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定语从句-介词+关系词_图文

定语从句: 介词+关系代词 定语从句 介词 关系代词 (介词的选择 介词的选择) 介词的选择
用于这种情况的关系代词一般为 which (指物 和 whom(指人 即: 指物)和 指人).即 指物 指人 介词+which/whom 介词

结构中, 在介词+ whom/ which 结构中,介词的选择 介词+ on I will never forget the day ____ which I reached the Great Wall. at Tell me the time _____ which the train leaves.

根据先行词来判断

This is the hero _____ whom we are proud. of In the dark street, there wasn’t a single person _____ she could turn for help. A. to that B. who C. from whom D. to whom turn to sb. for help 根据从句中谓语动词的固定搭配来判断 根据从句中谓语动词的固定搭配来判

结构中, (名词、代词、数词、最高级+) +whom/ which 结构中, 名词、代词、数词、最高级+)of +) 表所属关系, 当中的…” 表所属关系,”…当中的 当中的

China has hundreds of islands, the largest of that is Taiwan. which There 54 students in our class, most of them are boys. whom

1.根据先行词确定 其先行词往往是表示时间、 根据 确定. 其先行词往往是表示时间、 地点、原因、方法、工具等的词, 地点、原因、方法、工具等的词,它们与介词 之间有一定的联系。 介词+关系代词” 之间有一定的联系。当“介词+关系代词”在 定语从句中充当时间、地点、原因状语时, 定语从句中充当时间、地点、原因状语时,可 分别用when, where, why替换。 替换。 分别用 替换

.I’ll never forget the day on which (= when )I joined the army. .The factory in which (= where)his ) father works is far away from my hometown. .I don’t know the reason for which (= why)he was late for school. ) .This is the camera with which he often takes photos.

when /in which He will remember the years ________________he studied at college. where /on which This is the farm _______________my father used to work. Do you know the reason ________________he was why/for which late?

2.根据从句中谓语动词与介词的固定搭配来确定 谓语动词与介词的固定搭配来确定.

This is the car for which you paid a high price. (pay for) The man with whom you shook hands just now is Tom. (shake hands with sb)

4.表示整体中的一部分或 表示整体中的一部分或……中最 中最……的,介词一 表示整体中的一部分或 中最 的 般也用of。例如: 般也用 。例如: The Greens have two daughters, both of whom are college students. China has many rivers, the longest of which is the Yangtze River. 5.据句子的意思确定介词。 据句子的意思确定介词。 据句子的意思确定介词 This is the pilot(飞行员 for whom I bought a 飞行员) 飞行员 camera. This is the pilot with whom my brother has worked for ten years. This is the pilot by whom my son was saved.

1. The Greens have two daughters, both of whom are college students. 2. The Greens have two daughters, and both of _____ are college students. them 3. The Greens have two daughters. Both of them _____ are college students.

注意问题
? 但有些含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开,介词仍 但有些含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开, 放在动词后面,不提前。 放在动词后面,不提前。 1. This is the watch which he was looking for. This is the watch for which he was looking. 2. The babies whom the nurses are looking after are healthy. The babies after whom the nurses are looking are healthy. 3. The village that she lives in is two miles. The village in that she lives is two miles. The village in which she lives is two miles.

C 1.Is this the hospital_______he worked ten years ago? A.that B. which C.in which D.in where C 2.His uncle works in a factory______bicycles are made. A that B.which C.where D.in that A 3.The Second World War _____millions of people were killed ended in 1945. A during which B.in that C.where D.on which


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