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南开中学高2014级13-14学年(上)1月月考——英语 - 副本


重庆南开中学高 2014 级高三 1 月月考试题 英语
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分,共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 第 I 卷(共 115 分) 一、听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例:How much is the shirt? A.£l9.15. B.£9.15. C.£9.18. 答案是 B。 1.What are the speakers talking about? A.A fire. B.A matchbox. C.A rain. 2.What time is it now? A.10:15. B.10:30. C.11:00。 3.What are the two speakers? A.Retired soldiers. B.College students. C.Army people. 4.What is wrong with the printer? A.It doesn?t flash. B.There isn?t ink. C.It?s broken. 5.What is the woman interested in? A.Sports. B.Fashion. C.Politics. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有 2 至 4 个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有 5 秒钟的 时间阅读各个小题;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话,回答第 6 至第 8 题。 6.What is the woman going to do? A.Attend her friend?s wedding party. B.Attend Lan?s party. C.Do some shopping with her friends. 7.What does the man think of the new dress? A.Formal. B.Elegant. C.Fashionable. 8.What does the man suggest the woman do? A.Wear her new dress. B.Wear the light blue dress. C.Wear a more formal dress. 听下面一段对话,回答第 9 和第 l0 题。 9.When does the conversation take place? A.At 8:00. B.At 7:30. C.At 7:47. 1 0.What?s the result of the conversation? A.The man will drop the woman at a nearby underground station.

B.The man will drive the woman to the park. C.The woman will not meet her friend on time. 听下面一段对话,回答第 11 至第 l3 题。 11.Where does the conversation take place? A.In a restaurant. B.In a bookstore. 12.What does the man order? A.A hamburger and coffee. B.A coke and a cake. C.A hamburger and a coke. 13.How much does it cost? A.$1.70. B.$1.17. 听下面一段对话,回答第 14 至第 l6 题。 14.Where is Sally now? A.In a competition. B.In a swimming pool. 15.What did Sally do at the last Olympics? A.She broke all the records. B.She won many cups. C.She Swam thirty-five miles. 16.Why has the woman given up swimming? A.She is too old to be a swimmer. B.She prefers visiting other countries. C.She can?t win any competition. 听下面一段独白,回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17.When did the story take place? A.In the morning. B.In the afternoon. 18.What was Harry?s problem? A.Too many people at his school liked him. B.No one at his school liked him. C.Some people at his school disliked him. 19.Why didn?t Harry want to accept his mother?s advice? A.He thought he was too weak. B.He thought he was the headmaster. C.He thought he was too old to change. 20.What can we learn from the passage? A.Harry is a bus driver. B.Harry is a student. C.Harry is the headmaster.

C.At home.

C.$17.

C.In California.

C.In the evening.

二、单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 l5 分) 请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 选项的标号涂黑。 例:It is generally considered unwise to give a child __________ he or she wants. A.however B.whatever C.whichever D.whenever 答案是 B。

21.--- I heard that you lost your wallet and your i-Phone. --- Oh,__________ ! A.never mind B.that?s all right C.just my luck D.thank you 22.There is no easy walk to __________ freedom anywhere,and many of us will have to pass through __________ valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires. A./;the B.the;the C./:/ D.the;/ 23.--- You know Brad Pitt is already fifty. --- You are kidding.He doesn?t look __________ . A.it B.this C.the one D.that 24. China?s word, tuhao, which caught the attention of the dictionary?s editing team, __________ be in next year?s Oxford English Dictionary. A.must B.need C.dare D.may 25.--- What has made him upset recently? --- __________ alone to face a troublesome case. A.Left B.Being left C.Having left D.To leave 26.--- Where is your great-grandmother __________ your mother?s side from? --- She is from Beijing. A.by B.on C.at D.of 27. E-Bay, Amazon and Shopbop are popular websites __________ people can sell goods to each other. A.where B.which C.when D.whose 28. Look! There is a whole crowd of people over there. Go and see what __________ and if it is a bargain,buy it. A.is selling B.has been selling C.is being sold D.has been sold 29.--- Could I have a word with you,Mr. White? --- OK.__________ you make it short.I've got a meeting in five minutes. A.as far as B.if only C.so long as D.now that 30.You fool! You __________ all the people in the car yesterday if it had not been for me.You were so drunk while driving! A.could kill B.might have killed C.had killed D.should have killed 31.--- Look,someone has left the fridge door open again. --- Well.It __________ me,Morn. A.isn?t B.won?t C.hasn?t been D.wasn?t th 32. Nelson Mandela is, __________ the greatest man of the 20 century, certainly among the most extraordinary leaders. A.if there B.if any C.if not D.if so 33.In Europe unemployment hit a new record with young people __________ it harder to get jobs. A.to find B.finding C.having found D.found

34.A ship in the harbor is safe,but that?s not __________ ships are built for. A.what B.that C.why D.how 35.--- Better get down to your work.Jack. --- __________ . A.It?s my pleasure B.Suit yourself C.Mind your own business D.You?re welcome 三、完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 l.5 分,满分 30 分) 请阅读下面两篇短文,掌握大意,然后从 36~55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D) 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 A In the process of my growing up I cannot remember hearing the words ??I love you” from my father.When your father never says them to you when you are a child,it gets 36 for him to say those words as he gets older.In fact,I could not honestly remember when I had last 37 my love to him either.I decided to 38 my pride and make the first 39 .After some hesitation,in our next phone conversation I burst out the words.“Dad. . .I love you!” There was a silence at the other end and he 40 replied,“Well,same back at ya!” I chuckled and said, “Dad, I know you love me, and when you are 41 , I know you will say what you want to say.?? Fifteen minutes later my mother 42 and nervously asked,“Paul,is everything okay??? A few weeks later,Dad 43 our phone conversation with the words,“Paul,I love you. ??I was at work during this conversation and the tears were rolling down my cheeks as I 44 “heard?? the love.As we both sat there in tears we realized that this special moment had taken our father-son relationship to a new 45 . A short while after this special moment,my father 46 escaped death following heart surgery.Many times since,I have 47 whether l would have ever “heard” the love if I had not taken the first step and Dad had not 36.A.rougher 37.A.conveyed 38.A.get across 39.A.assumption 40.A.fearfully 41.A.cautious 42.A.called 43.A.continued 44.A.naturally 45.A.1evel 46.A.slightly 47.A.realized 48.A.operated B.tougher B.left B.put up B.move B.excitedly B.casual B.dropped B.performed B.finally B.situation B.nearly B.wondered B.performed 48 the surgery. C.shyer C.passed C.set aside C.decision C.cheerfully C.relaxed C.removed C.concluded C.indirectly C.class C.narrowly C.understood C.tolerated D.severer D.devoted D.take on D.remark D.awkwardly D.ready D.glanced D.obtained D.gradually D.rank D.hardly D.believed D.survived

B Jogging became popular some twenty.years ago and has remained a favorite way of keeping fit.It is 49 running at a steady speed over short or long distances.Teenagers can jog and

50

,with caution , can people in their seventies . One of the main 51 jogging has over many other sports is that it can be done anywhere . People jog around campuses , in parks and even in urban areas . Special fields and running tracks are not 52 . Similarly , no special 53 is required—no costly hats , gloves , or balls . Good quality running shoes are 54 , but otherwise the jogger can simply wear loose , comfortable clothing . Having bended and 55 as basic warm-up , you are ready to begin jogging now . 49.A.originally B.basically C.necessarily D.especially 50.A.so B.yet C.such D.thus 51.A.drawbacks B.usages C.advantages D.points 52.A.essential B.satisfactory C.sensible D.convenient 53.A.decoration B.instrument C.clothing D.equipment 54.A.primary B.advisable C.unnecessary D.acceptable 55.A.expanded B.marched C.wandered D.stretched 四、阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 请阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该选项的标号涂黑。 A Please excuse me if I?m a little sad today because Mark is leaving.You probably don?t know Mark, but you might be lucky enough to know someone just like him. He?s been the heart and soul of the office for a couple of years combining professional skills with a sweet and gentle nature.He?s never been all that interested in getting credit for the terrific work he does.He just wants to do his job,and to do it extremely well. And now he?s moving on to an exciting new professional opportunity.It sounds like it could be the chance of a lifetime,and we?re sincerely pleased for him.But that doesn?t make it any easier to say goodbye to a dear friend and trusted colleague. Life has a way of throwing these curve balls at us. Just when we start to get comfortable with a person,a place or a situation,something comes along to change the recipe.A terrific neighbor moves away.Someone in the family graduates.A child finds new love and loyalties through marriage.The family?s bread-winner is laid off.Our ability to cope with change and disruption determines our peace,happiness and contentment in life. But how do we do that? According to the author of Ecclesiaste,comfort can be found in remembering that “to everything there is a season,and a time to every purpose under heaven.Let today embrace the past with remembrance,and the future with longing.?? “Change,indeed,is painful,yet ever needful,”said philosopher Thomas Carlyle.“And if memory has its force and worth,so also has hope.” We?re going to miss Mark. But rather than lose ourselves in the sadness of our parting, we?ll focus on our hopes for a brighter future——for him,and for us.And then we?ll go out and do everything we can to make that future happen.Until our plans change——again. 56.What will happen to Mark soon? A.He will pass away. B.He will leave for a new job. C.He will get married. D.He will stay with us forever.

57.The underlined word “credit” in Para.1 probably means __________ . A.praise B.criticism C.opportunity D.job 58.From the passage,we can learn that __________ . A.any change will make us upset any time B.it is easy to say goodbye to a dear friend and trusted colleague C.our happiness depends on our ability to deal with change D.comfort can be found in remembering the sadness 59.The best title of the passage may be __________ . A.My Friend Mark B.Focusing on Future C.Always Changing D.A Sad Story B Japanese couples,too busy for a normal social life,are increasingly turning to actors to play their friends on the most important days of their lives. Several agencies have sprung up ( 涌现 ) offering actors to attend weddings or even funerals.The first guest-for-hire company was established about nine years ago and around 10 now send out dozens of pretend friends to family events. Agencies such as Hagemashi Tai —— which means “I want to cheer you up” —— charge around £100 for each “guest”.Other services such as giving a speech in praise of a bride or the groom cost extra. The appearance of the small fake friends industry has been linked to social and economic changes in Japan.With lifetime employment (终身雇佣制) a thing of the past,couples feel uncomfortable about inviting work colleagues to their wedding.Increasingly busy and stressed out,many Japanese surround themselves with only a very small circle of friends. When they marry,however,they are under pressure to match the number of their new partner?s wedding guests.Office Agents,the largest provider of pretend friends,makes sure that its employees have done their homework and know all about the bride or groom before the wedding. Hiroshi Mizutani, the company?s founder, said the fake friends he provides must look happy, be well dressed and look like people with good jobs. 60.Why did fake friends industry come into being in Japan? A.Because of social and economic changes. B.Because of lifetime employment. C.Because of normal social life. D.Because of work pressure. . 6 1.Pretend friends will be present on the following occasions except __________ . A.weddings B.funerals C.work D.family gathering 62.The agents make sure that fake friends __________ . A.have done their housework B.have good jobs C.must look happy and be well dressed D.feel uncomfortable 63.What is the main idea of this passage?

A.Japanese couples are under pressure to get married. B.The first guest-for-hire company in Japan started. C.Japanese couples? social life is boring. D,Japanese couples rely on fake friends. C Yousuf Karsh,the Canadian portrait artist who photographed many of the most influential figures of the 20th century,died in a Boston hospital on July l3 th,2002.He was 93. Working from a studio in Ottawa,Karsh produced famous portraits of such subjects as Winston Churchill,John F.Kennedy,Ernest Hemingway and Albert Einstein.Actually he has become almost as famous as his legendary subjects.In the latest edition of Who’s Who,which listed the most notable people of the last century,Karsh was the only Canadian of the 100 famous people listed——51 0f whom Karsh had photographed. As a master portraitist, often working in black and white. Karsh was famous for talking to his subjects as he was getting the shot?s composition just right,asking them questions and putting them at ease. In preparation, he read as much as he could about the sitters, but avoided having the idea beforehand of how he would photograph them.He sought, as he wrote in Karsh Portfolio in 1967,to capture the “essential element which has made them great,” explaining,“All I know is that within every mall a secret is hidden, and as a photographer, it is my task to reveal it if I can. ” Karsh was born in America in 1908,and his uncle,George Nakash,brought him to John Garo, all outstanding photographer, to teach him in 1928. Four years later,Karsh set up his own studio in Ottawa. In December of 1941,his memorable portrait of Winston Churchill brought Karsh into international fame.Canada?s Prime Minister Mackenzie King arranged for him to photograph Churchill following Churchill?s speech in the House of Commons.Not told,Churchill lit up a cigar, “Why was I not told of this??? Karsh asked him to remove the cigar and,when he didn?t, stepped forward and gently removed it with the comment, “Forgive me, Sir. ”Churchill glowered ( 怒目而视 ) as the shot was taken , then permitted Karsh to take still another, ; jokingly commenting,“You can even make a roaring lion stand still to be photographed.” The Churchill portrait has since appeared in publications all over the world. Karsh traveled to London in 1943 with his portable studio —— an 8-by-10 view camera and many studio lamps to photograph such notables as George Bernard Shaw and the royal family. All these portraits fully illustrate Karsh?s ability. 64.What did Karsh seek to do most in working? A.Capture the essence and greatness of the character. B.Present the true and vivid expression of the subject. C.Make the photograph more colorful and expressive. D.Reveal the idea he has got in preparing for the shot. 65.The underlined word “sitters”in Para 3 probably means __________ . A.characters seated B.subjects questioned C.models photographed D.photographs taken 66.The last three paragraphs are mainly developed by __________ . A.following time order B.providing examples C.making comparisons D.giving causes and effects 67.From the passage,we can learn that __________ .

A.Churchill was asked to stand still when Karsh took a photograph of him B.Churchill?s portrait hanging in the House of Commons gave Karsh great fame C.Karsh was listed as one of the 100 notables by Who’s Who in the last century D.Karsh could skilfully adjust the subjects? mood when photographing them D Redwood trees are the tallest plants on the earth,reaching heights of up to 100 meters.They are also known for their longevity,typically 500 to 1000 years,but sometimes more than 2000 years. A hundred million years ago, in the age of dinosaurs, redwoods were common in the forests of a much more moist and tropical North America.As the climate became drier and colder,they declined to a narrow strip along the Pacific coast of Northern Califomia. The trunk of redwood trees is very strong and usually forms a single straight column.It is covered with a soft bark.This bark can be pretty thick,well over two feet in the more mature trees.It gives the older trees a certain kind of protection from insects,but the main benefit is that it keeps the center of the tree harmless from moderate forest fires because of its thickness.This fire resistant quality explains why the giant redwood grows to live that long.While most other types of trees are destroyed by forest fires,the giant redwood actually prospers because of them. Moderate fires will clear the ground of competing plant life,and the rising heat dries and opens the ripe fruit of the redwood,releasing many thousands of seeds onto the ground below. New trees are often produced from shoots,little baby trees,which form at the base of the trunk. These shoots grow slowly, fed by the root system of the “mother?? tree. When the main tree dies,the shoots are then free to grow as full trees,forming a “fairy ring” of trees around the original tree.These trees,in turn,may give rise to more shoots,and the cycle continues. 68.Why were redwood trees easier to find in the forests of North America millions of years ago? A.The trees were taller and stronger. B.The soil was softer for seeds to develop. C.The climate there was warmer and wetter. D.The temperature was lower along the Pacific coast. 69.Which of the following is a function of the tree bark as mentioned in the passage? A.It allows redwood trees to bear seeds. B.It prevents redwood trees from attack by insects. C.It helps redwood trees absorb water in the air. D.It makes redwood trees more beautiful and appealing. 70.Why do redwood trees grow to live that long according to the passage? A.They have heavy and straight tree trunks. B.They are properly watered and catered to. C.They are more resistant to fire damage than other trees. D.They produce many young trees to maintain their life cycle. 7 1.How does a “fairy ring?? form according to the passage? A.By killing an old tree. B.By connecting root systems. C.By inserting holes into old trees. D.By surrounding a mature tree. E “I?m a little worried about my future.”said Dustin Hoffman in The Graduate.He should be so lucky.All he had to worry about was whether to have an affair with Mrs. Robinson.In the sixties,that was the total sum of post-graduation anxiety.

Hoffman?s modem peers are not so fortunate.The Mrs. Robinsons aren?t sitting around at home any more.They are out in the workplace,doing the high-powered jobs the graduates want, but cannot get.For those fresh out of university,desperate for work but unable to get it,there is a big imbalance between supply and demand.And there is no narrowing of the gap in sight. Parents feel as badly let down as the young people themselves.Middle-class families see their graduate offspring on the dole (救济金) queue and wonder why they bothered paying school fees.Working-class families feel an even keener sense of disappointment. For many such families,getting a child into university was the fulfillment of a lifelong dream.It was proof that they were living in a dynamic,economically successful country.That dream does not seem so rosy now.Graduate unemployment is not,ultimately,a political problem.Job-creation for graduates is very low down in the government?s schedule.If David Cameron?s Conservatives (保 守党) had a brilliant idea for guaranteeing every graduate a well-paid job,they would have presented it by now. It is a social problem, though a more deep-seated social problem than people perhaps realize. 72.The author begins with the lines from The Graduate in order to __________ . A.support the fact that more women are working now B.show that few graduates started working right after graduation C.demonstrate that there were much fewer graduates than now D.emphasize the sharp contrast between now and then 73.Regarding job opportunities for young graduates,the author sounds __________ . A.pessimistic B.hopeful C.unconcerned D.content 74.The main purpose of the passage is to __________ . A.criticize the government B.present a current severe situation C.publicize a movie D.display the success of the country 75.Towards the end of the passage,the author implies that __________ . A.there will be job-creation programs for graduates B.graduate unemployment is more of a political issue C.graduate unemployment is not likely to be solved in a short time D.the Conservatives have done nothing to solve the issue

第 II 卷(共 35 分) 五、写作(共两个写作任务,满分 35 分) 写作一(满分 l5 分) 请结合材料,按要求用英文写作。 Learn from yesterday,live for today,hope for tomorrow.—— Albert Einstein 要求: 1.应紧扣材料,有明确的观点; 2.词数不少于 60; 3.在答题卡上作答。 _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 写作二(满分 20 分) 请仔细观察以下三幅连环图片的内容, 并想象第四幅图片可能的发展, 写出一个涵盖连环图 片内容并有完整结局的故事。

注意: 1.词数不少于 80; 2.开头已给出,不计入总词数; 3.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 4.在答题卡上作答。 Tom?s mother,Mary,a kind and hardworking mother,runs a noodle restaurant. ——————————————————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————————————————


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