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浙江诗阳中学2019届高三英语下学期开学考试试题183

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

浙江省东阳中学 2019 届高三英语下学期开学考试试题

本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷 (非选择题), 第I卷 1 至 8 页,第II卷 9 至 10 页。

第I卷

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

1. What fruit does the woman use?

A. Pears.

B. Oranges.

C. Banana.

2. What did the woman do today?

A. She cleaned the car. B. She bought an umbrella. C. She listened to the weather

forecast.

3. When does the man usually do exercise?

A. In the afternoon.

B. In the morning.

C. At night.

4. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Father and daughter.

B. Classmates.

C. Teacher and student.

5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

A. Preparing for a test.

B. Eating during an exam.

C. Getting a

medical exam.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22. 5 分)

6. Who started to make birthdays important holidays?

A.The woman's grandparents. B.The man's grandparents.

C.The woman's

parents.

7. What does the woman's mother do for the woman's birthday?

A.She gives her a gift of jewelry.

B.She cooks some special food.

C.She makes some beautiful clothes.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。

8. Why didn't the man need to study the local language?

A. He already spoke it.

B. He didn't want to talk to local people.

C. He could communicate in English.

9. How did the baker feel about the man at first?

A. Happy.

B. A little afraid.

C. Very angry.

听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10. What kind of food does the woman cook?

A.Thai.

B.Chinese.

C.Vietnamese.

11. What does the man think of the new Chinese market?

A. It's too big.

B. It has good deals.

C. It has few

foreign products.

12. According to the man, when is the best time to visit the market?

A.Saturday.

B.Sunday.

C. Monday.

听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。

13. Where does the conversation take place?

A.At a store.

B.At school.

C.At home.

14. How did the man get the mud?

A. He went to the Dead Sea. B. He dug it up from the backyard.

C. He bought it from an online company.

15.What is the main color of the mud in the backyard?

A. Brown.

B. Grey.

C. Black.

16. Why does the girl agree to use the mud?

A. She wants her skin to feel younger.

B. She has some skin problems.

C. She is starting to get wrinkles.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。

17. What classes can visitors take in Bali according to the speaker?

A. Diving.

B. Swimming.

C. Fishing.

18. Why do some scientists come to Bali?

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

A.To study volcanoes. B.To study the sea creatures. C.To study traditional artworks. 19. What do most people of Bali do? A. Work in tourism. B. Do agricultural work. C. Make special clothes. 20. What does the speaker think is good to do during Chinese New Year? A. Drink traditional coffee. B. Do some shopping. C.Visit Buddhist temples.

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 35 分)

A

You've just finished a heavy meal and are full up. Suddenly, your host announces

proudly that he will be serving his “house specialty” dessert, bananas flambe and

that he has spent the better part of the afternoon preparing it. Even though you are

foil and don’t even like bananas, you accept a serving of his dessert and eat it

all.

Clearly, biological factors do not fully explain our eating behavior. Social

factors, based on societal rules and on what we have learned about appropriate eating

behavior, also play an important role. Take, for example, the simple fact that people

customarily eat breakfast, lunch and dinner at approximately the same times every

day. Because we tend to eat on schedule every day, we feel hungry as the usual hour

approaches.

Similarly, we put roughly the same amount of food on our plate every day, even

though the amount of exercise we may have had, and consequently our need for energy

supply, varies from day to day. We also tend to prefer particular food over others.

Rats and dogs may be a delicacy in certain Asian cultures, but few people in Western

cultures find them appealing despite their potentially high nutritional value. In

sum, cultural influences and our individual habits play important roles in determining

when, what, and how much we eat.

Other social factors relate to our eating behavior as well. Some of us head toward

the refrigerator after a difficult day, seeking comfort in a scoop of Heath Bar Crunch

ice cream. Perhaps when we were children, our parents gave us food when we were upset.

Eventually, we may have learned to associate food with comfort. Similarly, we may

learn that eating, which focuses our attention on immediate pleasures, provides an

escape from unpleasant thoughts. Consequently,we may eat when we feel upset and

anxious.

21. What causes you to accept the host's dessert offer at the end of the meal?

A. Your hunger.

B. The host’s pride.

C. The pleasant taste.

D. Social politeness.

22. The author explains the factors in eating mainly by

.

A. making a comparison.

B. using examples.

C. analyzing the data.

D. undertaking a survey.

23. Which of the following might be the best title for the text?

A. Social Factors in Eating.

B. Causes of Hunger.

C. Table Manners at Meals.

D. Cultural Differences in Eating.

B Meditation has been around for thousands of years, starting as a religious practice. Hindu(印度教)holy books from around 1500 BC describe meditating on the divine (神),and art from this time period shows people sitting cross-legged and alone in a garden. In China and India around the fifth century BC, other forms of mediation developed. Several religions, including Taoism, Buddhism, Islam, and Christianity, had meditative ceremonies. In 20th-century Europe and America, secular meditation arrived from India. Rather than focusing on spiritual growth, it emphasizes stress reduction, relaxation, and self-improvement.

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

Although it still isn't exactly mainstream, many people practice meditation.

Mindfulness meditation, in particular, has become more popular in recent years. The

practice involves sitting comfortably, focusing on one's breathing, and bringing the

mind's attention to the present. Concerns about the past or future are let go of.

An individual can picture worries popping like a bubble or flying away like a

butterfly.

Mindfulness is about increasing awareness and practicing acceptance. To be

present is to have sharpened attention. According to the Mayo Clinic, "Meditation

can give you a sense of calm, peace and balance that benefits your emotional

well-being."Among the emotional benefits are reducing negative emotions, increased

self-awareness, and stress management skills. Asthma, depression, and sleep disorders

are all conditions worsened by stress. Several studies have shown that patients with

these conditions benefit from meditation.

Dr. Robert Schneider, director of the Institute for Natural Medicine and

Prevention, says, "I have been researching effects of meditation on health for thirty

years and have found it has persuasive benefits. The benefits of meditation are coming

to be widely accepted by health professionals business leaders and the media. It is

now time for the medical profession to catch up."

24. The underlined word “secular” in paragraph 1 most nearly means

.

A. non-religious .

B. non-traditional.

C. serious.

D. daily.

25. When you are deep in meditation, you will

.

A. feel tired very soon

B.have sleep disorders

C. sense calm and peace

D. experience more negative emotions

26. What is the main idea of the text?

A. One's mental health is supposed to come first in life.

B. Medicine is no more effective than meditation for patients.

C. Mindfulness meditation helps practitioners focus on mental health.

D. Mindfulness meditation is getting more accepted due to its benefits.

C Mum always awoke early. When she was working as an actress she thought: Sooner or later they will realize their mistake and will send me home. To get rid of that fear, she would get up before “they” did,to go over her lines. In order to look perfect on the set, fresh,without a single negative thought that might ruffle her smile, she had to arise between four and five in the morning and gather her strength. Mum, like any wise family doctor, believed in the virtues of a good breakfast. She never skipped it. She knew how to be persuasive and from the time I was a little boy she would cut slices of buttered bread-she called them “fingers”-for dipping in soft-boiled eggs. However, what left an impression about her breakfast went beyond those toasted rectangles of bread. During the last years of her life, this morning interlude was also a time for confidences. If my brother and I were at her Swiss home, breakfast would be in the kitchen's office. She would come downstairs in her robe, and while having a cake and a cup of coffee, almost unconsciously, small talk would turn into a confession (忏 悔).One day she uneasily told me about the painful circumstances of her separation from my father. I learned to know her better at the breakfast table. But it was not always a time for discussion. Returning from a trip, or on a Sunday,she would honor the day of rest with a small luxury, something unusual for her:breakfast in bed. It was like a prize she awarded herself, and it was enjoyed all the more if the tray were filled with tidbits, such as homemade cake or cherry jam, along with toast, coffee, milk, butter, a small from the garden in a tiny vase, and on the side of her tray the International Herald Tribune .

27. What can we infer about the author's mother from the first paragraph? A. She was not a skillful actress at all. B. She was under pressure from her work.

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分
C. She had a poor relationship with her colleagues. D. She was good at reciting film lines. 28. In what sense did the mother's breakfast go beyond those toasted rectangles of bread? A. Many more delicious foods were prepared by her mother. B. It removed the misunderstanding between the mother and the son C. It led the author to have a deeper understanding of her mother. D. It helped the author's mother solve her marriage problems. 29. The underlined word “luxury” in the last paragraph most likely refers to A. the feeling of self-respect B. the enjoyment of something special C.the desire of expressing your thanks D. the pleasure of having something expensive 30. What is the author's purpose in writing the text? A. To present the benefits of eating breakfast. B. To introduce how to prepare breakfast. C.To show his sympathy for his mother's marriage. D.To share fond memories of his mother's breakfast. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
How to say sorry and really mean it? 31 In fact, a study found that effective apologies are those that were accepted by the offended party and allowed both parties to move on with no unpleasantness. Here are a few key tips.
Wait, never hurry to apologize Did you turn things around royally? 32 "Sometimes an immediate apology is called for," says Antony Manstead, a professor of psychology at Cardiff University in Wales. "But if the other party is angry at your previous wrong doing, it may be more effective to wait because their anger may prevent them from being receptive to an apology." 33 Explain, don't excuse Because admitting to being wrong is painful and can make people worried that they're a bad person, they often water down their apology with excuses. For example, “I certainly apologize if I offended anyone” and “I’m very sorry,but in my defense ,you started it.” 34 Giner-Sorolia says, “It uses the form of an apology-'I'm sorry'- but follows it up by shifting responsibility to the offended person, implying he or she is too sensitive.'' "Don't imply that the other person is wrong to feci upset or angry," adds Mara Olekalns, a professor at Melbourne Business School. Let your body do the talking Experts agree that face-to-face apologies beat phoned-in, e-mailed, or handwritten ones. “Facial expressions, posture, and the tone of voice have all been shown to be important channels that convey sincerity when you express regret,” Giner-Sorolla says. “Anyone can type” “I feel really ashamed, but if you say it live, it‘s obvious whether or not you mean it. A phone call is second best: You'll convey emotions with your voice and get instant feedback. E-mailed apologies aren't perfect. They lack emotional connections. 35 “A victim can abuse written apologies and do harm to the apologizer.” Mullet says. A. A little cool-off time could help. B. That sort of apology has a name-a nonapology. C. Is there more to saying sorry than just saying "sorry"? D. Tliere is nothing worse in these situations than sincere apologies. E. Once you've typed them, the receivers can forward them to anyone. F. Being a victim does not automatically transform a person into a good person. G. Therefore, the best time to apologize is when one feels ready to sincerely apologize. 第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) After Steward and Debbie Wilder lost their 17-year-old son, Cameron, who died
在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

in 2013, the last thing on their minds was 36 for the holiday season. We haven't

put anything up in three years."Debbie said.

But in December 2016, the house was 37 like Christmas,with white bulbs (灯

泡) cheerfully lining the roof. It wasn't the Wilders 38 had finally made the house

twinkle, however. Instead it was a

39 30-year-old Carson Zickgraf, who

hangs lights professionally through his business to brighten the lives of families

40 by losing their child, especially during the 41 holiday season—and it works.

"I started 42 ,” Debbie says , "It was really special."

Zickgraf has been 43 his light-stringing services since 2015. When Zickgraf

arrives at a home to hang lights, he'll 44 the door to tell the family his plan,

but if everyone is away, he'll put up the lights as a 45 .At one of the surprise

houses, he began to work 46 realizing the owner was home. When she discovered what

Zickgraf and his 47 were up to, she ran outside—and gave them all hugs.

Zickgraf start the project 48 .He was hanging lights on a customer’s home

when the owner told him that his neighbor’s son had recently died.On the spot,Zickgraf

had an epiphany(顿悟). “I sent my crew there to decorate that house too,”he says,

“It could 49 the pain for their loved ones and warm the spirit."

Out of 50 for the family's privacy, he doesn't tell them the backstory, 51

the workers sometimes figure it out. "A few times when my employees have 52 we

were doing lights for unlucky families, they 53 the clock and wouldn't take pay."

Zickgraf knows his efforts can’t completely 54 the veil(面纱)of grief from

these families, but he can make the holidays a little more 55 ."I wish I could

do more houses,"he says.

36. A. escaping

B. complaining

C. decorating

D. dreaming

37. A. burned up

B. lit up

C. cheered up

D. taken up

38. A. what

B. which

C. as

D. that

39. A. neighbour

B. officer

C. friend

D. stranger

40. A. affected

B. ruined

C. abandoned

D. blamed

41. A. busy

B. difficult

C. exciting

D. boring

42. A. screaming

B. laughing

C. crying

D. whispering

43. A. advertising

B. donating

C. selling

D. demanding

44. A.break into

B. shout at

C. push at

D. knock on

45. A. surprise

B. warning

C. punishment

D. treatment

46. A. by

B. at

C. through

D. without

47 A. neighbours

B. customers

C. crew

D. family

48. A. on purpose

B. by accident

C. in order

D. at random

49 A. increase

B. cause

C. remove

D. ease

50 A. sympathy

B. gratitude

C. respect

D sorrow

51. A. because

B. though

C. while

D. if

52. A. found out

B. pointed out

C. spoken out

D. called out

53. A. stopped

B. repaired

C. hid

D. sold

54. A. carry 55. A. romantic

B. draw B. cheerful

C. lift C. formal

D.wear D.magical

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

第II卷

第三部分:语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

Disneynature's film Born in China, which focuses 56 the lives of rare

species native to China such as pandas and golden monkeys, hit 57 (theater)

in the Friday.

The film, 58 (direct) by Chinese director Lu Chuan, was also screened at

the Embassy of the People’s Republic of China in Washington DC that same day. China’s

ambassador to the US Cui Tiankai said before the screening that the relationship

between human beings 59 nature is as equally important as the relationships

between nations. He expressed his hope 60 the cooperation will help to raise

the awareness about environmental

61

(protect).

Cui said that social and cultural dialogue is among the new dialogue mechanisms(机

制) created after the recent 62 (success) meeting between the presidents of

the two countries. That will 63 (certain) mean more cultural exchanges between

64 two countries in the future.

The film first appeared in China in August 2016. It will 65 (translate)

into 10 languages and released in 100 countries and regions in the near future.

Bom in China currently has an 81 percent approval rating among critics and an

85 percent audience on Rotten Tomatoes.

第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 40 分)

第一节:应用文写作(满分 15 分)

假定你是李华。你的美国笔友Rose对于中国饮食文化很感兴趣,发邮件让你介绍一道中

国传统美食。请你恢复邮件,内容包括:

1. 美食名称;2. 美食的意义;3. 美食做法。

注意:1. 词数 80 左右; 2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

第二节:续写(满分 25 分)

阅读下面短文,根据所给情节进行续写,使之构成一个完整的故事。

A young man had bought an old house that was in bad shape, but he and his wife believed

they could restore it. They immediately went to work. Their goal was to have the old

building look best for the Christmas Eve get-together.

Just tow days before Christmas, however, a storm swept through the area, leaving a

hole in the wall of the house. There was obviously no time to repair the damage before

Christmas. The sad couple attended local auction that afternoon. One of the items

put up for bids was an old gold-and-ivory-colored talblecloth. Seized by an

inspiration, the young man was the highest bidder at $6.50. His idea was to hang

the cloth to cover the ragged hole.

On the day before Christmas, it was snowy. As the young man unlocked the house door,

he noticed an old woman standing at the bus stop. He knew the bus wouldn’t be there

within at least half an hour, so he invited her inside to keep warm.

When the woman walked in and saw the tablecloth, she rushed at it and said excitedly,

“It’s mine. It is my tablecloth.” she told the surprised man its history and even

showed him her name in one corner of the tablecloth. She and her husband had once

lived in Vienna, Austria, and their village was hit by a deadly disease. So they decided

to flee to Switzerland, but her husband told her to leave first, saying he had something

urgent to deal with. A few days later, it was reported that the bus her husband took

fell off the cliff and he was never to be found. Her husband was believed to have

died. Touche by her story, the young man asked about her address, planning to send

the tablecloth to her after Christmas. As the bus came, she left.

In the candlelight of the Christmas Eve, the tablecloth looked even more beautiful.

As the man’s friends left the house, they thanked the man for his arrangement and

mentioned how beautiful the house looked.

注意:1. 所续写短文的词数为 150 左右;

2.至少使用 5 个短文中标有下划线的关键词语;

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

3. 续写部分分为两段,每段的开头语已经为你写好;

4. 续写完成后,请用下划线标出你所使用的关键词语。

Paragraph1.

One

old

gentleman

stayed,

admiring

the

tablecloth.

_____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

Paragraph 2:

The young man drove the lod man to that old woman’s home.

_____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

在这里遇上你是我的缘分

东阳中学 2019 上星期开学寒假作业检测

高三英语参考答案(2019.02)

一、听力(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

1-5 CABCB

6-10 ABCBC

11-15 BACCA

16-20 BAABC

二、阅读理解(共两节,满分 35 分)

第一节(共 10 小题; 每小题 2.5 分, 满分 25 分)

21-23 DBA

24-26 ACD

27-30 BCBD

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

31-35 CAGBE 三、语言运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节:完形填空(共 20 小题; 每小题 1.5 分, 满分 30 分)

36-40 CBDDA 41-45 BCBDA

46-50 DCBDC 51-55 BAACB

第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

56. on

57. theaters

58. directed

61. protection 62.successful 63. certainly

translated

59. and 64. the

60. that

65.

be

四、写作 (共两节,满分 40 分)

应用文

Possible version:

Dear Jerry,

Knowing that you are as enthusiastic about Chinese Classics as me, I’m delighted

to purchase some books with you. Some details regarding the plan are as follows.

To make good use of time, we’ll assemble at the school gate at 8 o’clock on

Sunday.We can take the subway there, which can help us not only avoid the traffic

peak hours, but also reach the destination effectively. What’s more, I am familiar

with a history teacher whose knowledge about Chinese culture is more than profound.

We can go to visit her if you have interest.

I am looking forward to your early reply.

续写:略

在这里遇上你是我的缘分