. will teach D. taught Amy wants to keep her old things because they bring back sweet memories. 艾米想保留 她的那些旧东西,因为它们能使她想起甜蜜的回忆。 【解析 1】keep (kept ; kept)保留 keep 用法归纳如下: 一、用作系动词,意为“保持(某种状态)”,其后常接形容词作表语。 Please keep quiet / silent! 请保持安静! 二、用作实义动词, ⑴. 保管;保存;保留 Please keep these things for me while I am away. ⑵. 赡养;饲养 ⑶ 坚持;继续 I used to keep sheep in my childhood. 接 V-ing 形式作宾语。

If you keep practicing your spoken English, you'll soon make great progress. ⑷ 阻止;阻碍 keep sb/sth from doing sth 其中介词 from 不能省略。 The heavy rain didn't keep them from watching the football match. ⑸ 保持。 其后常接复合宾语,表示使(某人或某物)保持某种状态或使某一动作继续。 ① keep + sb/sth + 介词。 If your hands are cold, keep them in your pockets. ② keep + sb/sth + 形容词。 These gloves will keep your hands warm. ③ keep + sb/sth + V-ing ,“让某人 / 某物一直……”,强调动作的持续性。 I'm sorry I've kept you waiting. 很抱歉,让你久等了。 【短语】 keep a record 保持记录, 把……关在外面, keep up 保持;使……不能入睡 keep one's / an eye on 密切注视 离开 keep in mind 牢记 are. A. lend B. keep C. borrow D. return 【2013 贵州安顺 2】“Did you borrow the comic book from the library?” “ Yes. I _____ it for three days. I’ll return it this afternoon. A. borrowed ( B. kept C. have borrowed D. have kept 【解析 2】 bring back (v+adv) 使回想起;使回忆起 ) Our excellent service ______ our guests _____ year after year. A. bring; down B. bring; back C. bring; in D. bring; up 3. You can also give old things away to people in need. 你也能捐赠旧东西给那些需要的 人们。 keep one's word 遵守诺言 —Of course. Here you 【2013 山东济南 3】 —Could I __________ your iPad, Alice? keep away (from) keep in touch (with)保持与……的联系 keep out (of)

【解析】 in need 需要;需求 【拓展】in danger 在危险中 in silence 在沉默中 indeed. 患难见真情 4. Because I don’t read it anymore . 因为我不用再读了。 【解析】no more ;not … anymore/ no longer ;not... any longer 不再 词语 同义词 用法 no longer not… any longer 强调时间或动作“不再延续” , 与延续性动词连用 no more not … any more 强调数量和程度“不再增加” , 与非延续性动词连用 位置区别: 当修饰动词时,no longer 通常置于 be 或行为动词前;no more 一般置于行 为动词后。 not... any longer 与 not... any more 常置于句末。 He can no longer walk. = He can’t walk any longer The little girl no more cried. = The little girl didn’t cry any more. ( ) It is late. We can not wait him _____. A. any more B. no more C. more 5. Because I’ve had it since I was a baby. 因为自从我很小的时候我就有它了。 【解析】since 自从 Since +从句(一般过去时),主句用现在完成时 to our school. 【辨析】since 与 for 在现在完成时态中的用法: since 其后接时间点或时态为一般过去时的句子,表示某事是从什么时候开始的 I’ve been a soldier since two years ago for 其后接时间段,表示某事持续了多长时间 I’ve been a soldier for two years. 【2011 天津】My grandmother ___ a lot of changes in Tianjin since she came here. A.sees A.make B. can see B.made C. will see C.will make D. has seen D.have made —Since the first month I 【2011 贵州毕节】I ______ many new friends since I came here. 【2013 上海】—_______ have you been in the sports club? came to the school. A. How old B. How long C. How much D. How soon 6. I have something for the kids, 我有一些孩子们的东西。 【解析】for 给;为了 介词 for 用法归纳 用法 1:(表目的)为了。They went out for a walk. 他们出去散步了。 用法 2:(表利益)为,为了。 What can I do for you? 你想要我什么? 【2013 上海 4】The chemicals in the vegetables and fruit are bad ____ our health. A. from B. with C .of D. for —A 【2013 牡丹江 2】—What did you get _____ your mother ____ Mother’s Day? beautiful card and a scarf. A. for; in B. for; on C. to; for 【2013 江苏盐城 4】It is reported that a lot of adults take lessons online ___ further education. He has studied very hard since he came in trouble 在困境中 in good health 在好的健康状态中 A friend in need is a friend

A. after

B. to

C. with

D. for

7. I’ve had this magazine for a couple of months.我拥有这本杂志已经几个月了。 【解析】a couple of 几个;一些= a few 后接可数名词复数 a couple of “一对” ,优指夫妻、情侣 I’ll be back in _______________days. (几天) 8. The stories inside may be a bit old, but they’ll still interesting. 里面的故事或许有点老, 但它们仍然很有趣。 【解析】a bit 稍微;有点儿 a bit /a little 辨析: ⑴ a bit 和 a little 在肯定句中, 修饰动词、形容词、副词和比较级,"一点儿"。 The speaker spoke up a bit/a little so as to make himself heard more clearly. 演讲者把 嗓门提高了一点儿,以便使别人听得更清楚。 ⑵ a little 可以直接作定语修饰名词, a bit 修饰名词,需后面加 of 构成短语 ,两者都只能修饰不可数名词 There is a little/a bit of food left for lunch. 午饭只能吃剩下的一点食品了。 9. And check out these soft toys and board games for younger kids. 【解析】check out 查看;观察 check v 检查 【2013 浙江宁波】 Please _______(检查)your test paper before you hand it in. 【2013 安徽 3】I will meet Jane at the station, Please___ what time she will arrive. A. count B. choose C. check D. catch 【2013 天津】— Julie said she sent you a birthday card yesterday. Have you got it? —Oh, really! I haven’t ____ my mailbox yet. A. examined B. reviewed C. tested D. checked 10. My children are growing up fast .我的孩子们成长的很快。 【解析】grow up 成长 (常用于指人或动物) ( ) When I grow up , I want to be a teacher. D. get younger A. give up B. put up C. get older

11. So we’ve been clearing out a lot of things from our bedroom for a yard sale. 所以,我们正从卧室里清理出许多东西来办一场庭院拍卖会。 【解析】clear out 清理;把……清空 cupboard. 12. We’ve decided to each sell five things we no longer use. 我们已经决定每人卖出去五 件我们不用的东西。 【解析 1】decide 决定 decide v 决定→-decision n 决定 (1)decide to do sth= make up one’s mind to do sth 决定做某事 (2)make a decision 做决定 ①My mother has decided _______________(take) me to acting lessons. ( ) ②My brother makes up his mind to study medicine. A. decided B. needs C. decides D. has 【四川南充】The classroom was so dirty . I decided ____. A. clean it up B. to clean it up C. clean up it 【2013 河北中考 2】The children decide ____ their school yard this Friday afternoon. clean up 清理;使整洁 Please clear out the

A. clean

B. to clean

C. cleaning

D. cleaned

【解析 2】no longer = not ... any long 不再 【在句中位置】no longer 位于助动词、情态动词或实意动词之后; not ... any longer not 常与助动词或情态动词连用,any longer 位于句末。 I no longer live in this city. = I don’t live in this city any longer. 【辨析】 no longer, not ... any longer; no more , not... any more. 词语 同义词 用法 no longer not ... any longer 强调时间或动作“不再延续” ,与延续动词连用 no more not ... any more 强调数量和程度“不再增加” 与非延续动词连用 He can no longer walk = He can’t walk any longer. I have no more money to give you.= I don’t have money to give you any more. 13. For example , he’s owned a train and railway set since his fourth birthday, and he played with it almost every week until he was about seven. 例如,从他四岁生日以来,就已经拥有了这列火车和铁轨的组合,大约七岁之前他几乎每周 都要玩这个玩具。 【解析】own 拥有 own v 拥有→owner n 物主 of one’s own 某人自己的 ①Who is the ____________(own) of the bike? eyes. 14. And he didn’t want to lose the toy monkey he’s had since then, 并且他也不想失去自 从他出生就拥有的那个玩具猴。 【解析】lose (lost , lost) 失去 I hope we won’t lose the competition. My daughter was more understanding , although she felt sad to part with certain toys.我女儿比较通情达理,尽管要失去某些玩具也让她感到难过。 【解析 1】 part with 与……分开; 失去 (尤指舍不得的东西) the old house. ( ) She felt sad to part with her lovely dog. A. find B. lost C. lose D. found 【解析 2】certain ⑴ 某种; 某事;某人 (在句中只能做定语,常与不定代词 a 连用, 可修饰单、复数名词) A certain person called on me yesterday. ⑵ adj. 确实的,无疑的 be certain of 对某事有把握 They are certain of success. be certain to do sth 肯定做某事 He is certain to come. be certain +that 确信 ( A. live B. of live I’m certain that he’ll come. C. to live D. to living. haven’t ) He is certain _____ to ninety. They were sorry to part with the owner of … ……的所有者 ②I want to see it with _______(I) own

As for me, I didn’t want to give up my football shirts , but , to be honest , I

played for a while now. 对于我来说,我不想放弃我的足球衫,但说实话,现在我有段时间没踢足球了。 【解析 1】 as for 至于; 关于 (后跟名词、 代词或动名词作宾语) As for computer, I’m not telling you anything. ( ) — ____ the doctors, the most beautiful teacher Zhang Lili is out of danger.

—We wish her to live a healthy and happy life in the future. A. In front of B. Thanks to C. As for D. Across from 【解析 2】 to be honest = to tell (you) the truth 老实说;说实话 【拓展】honest adj. 诚实的(反)dishonest adj. 不诚实的 an honest boy 一个诚实的男 孩 【注】honest 以元音音素开头,所以前面的定冠词要用 an. ①He is a _________(honest) boy. We all don’t like him. ②She is an __________(honest) girl. We all like her. ③ Tom likes to tell lies, he is________(honest) ( ) We should be honest to everyone . We shouldn’t tell lies. B. true C. truth She D. truthful likes to lie down for a while after lunch. A. dishonest

【解析 3】 for a while 一会儿

17. What will they do with the money they raise from the sale? 他们要用卖东西筹集来的钱做什么? 【解析】do with 处理;对付(某人或某物) deal with 处理 与 how 连用 do with 处理 letters. deal with “处理;应付”,强调处理的方式、方法,常与 how 连用 He taught me how to deal with pressure. 【2011 玉溪】We can’t decide what will happen in our life, but we can decide how we will _____it. A. agree with B. begin with C. deal with D. come up with ( ) — ____ do you ____ your broken watch? — I am going to take it to the A. How; do with B. What; deal with C. How; deal with D. What; did with watchmaker’s . 与 what 连用 do with “处理; 安置”, 强调处理的对象, 常与 what 连用 I don’t know what to do with these


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