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2018高中英语外研版选修七课件:Module 6 The Word`s Cultural Heritage Period Three Grammar & Writing_图文

Module 6 The World’s Cultural Heritage 内容索引 Period Three Grammar & Writing 语法专题 写作专题 语法专题 特殊形式的虚拟语气与地点、条件、让步状语从句 语法感知 Ⅰ.用所给动词的正确形式填空 closed 1.They have recommended that the be site (repair). 2.They have suggested that repaired (close) and be encouraged the general public (encourage) to help with the problem. 3.A professor at the Academy has be established proposed that a fund (establish) to raise money. 4.We have requested that the government get (get) involved. be done 5.My colleagues and I insist that something (do) about it immediately. Ⅱ.用适当的引导词填空 1. If nothing is done to repair it,it could be removed from the list. 2.Fast as/though you read,you can’t finish the book so soon. 3. Where there is a will,there is a way. 4. Whether we go or stay,the result is the same. 5.Sound the alarm bell in case a fire breaks out. 语法精析 Ⅰ.特殊形式的虚拟语气(should) do 虚拟语气的特殊形式,即用来表示要求、建议、命令、提议、意愿等的 主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句中的虚拟形式,其虚拟语 气的构成往往是由“should(可省略)+动词原形”构成的that从句。 1.宾语从句的虚拟语气 巧记宾语从句中常用虚拟语气的动词 一坚持→insist 二命令→order,command 三建议→suggest,advise,recommend 四要求→require,request,demand,desire He insisted that the old man (should) be sent to hospital at once. 他坚持立刻把这位老人送往医院。 The mayor ordered that free food (should) be distributed. 市长命令发放免费食品。 They suggested that all the plans (should) be discussed at the meeting. 他们建议所有的计划都应该在会上讨论。 The driver demanded that all the passengers (should) show their tickets to him. 注意:suggest意为“建议”时,从句谓语动词应用虚拟语气;意为“表 明,暗示”时,则应用陈述语气。insist意为“坚持认为、坚持说”时用 陈述语气,其他则用虚拟语气。 Opinion polls suggest that only 10% of the population trusts the government. 民意调查显示只有10%的人口信任这届政府。 His friends insisted he had no connection with drugs. 他的朋友坚持说他和毒品无关。 2.主语从句的虚拟语气 (1)It is+形容词/名词+that...(should) do... 常 用 的 形 容 词 有 urgent , necessary , essential , important , appropriate , advisable,preferable,natural,strange等。 (2)It is+过去分词+that...(should) do... 常 见 的 此 类 过 去 分 词 有 : suggested , ordered , desired , proposed , recommended,requested,required,demanded等。 It’s necessary that we (should) learn English well. 我们有必要学好英语。 It is required that we (should) finish our work today. 要求我们今天完成工作。 3.表语从句和同位语从句的虚拟语气 在 以 suggestion , advice , recommendation , demand , order , plan , proposal等表示主张、建议、命令的词引导的表语从句和同位语从句中, 从句谓语动词用“should+动词原形”,should可以省略。 His proposal is that we (should) turn off TV for half an hour every day. 他的建议是我们每天关闭电视半小时。 What do you think of my suggestion that we (should) send a few workers to help other groups? 我建议应该派几个工人去帮助其他小组,你认为如何