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八年级下册第4单元笔记


2012-06-13 星期三 考第 3 单元 8 下-4-2 直接引语和间接引语 一、1、直接引语和间接引语

直接引用别人的话,一点没变,放在引号里,叫直接引语。 用第三者的话加以转述,被转述的话不放在引号内,称为间接引语。间接引语多构成宾语 从句。直接引语变间接引语,如果主句的谓语动词是现在时或现在将来时,则变换为间接 引语的时态不用变,如果主句是过去时,则变间接引语的时态,人称都要发生变化。参照 书上表。看书后,看书后, (1) 直接引语是陈述句情况,用 that 连接主从句。that 可以省略,并且可用 told,said 后面不 加 to。
例如: Zhang Zhan said,“I like English”------直接引语 Zhang Zhan said he likes English.-------------间接引语 Ms Guo said,“I’ll go to your home” (直接引语) Ms Guo said she would go to my home. (间接引语) Ms Guo told me that she would go to my home. (间接引语) Tom said to Mary ,“I’ll borrow your bike today”(直接引语) Tom said to Mary he would borrow her bike that day(间接引语) Tom told me that he would borrow her bike that day. (间接引语) (2)直接引语是一般疑问句的变换方法:在直接引语中,不管主句在前还是在后面,都要把 主句放前面,转述动词把 say 改为 ask,用 if/whether 连接主从句,并且把疑问句变换为

陈述句。
例如:My mother asked me ,“Do you do your homework last night ?” (直接引语) My mother asked me if I did my homework the next day. (间接引语) Mary asked Tom,”Will you come here this evening?” Mary asked Tom if he would go there that evening Tom asked me,”Are you having dinner now?” Tom asked me if I was having dinner then. Mary asked me,”Are you with your friend now?” Mary asked me if I was with my friend then. (3)直接引语是特殊疑问句,要用特殊疑问词做连接词,并且后面用陈述句。 He asked me ,”What are you doing now?” He asked me what I was doing then. He often asked me,”Where do you play basketball?” He often asked me where we played basketball.


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