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浙江省杭州市西湖高级中学2015届高三9月月考英语试题

杭西高2014年9月考高三英语试卷
第一部分:英语知识运用 (共两节,满分30分) 第一节: 单项填空 (共20小题;每小题0.5分,满分10分) 1. --- I wonder if I could pay the bill by check. --- ______. The card machine has just broken down. A. No problem B. Take your time C. Never mind D.I?m sorry 2.The driver had to______because the traffic light had turned red. A. set up B. shut up C. catch up D. pull up 3. ---I acquired ______ Van Gogh from a businessman from Paris the other day. ---Really? Are you sure it?s ______ real one? A. /, a B. /, the C. a, a D. a, the 4. All the pictures in this book, ______ otherwise stated, come from those taken by Miss Brown. A. unless B. until C. even if D. as if 5. Why____you play the piano in the midnight? It ?s so noisy. A. do B. will C. must D. shall 6. It is reported that a storm is on its way, but the weather today is ______ warm and sunny. A. luckily B. fortunately C. surprisingly D. hardly 7. If he can____his natural ability with hard work,he should be a success.. A. connect B. combine C. link D. join 8. The argument went on for hours as neither side would___. A. give in B. give away C. give off D. give out 9. The lecture was so complex that I simply couldn?t ______ at all. Could you explain it to me? A. bring on B. bring in C. take on D. take in 10.Jane,I?m sorry,I___you-you have changed a lot. A. haven?t recognized B. hadn?t recognized C. didn?t recognize D. won?t recognize 11. The earthquake was so terrible that in only 15 seconds a large city lay____. A.in tears B. in terror C. in ruins D. in anger 12. The police offered a large___for any information leading to the robber ?s arrest. A. award B. reward C. money D. prize 13. Whether by accident or____,he arrived too late to help us.. A. purpose B.aim C. design D. chance 14. After all that hard work,you really____a three-day holiday. A. replace B. deserve C. respect D. admire 15. One of the tourists ______ from the tour group. That was why the tour guide lost his temper. A. kept away B. broke away C. took away D. gave away 16. He is really an excellent doctor and he is____to becoming an expert in this field. A. in a way B. by the way C. on the way D. under way 17. ----Do you know how to learn English well? ________. ----Why? Don?t you think English is quite interesting? A. It can?t be too interesting. B. I just can?t help it. C. It?s my favorite subject D. It?s killing me.

第二节:完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从第 21—40 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 When an egg breaks from outside, a life ends. When an Egg breaks from inside, a life begins. All life?s circumstances can be seen in an egg where in the soft yolk (蛋黄) inside is our __21___ and the hard shell outside is the barrier. When the barrier breaks from outside, our desire is crushed, but when it breaks from inside, we 22__ a new skill, a new habit and a new life. I was 22 years old. I did not 23 where the kitchen was in my house, since I had 24__ gone into the kitchen before. All of a sudden, I had to move to America to pursue my master?s degree. That is when it ___25__ me that I had to learn to cook a proper meal in order to ___26__ . My desire to cook began to __27___ , and the yolk began to stir. The first time I made __28___ , it came out like white glue. Within a month of experimenting with different recipes, I ___29___ the art of making Chinese fried rice and north Indian curry. This breaking of the eggshell from 30_ gave me yet another skill for life, __31__ . Now that I look back, maybe my wife agreed to marry me for this __32__ alone. It is easy to break an egg from outside, but it is 33__ to break it from inside. What is even more difficult is to __34__ you from outside and break the egg from inside. That is where the role of a teacher, a mentor or a coach comes in. As a father, I took it as my responsibility to 35__ my son cycling and swimming. In this case, the yolk was the untapped potential of my son and the barrier was his fear of losing 36_ . It took months of patience and coaching to help him 37_ his fear. It was an uphill task to keep him motivated through failures. 38_ , I was glad and relieved when he learned both these essential skills. The important lesson here is that the egg will be 39__ no matter what. Success, when the egg breaks from inside, is more about what you overcome than what you achieve. Life always throws up 40_ . I urge you all learn the instrument that you always wanted to play but have not played so far. As the saying goes, there is never a lock without a key, never a problem without a solution. Persist, believe in yourself and allow your yolk to break through to a new soul, a new you. 21. A. concern B. desire C. weakness D. resource 22. A. lose B. change C. learn D. expect 23. A. know B. find C. forget D. question 24. A. often B. never C. sometimes D. ever 25. A. reminded B. occurred C. stuck D. hit 26. A. survive B. compete C. continue D. settle 27. A. turn around B. get across C. take shape D. take part 28. A. tea B. rice C. yogurt D. porridge 29. A. recognized B. appreciated C. introduced D. mastered 30. A. inside B. outside C. sideways D. around

31. A. learning 32. A. courage 33. A. funny 34. A. prevent 35. A. accompany 36. A. balance 37. A. understand 38. A. Meanwhile 39. A. broken 40. A. ideas

B. cooking B. attempt B. simple B. influence B. keep B. patience B. discover B. Finally B. cooked B. messages

C. cycling C. skill C. boring C. agree C. teach C. courage C. reflect C. Besides C. lost C. surprises

D. adapting D. hobby D. difficult D. warn D. require D. freedom D. overcome D. Therefore D. kept D. Challenges

第二部分:阅读理解(每小题 2 分,共 50 分) 第一节:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卷上将该选项标号涂黑。 A It all began with a stop at a red light. Kevin Salwen was driving his 14-year-old daughter, Hannah, back from a sleepover in 2006 . While waiting at a traffic light, they saw a black Mercedes Coupe on one side and a homeless man begging for food on the other. “Dad, if that man had a less nice car, that man there could have a meal.”Hannah protested. The light changed and they drove on, but Hannah was too young to be reasonable. She pestered (纠缠)her parents about inequity, insisting that she wanted to do something. “What do you want to do?” her mom responded. “Sell our house?” Warning! Never suggest a grand gesture to an idealistic teenager. Hannah seized upon the idea of selling the luxurious family home and donating half the proceeds to charity, while using the other half to buy a more modest replacement home. Eventually, that?s what the family did. The project —crazy, impetuous (鲁莽的) and utterly inspiring — is written down in detail in a book by father and daughter scheduled to be published next month: “The Power of Half.” It?s a book that, frankly, I?d be nervous about leaving around where my own teenage kids might find it. An impressionable child reads this, and the next thing you know your whole family is out on the street. At a time of enormous needs in Haiti and elsewhere, when so many Americans are trying to help Haitians by sending everything from text messages to shoes, the Salwens offer an example of a family that came together to make a difference — for themselves as much as the people they were trying to help. In a column a week ago, it described neurological evidence from brain scans that unselfishness lights up parts of the brain normally associated with more primary satisfaction. The Salwens? experience confirms the selfish pleasures of selflessness. Mr. Salwen and his wife, Joan, had always assumed that their kids would be better off in a bigger house. But after they downsized, there was much less space to retreat to, so the family members spent more time around each other. A smaller house unexpectedly turned out to be a more family-friendly house. 41. The best title for the passage should be “______”. A. The Less, the Better B. An Expected Satisfaction C. Something We Can Live Without D. Somewhat Crazy but Inspiring 42. What does the underlined word “inequity” most probably mean in Paragraph 3?

A. Unfairness. B. Satisfaction. C. Personal attitude. D. Reasonable statement. 43. What does the underlined sentence “Never suggest a grand gesture to an idealistic teenager.” mean? ______ A. Never give a quick answer to an idealistic teenager. B. Unless a child is realistic, never give an answer immediately. C. Give an answer if the child is reasonable. D. Don?t respond to a child's demands firmly without consideration.

B Have you ever picked a job based on the fact that you were good at it but later found it made you feel very uncomfortable over time? When you select your career, there's a whole lot more to it than assessing your skills and matching them with a particular position. If you ignore your personality, it will hurt you long-term regardless of your skills or the job?s pay. There are several areas of your personality that you need to consider to help you find a good job. Here are a few of those main areas; 1) Do you prefer working alone or with other people? There are isolating jobs that will drive an outgoing person crazy and also interactive jobs that will make a shy person uneasy. Most people are not extremes in either direction but do have a tendency that they prefer. There are also positions that are sometimes a combination of the two, which may be best for someone in the middle who adapts easily to either situation. 2) How do you handle change? Most jobs these days have some elements of change to them, but some are more than others. If you need stability in your life, you may need a job where the changes don't happen so often. Other people would be bored of the same daily routine. 3) Do you enjoy working with computers? I do see this as a kind of personality characteristic. There are people who are happy to spend more than 40 hours a week on a computer, while there are others who need a lot of human interaction throughout the day. Again, these are extremes and you'll likely find a lot of positions somewhere in the middle as well. 4) What type of work environment do you enjoy? This can range from being in a large building with a lot of people you won't know immediately to a smaller setting where you'll get to know almost all the people there fairly quickly.

5) How do you like to get paid? Some people are motivated by the pay they get, while others feel too stressed to be like that. The variety of payment designs in the sales industry is a typical example for this. Anyway, these are a great starting point for you. I've seen it over and over again with people that they make more money over time when they do something they love. It may take you a little longer, but making a move to do what you have a passion for can change the course of your life for the better. 46. What is unnecessary in your job hunting? A. Assessing your skills B. Going to different areas C. Matching your skills with a position D. taking your personality into consideration 47. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A. Isolating jobs usually drive people mad. B. Interactive jobs make people shy easily. C. Extreme people tend to work with others. D. Almost everyone has a tendency in jobs. 48. What does the underlined sentence in paragraph one mean? A. Before you select your job, you should assess your skills and match them with your position B. There are more important things than assessing skills and match them with the position when you select job. C. Nothing is important than assessing skills and match them with the position when you select job. D. You should ignore your skills when you select job.

C The latest research suggests that the key factor separating geniuses from the merely accomplished is not I.Q., a generally bad predictor of success. Instead, it?s purposeful practice. Top performers spend more hours practising their craft. It you wanted to picture how a typical genius might develop, you?d take a girl who possessed a slightly above average language ability. It wouldn?t have to be a big talent, just enough so that she might gain some sense of distinction. Then you would want her to meet, say, a novelist, who coincidentally shared some similar qualities. Maybe the writer was from the same town, had the same family background, or shared the same birthday. This contact would give the girl a vision of her future self. It would hive her some idea of a

fascinating circle who might someday join. It would also help if one of her parents died when she was 12, giving her a strong sense of insecurity and fueling a desperate need for success. Armed with this ambition, she would read novels and life stories of writers without end. This would give her a primary knowledge of her field. She?s be able to see new writing in deeper ways and quickly understand its inner workings. Then she would practise writing. Her practice would be slow, painstaking and error-focused. By practising in this way, she delays the automatizing process. Her mind wants to turn conscious, newly learned skills into unconscious. Automatically performed skills. By practising slowly, by breaking skills down into tiny parts and repeating, she forces the brain to internalize a better pattern of performance. Then she would find an adviser who would provide a constant stream of feedback, viewing her performance form the outside, correcting the smallest errors, pushing her to take on tougher challenges. By now she is redoing problems — how do I get characters into a room—dozens and dozens of times. She is establishing habits of thought she can call upon in order to understand or solve future problems. The primary quality our young writer possesses is not some mysterious genius. It?s the ability to develop a purposeful, laborious and boring practice routine; the latest research takes some of the magic out of great achievement. But it underlines a fact that is often neglected. Public discussion is affected by genetics and what we?re “hard-wired” to do. And it?s true that genes play a role in our capabilities. But the brain is also very plastic. We construct ourselves through behaviour. 51. The passage mainly deals with . A. the function of I.Q. in cultivating a writer B. the relationship between genius and success C. the decisive factor in making a genius D. the way of gaining some sense of distinction 52. By reading novels and writers? stories, the girl could . A. come to understand the inner structure of writing B. join a fascinating circle of writers someday C. share with a novelist her likes and dislikes D. learn from the living examples to establish a sense of security 53. In the girl?s long painstaking training process, ________. A. her adviser forms a primary challenging force to her success B. her writing turns into an automatic pattern of performance C. she acquires the magic of some great achievement D. she comes to realize she is “hard-wired” to write 54. What can be concluded from the passage? A. A fueling ambition plays a leading role in one?s success B. A responsible adviser is more important than the knowledge of writing. C. As to the growth of a genius, I.Q. doesn?t matter, but just his/her effort. D. What really matters is what you do rather than who you are. D When I heard the piano, I walked to Mrs. Windsor’s house and waited outside as I always did.

That meant she was working with another student, and I was not supposed to bother them by ringing the bell. I stood against the wall and daydreamed what I?d rather be doing. “Almost anything”, I sighed dejectedly. I had been tutored enough to read, understand, and even write some musical compositions, but I just didn?t have a gift for it. It didn?t come to me naturally. I thought back to happier times when I was writing stories and acting them out with my friends, cutting up old clothes to make dresses that performers wear in plays, and building scenery out of old things we found. But Mrs. Windsor had offered to give me the lessons for free, so I felt my duty to try. The door opened and Wendy Barton came out. I walked in, sat down on the piano bench and began to sort through my sheet music. “Hello,” I heard a voice behind me say softly. I turned around to see a little girl standing behind me, eating an apple. But before I could make any response, Mrs. Windsor walked into the room in her usual urgent manner and announced, “Jennifer, this is my niece, Pasha. Pasha, this is Jennifer. Pasha will be giving you your lesson today. I?m up to my ears in something else!” she then exited to the kitchen Pasha set her apple down on the side table and slid beside me on the piano bench. “What piece do you like best?” she asked. “What do you mean?” I asked. “They’re all the same to me. I don?t know. “You mean you don?t have a favorite?” “No, not really.” Pasha looked at me, rather puzzled, then opened my sheet music to the beginning page and asked me to play. I arranged my fingers on the keys and studied the notes on the page for a moment. Then I frowned and concentrated to make the notes on the page match the finger movements. I have to admit I was a rather mechanical pianist. After about a page or two, Pasha gently put her hand on top of mine as if to calm my fingers. There was a long pause. “What are you hearing in the music?” I looked at her rather strangely and admitted I didn?t know what she meant. “Like a story. What story is being playing out within the music?” “I guess I?ve never thought about it before. I don’t know.” “Here, let me try and you listen,” Pasha advised. She closed her eyes and took a deep breath, letting her fingers dance lightly over the keys. Then, she began to play. “See, it begins here beside some kind of river. Hear the water flowing beside you?” Her fingers rose and fell gently on the keys. “Now the princess appears and she?s picking flowers from the water ?s edge.” A carefree, happy piece of music filled the air in time to Pasha?s dancing fingers. “Oh, but she slips!” The music changed. “And our princess is being carried off by the fast-flowing stream. Quickly, the princess?s horse sees her plight (困境),” Pasha continued, and races to the river ?s edge where he swims out to let her catch hold of him. They make it to the bank and she hugs her faithful horse and swears she will never again wear princess skirts that weigh her down. She will only wear jeans and T-shirt from now on.” Pasha finished with a big smile and then looked at me. “Aren?t you the girl who tells the stories?” she asked “I guess. I do tell a lot of stories.” “Oh, yes! All the kids talk about them. I?ve heard about you. Well, all you have to do is learn

to hear the stories in the music. That?s all there is to it.” “I?ve never thought it that way.” “Let?s try another one, shall we?” Pasha smiled and together we played that afternoon, finding the stories in the music and learning that sometimes it takes a friend to pull you out of the river onto dry land again. 55. The underlined word “dejectedly” in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to _______ A. nervously B. desperately C. impatiently D. unhappily 56. Jennifer got lost in thought when she ________ A. played the piano with Pasha for the first time B. listened to Pasha tell her story about the princess C. remembered happier times of writing stories and acting them out D. discovered that Mrs. Windsor’s niece would be giving the piano lesson 57. By describing herself as a mechanical pianist, the author showed ______ A. she could remember the notes in a short time B. she was playing the piano without thinking C. Pasha was showing off her skills D. it had been a long time since she played last time

第二节:下面文章中有 5 处(第 61-65 题) 下面文章中有 5 处(第 61-65 题)需要添加小标题。请从以下选项(A、B、C、D、E 和 F) 中选出符合各段意思的小标题, 并在答题纸上将相应选项的标号涂黑。 选项中有一项是多余 选项。 A. Make sure the respondent has enough information B. Remember your survey?s purpose C. Keep your questions simple D. Include only one topic per question E. If in doubt, throw it out F. Avoid leading questions Write more effective survey questions

Naturally, no question is “good” in all situations, but there are some general rules to follow. Using these rules and examples will help you write useful questions. 61.________________ All other rules and guidelines are based on this one. There was a reason you decided to spend your time and money to do your survey, and you should ensure that every question you ask supports that reason. If you start to get lost while writing your questions, refer back to this rule. 62. ________________ This is another way of stating the first rule, but it is important enough to repeat. A question should never be included in a survey because you can?t think of a good reason to discard it. If you cannot come up with a concrete benefit that will result from the question, don?t use it. 63._________________ Compound sentences force respondents to keep a lot of information in their heads, and are likely to produce unpredictable results. Example: “Imagine a situation where the production supervisor is away from the line, a series of defective parts is being manufactured, and you just heard that a new client requires ten thousand of these parts in order to make their production schedule. How empowered do you feel by your organization to stop the line and make the repairs to the manufacturing equipment?” This question is too complex for a clear, usable answer. Try breaking it down into components parts. 64. ________________ How would you interpret the responses to “Please rate your satisfaction with the amount and kind of care you received while in the hospital.” or, a question asking about speed and accuracy? If you want to be able to come up with specific recommended actions, you need specific questions. 65. ________________ Asking respondents “How effective has this company?s new distribution program been?” may not be as effective as “Recently, we used a new distribution system. Did you know this?” Followed by “Have you seen any positive benefits resulting from this change?” It can be beneficial to break down questions that require background information into two parts: a screening item describing the situation which asks if the respondent knows about it, and a follow-up question addressing attitudes the respondent has about the topic.

高三英语答题卷
第三部分:写作(共三节,满分 40 分) 第一节:短文改错(满分 10 分) I have a good friend — a smart cat. He enjoys playing with me, that brings much happiness to me. One evening, I noticed that my cat stopped playing. I looked up, and here, about three meters ahead of my cat, was a big mouse. It seems to be eating something, their little eyes turning to look around from time to time. I held my breath and felt a bit exciting. I couldn?t help wondering whether my cat was able to catch so big mouse. Suddenly, he jumped at the mouse with his mouth widely open. The mouse tried to escape, and it was too late. The poor mouse was killed before it realized that what had happened. Then my cat held the mouse between his tooth and brought it over to me as if to say he had done a good job. 第二节:句子翻译(使用提示语,满分 10 分) 1.随着时间的流逝,他越来越自信。 (As) _______________________________________________________________ 2.并非所有的色彩都是鲜艳的。 (not all) _______________________________________________________________ 3.正是在昨天我被一所大学录取。 (It was...that...)

4.他坚持认为他应该负责这次活动。 (insist) _________________________________________________________________ 5.他如此兴奋以至于难以入睡。 (so...that) _________________________________________________________________ 第三节:书面表达(满分 20 分)

假设你是王平,李华是你的同窗好友,请根据下列要点,用英文给李华写一篇毕业留言。 要点:1. 简要表述李华在你心目中的印象; 2. 用一到两个相关的事例进行具体描述; 3. 对他(李华)表示美好的的祝愿。 Dear Li Hua, It?s time to say goodbye. _______________________________________

Yours, Wang Ping

杭 州 西 湖 高 级 中 学

2014

学 年