当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

Grammar一般过去时过去完成时过去进行时_图文

外研新标准 第五册 必修5

M2
Grammar

Objective
To review past simple, past continuous, past perfect

The Past Simple Tense 一般过去时

Are you familiar with these sentences? They are all from our books we have learned.
1. Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria. (p22, B2)
2. He learned to play the harpsichord when he was four. (p22, B2)
3. As he grew older, he began to go deaf. (p22, B2)

4. But not everybody wanted to use rockets in battles. (p39, B4)
5. We decided to buy tickets for the Jiangyou boat. (p42, B4)
6. We left the docks on a beautiful afternoon. (p42, B4) 7. No one asked him to do the job, and no
one pays him for it. (p13, B5)

to test your sense of observation to test your ability of short-term memory to test your ability to highlight the language points
Guess

1. Mozart ____wbaosrn in Salzburg, Austria. (p22, B2)
2. He ___le_a_r_n_etdo play the harpsichord when he was four. (p22, B2)
3. As he ___g_reowlder, he _____ tobgeogadneaf. (p22, B2)
4. But not everybody _______wtaonutseedrockets in battles.
(p39, B4)

5. We ____d_e_c_i_d_edto buy tickets for the Jiangyou boat. (p42, B4)
6. We ____l_efthe docks on a beautiful afternoon. (p42, B4)
7. No one ____a_skheidm to do the job, and no one pays him for it. (p13, B5)

I. 用所给v的is动ite词d 的适当形式填空。

12..WHlaees_t__y__e_h_a_a_r_.d(_h_a_v(wev)eiasnittg)otohde

Great Wall time yesterday.

34..WI _e_o_lif_vt_ee_nd(_li_v_e_)_i_n

(go) to school by the village when

bus last year. I was a child.

5.Mike____s_a_w(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.

6. Sam____d_id(do) the housework yesterday.
7.___D_i_d_(do) you ______e_n(ejnoyjoy) yourself yesterday?
9. I __a_t_e(eat) a big pizza yesterday. 10. I ___w_a_t_c_h_e_d(watch) a cartoon on
Saturday. 11. Her father ____ (rreeaadd) a newspaper
last night. 12. __D__id__ you ______v_is(ivtisit) your
relatives last Spring Festival?

以上我们已经通过归纳总结和练习对本课的语 法内容有了一定的了解,下面就让我们根据 之前练习的考察情 况进一步选择讲解 该语法项的重难点。

一般过去时主要表示过去某时 发生的动作或情况(包括习惯性动作)。 构成: 1. 谓语为一般动词时: 主语 + 动词过去式 + 其他
Tom came to China last year.
2. 谓语为be 动词时: 主语+ be (was, were) + 其他 He was a student 3 years ago.
They were all at home yesterday.

常见时间状语:yesterday, the day before yesterday, in the past, last night/week/ month/year…, hour/days/… ago.
What did you say? 你说什么? Pardon? I didn’t catch it. 你能重复一遍吗?我没听清。 注意:有些情况,发生的时间不很清楚, 但实际上是过去发生的,应当用过去时。

1. — Sorry, but your address again, please. I___catch it.
— It’s 28 Zhongshan Road. A. didn’t B. don’t C. won’t D. wouldn’t 2. — Did you wait for your father very
long? — Yes, I ____ to bed until two in the
morning. A. did go B. didn’t go C. had gone D. went

3. — Tom didn’t go to see the film with you last night, did he?
— ________. A. No, he did B. No, he doesn’t C. Yes, he did D. Yes, he didn’t 4. — Excuse me. Look at the sign: NO
SMOKING! — Sorry, I _______ it. A. don’t see B. didn’t see C. haven’t seen D. won’t see

The Past Continuous Tense 过去进行时

Are you familiar with these sentences? They are all from our books we have learned.
1. Amateur astronomer David Bates was looking at the moon through his telescope last night when he got a big surprise. (p45, B2)

2. While she was waiting for a taxi outside the studio, she met Sam Parrish, who is two metres tall. (p45, B2)
3. They were getting out of a spaceship. (p45, B2)
4. When he was orbiting in the capsule, he took photographs of planet earth. (p43, B2)

5. As a result, more people are using private health insurance. (p9, B2)
6. It collects information about how industry is damaging the environment and gives this information to newspaper. (p39, B3)
7. I’m not carrying a threatening weapon. (p22, B4)
8. A third report came from Li Xiaohe, who was visiting the lake with his family. (p52, B4)

to test your sense of observation to test your ability of short-term memory to test your ability to highlight the language points
Guess

1. Amateur astronomer David Bates _w__a_s_l_o_o_k_in_g_at the moon through his telescope last night when he got a big surprise. (p45, B2)
2. While she ____________ for a taxi outside the studwioa,sshweamitientgSam Parrish, who is two metres tall. (p45, B2)
3. They ___________ out of a spaceship. (p45, B2)were getting
4. When he _____________ in the capsule, he took photogrwaapshosrobfitpinlagnet earth.
(p43, B2)

5. As a result, more people _________are using private health insurance. (p9, B2)
6. It collects information about how industry ____is__d_a_m_a_g_itnhge environment and gives this information to newspaper. (p39, B3)
7. I __a_m__n__o_t _c_a_rr_y_i_nag threatening weapon. (p22, B4)
8. A third report came from Li Xiaohe, who ___w__a_s_v_i_si_t_intghe lake with his family. (p52, B4)

用所给动词的适当形式填空
1. I____w__a_s_p_l_a_yi(npglay) computer games at ten last night.
2. Jim’s family _______w_e_r_e_h(ahvaivneg) supper when I came in.
3. It ____w_a_s__ra_i_n_in(rgain) hard at this time
yesterday. 4. What ____w_eryeou ______ (ddoo)inwghile I
___w__a_s_m__a_k_in(gmake) a model plane. 5. He ___w_ajsust ________le(alveianvge) when the
telephone rang.

以上我们已经通过归纳总结和练习对本课的语 法内容有了一定的了解,下面就让我们根据 之前练习的考察情 况进一步选择讲解 该语法项的重难点。

表示过去某一时刻或一段时间内正在进 行的动作。常和表示过去时间的词组或 从句连用。
构成: 肯定句: 主语+was/were +v.-ing 否定句: 主语+wasn’t/weren’t +v.-ing 疑问句: Was/Were +主语+v.-ing?
Yes, 主语+was/were. No, 主语+wasn’t/weren’t.

(1) 过去进行时表示过去某时间正在进行 的动作或持续的行为,常和表过去的时 间状语连用。如: at this time yesterday/ at 9:00 last night/ from 7:00 to 10:00 yesterday morning等。
I was doing my homework at this time
yesterday. 昨天的这个时候我正在做作业。

(2) 过去进行时可用来为另一个动作的发 生提供背景。表示背景的句子通常用过 去进行时,而另一个句子则用一般过去 时。
He hurt his leg when he was riding a bike. 他在骑自行车时把腿摔坏了。

过去进行时与一般过去时的区别
1. 过去进行时着重描述当时正在持续进行 的动作,它的特点是:暂时,持续和未完 成,强调过程;一般过去时表示发生过的 动作或存在的状态,即表示动作发生过, 而且已经结束了,强调结果。
Mary was making a dress when she cut her finger. was making表示正在做衣服的过程,如用 made则表示这一动作已结束,做衣服的 动作已结束与cut her finger就没有联系。

2. 过去进行时侧重表示动作延长的时间 长度;一般过去时表示过去某时发生过 某事,侧重说明事实。
He was writing all night last night. (生动的描写,他一直写……) He wrote something last night. (说明他写了……的事实)

注:下列几类动词通常不用过去进行时。 ①表示状态的动词be; ②感官动词:feel, hear, see, smell, taste等; ③表示思维或心理状态的动词:forget, consider, know,
remember, hope, wish, want, believe(认为), 等; ④表示所属关系的动词:belong, have, own, hold(容纳) 等。

一 、单选

1. What ______ from three to four

yesterday afternoon?

A. have you done B. had you done

C. did you do D. were you doing

2. — I call you yesterday evening, but

there was no answer.

— Oh., I’m sorry I _____ dinner at my

friend’s home.

A. home

B. had

C. was having D. have had

3. My mother _____ while my father _____TV.
A. cooked; was watching B. was cooking; was watching C. was cooked; watched D. cooked; watched 4. When I got home, my son _____ the music. A. am listening to B. listened to C. was listening to D. was listening

5. We heard a cry when we ______ TV

last night.

A. were watching B. would watch

C. watch

D. watched

6. She asked him whether he _____ back

for lunch.

A. come B. was coming

C. came D. had come

The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时

1. He had had lots of jobs. 2. By nine o’clock last night, we had got
200 pictures from the spaceship. 3. I had been at the bus stop for 20
minutes when a bus finally came. 4. I returned the book that I had
borrowed.

5. Other composers had written symphonies before Haydn, but he changed the symphony into a long piece for a large orchestra. (p22, B2)
6. By the time he was 14, Mozart had composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as for orchestras. (p23, B2)
7. After they had known each other for many years, Beethoven said, “He is a good composer, but he has taught me nothing.” (p23, B2)

to test your sense of observation to test your ability of short-term memory to test your ability to highlight the language points
Guess

1. He ___h_a_d_h__adlots of jobs. 2. By nine o’clock last night, we _______ had got
200 pictures from the spaceship. 3. I __h_a_d__b_e_e_nat the bus stop for 20
minutes when a bus finally came. 4. I returned the book that I _________h_a_d. borrowed

5. By the time he was 14, Mozart had composed many pieces for the harpsichord, piano and violin, as well as for orchestras. (p23, B2)
6. After they had known each other for many years, Beethoven said, “He is a good composer, but he has taught me nothing.” (p23, B2)

Complete these sentences with the verbs in brackets.
1. Unfortunately, he _______arartitvheedshow after I _______. (arrive) (hleaadvlee)ft
2. By the time we ______a_rr(aivrerdive) at the stadium, the band _________ (begin) plahyaindgb.egun

3. Fortunately, the power cut ________ happened (happen) after the fans ________had left (leave) the stadium.
4. Before he _____m_a(dmeake) his latest album, he ____h_a_d__r_e_c_o_rd(erdecord) some songs with Paul McCartney.

以上我们已经通过归纳总结和练习对本课的语 法内容有了一定的了解,下面就让我们根据 之前练习的考察情 况进一步选择讲解 该语法项的重难点。

By yesterday evening she had finished reading the book. 到昨天晚上, 她已读完了那本书。
When I came to Shanghai, he had been there for a long time. 我去上海时, 他在那里已呆了很长时间了。
过去完成时表示在发生在过去的两个动作 在前的那一个,它表示句子中描述的动作 发生在“过去的过去”。 构成:主语+had+过去分词(done)

现在完成时与过去完成时的区别
现在完成时着眼于现在,强调过去发生的 某动作对现在造成的影响和结果,或是由 过去持续到现在的动作。
They have lived here for twenty years. 他们住在这二十年了。(“住”从过去持续 到现在的动作用现在完成时) We have lived in Beijing since we came China. 自我们来中 国就住在北京了。
(“住”是从过去持续到现在的动作用现在 完成时)

过去完成时则主要体现过去发生的两动作的先后有别, 表达的是“过去的过去”,即比过去发生的某动作都 还要“过去”,两动作中先发生的就用过去完成时, 后发生的则只用一般过去时。运用过去完成时的句子 往往有两过去的时间或动作。

Mr. Smith had lived in London for ten years before he “c史a住m密e”斯t在o先C纽生h(约i在n“a就来.来是中”过国中去之国的前已过就成去已过!经去)在,伦而敦先住前过十年了。
We had learned 2000 words by the end of last term. 在上期期末,我们就已经学了2000个单词。
(“上期期末”已过去,而在其前“学” 的就更过去了!)

1.单项选择 1. He asked me _____ during the
summer holidays. A. where I had been B. where I had gone C. where had I been D. where had I gone

2. What ____ Jane ____ by the time he

was sever?

A. did, do B. has, done

C did, did. D. had, done

3. I ______ 900 English words by the

time I was ten.

A. learned

B. was learning

C. had learned D. learnt

4. She ______ lived here for ______ years. A. had, a few B. has, several C. had, a lot of D. has, a great deal of
5. By the time my parents reached home yesterday, I _____ the dinner already. A had cooked B. cooked C. have cooked D. was cooked

复习下列时态: 1. 一般过去时
The Past Simple Tense 2. 过去进行时
The Past Continuous Tense 3. 过去完成时
The Past Perfect Tense

汉译英
1. 他上周在巴黎。 2. 昨天早上9点钟你在干什么? 3. 玛丽在跳舞,而彼得在弹钢琴。 4. 我见到老师的时候她正在和家长们
谈话。 5. 他们来宾馆之前就已经吃过饭了。 6. 他直到把工作做完之后才睡觉。

Answers: 1. 他上周在巴黎。
He was in Paris last week. 2. 昨天早上9点钟你在干什么?
What were you doing at 9 o’clock yesterday morning? 3. 玛丽在跳舞,而彼得在弹钢琴。
Mary was dancing while Peter was playing the piano.

4. 我见到老师的时候她正在和家长们谈话。 The teacher was talking to some parents when I saw her.
5. 他们来宾馆之前就已经吃过饭了。
They had already had breakfast before they arrived at the hotel. 6. 他直到把工作做完之后才睡觉。
He didn’t go to bed until he had finished he work.

Individual activity

注: 另附 word 文档。 点击此处链接

1. If the weather had been better, we

could have had a picnic. But it ____

all day. (2008 全国II)

A. rained

B. rains

C. has rained

D. is raining

2. — Have you read the book called

Waiting for Anya?

— Who _____ it? (2008 北京)

A. writes

B. has written

C. wrote

D. had written

3. The hotel wasn’t particularly good.

But I ____ in many worse hotels.

(2008 北京)

A. was staying B. stayed

C. would stay D. had stayed

4. We first met on a train in 2000. We

both felt immediately that we ___ each

other for years. (2008 辽宁)

A. knew

B. have known

C. had known

D. know

5. — Did you watch the basketball match

yesterday?

— Yes, I did. You know, my brother

____ in the match. (2008 安徽)

A. is playing

B. was playing

C. has played

D. had played

6. The moment I got home, I found I

_____ my jacket on the playground.

(2008 陕西)

A. had left

B. left

C. have left

D. was leaving

7. The telephone ___, but by the time I

got indoors, it stopped. (2008 四川)

A. had rung

B. was ringing

C. rings

D. has rung

8. — You speak very good French!

— Thanks. I __________ French in

Sichuan University for four years.

(2009 四川)

A. studied

B. study

C. was studying

D. had studied

9. — Ann is in hospital.

— Oh, really? I ______ know. I ______

go and visit her. (2009 江苏)

A. didn’t; am going to B. don’t; would

C. don’t; will

D. didn’t; will

10. Mary went to the box office at lunch

time, but all the tickets ____ out.

(2009 上海)

A. would sell B. had sold

C. have sold

D. was selling

11. John was given the same suitcase his

father and grandfather ____ with them

to school. (2009 北京)

A. took

B. had taken

C. were taking

D. would take

12. — Have you finished reading Jane Eyre?

— No, I ________ my homework all day yesterday. (2010 全国I)

A. was doing

B. would do

C. had done

D. do

13. Excuse me. I ______ I was blocking your way. (2010 全国II )

A. didn’t realize B. don’t realize

C. haven’t realized D. wasn’t realizing

14. — Can you surprised by the ending

of the film?

— NO, I ____ the book, so I already

knew the story. (2010 安徽)

A. was reading B. had read

C. am reading D. have read

15. It took me a long time before I was able

to fully appreciate what they ____ for

me. (2010 北京)

A. had done

B. did

C. would do

D. were doing

16. I walked slowly through the market,

where people ________ all kinds of

fruits and vegetables. I studied the

prices carefully and bought what I

needed. (2010 湖南)

A. Sell

B. were selling

C. had sold

D. have sold

17. We arrived at work in the morning

and found that somebody _____ into

the office during the night.

(2011 江西)

A. broke

B. had broken

C. has broken

D. was breaking

18. — That must have been a long trip.

— Yeah, it _____ us a whole week to get

there. (2011 北京)

A. takes

B. has taken

C. took

D. was taking

19. — What a mistake!

— Yes. I _____ his doing it another way,

but without success. (2011 四川)

A. was suggesting B. will suggest

C. would suggest D. had suggested

20. In 1942, Columbus ______ on the of the

Bahama islands, but he mistook it for

an island off India. (2011 湖南)

A. lands

B. landed

C. has landed

D. had landed

21. The manager was worried about the

press conference his assistant _____ in

his place but, luckily, everything was

going on smoothly. (2011 浙江)

A. gave

B. gives

C. was giving D. had given

22. The manager is said to have arrived

back from Paris where he _______

some European business partners.

(2012 江苏)

A. would meet B. is meeting

C. meets

D. had met