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高考话题九 饮食与健康_图文

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高 考 话 题 九

复习方案 第1步

子话题(一)
子话题(三)

子话题(二)
子话题(四)

复习方案 第2步

Topic 1 Topic 3

Topic 2 Topic 4

复习方案第3步
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

■子话题(一) 食物与食材
一、必背词汇 (一)粮食与主食 1.wheat n. 2.soybean n. 3.flour n. 小麦 大豆;黄豆 面粉,粉
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
4.grain n. 5.dumpling n. 6.noodle n. 7.pancake n. 8.porridge n. 9.hamburger n. 10.sandwich n. 11.toast n. 12.beancurd n. 13.cuisine n. 谷物,谷类 饺子 面条 薄煎饼 稀饭,粥 汉堡包 三明治 烤面包片;吐司 豆腐 饭菜,菜肴
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

(二)甜食 1.biscuit n. 2.chocolate n. 3.cookie n. 4.dessert n. 5.sweet n. 饼干 巧克力 小甜饼 甜点 甜食;甜点;糖果

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

(三)肉食 1.bacon n. 2.beef n. 3.chicken n. 4.mutton n. 5.pork n. 6.steak n. 7.sausage n. 咸猪肉;熏猪肉 牛肉 鸡;鸡肉 羊肉 猪肉 牛排,肉排,鱼排 香肠,腊肠

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(四)蔬菜 1.vegetable n. 2.potato n. 3.tomato n. 4.cabbage n. 5.carrot n. 6.eggplant n. 7.garlic n. 8.mushroom n. 9.onion n. 10.pea n. 蔬菜 土豆,马铃薯 西红柿 卷心菜,洋白菜 胡萝卜 茄子 大蒜 蘑菇 洋葱;洋葱头 豌豆
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(五)水果 1.fruit n. 2.peach n. 3.pear n. 4.grape n. 5.lemon n. 6.strawberry n. 7.pineapple n. 8.melon n. 9.watermelon n. 10.cherry n. 水果 桃 梨 葡萄 柠檬 草莓 菠萝 (甜)瓜 西瓜 樱桃
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(六)零食及其他 1.refreshments n. 2.chips n.(pl.) 3.cream n. 4.butter n. 5.cheese n. 6.honey n. 7.pepper n. 8.popcorn n. 9.salad n. 10.sauce n. 11.vinegar n. 12.junk food 点心,便餐 炸土豆条(片) 奶油,乳脂 黄油,奶油 奶酪 蜂蜜 胡椒粉 爆米花 色拉 酱;调味汁 醋 垃圾食品
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
二、必背佳句 1.An apple a day keeps the doctor away. 每天一个苹果,疾病远离我。 2.Radish and ginger keep away from doctor. 冬吃萝卜夏吃姜,不劳医生开药方。 3.We must admit the fact that eating junk food is harmful to our health. 我们必须承认吃垃圾食品有害健康。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

4. Healthy foods don’ t include most snacks as they are high in sugar. 大多数零食都不是健康食品,因为它们含糖量太高。 5. The majority of people take in too much fat and not enough fibre, which does great harm to their health. 大多数人摄入的脂肪太多,纤维不足,这对他们的健康很 有害。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The southerners live on rice while the northerners live on

wheat 小麦). _______(
2.He was so hungry that he had three hamburgers and two fried chicken legs for lunch. 3.He ordered two cheese sandwiches (三明治), three bottles of beer and beered up. 4.My grandfather dislikes milk and he prefers to have porridge (粥).
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(汉堡包)

高考话题九 饮食与健康
5.While at college, my breakfast was simple: two pieces of

toast 烤面包) and a glass of milk. _____(
6.Make yourself at home. Would you like some cake or biscuit (饼干)? 7. This country exported a great deal of every year. 8.Before going shopping, she made a shopping list: two kilos of

beef (牛肉) to Europe

tomatoes 西红柿), one kilo of strawberries (草莓) and __________(
two bags of chips (炸薯条).
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Ⅱ.单词分类 noodle , peach , pork , chocolate , carrot , lemon , pancake, cookie, mutton, potato 1.main food: noodle, pancake 2.sweet: chocolate, cookie 3.meat:pork, mutton 4.vegetable: carrot, potato 5.fruit: peach, lemon

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.补全句子 1.很显然摄入太多脂肪对我们的健康有害。 It’s obvious that taking in too much fat is harmful to/does

harm to our health. ________
2.一般说来,含糖量太高的食物不健康。 Generally speaking, the foods that not healthy. 3.不要吃太多的垃圾食品,这对你的健康很有害。 Don’t eat too much junk food, which does great harm to your health.
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are high in sugar

are

高考话题九 饮食与健康

■子话题(二) 厨具、餐具与就餐

一、必背词汇 (一)厨具与餐具 1.cooker n. 2.stove n. 3.bowl n. 4.fork n. 5.dish n. 炊具(锅、炉灶、烤炉等) 火炉,煤炉,电炉 碗 叉,餐叉 盘,碟
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

6.plate n. 7.spoon n. 8.chopsticks n. 9.teapot n. 10.container n.

盘子,碟子 匙,调羹 筷子 茶壶 容器

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)就餐 1.cafeteria n. 2.restaurant n. 3.diningroom n. 4.bakery n. 5.menu n. 6.recipe n. 7.buffet n. 8.snack n. 9.smell n. vt.& vi. 自助餐厅 饭馆,饭店 食堂,餐厅 面包店 菜单 食谱 自助餐 小吃 气味 嗅,闻到;发出气味
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
10.swallow vt. 11.chew vt. 12.digest vt. 13.nutrition n. 14.delicious adj. 15.tasty adj. 16.tasteless adj. 17.bitter adj. 18.salty adj. 19.sour adj. 吞下;咽下 咀嚼 消化,吸收 营养 美味的,可口的 味道好的 无滋味的 苦的,有苦味的 咸的,含盐的 酸的,馊的
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
20.hungry adj. 21.thirsty adj. 22.full adj. 23.dine out 24.have a good appetite 25.be/go on a diet 26.be rich/abundant in 27.be high/low in 28.keep a balanced diet 29.unhealthy eating habit 30.to one’s taste 饥饿的 口渴的 饱的 在外用餐 胃口好 节食 富含?? 含……高/低 保持均衡的饮食 不健康的饮食习惯 合某人的口味
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
二、必背佳句 1.The doctor advised that we should keep a balanced diet and get into the good habit of getting up early. 医生建议我们要保持均衡饮食并养成早起的好习惯。 2.The key to keeping fit is to eat food high in vitamins and low in fat. 吃富含维生素和低脂肪的食物是保持健康的关键。 3.It’s meaningful to join in the “Clean Your Plate Campaign”, which helps us realize how difficult it is for a grain of rice to come on our plate and how important it is to save food. 加入“光盘行动”是有意义的,这能帮助我们认识到我们盘 中的每一粒米来得多么不容易,节约粮食是多么地重要。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Ⅰ.选词填空 chopsticks, digest, sour, thirsty, salty, tasteless, bitter, hungry, full, delicious 1.How much salt did you put into the dish? It is so can’t swallow it. 2.Have you ever tried a cup of black coffee without sugar? It tastes quite bitter . 3. Don’ t let your child eat an unripe apple. Its taste is a bit sour .

salty that I

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
4.People in the West eat with knives and forks while the Chinese people prefer to use chopsticks. 5.Pure water is

tasteless . Why not put some tea in it?

6.Mom is cooking. The delicious smell of the fried fish comes from the kitchen. 7.He’s been working in the garden the whole afternoon and is very hot and thirsty . Would you please send him a bottle of water? 8.No more cake for me. I’m

full enough.

9.I didn’t eat anything the whole day and I felt extremely hungry . 10.The stomach acid helps

digest what we eat.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.语段选词填空 have a good appetite, be on a diet, be to one's taste, dine out, be rich in A:How about ? dining out B:Why not? Good idea. A:Then what about fast food? I haven’t eaten hamburgers and roast chicken for a long time. B:But they ? are rich in fat, and I ? am on a diet now. My mother asks me to lose weight.
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together after school?

高考话题九 饮食与健康

A:Well, would you like a special salad made of different vegetables and fruits? I think it will ? be to your taste . B:Sounds good! You eat your hamburgers and roast chicken, and I have my salad. We’ll both ? have a good appetite . A:OK! Let’s go!

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.补全句子 1. 保持均衡的饮食和养成早睡早起的好习惯对我们来说非常重要。 It’s very important for us to keep a balanced diet and form/get into the good habit of going to bed early and getting up early. 2.保持健康的关键是健康饮食和经常运动。 The key to keeping fit/healthy is to eat in a healthy way and __________________________ exercise regularly. 3.这次活动让我们认识到养成健康的饮食习惯是多么重要! This activity makes us realize how important it is to form the healthy eating habit!
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

■子话题(三) 疾病、残疾与伤痛

一、必背词汇 (一)疾病与残疾 1.disease/illness/sickness n. 2.cold n. 3.flu n. 4.fever n. 5.cough n.& vi.
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病,疾病 感冒 流行性感冒 发烧;发热 咳嗽
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
6.AIDS n. 7.cancer n. 8.stroke n. 9.depression n. 10.heart attack 11.dizziness n. 12.choke n.& vi. 13.overweight n. adj. 14.blind adj. 15.deaf adj. 艾滋病 癌 中风 抑郁症 心脏病 头晕;头昏眼花 窒息 超重 超重的 瞎的 聋的
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

16.dumb adj. 17.lame adj. 18.disabled adj. 19.allergic adj. 20.infective adj.

哑的 跛的,瘸的,残废的 残废的,残疾的 过敏的 会传染的;有传染性的

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)伤痛 1.ache vi.& n. 2.backache n. 3.stomachache n. 4.headache n. 5.toothache n. 6.injury n. 7.burn n. 8.harm n.& vt. 痛,疼痛 背痛 胃疼 头疼 牙痛 伤害,受伤处 烧伤;晒伤 伤害;损伤
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

9.hurt vt. 10.injure vt. 11.wound vt. n. 12.painful adj. 13.bleed vi. 14.have a pain in

伤害,受伤;伤人感情 损害,伤害 使受伤,伤害 创伤,伤口 疼痛的,引起痛苦的 出血,流血 (某处)疼痛

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
二、必背佳句 1.Reading is to the mind while exercise to the body. 读书健脑,运动强身。 2.Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. 早睡早起使人健康、富有又聪明。 3.People are beginning to attach much more importance to their health these days than ever before. 如今人们开始比以往更重视他们的健康。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
4.With the improvement of the living standards, more and more people, especially children, are suffering from obesity. 随着生活水平的提高,越来越多的人,尤其是孩子,正在饱 受肥胖之苦。 5.Staying up to study does harm to your health. In addition/ Besides, it will affect your study the following day for lack of energy. 熬夜学习对你的身体有害。此外,你还会因为精力不足而影 响第二天的学习。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.Most of my colleagues have gone down with flu (流感). 2.As a doctor, I know

fever (发烧) is a signal that the immune

system is working well. 3.His passion for his work and his courage in fighting his cancer (癌症) were an inspiration to us all. 4.The girl almost choked (窒息) to death after breathing in smoke.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
5. Helen became a symbol of new hope for the deaf (聋的) and blind. 6.Soy milk can cause children. 7.It’s not surprising that you’ve got stomachache (胃 疼). After all, you’ve eaten too much. 8.The soldier has been wounded in the arm and he was

allergic (过敏的) reactions to some

bleeding 流血) heavily. _________(

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. Hunger, cold and sickness (sick) were among the hardships of pioneer life. 2.The exact cause of depression (depress) remains unclear. 3.Possible side effects of this medicine include dizziness (dizzy), headache, and a lowering of blood pressure. 4.His disability (disable) prevented him from going to college. 5.It’s a mild and very common children.
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infective (infect) disease of

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

6.At least the injury (injure) gave me time to be with my friends and family. 7.It is an ecology engineering harmless (harm) treatment technology to treat solid waste with biological germ. 8.My neck has been so painful (pain) that it’s given me a heavy headache.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.补全句子 1.现在人们比以往更重视食品安全。 At present people

attach much more importance to food

safety than ever before. 2.在医生的帮助下,我叔叔终于戒烟了。

With the doctor’s help my uncle gave up smoking at last. ______________________,
3.吸烟有害于你的健康。此外,还浪费钱。

Smoking does harm to _____________________your health. In addition/Besides , it’
s a waste of money.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

■子话题(四) 病因、症状、药物与救护

一、必背词汇 (一)病因 1.pressure n. 2.stress n. 3.poison n. 4.bacterium n. 5.virus n. 压迫,压力 精神压力,心理负担 毒药 细菌 病毒
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
6.harmful adj. 7.poisonous adj. 8.unhealthy adj. 9.unfit adj. 10.be infected with 11.put on weight 12.suffer from 13.become/get overweight 14.break down 有害的 有毒的,致命的 不健康的,不卫生的 不健康的 传染上 增加体重 遭受,患上 变得肥胖 (身体)垮掉
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)症状 1.symptom n. 2.sneeze vi. 3.swell vi. 4.severe adj. 5.abnormal adj. 6.acute adj. 7.dizzy adj. 8.unconscious adj. 症状 打喷嚏 肿胀 十分严重的 反常的 (病)急性的 头晕目眩的 昏迷的,不省人事的

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(三)药物与救护 1.drug n. 2.medicine n. 3.pill n. 4.capsule n. 5.herb n. 6.tablet n. 7.clinic n. 8.ambulance n. 9.bandage n. 药,药物;毒品 药 药丸,药片 (药)胶囊 草药 药片 诊所 救护车 绷带
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
10.prescription n. 11.ward n. 12.Xray n. 13.treatment n. 14.examine vt. 15.rescue vt. 16.take medicine 17.free medical service 18.recover from 19.cure sb. of ... 处方 病房 X 射线;X 光 治疗,疗法 检查;诊察 营救,援救 吃药 公费医疗 从??中恢复 治愈某人??
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

20.be under medical treatment 21.relieve the pain 22.send for a doctor 23.take one’s temperature 24.take one’s blood pressure

在治疗中 减轻痛苦 派人请医生 量体温 量血压

25.operate on/perform an operation on sb. 给某人动手术

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
二、必背佳句 1.Do more exercise and have enough sleep, and you will feel relaxed and energetic. 多加锻炼,保证充足的睡眠,你就会感到放松和精力充沛。 2.We’d better take part in more outdoor activities instead of sitting in front of TV sets or computers for a long time, which is bad for our health. 我们最好多参加一些户外活动,而不要在电视、电脑前坐很 长时间,这对身体有害。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

3.A lot of students spend much time on study. Therefore, they have no time for rest and sports, which really affects their health. 很多学生在学习上花很多时间,因此没有时间休息和运 动,这的确影响了他们的健康。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Ⅰ.单词拼写/用所给词的适当形式填空 1.The virus (病毒) has infected the operating system of his computer. 2. One of the common symptoms having a low fever. 3.The doctor said that you had acute (急性的) appendicitis (阑 尾炎). 4.By the time the ambulance (救护车) arrived, a crowd of onlookers (旁观者) had gathered.
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(症状) of this disease is

高考话题九 饮食与健康

5.And a swift bee stung his hand and it swelled (肿胀) up. 6.A lot of poisonous (poison) waste from the chemical

works polluted the river. 7.She was unconscious (conscious) but her heart was still beating. 8 . We were very surprised at his behavior.

abnormal (normal)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.选词填空 be infected with, break down, send for a doctor, recover from, operate on 1.I’m glad that he’s now fully recovered from his stroke. 2.The girl was injured so badly that she needed operating/to
be operated on immediately. ______________

3.The assistant told the professor that the laboratory animals had been infected with the bacteria.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

4. His father worked day and night to support the big family; as a result, his health broke down under the pressure of work. 5.The old man was seriously ill. Will you please send for a
doctor ______?

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.补全句子 1.没什么大问题。吃了这副药,你很快就会好起来的。 There’s nothing serious. Take this medicine and you

will be fine soon ________________.
2.你最好不要熬夜,而要养成早睡早起的习惯。

You’d better not stay up late but form the habit of going to __________________________
bed early and getting up early. 3.你已经超重。到了你该节食减肥的时候了,这将有助于你的 健康。 You have got overweight. It’s time that you were on a diet and reduced weight, which will do good to your health .
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Topic 1

Healthy eating (Book 3· Unit 2)
[单词“分类记”]

知其义? (一)阅读障碍词汇?识其形· 1.barbecue vt.& n. 2.roast adj. vt.& vi.

烧烤;烤肉 烤制的 烤;烘;烘烤
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
3.obesity n. 4.vitamin n. 5.protein n. 6.cooperation n. 1. diet n. v i. 2. balance vt. n. 3. fry vi.& vt. 4. slim vi. adj.

过度肥胖

维生素 蛋白质

合作;协作
日常饮食 节食 平衡;权衡 天平;平衡 油煎;油炸 变细;减肥 苗条的;纤细的
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写其形? (二)高考高频词汇?知其义·

高考话题九 饮食与健康
5. raw adj. 6. lie n. v i. 7. discount n. 8. consult vt. 9. digest vi.& vt. n. 10. debt n. 11. spy vi.& vt. n. 12. glare vi. n. 生的;未加工的 谎话;谎言 说谎 折扣 咨询;请教;商量 消化 摘要;概要 债;债务 窥探;秘密监视 间谍;侦探 怒目而视;闪耀 怒视;炫目的光
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
用得活? (三)活学活用词汇?记得清· Ⅰ.根据词性和词义写出下列单词 1. curiosity 好奇地 2. strength n.强项;长处;力量→ strengthen vt.加强;巩固 →strong 3. limit adj.强壮的;坚强的 adj.有限的 n.范围;限制 vt.& vi.有益于;有助于;受益→ n.联 vt.限制;限定 n.界限;限度→limited n.利益;好处 n.好奇心→ curious adj.好奇的→ curiously adv.

→limitation

benefit 4.

beneficial adj.有益的;有利的 5. combine vt.& vi.(使)联合;(使)结合→ combination
合;结合

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Children are always curious about everything they see and hear. They will ask all kinds of questions curiously .To meet their curiosity , we’ d better answer them patiently.(curiosity) 2.David has a strong body.He has the strength to do this hard work.So we had better do the work together to strengthen the relationship between us.(strength) 3.This new railway this area in many ways.It is beneficial to the people living in this area.For the benefit of __________

benefits

more people, we should build more railways.(benefit) 4.The states combine with each other, and the combination of the 50 states forms the United States of America.(combine)
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[短语“语境记”]
(一)根据汉语写出下列短语 1. lose weight 2. get away with 3. win ... back 4. earn one’s living 5. in debt 6.cut down 7.before long 体重减轻;减肥 受到从轻发落;(做坏事)不受惩罚 赢回;重新获得 谋生 欠债 削减;删节 不久以后
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
8. put on weight 9. glare at 10. throw away 11. tell a lie 12. ought to (二)选用上述短语填空 1.If you don’t have breakfast and you eat too much at lunch or supper, you are sure to put on weight . 2.It is too early to tell whether cutting down the cost of production will benefit the company workers or not.
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增加体重 怒目而视 扔掉;丢弃 说谎 应当;应该

高考话题九 饮食与健康
3.However hard you try, it is difficult to lose weight without cutting down the amount you eat. 4.Hans broke up with his girlfriend but he’s determined to ____ win her heart back . 5 . His company is deep management. 6.Though Jenny is the best student in study, she shouldn ’t get away with telling a lie. _____________ 7 . His parents died when he was 17, so he had to earn his living on his own. _____________ 8.I’m not advising you to throw away your makeup or forget about your appearance.
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in debt because of his bad

高考话题九 饮食与健康

[句式“仿写通”] 1.“Nothing could be better,” he thought. 他想:“再没有比这些更好吃的了。” [解读] [仿写] 否定词与比较级连用表示最高级含义。 就我个人而言,身体健康最重要。

As far as I’m concerned, nothing is more important than

health _______.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
2.He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies! 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受惩罚! [解读] have sb. doing sth.用于否定句中表示“不允许某人

做某事”。 [仿写] 肉。 Mother asks me to eat more fruit and vegetables, but can’t have me eating too much meat _____________________________.
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妈妈要求我多吃水果和蔬菜,但不允许我吃太多的

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

3. According to my research, neither your restaurant nor mine offers a balanced diet. 根据我的研究,你我两家所提供的都不是均衡膳食。 [解读] neither ...nor ...意为“既不??也不??”,在句

中连接两个相同的成分。 [仿写] 他既不吃鱼也不吃肉,他是一个素食者。

He eats neither fish nor meat and he is a vegetarian.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[词汇“对点清”]
1.balance n.天平;平衡;结余;余额 vt.平衡;权衡
(1)keep the balance of nature keep one’s balance 保持生态平衡 保持平衡 失去平衡 keep a balance between ...and ... (2)balance sth.against (3)balanced adj. keep a balanced diet 在??和??之 间保持平衡 权衡; 斟酌; 比较 均衡的;公平的 保持饮食均衡
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lose one’s balance (=be out of balance)

高考话题九 饮食与健康
补全句子/介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①You must learn to importance. 在溜冰时你必须学会保持平衡,这一点是至关重要的。 ② You have to balance the advantages of living in the countryside

keep your balance in skating, which is of great

against the disadvantages. ________
你得权衡一下住在乡下的好处和坏处。 ③You’d better keep a balanced (balance) diet for the benefit of your health. 为了有益于身体健康你最好保持均衡饮食。 [熟词生义] 根据语境写出加黑单词的含义

余额;余款 ④Could you please tell me what my bank balance is?
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
2.limit vt.限制;限定 n.界限;限度
(1)limit ... to ... (2)beyond the limit within the limits of there is a/no limit to (3)limited adj. be limited to (doing) sth. 把??限制在??内 超过限度 在??范围内 ??是有限的/无限的 有限的 受限于(做)某事

[名师指津] 动名词。

上述短语中的 to 为介词, 后接名词、 代词或

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
用所给词的适当形式填空/介词填空 ①He was born in a poor family, and only received a limited (limit) education in his childhood.(2012· 浙江高考书面表达) 他出生在一个贫困家庭中,童年时期仅仅接受了有限的教育。 ②Research has been limited to increasing (increase) production profits, rather than making sure that GM foods are safe. 研究只局限于增加生产利润,而不是确保转基因食品的安全。 ③ There is a limit to people. 一个人的生命是有限的,但是为人民服务是无限的。
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one’ s life, but no limit to serving the

高考话题九 饮食与健康
3.strength n.[C]长处;强项 [U]力量;体力

(1)build up one’s strength/body strengths and weaknesses The strength of ... is that ... (2)strengthen vt.&vi.
补全句子/用所给词的适当形式填空

强身健体 优点和缺点 ??的优点是?? 加强;变强

①He does weight training in order to build up his strength/body . 为了增强他的体质,他练习举重。

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②To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their strengths and weaknesses . 为了使队员在比赛中表现得更好,教练首先要了解他们的优 势和劣势。 ③ The best way to strengthen (strength) willpower is to make it into a habit. 增强意志力最好的方式就是让它成为一种习惯。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
4.benefit n.好处;利益;优势 vt.& vi.有益于;有助于;受益

(1)benefit from/by ... benefit sb.

从??中受益;得益于?? 对某人有益

(2)be of (much/great) benefit to sb. =be (very) beneficial to sb. for the benefit of ...
补全句子/介词填空/同义替换 ①China has been pushing the reform of public hospitals for the benefit of all its citizens. (2012· ________________ 福建高考单选) 为了所有公民的利益,中国一直在推进公立医院的改革。
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对某人(非常)有益处 为了??的利益

高考话题九 饮食与健康
②You can also revise the knowledge at the same time and you are sure to benefit from it.(2015· 广东高考写作) 与此同时你也复习了知识,你一定会从中获益。 ③From my point of view, our library should buy some popular science books and literary books because they are of great benefit to (= are very beneficial to ) us. (2014· 浙江高考书面表达) 我个人看来,图书馆应该购买一些科普类图书和文学类图书, 因为它们对我们很有益。
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5.get away with 受到从轻发落;(做坏事)不受惩罚
get over get across (to sb.) get away (from) get rid of get down to (doing) sth. get in touch with
用 get 的相关短语补全句子 ①Do you think the murderer should get away with it? 你认为凶手应该逃脱惩罚吗?
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克服??;从??中恢复过来 (向某人)解释清楚;使(某人)理解 (从??)脱离;逃脱(??) 摆脱;除掉 开始认真地做某事 与??取得联系

高考话题九 饮食与健康

②It is hard for the Greek government to get over

the

present difficulties unless it gets more financial support from the European Union.(2012· 福建高考单选) 除非有来自欧盟的更多的经济支持,否则希腊政府很难克服 目前的困难。 ③It took a long time to get across to the workers the way the machine worked. 向工人们解释清楚这台机器的工作原理花了很长的时间。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

6.cut down 削减;删节;减少;砍倒;缩短某物;降低;杀死或 杀伤(某人)

cut in cut up cut out cut through cut off

插话;干预;插入 切碎;齐根切掉 删除;割下;(引擎)突然熄火 开辟;穿过;穿透;抄近路 切断;中止,中断;隔绝

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(1)写出下列句中 cut down 的含义 ①My uncle hasn’t been able to quit smoking, but at least he has cut down.(2013· 陕西高考单选)

减少;削减

②This article is too long, you have to cut it down to 1,000 words.

删节

③With more and more forests cut down, some animals are facing the danger of dying out.

砍倒
杀死;夺去??的生命

④Hunger, cold and illness cut down many of the villagers.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

(2)选用上述短语填空 ⑤It is impolite for children to cut in when their seniors are talking. ⑥The flood cut off the valley from the rest of the world.

⑦ Cut up the carrots before you put them into the pot.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[句式“解构明”]
1.“Nothing could be better,” he thought. 他想:“再没有比这些更好吃的了。”
表示最高级意义的几种特殊结构: (1)“ 否 定 词 + 比 较 级 ” 结 构 , 通 常 译 为 “ 没 有 比 ?? 更??;没有像??一样??”。常用的否定词有 no, not, never, nothing, nobody, hardly 等。 (2)can/could+ never/not + be + enough/too ...“ 再 ?? 也不 过分”

? ?any other+单数名词 ??all? the other+复数名词 (3)比较级+than+? ?any of the other+复数名词 ? ?anyone else
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高考话题九 饮食与健康 —How was your recent trip to Sichuan?
—I’ve never had a more pleasant one before. ——最近你到四川的旅行怎么样? ——我从来没有过这么愉快的旅行。 —Must I turn off the gas after cooking? —Of course. You can never be too careful with that. ——做完饭后我必须关上煤气吗? ——当然,在用煤气方面越小心越好。 any other book. ? ? The book has a greater ?all the other books. effect on me than ? ?any of the other books. 这本书对我影响最大。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①It was not until then that I suddenly realized nobody was happier _________(happy) than I was. 直到那时我才突然意识到没有人比我更幸福了。 ②What an interesting novel!I have never read a more moving (moving) one. 多么有意思的小说啊!我从来没看过一部比这更动人的小说。 (2)一句多译 上海比中国其他任何一个城市都大。 ③Shanghai is larger than any other city in China. ④Shanghai is larger than all the other cities in China. ⑤Shanghai is larger than any of the other cities in China.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
2. He could not have Yong Hui getting_away_with telling people lies! 他可不能让雍慧哄骗人们却不受惩罚!

句中 have sb. doing sth. 用于否定句中意为“不允许某人做 某事”。
have sb./sth. doing sth. 让某人做某事 / 让某事发生 (动作持续)(肯定句) have sb. do sth. have sth. done 让某人做某事 让别人做某事;完成某事; 遭遇不幸的事
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
I can’ t have you speaking to your mother in such a rude manner. You must apologize to her immediately. 我不允许你用如此粗鲁的方式跟你的母亲说话。 你必须立刻向她 道歉。 It is not a good idea to have the machine running all the time. 让机器不停地运转不是个好主意。 Don’t be worried. I’ll have Tom help you finish the work. 别担心,我会让汤姆帮你完成工作的。 When he was riding a bike in the street, he fell off it and had his arm hurt. 当他在街上骑车时从车上摔了下来胳膊受伤了。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
用所给词的适当形式填空 ①I am your teacher so I won’t have you smoking (smoke) at your age. 我是你的老师,我不允许你在这个年纪就抽烟。 ②Once he makes up his mind, nothing can have him change (change) it. 一旦他下定决心,就没有什么能让他改变。 ③She had her money

stolen (steal) on the bus.

在公交车上她的钱被偷了。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[课堂练基础]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1. Nowadays more and more people have come to realize the importance of a balanced (balance) diet to their health. 2.(2015· 江苏高考单选)Many of the things we now benefit would not be around but for Thomas Edison. 3.Bill’s heavily

from

in debt at the moment, but hopes to pay it off

when he gets paid. 4.Admitting that you’ve made a mistake is a sign of strength (strong), not weakness.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
5.Jane has lost weight by going on every day. 6. It is not polite to have your guest waiting (wait) all the time. 7.I came to consult you about the side effects of this medicine. 8 . Adopting the doctor ’ s advice, he cut down coffee and cigarettes and ate a balanced diet. 9.The man ought to be fired. You shouldn’t let him get away

a diet and taking exercise

with stealing from the shop. _____
10. Mr. Stevenson is great to work for — I really couldn’ t ask for a better (good) boss.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.单句改错 1. You are working too hard. You’ d better keep balance between keep 后加 a work and relaxation. 2.As we all know, there is no limit to help the people in trouble.

help→helping

3.I believe that this magazine will surely strength our ties.

strength→strengthen

4.It is said that yoga is great benefit to human health. countries→country 或 any→the 5.China is larger than any other countries in Asia. countries→country 或 any→the 6 . Whom do you expect to have solved the problem of overloaded school buses?
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solved→solve
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成下列写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 My uncle used to be a heavy smoker and drank a lot as a young man ? while (when/while) now he ? neither smokes nor drinks (既

不吸烟也不喝酒). ①A woman doctor, who became my aunt later, changed him. Three years ago, my uncle went to hospital for some advice ? on

how to lose weight 关于如何减肥), where he met my aunt and soon they __________________(
fell in love. My aunt advised my uncle ? to keep a balanced diet (保持 均衡的饮食) and not to eat the food which contains too much sugar

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
and fat, because people become fat easily by eating such food. When she found my uncle ? was often in debt (经常欠债) because

of his smoking and drinking, she was very angry. She warned my uncle that ?

for the benefit of his health ( 为了他的健康 ) he

must give up smoking and drinking. ②She said she could never permit her lover to smoke because smoking was harmful to anyone. ③She also pointed out that life was the most valuable. In order to ? win back (赢回) the woman doctor’s love, my uncle had to ? throw away (扔掉) his last packet of cigarettes and at last completely stopped smoking and drinking.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1. 用本单元高级词汇替换加黑单词或短语 (1)soon→ before long (2)become fat→ put on weight 2.按要求改写句式 (1)用强调句改写句①

It was a woman doctor, who became my aunt later, that changed him. _____
(2)用 have sb.doing 结构改写句② She said she could never have her lover smoking because smoking was harmful to anyone. (3)用“否定词+比较级”结构改写句③ She also pointed out that nothing could be more valuable than life .

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“课下练高考”见“Topic 1 Healthy eating (Book 3·Unit 2)” (单击进入电子文档)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

Topic 2

First aid (Book 5· Unit 5)
[单词“分类记”]

知其义? (一)阅读障碍词汇?识其形· 1.barrier n. 2.radiation n. 3.bandage n. 4.ambulance n. 5.infection n.

屏障;障碍(物)

辐射;射线 绷带 绷带 传染;传染病;感染
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
写其形? (二)高考高频词汇?知其义· 1. aid n.& vt. 2. temporary adj. 3. complex adj. 4. squeeze vt.& vi. 5. vital adj. 6. pour vt.& vi. 7. ceremony n. 8. symptom n. 帮助;援助;资助 暂时的;临时的 复杂的 榨;挤;压榨 至关重要的;生死攸关的 倒;灌;注;涌 典礼;仪式;礼节 症状;征兆
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
用得活? (三)活学活用词汇?记得清· Ⅰ.根据词性和词义写出下列单词 1. injury n.损伤;伤害→ injure vt.损伤;伤害;使受伤 → injured adj.受伤的;有伤的 2. bleed vi.& vt.流血→ bled/bled (过去式/过去分词) → blood n.血液 3. poison n.毒药;毒害 vt.毒害;使中毒→ poisonous adj. 有毒的;恶毒的 4. variety n.变化;多样(化);多变(性)→ various adj.各 种各样的→ vary v.改变;使多样化
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
5. mild adj.轻微的;温和的;温柔的→ mildly adv.轻微地; 温和地 6. swell vi.& vt.(使)膨胀;隆起→ swelled/swollen (过去式/过 去分词)→ swollen 7. tight adj.肿胀的;(河水)上涨的

adj.牢的;紧的;紧密的→ tightly adv.紧地;牢牢地

8. firm adj.(动作)稳定有力的;坚定的→ firmly adv.坚固地; 稳定地

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

9. bravery n.勇敢;勇气→ brave

adj.勇敢的

10.treat vt.& vi.治疗;对待;款待 n.款待;招待→ treatment n.治疗;疗法;对待;待遇 11. apply vt.涂;敷;搽;应用;运用 vi.申请;请求;使用; 有效→ applicant n.申请人→ application n.申请(书) 12. pressure n.压力;挤压;压迫(感)→ press v.挤压;压迫

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Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1. People had to treat themselves in their own way before they received the treatment sent by the government.(treat) 2. I don’ t know why so many applicants have handed in their applications to apply for such an easy job.(apply) ____________ 3.The brave boys were rewarded with medals for their bravery in the earthquake.(brave) 4.People study yoga for a variety of reasons, and there are

various ways of solving the problem.(variety) ________
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5.Tom got badly injured in the car accident. The injury to his leg was really serious.(injury) 6. The river is swollen with the heavy rain. My ankles tend to

swell when the rain season comes.(swell)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[短语“语境记”] (一)根据汉语写出下列短语 1. first aid 2. fall ill 3. electric shock 4. take off 5. squeeze out 6. over and over again 7. in place 8. a number of 9. put one’s hands on 10. make a difference (对伤患者的)急救 生病 触电;电休克 脱下;起飞 榨出;挤出 反复;多次 在适当的位置;适当 若干;许多 找到 区别对待;有影响;起(重要)作用
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(二)选用上述短语填空

A number of guests who came from home and abroad attended 1.
their wedding. 2.The old have been squeezed out of the job market by young people. 3. Arriving in London, she suddenly fell ill because she couldn’ t bear the changeable weather. 4.I hope you will put all your books in place .
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5.I’m sure that our hard work can make a difference and everything will be OK. 6.I’ve told you won’t listen. 7.I’m afraid I can’t put my hands on the books you want. 8. My writing career took off when I discovered my own style.

over and over again not to do that but you

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[句式“仿写通”]
1.Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. 除非衣服紧贴在烧伤面上,否则都要把衣服脱掉。如果 需要的话,可以使用剪刀。 [解读] [仿写] unless“假如不;除非”,引导条件状语从句。 众所周知, 除非你经常锻炼, 否则身体不会健康。

It is known to all that unless you exercise regularly , you won’t keep fit.
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2.John was studying in his room when he heard screaming. 约翰正在房间里学习,这时他听到了一声尖叫。 [解读] [仿写] be doing ...when ...“正在做??这时??”。 我们正在吃饭,这时突然发生了火灾。

We were having dinner when a fire broke out.

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3. There is no doubt that John’ s quick thinking and the first aid skills he learned at school saved Ms Slade’s life. 毫无疑问,是约翰敏捷的思维和在学校学到的急救技术挽救 了斯莱德女士的生命。 [解读] [仿写] There’s no doubt that ...“毫无疑问??”。 毫无疑问,懂得一些急救知识非常重要。

There is no doubt that it is very important to know some _____________________
first aid knowledge.

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[词汇“对点清”]
1.aid n.& vt.帮助;援助;资助
(1)do/offer/give sb. first aid=do/offer/give first aid to sb. 对某人进行急救 come/go to one’s aid/help in aid of with the aid of (2)aid sb.in (doing) sth. aid sb.with sth. aid sb.to do sth. 帮助某人 为了援助 在??的帮助下 帮助某人做某事 以某事/物帮助某人 帮助某人做某事
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介词填空/补全句子 ①I couldn’t speak any French, but a nice man came to my aid and told me where to go. 我不会说法语,但是一位好心的男士来帮助我并告诉我怎么走。 ②They collected much money

in aid of the poor girl.

他们筹钱以帮助那个可怜的女孩。 ③The moment he saw the poor little boy on TV, he determined to

aid him in continuing _____________________his study.
在电视上一看到这个可怜的小男孩,他就决定要帮助他完成学业。

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2.vital adj.至关重要的;生死攸关的

be vital to It is vital to do sth.

对??至关重要 做某事很重要

It is vital that ... (should) do sth. ??是十分重要的(从句用虚拟语气, should 可以省略)
介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Consideration for other people is vital to all of us. 对我们所有人而言体谅别人是极其重要的。
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②What’s worse, some drivers, cyclists and pedestrians do not think it vital to obey (obey) traffic rules. (2015· 江苏高考书面表达) 更糟糕的是,一些司机、骑车人、步行者认为遵守交通规则 不重要。 ③It ’ s vital that we operation immediately. 我们应立即实施手术,这是生死攸关的。

(should) perform

(perform) the

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3.treat vt.& vi.治疗;对待;款待 n.款待;招待

(1)treat sb./sth. as ... treat sb. with ... treat sth. seriously (2)It’s my treat.
(1)介词填空/补全句子

把某人当……看待;把某事/物看作 用……款待某人 认真对待某事/物 我请客。

treat sb./oneself to 用……款待某人/自己

①We are treating Mom to

dinner for her birthday.

因为妈妈过生日,我们打算请她吃晚餐。 ②Drink driving should be treated as a crime regardless of whether the driver causes a crash.
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酒后驾驶应该被以犯罪对待,不管司机是否发生碰撞。 ③Let’s go out for lunch after work — it’s my treat . 下班后咱们到外面去吃午餐吧——我请客。 [辨析比较] treat, cure

指对病人进行诊断和治疗,但不含治好的意思, treat 侧重过程。常用于 treat sb. for sth. 结构中

指“治愈、治好”疾病,也可指消除痛苦,除掉 cure 恶习、弊端、不良嗜好等,侧重结果。常用于 cure sb. of sth. 结构中
(2)选用上述单词填空 ④The doctors spent a month treating her, and at last she was cured .
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4.apply vt.涂;敷;搽;应用;运用;使用 使用;有效
(1)apply ... to ... apply oneself to apply to ...

vi.申请;请求;

把??运用到??中; 把??涂到??上 致力于;集中精力于 适应??;适应于??

apply (to ...) for ... (向??)申请?? (2)applicant n. application n. 申请人 申请;申请书;适用

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(1)写出下列句中 apply 的含义 ①You may apply in person or by letter. ②At last he applied a little wax polish (蜡油).
申请 涂;敷

③He applied his brake quickly immediately he saw a dog lying on the road.
使用

④The new discovery may be applied in medicine.应用;运用

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(2)介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ⑤She applied to English teacher. 她向这所国际学校申请英语教师的职位。 ⑥Over the years, he has applied himself to improving (improve) the living conditions of the migrant workers. 数年来,他一直致力于改善农民工的生活条件。 the international school for a job as an

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5.in place 在适当的位置;适当

(1)out of place in place of (2)take place take one’s place take the place of
补全句子/同义替换

不在适当位臵;不合适 代替;取代 发生 就座;代替 代替;取代

①You’d better put things back in place . Otherwise, it will be difficult to find them. 你最好把东西放回原位,不然很难找到它们。

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②Your fancy dress looks out of placein the school. 你的奇装异服在校园里看起来很不相宜。 ③The manager will be away on business and I’ll take his place(= take the place of him ) during his absence. 经理将要出差,他不在时我将代替他。

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6.make a difference 区别对待;有影响;起(重要)作用

make a difference to

对??有作用/有 影响

make some/no/little difference (to ...)

(对??)有/没有作 用或影响

tell the difference (between ... and ...) 辨别/区分(?? 与??)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
用 difference 的相关短语补全句子 ①Thank you so much for making me feel important and showing me that I could make a difference . 谢谢你让我觉得自己很重要,让我知道我可以产生影响。 ②What you have said will make no difference to the stubborn man. 你所说的话对这个固执的人是不会起什么作用的。 ③The twins are so alike; it’s difficult to make no difference to between them. 这对双胞胎长得太像了,很难分辨出来。
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[句式“解构明”]
Remove clothing using scissors if necessary unless it is stuck to the burn. 除非衣服紧贴在烧伤面上,否则要把衣服脱掉。如果需要的话, 可以使用剪。
unless 是连词,意为“除非;如果不”,引导的是一个否定条件状语 从句,从句有时可以与 if ...not ...引导的否定条件状语从句互换。 It is so cold that you can’t go outside unless fully covered in thick clothes.(2015· 江苏高考单选) 天太冷,你不能去外面,除非你全裹在厚衣服里。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
We will have a picnic in the park this Sunday unless it rains or it’s very cold. 除非下雨或天很冷,否则我们将在本周日去公园野餐。 补全句子 ①The little boy won’t go to sleep unless his mother tells a story. 除非妈妈给他讲一个故事,否则这个小男孩不会睡觉。 ②I won’t go to the party
unless I’m invited

him

.

除非我被邀请,否则我是不会去参加晚会的。
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[课堂练基础]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.With everything in place to work in. 2. You’ d better go to the party, but I doubt if/whether it’ ll be very exciting. 3.What is the most important is that we should apply theory to practice. 4.These men made themselves famous for their courage and bravery _______(brave) .
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place, the kitchen becomes a enjoyable

高考话题九 饮食与健康 5.There is no doubt that the new policy will make a difference
to everyone. 6.Don’t put so much pressure (press) on the children. It’s harmful to their health. 7.There was a big storm after midnight and the rain poured

down ______.
8. With the aid of our teacher, we finished the experiment successfully. 9.Don’t read anyone’s letters or anything he/she has written

unless ______ he/she asks you to. 10. Due to lack of treatment (treat), some patients rescued from
the ruins died soon.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.单句改错 1. It is clearly stated that these regulations apply for everyone in the community, without exception.

for→to

2. The doctor advised her to eat more bean products in the place of meat which might be harmful to her heart.

去掉 place 前的 the
3. It ’ s through commitment and sweat that I can make difference within myself inside and out.

make 后加 a

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4.

Little Tom, who got burned while he was setting off fireworks, is treated in hospital now.

is 后加 being

5.It’s vital that a successful movie pays much attention to its theme and the figures’ characters.

pays→pay

6.The children were playing football on the playground while it began to rain.

while→when

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成下列写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 One day, Li Hua was riding along the street ? when a traffic

accident happened 突然发生了交通事故) at the crossing. He saw _________________( a girl ? injured (injure) and ? bleeding (bleed) heavily. ①Li
Hua jumped out of his bike and ?? gave her first aid/gave first

aid to her (对她进行急救) at once. First, he ?? pressed the __________
________( wound 压住伤口) to stop bleeding, put her at the right place and then waited for the doctor and police to arrive ? for further

treatment 进行进一步处理). After a while, a police car and an __________( ambulance came to the spot almost at the same time. The girl was quickly taken to the nearest hospital.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
? As a result (as a result/in a word), the lucky girl was saved. ②When the girl’ s parents learned Li Hua’ s knowledge of first aid ? made a great difference to (对??起了非常重 要的作用) their child, they thanked the kind young man ?
over and over again

(反复;多次). But Li Hua said anyone

would give the girl a hand, □ 10 unless he wasn’t on the spot (除非他不在现场).
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1. 用本单元高级词汇替换加黑短语 (1)at the right place→ in place (2)give the girl a hand→ come/go to the girl’s aid 2.按要求改写句式 (1)用非谓语动词作状语改写句①
Jumping out of his bike Li Hua gave her first aid at once. ______________________,

(2)用强调句改写句② When the girl’s parents learned it was Li Hua’s knowledge of

first aid that made a great difference to their child, they thanked ___________
the kind young man over and over again.
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“课下练高考”见“Topic 2 First aid(Book 5·Unit 5)”

(单击进入电子文档)

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Topic 3 Robots (Book 7· Unit 2)
[单词“分类记”]
知其义? (一)阅读障碍词汇?识其形· 1.withdrawal n. 2.pregnant adj. 3.comprehension n. 4.abnormal adj. 5.immune adj. 6.abortion n.

收回;撤退;戒毒(或脱瘾)过程
怀孕的 理解(力) 畸形的;异常的 有免疫力的

流产;中途失败
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写其形? (二)高考高频词汇?知其义· 1. abuse n.& vt. 2. ban vt. n. 3. quit vt. 4. effect n. 5. prejudice n. 6. judgement n. 7. awkward adj. 8. embarrassed adj. 滥用;虐待 禁止;取缔 禁令;谴责 停止(做某事);离开 结果;效力 偏见;成见 看法;判决;判断 局促不安的;笨拙的 尴尬的;陷入困境的
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
用得活? (三)活学活用词汇?记得清· Ⅰ.根据词性和词义写出下列单词 1. desperate adj.绝望的;拼命的→ desperately adv.拼命地;绝 望地 2. stress n.压力;重音 vt.加压力于;使紧张→ stressful adj. 产生压力的;紧张的→ stressed adj.焦虑不安的 3.adolescent n.青少年 adj.青春期的→ adolescence n.青春期 4. addicted adj.入了迷的;上了瘾的→ addiction n.沉溺;嗜 好→ addictive adj.使人上瘾的→ addict n.吸毒成瘾的人; 对??入迷的人
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
5. accustom vt.使习惯于→ accustomed adj.惯常的;习惯了的 6. automatic adj.无意识的;自动的→ automatically adv.无意 识地;自动地 7. mental adj.精神的;智力的→ mentally adv.精神上;智力上 → physical adj.身体的;肉体的 8. strengthen vt.加强; 巩固; 使坚强 vi.变强→strength n. 力 气;力量;强项 9. disappointed adj.失望的;沮丧的→ disappointing adj.令

人失望的→ disappoint vt.使失望;使扫兴→ disappointment n.失望;沮丧
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10. ashamed adj.感到惭愧或羞耻的→ shame n.羞愧 → shameful adj.可耻的→ shameless adj.无耻的;厚颜的 11. legal adj.合法的;法律的→ illegal adj.不合法的;违法的 12. survival n.幸存;残留下来的人(物)→ survive v.幸存; 活下来→ survivor n.幸存者;生还者

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Li Ming is a game

addict , and his father has been trying to

prevent him from being addicted to computer games which are very addictive .(addict) 2.The son was ashamed to hurt his old mother in such a shameful way and came to beg her pardon.(shame) __________ 3.Doing any legal things will be protected in China, while doing anything illegal will be punished.(legal) 4. The man in the river desperately tried to reach the side. The
desperate but not hopeless.(desperate) 5. Many people nowadays feel rather stressed because of their stressful jobs.(stress)

situation was

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[短语“语境记”]
(一)根据汉语写出下列短语 1. due to 2.(be) addicted to 3. (be) accustomed to 4. decide on 5. feel like (doing) 6. in spite of 7. take risks (a risk) 8. get into 9. at risk 10. throw away 由于?? 对??有瘾 习惯于?? 对??作出决定 想要(做)?? 不顾;不管 冒险 陷入;染上(坏习惯) 处境危险;遭受危险 扔掉
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(二)选用上述短语填空 1.To succeed in business, one must be prepared to take risks

(a risk) . ________
2.I am accustomed to getting up early and taking an hour’s walk before breakfast. 3.What worries him is that his son is addicted to watching TV. 4.I regret not having followed your advice; I get into trouble now. 5.Most of them turned up on time; only Tom arrived late due to the storm.
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6.They had a wonderful holiday, weather. 7.Don’t decide on

in spite of

the bad

important matters too quickly.

8. Lydia doesn’ t feel like going abroad. Her parents are old and she wants to take care of them.

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[句式“仿写通”]
1.As you know, if you do the same thing over and over again, you begin to do it automatically. 你知道, 如果你反反复复地做同一件事, 你就会自动地做它。 [解读] [仿写] as 引导的定语从句。 正如我们所预料的,一开始他拒绝戒烟。

As we had expected he refused to give up smoking at first. __________________,

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2.I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have. 我的确希望如此,因为我想让你和我一样活得健康长寿。 [解读] (1)do hope 为强调结构。 借助于助动词 do, does, did

可对谓语动词进行强调。 (2)从句句式为“as+adj.+a(n)+单数可数名词+as”结构。 [仿写] ①尽管戒烟对我父亲很难,他有 30 年的烟龄,但最

终他确实戒掉了。 It was very difficult for my father to quit smoking, who did manage it smoked for 30 years, but in the end he .
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②事实上,戒掉一个坏习惯需要付出的努力与养成一个好习惯 是一样的。 As a matter of fact, getting rid of a bad habit needs as much an

effort as forming a good one. ________
3.Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a nonsmoker. 每次你想吸烟的时候,要提醒自己你是一个不吸烟的人。 [解读] [仿写] every time 引导时间状语从句。 我每次见她,她总是在沙发上吃零食。

Every time I meet her she is always eating snacks on the sofa. ___________________,
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[词汇“对点清”]
1.stress n.重压;逼迫;压力;重音;强调重要性 vt.加压力 于;使紧张;重读
(1)under stress put sb. under great stress lay/place/put stress on sth. (2)stress the importance of (3)stressful adj. 在压力之下 使某人感到沉重的压力 强调某事物 强调??的重要性 有压力的
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介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Things can easily go wrong when people are under stress. 人在压力之下,办事情就容易出差错。 ②I think the company places too much stress on enough on quality. 我认为公司对成本强调有余,而对质量重视不足。 ③Believe it or not, it is a stressful (stress) time for all of us. costs and not

信不信由你,对我们所有人来说,这是一个有压力的时期。

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2.addicted adj.入了迷的;上了瘾的

(1)be/become/get addicted to (doing) sth. 沉溺于(做)某事 (2)addict vt. n. addict oneself to (doing) sth. a work addict (3)addiction n.
[名师指津]

使沉溺;使上瘾 有瘾的人 沉溺于(做)某事 工作狂 癖好

不管是动词 addict 还是形容词 addicted 或名词

addiction,表示“沉迷于/热衷于??”都和介词 to 连用。
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用所给词的适当形式填空/句型转换 ①Teenagers who are addicted (addict) to the Internet are more likely to suffer from depression. 有网瘾的青少年更有可能患忧郁症。 ②Addicted to playing (play) the violin, he didn’ t find a thief walk into his house. 他醉心于拉小提琴,没有注意到小偷进屋。 ③Many kids addict themselves to surfing the Net, so they have lost interest in study. → Addicted to surfing the Net, many kids have lost interest in study.
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3.accustomed adj.经常的;惯常的;习惯了的

(1)be accustomed to (doing) sth.

习惯于(做)某事(表示状态)

get/become accustomed to (doing) sth. 习惯于(做)某事(表示动作) (2)accustom vt. 使习惯于

accustom sb./oneself to (doing) sth. 使某人/自己习惯于(做)某事

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(1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①As we all know, English people are accustomed to driving (drive) on the left. 众所周知,英国人习惯于靠左边开车。 ② Accustomed (accustom) to living in the countryside, Mr. King found it hard to live in the city. 由于习惯于生活在农村,金先生发现很难在城市生活。

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(2)一句多译 我习惯于在冬天的每个晚上喝一杯热茶,这样我就会觉得又有 精神了。 ③I am accustomed to drinking a cup of hot tea every evening in the cold winter, and I feel refreshed again. ④I accustom myself to drinking a cup of hot tea every evening in the cold winter, and I feel refreshed again. ⑤ Accustomed to drinking a cup of hot tea every evening in the cold winter, I feel refreshed again.(分词作状语)
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4.effect n.结果;效力

(1)have an effect on/upon come/go into effect

对??产生影响 生效

bring/carry/put ... into effect 实施;使??生效/起作用 (2)effective adj. (3)affect vt. 有效的;有影响的 影响

补全句子/介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Global warming is having a great effect on/upon of plant and animal species around the world. 全球变暖正在对全球数以百计的动植物物种产生重大影响。
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hundreds

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②It’ s reported that this regulation will come into effect from September 1, 2017. 据报道本章程自 2017 年 9 月 1 日起生效。 ③One of the most effective (effect) ways to reduce stress is to talk about feelings with someone you trust.(2015· 浙江高考单选) 减少压力最有效的方法之一就是与你信任的人聊聊感受。

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5.ashamed adj.感到惭愧或羞耻的
(1)be/feel ashamed of be ashamed to do sth. (2)shame n. It’s a shame/pity that ... What a shame/pity!
介词填空/补全句子 ①She felt ashamed of having cheated in the exam and tears ran down her cheeks. 她为自己在考试中作弊感到羞愧万分,眼泪顺着脸颊流了下来。
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因??感到惭愧 耻于做某事 羞愧 ??真令人遗憾 真可惜!

高考话题九 饮食与健康

② It’s a shame/pity that something like that.

a good student should do

一个好学生竟然会做出那样的事真令人遗憾。 ③ What a shame/pity ! She should fail this round. 真可惜!这一轮她竟然败下来了。

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6.due to 由于??;因为??
(1)be due
? ?to do sth. ? ? ?for sth.

预定/计(做)某事 应支付/给予/归于某人

(2)(be) due to sb.

补全句子/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①The latest survey indicates that the global economy is declining

due to many factors. ______
最新的调查表明, 由于多种因素, 全球经济正在呈现下降的趋势。

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②Any money that is due to end of the month. 欠你的钱将在月底之前全部支付给你。 ③The old man said the accident was due to careless driving, so a lot of money was due to be paid (pay) by the driver. 老人说事故是由于粗心驾驶造成的,因此大笔的钱应由司机 支付。

you will be paid before the

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7.take risks (a risk)冒险
(1)at risk at the risk of ... take/run the risk of doing sth. take risks (a risk) to do sth. (2)risk doing sth. risk one’s life to do sth. 有风险;处境危险 冒着??的风险 冒险做某事 冒险做某事 冒险做某事 冒着生命危险做某事

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补全句子/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①He could not

take risks (a risk)

to lose the good chance.

他不能冒险失去这一次好机会。 ②If you go online tomorrow, your computer might run the risk of being attacked (attack) by a virus. 你如果明天上网,你的电脑可能面临被病毒攻击的危险。 ③He got wellprepared for the job interview, for he couldn’t risk losing (lose) the good opportunity. 他对面试作了充分的准备, 因为他不想冒失去这一次好机会的 风险。
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8.get into 陷入;染上(坏习惯)
get into trouble get into debt get into a panic get into a temper get into the habit of
补全句子 ①I’ve got into the habit of calling in on my grandparents on my way home from school.(2012· 江西高考单选) 我已养成了在放学回家的路上看望祖父母的习惯。
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陷入困境;惹上麻烦 负债累累 陷入恐慌 大发脾气 养成/染上??的(坏)习惯

高考话题九 饮食与健康

②If you continue spending money like this, you’ll get into

debt one day. _____
如果你继续这样花钱,总有一天你会负债的。 ③Such people always stick to their views, even if it means that they may
get into trouble .

这种人总是坚持自己的观点,即使这意味着他们可能会陷入 困境。

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[句式“解构明”]
I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have. 我的确希望如此,因为我想让你和我一样活得健康长寿。

(1)“do/does/did +动词原形”构成强调句,意为“确实;的 确”,用来加强谓语动词的语气,但须符合以下两个条件: a.句子是肯定句; b.句子的时态为一般现在时或一般过去时。 If you have a job, do devote yourself to it and finally you will succeed. 如果你有一份工作,务必要全力以赴地去做,最终你会成功的。
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Believe it or not, he did go home yesterday. 信不信由你,他昨天确实回家了。 (2)句中使用了一个比较结构: so/as+adj.+a(n)+单数可数名 词+as,意为“和??一样??”。 The young man hopes to live as simple a life as his grandpa. 这个小伙子希望和他爷爷一样过俭朴的生活。 As a matter of fact, I can’t afford as expensive a car as his. 事实上,我买不起像他的一样昂贵的私家车。

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补全句子 ①To my great joy, the plant were looking for. 使我非常高兴的是,这棵植物看起来的确像是我们正在寻找的 那种。 ②We wanted the children to
live as full a life as possible, did look exactly like what we

different from what we had in the past. 我们想让孩子们过上尽可能充实的、不同于我们过去的生活。

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[课堂练基础]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.He feels ashamed (shame) of his former dishonorable action. 2.After decades of effort, the city is still trying to figure out how to ban smoking (smoke) in public places. 3.The new survey shows that the number of students addicted (addict) to computer games has been on the increase in recent years.
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4.People under stress tend to express their full range of potential. 5.Many homeless people get into the habit of begging to get enough money to stay alive. 6.What parents say and do will have a deep effect on their children. 7.They hurried to catch the train due to leave (leave) at 4:15 in the afternoon. 8.Judging from what he said and did, we can conclude that he was desperate for fame. 9.Mum, it’s so cold outside and I don’t feel like going (go) shopping with you. 10 . In my opinion, all Mr.White does does do good to his students in his class at present.
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Ⅱ.单句改错 1. If you take the risk of not wearing a seat belt, you will be at the risk while driving.

去掉第二个 the
talk→talking

2.As far as I know, they are accustomed to not talk at meals.

3.Having been abused his power as mayor to give jobs to his friends, Williams is now under investigation.
去掉 been

4. Disappointing at failing in the math exam, John wouldn’ t like to talk about it to his parents.
Disappointing→Disappointed

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5 . I ’ m not a little tired today after giving the room a thorough cleaning and I have never had as more tiring a day as today.

去掉 more
6. I strongly feel that whatever our friends do do matter to us.

第二个 do→does

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成下列写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 ①More and more children ? are/become/get addicted to (沉溺于) the Internet games all day, which really has a bad effect on them. Once they ? get into the habit (养成这个习 惯), it is difficult for them to get rid of and be ? accustomed

(accustom) to the daily life. Despite the fact that they know the danger, children still ? take risks/a risk (冒险).
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②In my opinion, we must make all the children live as active and healthy a life as possible, which is our duty. ? Therefore (however/therefore), both the teachers and parents should put

stress ? on the harm of playing Internet games and prevent the children from playing them.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1.用本单元高级词汇替换加黑单词或短语 (1)get rid of→ quit (2)Despite→ In spite of (3)prevent→ ban 2.按要求改写句式 (1)把句①加波浪线部分改为强调句(强调谓语动词) which does have a bad effect on them (2)用 it 作形式主语改写句② In my opinion, it is our duty to make all the children live as active and healthy a life as possible.
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“课下练高考”见“Topic 3 A healthy life
(Book 6·Unit 3)” (单击进入电子文档)

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Topic 4 Living well (Book 7· Unit 1)
[单词“分类记”]
知其义? (一)阅读障碍词汇?识其形· 1.dictation n. 2.psychology n. 3.mainstream n. 4.certificate n. 5.dignity n.

口授;听写 心理(学)
主流;主要倾向
证书 尊严; 高贵的品质
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写其形? (二)高考高频词汇?知其义· 1. conduct n. vt. 2. resign vi.& vt. 3. companion n. 4. adequate adj. 5. graduation n. 6. abolish vt. 行为;品行 指挥;管理;主持 辞职;辞去(工作、职位等) 同伴;伙伴 足够的;充分的 毕业;毕业典礼 废除;废止

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用得活? (三)活学活用词汇?记得清· Ⅰ.根据词性和词义写出下列单词 1. disability n.伤残;无力;无能→ disabled adj.伤残的 2. ambition n.雄心;野心→ ambitious adj.有雄心的;有野心的 3. suitable adj.适合的;适宜的→ suit vt.& vi.适合;适应;使 适合 4. beneficial adj.有益的;受益的→ benefit v.受益;有益于 n. 益处;好处 5. adapt vt.使适应;改编→ adaptation n.适应;改编;改写本

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6. absence n.缺席;不在某处→ absent adj.缺席的;心不在焉的 7. annoy vt.使??不悦;惹恼→ annoyed adj.感到生气的

annoyance n.烦恼 8. encouragement n.鼓励;奖励→ encourage vt.鼓励;鼓舞 9. assistance n.协助;援助→ assist v.帮助;援助→ assistant
n.助手 10. congratulate vt.祝贺;庆贺→ congratulation n.祝贺;贺词 11. access n.(接近的)方法;通路;可接近性→ 近的;可进入的;可使用的 12. approval n.赞成;认可→ approve v.批准;支持;赞成;同 意→ disapprove v.不赞成

→ annoying adj.令人生气的→

accessible adj.可接

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Ⅱ.用所给词的适当形式填空 1.Think how much time we had wasted on the annoying fly, and I really felt annoyed .(annoy) 2.For a long time, mental disability was considered shameful disabled received little treatment or and the mentally encouragement.(disable) 3.The young man with great ambition had an ambitious plan to build a school in the poor village.(ambition) 4.As we all know, fresh air is beneficial to our health and the new park benefits us all, so we should keep it clean. (benefit) 5.I hope you will not disapprove of my choice because your

approval means a great deal to me.(approve) _________
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[短语“语境记”]
(一)根据汉语写出下列短语
1. in other words 2. adapt to 3. cut out 4.out of breath 5. all in all 6. sit around 7. as well as 8. in many ways 9. make fun of 换句话说 适合;适应 切去;省略;停止(做某事) 上气不接下气 总而言之 闲坐着 和;也;和??一样好 在很多方面 取笑
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10. never mind 11.all the best 12.meet with (二)选用上述短语填空 1.When she didn’t arrive on time, we were worried that she might have met with an accident. 2.I’ve cut down on the number of cigarettes I smoke, but I’ d like to cut out smoking altogether. 3.He looks like his father in many ways ,such as eyes, the nose and so on.
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不必担心 (口语)(祝你)一切顺利 遇到;经历;会晤

高考话题九 饮食与健康
4. Susan sits around and does nothing while I do all the work. 5. The other children were always making fun of him because he was fat and wore glasses. 6.So you made a little mistake! Never mind about that: it wasn’t serious. 7.When we moved to France, the children adapted to the change very quickly. 8. All in all , we had a good time at the barbecue party. 9.They asked him to leave — in other words , he was fired. 10.I was late for the meeting so I started running, and when I got there I was totally out of breath .
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[句式“仿写通”]
1.Sometimes, too, I was too weak to go to school so my education suffered. 有时候我的身体也太虚弱, 上不了学, 因此落下了很多功课。 [解读] [仿写] too ... to ...“太??而不能??”。 说实话,他很固执,你说服不了他戒烟。

To be honest, he is too stubborn for you to persuade him to give up smoking.

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2.I have a very busy life with no time to sit around feeling sorry for myself. 我的生活很充实,没有时间闲坐着顾影自怜。 [解读] [仿写] 天吗? Do you wake up every morning feeling energetic and ready to start a new day? feeling sorry for myself 是现在分词短语作伴随状语。 你每天早晨醒来都感到精力充沛并准备好开始新的一

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3.Just accept them for who they are, and give them encouragement to live as rich and full a life as you do. 要接受他们,给予他们鼓励,让他们能像你一样过得丰 富多彩、充实美满。 [解读] [仿写] as +adj.+a(n)+n.+as 结构。 尽管残疾, 杰克却和身边的每个人一样过着正常

的生活。 In spite of disability, Jack can live as normal a life as everybody else.
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[词汇“对点清”]
1.adapt vt.使适应;改编
(1)adapt (oneself) to (2)adapt sth.from be adapted for (3)adaptable adj. (4)adaptation n. 使??适应?? 根据??改编某物 为??而改写/改编 能适应的;可修改的 适应;改编;改写本

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介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Not only has she adapted herself to the fast rhythm of city life,

but she is becoming more and more outgoing. 她不仅已经适应了快节奏的城市生活,而且变得越来越开朗。 ②Three of her novels have been adapted for television. 她的长篇小说中有三部已被改编成电视剧了。 ③Have you watched the TV series Red Sorghum adapted (adapt) from Mo Yan’s novel of the same name? 你看过由莫言同名小说改编的电视剧《红高粱》吗?
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2.absence n.缺席;不在某处
(1)in/during one’s absence in the absence of 某人不在时 (人)不在;缺席;(物)不存 在;缺少 absence of mind (2)absent adj. be absent from ... 心不在焉 不在的;缺席的 不参加??;缺席??

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补全句子 ① In the absence of any evidence, the police had to let the thief go. 由于缺乏证据,警察不得不释放了小偷。 ②He was absent from the conference yesterday because of his sudden heart disease. 昨天因为他的心脏病突发,他没有参加会议。

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3.congratulate vt.祝贺;庆贺
(1)congratulate sb.
? ?sth. on? ? ?doing

sth.

就(做)某事向某人祝贺

congratulate oneself on (doing) sth. (为成就或成功)感到自豪; 暗自庆幸;为自己高兴 (2)congratulation n. congratulations to sb. on sth. Congratulations! 祝贺;恭喜 祝贺某人某事 恭喜你!

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

(1)介词填空/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①You can congratulate yourself on having done an excellent job. 你应该为你出色的工作感到自豪。 ②I want to express my sincere congratulations (congratulate) on your success. 我想对你的成功表示诚挚的祝贺。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[辨析比较] congratulate, celebrate

“祝贺;道贺”,只能用人作宾语,若要表明 congratulate 所祝贺的事情,后面要用on (upon)连接,构成 congratulate sb. on (upon) sth. celebrate 举行仪式、典礼的“庆祝”,只能用事(节日、 胜利、成功等)作宾语

(2)选用上述单词填空 ③Their son was admitted to Beijing University and they held a party to celebrate it. At the party, all the relatives and friends congratulated them on their son’s success. 他们的儿子被北京大学录取了, 他们举行宴会来庆祝。 在宴会 上,所有亲朋好友都祝贺他们的儿子取得了成功。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
4.access n.(接近的)方法;通路;可接近性;权利等
(1)have access to have no access to give access to (2)accessible adj. be accessible to ...
[名师指津]

拥有??的机会;可以接近;进入 没有??的机会;无法接近 准许进入(接近) 可接近的;可进入的;可使用的 可接近;可靠近;可使用??

access 前通常不加冠词,且 access 和 accessible 短

语中的 to 是介词。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

补全句子/用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Across the world, 1.1 billion people have no access to clean drinking water. 全世界有 11 亿人无法获取干净的饮用水。 ②Medicine should not be kept where it is accessible (access) to children. 药品应放在孩子们够不着的地方。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
5.in other words 换句话说

in a word keep one’s word break one’s word have a word with ... have words with ...
用 word 的相关短语补全句子

总之;简言之 遵守诺言 失信;不守诺言 与??谈一谈 与??拌嘴/吵架

① In other words , we are the master of our own future. (2012· 浙江高考书面表达) 换句话说,我们是自己未来的主宰者。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

② In a word , it was through hard work and innovation that Ma Yun became successful in his field. 总之,正是通过努力和创新使得马云在他的领域成功了。 ③You must keep your word , or I’ll let you go. 你必须遵守诺言,否则我将解雇你。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
6.out of breath 上气不接下气

(1)hold one’s breath catch one’s breath lose one’s breath take a deep breath (2)breathe v.
[联想发散] ①out of sight ②out of control ③out of date 看不见 失控 过期

屏住呼吸 喘息;恢复正常呼吸 喘不过气来 深呼吸 呼吸

“out of +n.”短语还有:

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
④out of order ⑤out of patience ⑥out of question 出毛病 不耐烦;不能忍受 没问题;毫无疑问

用 breath 的相关短语补全句子 ①Eric came running into the room, out of breath and red in the face. 埃里克上气不接下气地跑进屋,满脸通红。 ②We all held our breath while Mr. Evans announced the exam results. 埃文斯先生宣布考试成绩时,我们都屏住呼吸。 ③ Take a deep breath before going on to the next task. 在进行下一个任务之前深呼吸。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[句式“解构明”]
I have a very busy life with no time to sit around feeling sorry for myself. 我的生活很充实,没有时间闲坐着顾影自怜。

feeling sorry for myself 为现在分词短语作伴随状语。现在分 词短语作伴随状语,表示伴随情况,所表示的动作与谓语动词 同时发生,且与句子的主语即逻辑主语是主动关系。 As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not moving, and asked myself what I was going to do.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
当信号灯变绿时,我站了一会儿,一动不动,自问将要做什么。 Gathering around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people. 那些游客聚在篝火周围和当地人一起跳舞。 用所给词的适当形式填空 ① Sweeping (sweep) the street with her grandma every day, the fiveyearold girl caught our attention. 这个五岁的小女孩每天和奶奶扫大街,引起了我们的关注。 ②All night long he lay awake, thinking (think) of the problem. 他整夜躺在床上睡不着,思考着那个问题。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[课堂练基础]
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.We upgraded the computer to make it suitable (suit) to our needs. 2.When he hurried to the railway station, tired and out of breath, Mike found the train had just left. 3. I’ d like to congratulate you on your wonderful performance. 4.The director was fully convinced that this moving story, if

adapted ________(adapt) for television, would be a hit.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
5.I get annoyed reading. 6. My grandfather often goes to the countryside, because he thinks a stay there will be beneficial (benefit) to his health. 7.In order to look after her sick mother, Mary decided to resign her position as a manager in the company. 8.In spite of the advanced medical technology, many Americans have no access to health care. 9.The survey conducted (conduct) by the company shows there is a large increase in customer satisfaction this year. 10.When I was little, my mother used to sit by my bed, telling (tell) me stories till I fell asleep.
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(annoy) when someone talks to me while I’m

高考话题九 饮食与健康

Ⅱ.单句改错 1.It was his absent of mind during driving that resulted in the terrible accident.

absent→absence

2.From the flats we have an easy access to shops and schools.
去掉 an

3.We offer our congratulation to you on your passing the College Entrance Examination. congratulation→congratulations

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

4.Having settled in that remote area, the young man quickly adapted the weather.
adapted 后加 to

5.He has broken his words so many times that I cannot trust him any more.
words→word

6.Morris lay on the grass, stared at the sky for a long time.
stared→staring

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.用本单元所学知识完成下列写作训练 (一)依据提示补全短文 My grandfather is over 80 years old, but he is very energetic. Every time he goes up the stairs, he is never ? out of breath (上气 不接下气). ①When he is asked why he is full of energy, he often says that it is very necessary to take enough exercise, such as regular walking and playing Tai Chi, which is ? beneficial (benefit) to us. He also says, “When you can’t play Tai Chi well at first and others may laugh at you, please don’t care about it and you can do it ?

as well as (和??一样好) others little by little.” ②When he reflects _________ on what he did in the past, he believes that attitude to life is the most important.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

? In addition (in addition/in my opinion), I think being optimistic and ? adapting to (适应) the new environment quickly are as important as taking exercise. ? All in all/In a word (总而 言之), we should learn to live happily. That is to say, ? don’t be
annoyed at 不要为??而烦恼) anything less important. ③We __________(

can be healthy and live much longer only in this way.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
(二)按要求将词汇句式升级 1.用本单元高级词汇替换加黑单词或短语 (1)enough→ adequate (2)laugh at→ make fun of (3)That is to say→ In other words 2.按要求改写句式 (1)把句①中的状语从句部分改写为省略句
When asked why he is full of energy he often says that it is ________________________________,

very necessary to take adequate exercise ...
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

(2)用现在分词作状语改写句②

Reflecting on what he did in the past, he believes that ____________
attitude to life is the most important. (3)用倒装句式改写句③

Only in this way can we be healthy and live much longer.

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“课下练高考”见“Topic 4 Living well
(Book 7·Unit 1)” (单击进入电子文档)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[高考中这样考]
有关“饮食与健康”话题的文 章在高考中主要以说明文的体裁出 现在阅读理解题中,也会涉及完形 填空和写作等题型。题材以饮食的 类型、各地的美食、人们的饮食习 惯、健康的重要性以及如何保持健 康为主。此类话题在阅读理解中常 考查细节理解题和推理判断题;在 写作中常考查说明文或议论文体。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

一、围绕话题联想,准做完形填空
[高考典题] (2015· 江苏高考 )I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel’s books in college and was hooked on his positivity from that moment on. The stories of his unconventional the exceptional patients he wrote about were so and had such a big his CDs again to 39 38 36 37 and to me

on how I saw life from then on. Who my own cancer experience?

knew that so many years later I would look to Dr. Bernie and

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
I ’ m an ambitious 40 , and when I started going 41 person, I 42 .

through chemo (化疗), even though I’m a very

lost my drive to write. I was just too tired and not in the One day, while waiting to go in for

43 , I had one of Dr. 44 45 47 what I was he had one a published

Bernie’s books in my hand. Another patient reading and struck up a conversation with me of his books with him as well. It author, and he was currently 48 46 he was an eightyyearold writer. He was

that among other things, on a new book.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

We would see each other at various times and he was definitely a(n) 51 cancer, the 54 53 50

49

friends. Sometimes he wore a duck hat, and I would tell myself, of Dr. Bernie. He really put a 52 55 last year due to his to myself, “If he on my face. He unfortunately to pick up my pen again. I

he left a deep impression on me and gave me

can do it, then so can I.”

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[真题尝试] 36.A.tastes 37.A.amazing 38.A.strike B.ideas B.shocking B.push C.notes C.amusing C.challenge C.get through C.editor D.memories D.strange D.impact D.refer to D.doctor D.honest D.way D.treatment D.wondered
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39.A.learn from B.go over 40.A.reader 41.A.positive 42.A.mood 43.A.advice 44.A.viewed B.writer

B.agreeable C.humorous B.position C.state

B.reference C.protection B.knew C.noticed
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
45.A.while 46.A.came out 47.A.naturally 48.A.deciding 49.A.became 50.A.patient 51.A.sign B.because C.although D.providing D.turned out D.actually D.relying D.visited D.publisher D.mask D.passed away D.for D.inspiration D.replied B.worked out C.proved out B.merely B.investing B.helped B.operator B.smile C.hopefully C.working C.missed C.fan C.mark C.fell down C.so C.opportunity C.thought

52.A.showed up B.set off 53.A.since 54.A.guidance 55.A.promised B.but B.trust B.swore

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[技巧点拨] Ⅰ.抓话题词汇,多联想,明大意 1.速读文章,结合文中“cancer, chemo(化疗),patient”等 话 题词 汇和 “experience, ambitious, friends, pick up my pen again”等关键信息词可知此文与“健康”有关。 2 .由文中话题句 “I was ...in college ...”“One day, while waiting ...”等和关键信息句“Another patient ...”等可判断此文是 一篇记叙文。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
本文的行文脉络如下:
(2015· 江苏高考 )I was required to read one of Bernie Siegel’ s books in college and was hooked on his positivity from that moment on. The stories of his unconventional 37 to me and had such a big 38 36 and the exceptional patients he wrote about were so on how I saw life from then on. Who knew that so many years later I would look to Dr. Bernie and his CDs again to 39 experience?
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第一段:作者
患癌化疗期间 重读某一作家 的书

my own cancer

起因

高考话题九 饮食与健康
I’m an ambitious though I’m a very the 43 42 41 40 , and when I person, I lost my
第二段:作者 失去写作动力, 结识了一位老 作家病友

started going through chemo ( 化 疗 ), even drive to write. I was just too tired and not in . One day, while waiting to go in for 44 what I was , I had one of Dr. Bernie’s books in my

hand. Another patient 45 It

reading and struck up a conversation with me he had one of his books with him as well. 46 that among other things, he was an 47 a 48

eightyyearold writer. He was on a new book.

经过

published author, and he was currently

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
We would see each other at various times and 49 friends. Sometimes he 50 of Dr. Bernie. He on my face. He last year due to his 54 to pick up my
第三段:作者 从老作家病友 那儿获得继续 写作的动力

wore a duck hat, and I would tell myself, he was definitely a(n) really put a unfortunately cancer, 53 pen again. I 51 52

he left a deep impression on 55 to myself, “If he can

me and gave me the

结果

do it, then so can I.”
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

3.综上分析,可得出本文的主旨大意:作者在患癌住院 期间结识了同为某书作者的忠实读者 ——一位老作家,正是 他给了作者继续写作的动力。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.依话题常识,思逻辑,准解题 本文的话题背景是健康,该话题的文章多涉及疾病、健康及由其 引发的情感故事等内容。据此,可以迅速解答下列题目: 43 题:前文提到作者得了癌症并开始化疗,此处显然指等待接 受“治疗”(treatment)。故选 D 项。 50 题:联系前文可知,作者的这位病友作家也喜欢伯尼博士的 书, 由此可推测此处意为: 无疑他就是伯尼博士的一个粉丝(fan)。 故选 C 项。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

52 题: 联系本句中的“unfortunately”和“due to his cancer”可知 作者的这位病友因癌症去世了(passed away)。故选 D 项。 53 题:前文讲作者的病友因癌症去世,后文说“给我留下了很 深的印象……”,可见前后文是转折关系,故选 B 项。 54 题:根据下文的“pick up my pen again”和“If he can do it, then so can I.”可知这位病友给了作者鼓舞(inspiration)。故选 D 项。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[详解答案] 语篇解读:本文是一篇记叙文。作者在因患癌症住院接受治 疗期间,重新开始阅读自己喜欢的一个作家的书,并因此而 结识了一个同是该作家粉丝的病友,且与这个人慢慢地成了 朋友。这位病友给了他继续写作的动力。
36. 选 B 联系空前的 stories 及 unconventional(新奇的)可知, ideas 最 合 语 境 。 taste“ 味 道 , 志 趣 ” ; note“ 笔 记 , 便 条 ” ; memory“记忆”。 37.选 A 该空所在句句意:他的故事里不落俗套的想法和笔下不 寻常的患者让我如此惊叹 (amazing)?? amazing“ 令人惊叹 的”;shocking“令人震惊的”;amusing“逗人发笑的,有意 思的 ” ; strange“ 奇怪的 ” 。 amazing 含有 “ 钦佩 ” 之意, shocking 没有此义,故选 A。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
38.选 D 由并列连词 and 可知空格处所在部分应该和“令人惊 叹 ” 意义一致,即 “ 对我如何看待人生产生了很大的影 响”。have an impact on“对??有影响”,是固定短语。 39.选 C 此处应该是承接上文意思,即:谁会知道多年后我又 要依赖伯尼博士和他的 CD 来熬过(get through)我自己的癌 症经历呢? 40.选 B 联系后文中的“I lost my drive to write(我失去了写作 的动力)”可知,作者是一名作家(writer)。 41. 选 A 联系后文所说的“我失去了写作的动力”, 并结合 even though 表示让步可知, 此处意为“即使我是一个积极乐观的 (positive)人”。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
42.选 A 由 and 前面的“I was just too tired”及常识可知当人很 疲倦时,他的心情会很糟。not in the mood“心情不好”。 43.选 D 联系本段开头的“when I started going through chemo (化疗)”可知,作者是接受治疗(treatment)。 44. 选 C 联系本句中的 “what I was reading”和 “struck up a conversation”可知, 另一个病人应该是注意到(noticed)作者读 的书了,然后才和作者聊天。 45.选 B 前文说他注意到作者读的书并开始和作者聊天,后面

提到 “ 他也有伯尼博士的一本书 ” ,由此可知两者是因果关 系,故选 because。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
46.选 D 由空格后的提示“除此之外,他还是一位 80 岁的作 家 ” 可知这是作者后来发现的一个事实,用 It turned out that ...“结果发现??”句型最合适。 47. 选 D 联系上文的“他是一位 80 岁的作家”, 这里又说“是 一个出版作家”,故只有 actually 表示补充新的信息,意为 “实际上”,符合逻辑。 48.选 C 联系上文的“他是一个出版作 家”可知, 此处表示目 前他在写(was working on)一本新书。 49.选 A 联系 and 前面的“我们经常在不同的时间见面”可知 两人应该是成了(became)朋友。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
50.选 C 联系前文可知,作者的这位病友作家也喜欢伯尼博士 的书, 由此可推测此处意为: 无疑他就是伯尼博士的一个粉丝 (fan)。 51.选 B 联系前文可知,“我们”两个经常见面,慢慢地成了 朋友,而且 “我们”都喜欢伯尼博士的书,由此可推知他让 “我”很开心。put a smile on one’s face 是一个常用短语, 意为“使某人脸上绽放笑容”。 52.选 D 联系本句中的“unfortunately”和“due to his cancer”可 知作者的这位病友因癌症去世了(passed away)。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

53.选 B 前文讲作者的病友因癌症去世,后文说“给我留下 了很深的印象??”,可见前后文是转折关系,故选 but。 54.选 D 联系后面的“pick up my pen again”和“If he can do it, then so can I . ” 可 知 这 位 病 友 给 了 作 者 鼓 舞 (inspiration)。 55.选 C 联系后面的话可知,此处应该是作者自己的感慨: 我 心 想 , “ 如 果 他 能 做 到 , 那 么 我 也 能 。 ”think to oneself“心想”。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

二、依据话题脉络,快做阅读理解
[高考典题] (2015· 新课标全国卷Ⅱ阅读 B)Your house may have an effect on your figure. Experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off. You can make your environment work for you instead of against you. Here are some ways to turn your home into part of your diet plan.

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高考话题九 饮食与健康 Open the curtains and turn up the lights. Dark
environments are more likely to encourage overeating, for people are often less selfconscious (难为情) when they’re in poorly lit places — and so more likely to eat lots of food. If your home doesn’t have enough window light, get more lamps and flood the place with brightness. Mind the colors. Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites. In one study, people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room. Warm colors like yellow make food appear more appetizing, while cold colors make us feel less hungry. So when it’ s time to repaint, go blue.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康 Don’t forget the clock — or the radio. People who eat

slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories (卡路里) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes. And while you’re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down, turn on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal. Downsize the dishes. Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12inch plate instead of a 10inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one, total intake (摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And we’ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.
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高考话题九 饮食与健康

[真题尝试] 5.The text is especially helpful for those who care about A.their home comforts C.house buying B.their body shape D.healthy diets . .

6.A home environment in blue can help people A.digest food better C.burn more calories

B.reduce food intake D.regain their appetites

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
7.What are people advised to do at mealtimes? A.Eat quickly. C.Use smaller spoons. B.Play fast music. D.Turn down the lights.

8.What can be a suitable title for the text? A.Is Your House Making You Fat? B.Ways of Serving Dinner C.Effects of SelfConsciousness D.Is Your Home Environment Relaxing?

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[技巧点拨] Ⅰ.理清脉络,读懂文章 速读本文各段的首句可知本文是说明文。再结合文中话题 词汇“environment, diet, eat lots of food, consumed”等可知文章 是关于环境与饮食健康的。其具体语篇脉络如下: (2015· 新 课 标 全 国 卷 Ⅱ 阅 读 B)Your
house may have an effect on your figure. Experts say the way you design your home could play a role in whether you pack on the pounds or keep them off. You can make your environment work for you instead of against you. Here are some ways to turn your home into part of your diet plan.
返回导航页 结束放映 第一段:室内的

布置影响饮食和
健康

总述

高考话题九 饮食与健康
Open the curtains and turn up the lights. Dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating, for people are often less selfconscious (难为情) when they’re in poorly lit places — and so more likely to eat lots of food. If your home doesn ’t have enough window light, get more lamps and flood the place with brightness. Mind the colors. Research suggests warm colors fuel our appetites. In one study, people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room. Warm colors like yellow make food appear more appetizing, while cold colors make us feel less hungry. So when it’s time to repaint, go blue.
返回导航页 结束放映 第二段:打 开窗帘透光

分述

第三段:注 意室内色调

分述

高考话题九 饮食与健康
Don’t forget the clock — or the radio. People who eat slowly tend to consume about 70 fewer calories ( 卡路里 ) per meal than those who rush through their meals. Begin keeping track of the time, and try to make dinner last at least 30 minutes. And while you’re at it, actually sit down to eat. If you need some help slowing down, turn on relaxing music. It makes you less likely to rush through a meal.
返回导航页 结束放映 第四段:延 长吃饭用时

分述

高考话题九 饮食与健康
Downsize the dishes. Big serving bowls and plates can easily make us fat. We eat about 22 percent more when using a 12inch plate instead of a 10inch plate. When we choose a large spoon over a smaller one, total intake (摄入) jumps by 14 percent. And we ’ ll pour about 30 percent more liquid into a short, wide glass than a tall, skinny glass.
第五段:使 用小号餐具

分述

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.化繁为简,破译长难句 Dark environments are more likely to encourage overeating, for people are often less selfconscious (难为情) when they’re in poorly lit places — and so more likely to eat lots of food. 分析:该句为 for 连接的并列句。后一分句中 when 引导一个时 间状语从句。 翻译:昏暗的环境更可能刺激人们暴饮暴食,因为当人们身处光 线差的场所时经常更放得开——因此更可能吃很多食物。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.总结通法,快速解题 利用选项特点巧解标题归纳题 标题归纳题是阅读理解中考查的主要题型之一。标题位于 文章之首,用来高度概括文章内容,点明文章主题。文章标题 既可以是单词、短语,也可以是句子。解题时应注意以下几点: 1.标题可以帮助读者迅速推测出整篇文章的主要内容,抓 住文章讨论的中心,把握作者的观点和意图。一般来说,文章 的标题应该具有概括性、针对性、简洁性三个突出特点。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
2.在了解大意的基础上,仔细考虑选项内容与文章主题 是否有密切的联系;看选项内容对文章的概括性或覆盖面如 何;要注意题目范围过大或过小。错误选项通常具有以下三 个特点:概括不够、过度概括、以事实细节代替概括性强的 大意。 例如,左栏中第 8 题为标题归纳题。本文主要介绍了墙 壁的颜色、房间的亮度等都与一个人的身材有关。因此 A 项 “Is Your House Making You Fat ? ( 你的房子正让你发胖 吗?)”最适合做文章标题。B、D 两项为文章的细节,C 项 与文章中心内容不符,故排除。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
———[话题词汇复现] ———————————————— 写出下列单词或短语的含义
1.overeat vi. 2.appetite n. 3.hungry adj. 4.consume vt. 5.spoon n.

吃得过饱

胃口 饥饿的 消耗;消费

汤匙

饮食计划 6.diet plan ———————————————————————————

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[详解答案] 语篇解读:本文是一篇说明文。当你在家里吃饭的时候,有没有 担心自己吃得越来越多,正在变胖?快来看看吧,家里的环境, 包括窗户和灯的亮度、墙壁的颜色以及吃饭的速度等都可以影响 你的饮食。也许你肥胖的罪魁祸首就在你的家里! 5.选 B 细节理解题。根据文章首句“Your house may have an

effect on your figure.(你的房子可能会影响你的身材。)”以及 下面几个段落中提到的建议可知,本文是关于如何不变胖的, 所以那些“关心自己体形的人”会觉得本文特别有帮助,故选 B 项。
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
6.选 B 细节理解题。根据文章第三段中的“...people who ate meals in a blue room consumed 33 percent less than those in a yellow or red room.”可知,人们在蓝色的房间里吃饭,要比在黄色或者红色 的房间里少吃 33%的食物,故 B 项“减少食物摄入量”正确。 7.选 C 细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“When we choose a large spoon ... by 14 percent.”可知,应使用较小的汤匙,故 C 项正确。 8.选 A 标题归纳题。本文主要介绍了墙壁的颜色、房间的亮度、 吃饭的速度以及吃饭时使用的器皿大小等都与一个人的身材有关。 因此 A 项“你的房子正让你发胖吗?”最适合做文章标题。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

三、套用话题素材,稳写满分作文
[高考典题] (2015· 广东高考)你接受了一项写作任务,为英语校报写一 篇科技报道。 [写作内容] 请根据以下信息,介绍国外医疗行业出现的一项新技术, 内容包括:

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

技术名称:DNA 检测 检测方法:唾液样本分析 检测费用:125 英镑 检测时长:4 到 6 周 检测用途:1.预测重大疾病 2.预知食物偏好

3.提示合适的锻炼方式 检测影响: 1.增强健康意识
*唾液样本:saliva sample

2.易引起过度焦虑

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
[写作要求] 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 [技法点拨] Ⅰ.仔细审题 1.文体: 说明文 2.人称: 第三人称 3.时态:一般现在时
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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅱ.列全要点

一项叫作 DNA 检测的医疗新技术在 1. 通过分析唾液样本, 国外流行起来。
2. 检测费用为 125 英镑,检测时长为 4 到 6 周。 3. 该项检测不但可以预测重大疾病和预知食物偏好,而且可

以提示合适的锻炼方式。
4. 该检测能够增强健康意识,但易引起过度焦虑。

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高考话题九 饮食与健康
Ⅲ.分步写作 第一步:检索关键词汇 ① analyze vt.分析 ③ preference n.偏好 ⑤ exercise n.& v.锻炼 ⑦ health awareness 健康意识 第二步:升级词汇添彩 把上面的词汇④和⑧用高级词汇表达 1.serious→ severe 2.lead to→ bring about/result in
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② predict vt.预测 ④serious adj.严重的 ⑥ strengthen vt.加强 ⑧lead to 导致;引起

高考话题九 饮食与健康
第三步:扮靓句式增分 1.检测费用为 125 英镑,需要 4 到 6 周的时间。 一般表达:The fee of the test is 125 pounds and it needs 4 to 6 weeks. 高级表达:The fee of the test is 125 pounds, which needs 4 to 6

weeks 用 which 引导定语从句) ______.(
2.该项检测不但可以预测重大疾病和预知食物偏好,而且可以给 人们提示合适的锻炼方式。 一般表达: The test can not only predict severe illnesses and food preference, but also present people with proper ways to exercise. 高级表达:Not only can the test predict severe illnesses and food

preference but also present people with proper ways to exercise.(用 ____________,
倒装句式)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

3.该检测能够增强健康意识,但易引起过度焦虑。 一般表达: The test can strengthen the health awareness, but it is likely to bring about overanxiety. 高级表达: On the one hand , it can strengthen the health awareness.

On the other hand , it is likely to

bring about overanxiety.(用适当的衔接过渡词连接)

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高考话题九 饮食与健康

第四步:衔接润色成文 By analyzing the saliva sample, a new medical technology
called DNA Test has been popular in foreign countries. The fee of the test is 125 pounds, which needs 4 to 6 weeks. Not only can the test predict severe illnesses and food preference, but also present people with proper ways to exercise. On the one hand, it can strengthen the health awareness. On the other hand, it is likely to bring about overanxiety.

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