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2013 学年奉贤区调研测试 第I卷
I. Listening Comprehension
Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Receptionist and guest. C. Doctor and patient. 2. A. Excited. C. Bored. 3. A. Because she didn’t like him. C. Because he didn’t hear the bell. 4. A. Stop the bus. C. Cross the street. 5. A. On a farm. C. In a coffee shop. 6. A. A manager. C. A worker. 7. A. $5. B. $10. B. Salesperson and customer. D. Waiter and diner. B. Dissatisfied. D. Exhausted. B. Because visiting hours were over. D. Because she needed to rest. B. Walk to the zoo. D. Call the police. B. In a plane D. In a restaurant. B. A teacher. D. A secretary. C. $15. D. $50.

(105 分)

8. A. He is careless about his appearance. B. He is ashamed of his present condition. C. He changes his job frequently. D. He shaves every other day. 9. A. Training for the Middle Atlantic Championship. B. Making preparations for a trans-Atlantic (跨大西洋的) trip. C. Collecting information about baseball games.

D. Analyzing their opponents’ on-field performance. 10. A. Jane may be caught in a traffic jam. B. Jane should have started a little earlier. C. He knows what sort of person Jane is. D. He is annoyed at having to wait for Jane. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. Teaching music. C. Writing music. 12. A. Teamwork and patience. C. The truth of society. 13. A. How to repair musical instruments. C. Learning experiences of a repairman. B. Repairing musical instruments. D. Making musical instruments. B. The value of time. D. Diligence and confidence. B. How to prepare a musical performance. D. The enjoyable job of a music lover.

Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news. 14. A. Equipping students with knowledge. C. Developing students’ habits of mind. 15. A. The ability to have critical analysis. B. Creative use of leisure time. C. Logical use of information. D. Willingness to accept uncertainty. 16. A. Goals to reach in a college education. B. Roles of knowledge in students’ growth. C. Qualifications needed for a job. D. Importance of after-class activities. B. Qualifying students for certain jobs. D. Helping students to go to graduate school.

Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet.

Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer. Information About the English Course ●Beginning date of the course: ●Class schedule for the 18 classes: 17 1st.

Every Tuesday, Friday and Saturday from 6:30 to 8:30 in the evening.

●The facilities in each room: ● The tuition for one course:

19 20

and tape recorders. dollars.

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What are the two speakers talking about? What does the woman say about the equipment of their factory? What does the woman suggest about human resources? Why does the woman suggest advertising on TV? A 23 few engineers . 24 . should be employed to Suggestions concerning strategies. New equipment should 22 long ago. 21 and advertising

Advertising in newspapers alone is

II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank. (A) For most people, meat is a necessary part of any meal. But just ask yourself, would you still eat it if you knew that it had come from a cloned chicken or pig?

The European Food Safety Authority has, so far, found no indication(25)______ food products, such as milk and meat, from cloned animals, are less safe than ones from normal animals. However, there are still economic and ethical ( 伦理的 ) concerns related to (26) ______(eat) cloned animals. That’s (27) ______ the European Union has launched a proposal to ban the sale and import of food from cloned animals. First of all, cloning is extremely costly. More importantly, cloning has a low success rate. It means that many cloned animals won’t survive into adulthood, and some (28) ______ die before they are even born. This causes unnecessary suffering among animals and is opposed by animal rights supporters. While it would make it illegal to sell and import cloned animals, the proposal says that (29) ______ sale and import of food from the offspring (后代) of clones would be allowed since they are not considered to be the direct products of cloning. But they are required to be clearly labeled (30) ______ ______customers can choose whether they want them or not. The proposal (31) ______ (put) to the European Parliament and member states, and it is not expected to come into force until 2016. (B) California has long attracted visitors seeking fortune, fame or both. Way back in 1849, hundreds of thousands started digging (32) ______ gold in the great Gold Rush of California, a historical event that (33) ______ (capture) the American imagination. Nowadays, the state is the most diverse (多元化的) in the entire mainland US – both in terms of the races of its people and the languages that (34) ______ speak. Thus, California is a true example of the ―melting pot‖, so often (35) ______(associate) with the US. But why is it (36) ______ all these different types of people choose to live and work in California? You’ve probably heard of Silicon Valley. Located outside of San Francisco in northern California, it is home to many of the world’s most successful technology companies. (37) ______ you ever send texts on an iPhone, e-mail with Yahoo, search on Google or edit pictures with Photoshop, then you have Silicon Valley to thank. But it’s not just electronic innovation that inspires people to move to California. Another major draw is one of (38) ______ (old) American dreams — the chance (39) ______ (become) a movie or TV star. People (40) ______ visit California get a special rush from going to Mount Lee in Santa Monica and seeing the famous Hollywood sign, a lasting symbol of the American film and television industries. Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need.

Which came first, the chicken or the egg? This question has remained unsolved for hundreds of years, yet soon it might not be a problem anymore — the egg of the future may not chicken at all. But if not from a chicken, where will the egg come from? Apparently, a plant is one of the possibilities, as Hampton Creek, a food technology company in San Francisco, US, has found. They created a 42 for eggs, called Beyond Eggs, using a mixture of 11 plants, including 43 sunflowers and a variety of beans. Unlike the image you might now have in your mind, Beyond Eggs look nothing like eggs. They are sold as gray powder that you mix with water before cooking. But the final product A. regular G. bother B. eventually H. estimates C. inspired I. involve 44 D. value J. resistant E. substitute K. replacing F. wholly 41 a

tastes just like the real thing. But the question is, why eggs? The truth is that 99 percent of our eggs come from industrial warehouses (养鸡场仓库) where chickens are crowded into cages too small for them to even spread their wings. This cruelty is what 45 Hampton Creek to carry out the Beyond Eggs project in the first place. In addition, the cages where chickens are kept so close together are a hotbed for viruses. To help the chickens stay healthy, farmers feed them antibiotics ( 抗生素 ), which may cause dangerous bacteria to grow eggs and meat. In fact, 48 the egg is not a new idea, but Beyond Eggs seems to be the most successful attempt so far. Besides their great taste and eco-friendliness, Beyond Eggs provide the same nutritional 49 as real eggs, and they’re even healthier since they don’t contain cholesterol (胆固醇). The 50 that the cost of their products is around 19 percent less than real eggs, company also 46 to the drugs and 47 spread to humans through with ―plant eggs‖? What’s the problem with ordinary

which makes them more affordable. III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Have you ever gotten a sunburn? If you have, you’ve already learned the hard way about the sun’s ultraviolet (紫外线的), or UV light. It can burn your skin so bad that it turns it red or even makes it peel off. The 51 helps you remember to wear sunscreen the next time. 52 us all Well, Earth has its own version of sunscreen, the ozone (臭氧) layer, which

from the vast majority of the UV light released by the sun. Without it, we wouldn’t just get a sunburn. Life on Earth would go rays. The ozone layer 55 54 Earth’s stratosphere (同温层), a part of the atmosphere that from about 10 kilometers up to nearly 50 kilometers above the ground. Despite its name, 56 those of the main elements of the 53 due to the hugely damaging power of all those UV

the ozone layer isn’t just ozone gas. It contains relatively higher concentrations of ozone than the lower atmosphere, but that’s still a small amount atmosphere. Even so, it Earth. However, people weren’t fully aware of its importance until 1985, when a huge hole in the layer was found over Antarctica. The 58 quickly pointed to a kind of chemical called chlorofluorocarbon, or CFC, 59 ozone layer, people on which was widely used in refrigerators, air conditioners and hairsprays. CFCs are able to rise up to the stratosphere and cause reactions that destroy ozone. With a too much UV light signed in 1987 to 62 60 61 . the manufacture of CFC products so that the ozone layer could 63 , earlier Earth are more likely to develop skin cancer, cataracts (白内障) and other health problems due to As a result of this discovery, an international treaty (条约) called the Montreal Protocol was slowly recover and return to its natural state by 2050. , at a time when it seemed that everything was going back to this month scientists detected four new man-made gases in Greenland and Australia that could causes new risks to the ozone layer. Scientists haven’t identified the 64 of the gases, but ―this highlights that ozone loss is not yet yesterday’s story,‖ said Professor Piers Forster from the University of Leeds, UK, to BBC. Scientists believe that there are more such gases out there, and they still have much work to do to ― 65 the holes‖. B. loss B. shades B. helpless B. lies in B. locates B. turned to B. captures B. evidence B. clearer B. exposure B. oppress C. pain C. prevents C. meaningless C. looks to C. extends C. taken to C. figures C. trace C. thinner C. companion C. motivate D. factor D. covers D. wrong D. consists of D. varies D. compared to D. imposes D. movement D. broader D. approach D. recycle 57 a lot of UV rays, preventing them from reaching the surface of

51. A. harm 52. A. survives 53. A. extinct 54. A. links to 55. A. receives 56. A. belonged to 57. A. absorbs 58. A. result 59. A. further 60. A. return 61. A. ban

62. A. Therefore 63. A. minor 64. A. source 65. A. fasten Section B

B. Furthermore B. bitter B. guidance B. heighten

C. Otherwise C. concrete C. condition C. tighten

D. However D. normal D. destination D. strengthen

Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B,C or D. Choose the one that suits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) In December 2008, Caroline Kennedy — daughter of the late U.S. President John F. Kennedy—sat down, as a frontrunner for the Senate seat in New York, for a televised interview that helped decide the future of her campaign. The result was a disaster. Her performance wasn’t well received, in part because her speech was full of filler words—―ums,‖ ―ahs‖ and ―you knows.‖ One listener counted 27 ―ums‖ and 38 ―you knows‖ in the space of five minutes. A few weeks after the interview, Kennedy ended her Senate campaign. Filler words may seem natural in everyday speech, but they can be deadly in formal presentations. ―Using excessive fillers is the most annoying speech habit,‖ said Susan Ward, a speech specialist. ―They take your listener’s attention away often to the point that he doesn’t hear anything you say. Your message is entirely lost.‖ Many speakers are afraid of pause. They believe their audience will think they are inarticulate(不善于表达)if they pause to think of what to say next, so they use filler words to avoid the silence. However, a pause is actually more impressive than a filler word. Listeners know that the speaker is thinking, trying to find the right word. Sometimes a pause can actually improve a speech, as when an actor uses a dramatic pause to hold the attention of his audience. A speaker shouldn’t be afraid to pause occasionally during a speech; it shows self-confidence. It takes some work to cut out filler words. You can begin by taking a few seconds to think about what you want to say the next time you are asked a question. This pause will help you begin powerfully, and it will help you avoid using a filler word. The same public speaking technique applies when you are shifting from one idea to another. While you may be tempted to fill the silence between ideas with a filler word, remember to allow yourself to pause and think about what you want to say next. If you need help overcoming your ―um‖ problem, consider asking a family member or a friend to point out when you use filler words. You also could record an upcoming presentation and then watch yourself in action. You may be amazed at how often you say ―um‖ or ―uh‖! Although we live in a fast-paced society that seemingly demands instant answers, we must use the pause to our advantage. Finally, we should only speak when we are ready.

66. In the first two paragraphs of the article the writer intends to ______. A. introduce Caroline Kennedy to readers B. illustrate how deadly filler words can be in the public speech C. explain what filler words are D. remind readers that they should count filler words used in public speeches 67. The reason why filler words are considered annoying by speech specialist is that ______. A. they prevent the listener from focusing on what the speaker is saying. B. they convey the speaker’s superiority to the listener. C. they mean the speaker is not articulate at all. D. they make the speaker appear self-confident. 68. When used properly, pauses in speeches can actually ______. A. give the speaker more credibility B. hold the attention of the audience C. show the speaker’s deep insight D. help the audience relax 69. Which of the following is NOT suggested as a way to get rid of filler words? A. To have mental training in order to think faster. B. To ask someone else to point out when you use filler words. C. To watch a recording of your own speech. D. To practice thinking for a moment before answering a question. (B) Scholarship Application Tips in 2013 for college students ? Before you apply 1. Work hard to get good grades. Don’t sweat about one bad grade, but always strive to do your best. 2. Get involved, and stay involved, in out-of-class activities. Sports, clubs, drama, bands and orchestras — these often count toward a student’s overall scholarship application evaluation. The same goes for paid (or unpaid) work experience. 3. Begin your scholarship research early — by your sophomore (大学二年级) or junior year of high school, if possible. Make special note of application deadlines, as they can vary from late summer to late spring. 4. Apply for as many scholarships as you are eligible (符合条件的) for — several smaller

scholarships can add up to a lot of money. ? During the application process 1. Read the supplementary materials that come with scholarship application forms to better understand the program’s focus (community service, subject interest). Try to answer the questions with the focus area in mind. 2. Answer questions as they are asked. Don’t go off topic. 3. If there is a financial section to the application, make sure you get accurate and complete information from all appropriate sources to ensure your eligibility. 4. Take your time. Write down everything you can think of for each question, then set the application aside for a day so you can look everything over again before you send it off. 5. Don’t wait until the last minute to complete your application, especially if you are applying online. Computer systems can get blocked with the large volume of applicants hoping to submit (上交)their qualifications during the last few days and hours before a deadline. 6. If a third party has to complete part of your application, such as providing a letter of recommendation, make sure you ask them early on and remind them as often as necessary to ensure they provide you with the necessary materials. 7. Last but not least, review your application with your parents to make sure you haven’t left out any important details. Good luck to the students applying for the 2013 scholarship programs! 70. Before you apply for a scholarship, it’s best to ______. A. pay more attention to grades than to out-of-class activities B. focus on only one scholarship application C. get as much work experience as possible D. begin your preparation as early as possible 71. The underlined phrase ―sweat about‖ most probably means ______. A. worry about B. feel regret over C. think of D. be crazy about

72. When you are answering questions on the application form, you should ______. A. focus on the subject you are interested in B. answer to the point C. list your advantages D. prove your abilities 73. The author suggests that applicants should ______. A. submit the application in the few days B. double-check their application with their parents

C. complete and submit the application in one day D. avoid submitting the application online (C) Recently, a case of lifeboat ethics (伦理) occurred. On Aug. 4, Graham and Sheryl Anley, while boating off the coast of South Africa, hit a rock. As the boat threatened to sink, the husband got off, but his wife was trapped in the boat. Instead of freeing his wife and getting her to shore, Graham grabbed Rosie, their pet dog. With Rosie safe and sound, Graham returned for Sheryl. All are doing fine. It’s a great story, but it doesn’t strike me as especially newsworthy. News is supposed to be about something fairly unique, and recent research suggests that, in the right circumstances, lots of people also would have grabbed their Rosie first. We have strange relationships with our pets. We look after our pets with great love and better health care than billions of people receive. We speak to pets with the same high-pitched voices that we use for babies. As an extreme example of our feelings about pets, the Nazis had strict laws that guaranteed the kind treatment of the pets of Jews being shipped to death camps. A recent paper by George Regents University demonstrates this human involvement with pets to an astonishing extent. Participants in the study were told a situation in which a bus is out of control, bearing down on a dog and a human. Which do you save? With responses from more than 500 people, the answer was that it depended: What kind of human and what kind of dog? Everyone would save a brother, grandparent or close friend rather than a strange dog. But when people considered their own dog VS people less connected with them—a distant cousin or a hometown stranger—votes in favor of saving the dog came rolling in. And an astonishing 40% of respondents, including 46% of women, voted to save their dog over a foreign tourist. What does a finding like this mean? First, that your odds aren’t so good if you find yourself in another country with a bus bearing down on you and a cute dog. But it also points to something deeper: our unprecedented(史无前例的) attitude toward animals, which got its start with the birth of kind-hearted societies in the 19th century. We prison people who abuse animals, put ourselves in harm’s way in boats between whales and whalers and show sympathy to Bambi and his mother. We can extend sympathy to an animal and feel its pain like no other species. But let’s not be too proud of ourselves. As this study and too much of our history show, we’re pretty selective about how we extend our kindness to other human beings. 74. What is the function of the first paragraph? A. To create a relaxing mood for readers. B. To present the theme of this essay straightly.

C. To lead in the main topic of this essay. D. To raise problems that will be solved later. 75. The author mentions Nazi laws in the third paragraph _______________. A. to show how cruel the Nazis were to the Jews B. as an example to persuade people not to love pets C. to illustrate the strange relationship between human and pets D. as an example to display the kindness of the Nazis 76. Which of the following is true according to the article? A. The story of the Anleys and their dog was too unique to be newsworthy. B. Most people surveyed choose to save their own dog rather than a human. C. It was in the 19th century that human beings started to love their pets. D. Human beings are more and more concerned with animals nowadays. 77. What does the author mainly argue for? A. Pets are of great significance to us human beings. B. We should rethink about our attitude towards animals and mankind. C. It is kind of human beings to extend kindness to animals. D. We should be selective when showing attitude toward other human beings. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Do you melt at the creaminess of full-fat yogurt? Well, chances are you’ve been told to resist the temptation if you’re on a diet. The reason behind this seems pretty straightforward: The extra calories packed into the fat are bad for our waistlines. But what if dairy fat isn’t the dietary evil we believe it is? In fact, two recent studies have concluded that the consumption of whole-fat dairy is linked to reduced body fat. In one paper, published by Swedish researchers in Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, middle-aged men who consumed high-fat milk, butter and cream were significantly less likely to become too fat over a period of 12 years compared with men who never or rarely ate high-fat dairy. The second study, published in the European Journal of Nutrition, is an analysis of 16 other studies. There has been an assumption that high-fat dairy foods contribute to overweight, but the reviewers concluded that the evidence does not support this assumption. In fact, the reviewers found that in most of the studies, high-fat dairy was associated with a lower risk of overweight.

It’s not clear what might explain this phenomenon. Some researchers point to the satiety(饱 腹感)factor. The higher levels of fat in whole milk products may make us feel fuller, faster. And as a result, the thinking goes, we may end up eating less. Or the explanation could be more complex. ―There may be bioactive substances in the milk fat that may be altering our metabolism(新陈代谢)in a way that helps us use the fat and burn it for energy, rather than storing it in our bodies,‖ says Greg Miller, executive vice president of America’s National Dairy Council. Whatever the mechanism, this association between higher dairy fat and lower body weight appears to hold up in children, too. And in addition to the body weight association, whole milk contains beneficial omega3 fatty acids. However, some people should still avoid consuming too much whole-milk dairy products. These products are relatively high in saturated fat (饱和脂肪) , and eating too much saturated fat can increase the risk of heart disease. So many experts agree that adults with high cholesterol(胆 固醇)should continue to limit dairy fat. 78. Why are dieters told to stay away from full-fat dairy products? _____________________________________________________________. 79. Both studies came to the same conclusion that _____________. 80. Besides the satiety factor, what might help explain the new findings? ______________________________________________________________. 81. Experts still agree that full-fat dairy products may not be good for those who _____________. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN TWELVE WORDS.)

第Ⅱ卷(共 45 分)
Ⅰ.Translation(22 分) Directions: Translate the following sentences into English. You are required to use the word given in the bracket for each respective sentence. 1. 18 岁意味着你要对自己的言行负责了。(mean) 2. 她显出一副高兴的样子,好像什么事也没发生过。(mood)

3. 运动能增强我的体质,也能让我释放学习压力。(Not only) 4. 我们应该养成看报的习惯,因为读报有助于我们及时了解发生在国内外的各种事件。 (inform) 5. 如果我们把英语学习看成是了解文化的一种方式,而不是一门考试学科,我们也许就会 体会到其中的学习乐趣。(regard)

Ⅱ.Guided writing(25 分) Directions: Write an English composition in 120—150 words. The composition must be based on the information given below. ―Tuhao 土豪‖有望携手―Dama 大妈‖以单词形式收录进《牛津英语词典》 ,这则消息引起 了广泛的讨论和关注。事实上,许多汉语借词已经在英语词汇系统中占据了一席之地。 请你就汉语词汇大量―出口‖这个现象作一阐述,并谈谈你的看法。 参考词汇:Oxford English Dictionary (《牛津英语词典》)


2013 学年第二学期奉贤区高三英语调研测试试卷 答案及听力文字稿
第 I 卷
I. Listening Comprehension Section A 1—5 ABBCB 6—10 AAAAA Section B 11—13 BAD 14—16 CBA Section C 17. September 18. advanced 21. some new production 23. modernize the factory II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A (A) 25. that 26. eating 31. will be put (B) 32. for 33. captured 37. If 38. the oldest Section B 41—45 I E A G C Section A 51—55 CBABC Section B 66—69 BABA Section C 78. Because it’s believed the extra calories packed into the fat cause obesity/overweight. 79. whole-fat/full-fat dairy helps reduce body fat. 80. Bioactive substances in the milk fat that help us use the fat. 81. have high cholesterol 27. why 34. they 39. to become 28. may 35. associated 40. who 29. the 36. that 30. so that 2014.04

19. Videos 20. 280 22. have been installed 24. not enough/sufficient

46—50 J B K D H

III. Reading Comprehension 56—60 DABCB 70—73 DABB 61—65 ADDAC 74—77 CCDB

第 II 卷

Translation 1. Being 18 means taking responsibility for your words and actions. Being 18 means that you should be responsible for what you have said and done. 2. She appeared to be in good mood, (and acted/looked) as if nothing had happened. She seems to be in a good mood as if nothing has happened. 3. Not only can sports/(taking)exercising build up my body (health)/ strengthen/improve my fitness but also help me to release my study pressure/ help me relax from the pressure/stress of study..

4. We should cultivate/develop/ form the habit of reading newspapers, because it helps us (to be) informed of various/ all kinds of events happening both at home and abroad in time. 5. If we regard English learning as a means/way of understanding/ knowing / being aware of a culture but not a course / subject to be tested on/an examination subject/course, (then) we may experience/ understand the learning fun in it. II. Guided Writing 略 Tape script: I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. M: Here is your room key and the checkout time is 12 noon. W: Thanks for reminding me. Q: What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers? 2. W: Sorry, sir. We are working on your order right now and we’ll be delivering it soon. M: Soon? How soon? Q: How does the man feel? 3. W: Excuse me, sir, visiting hours are over now, you must leave so that your mother can get some rest. M: Pardon me, nurse, I didn’t hear the bell or I would have left. Q: Why did the nurse want the man to leave? 4. W: Is this where the bus stop to the zoo stop? M: No. It’s on the other side of the street. Q: What will the woman probably do? 5. M: Miss, is there still time for a cup of coffee on the flight? W: Yes, but you have to drink it fast, because we’ll be landing in 10 minutes. Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place? 6. W: Mary worked as a teacher for two years. Then she became a secretary. After that she was promoted to a manager. M: I know. And she has been doing nothing else ever since. Q: What’s Mary’s occupation now? 7. W: I wonder if there is a service charge for our meal. M: I think so. The menu said the service charge is 10%. Q: How much is the service charged if the food costs 50 dollars? 8. M: Shawn’s been trying for month to find a job. But I wonder how he could get a job when he looks like that. W: Oh, that poor guy! He really should shave himself every other day at least and put on

something clean. Q: What do we learn about Shawn? 9. M: Congratulations! I heard your baseball team is going to the Middle Atlantic Championship. W: Yeah, we’re all working real hard right now! Q: What is the woman’s team doing? 10. W: I wish Jane would call when she know she’ll be late. This is not the first time we’ve had to wait for her. M: I agree. But she does have to drive through very heavy traffic to get here. Q: What does the man imply? Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. Public schools in Washington, D.C. provide students with musical instruments for free. When something goes wrong with an instrument, Charles West does the repairs. He has worked there for almost 20 years. This year alone, he has fixed 250 instruments. He approaches his work with a passion. For him, it’s important that students have a joyful experience with music. Charles is a musician and music lover, so learning to do repairs came naturally. In addition to fixing instruments, he also goes to schools to instruct teachers and students on how to make minor repairs on their own. He believes if children start early and stay involved with music, it enriches other areas of their lives. ―I see that in other kids. I see it in myself. I have seen it hundreds of times and it works,‖ he says. ―They learn teamwork. They learn patience and respect.‖ But he has concerns about the future of music in the electronic age. ―This instant age has taken away from the sit-down, the patience. And to learn to play an instrument, it takes patience, it takes diligence, it takes time.‖ Being able to enjoy music on the job is one of the benefits of the job. Charles agrees his best reward is the students’ performances. Questions: 11. What’s the job of Charles West at school? 12. According to Charles West, what can people learn from music? 13. What is the passage mainly about? Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following news. There is a popular belief that a college education is something to be endured in order to become qualified to obtain certain kinds of jobs or to go to graduate school. This is not what we are trying to do a Harvard. The most obvious goal of a college education is to give knowledge, but it is far from the most important. Remarkably few of the facts you learn here will remain in your memory for many years, and some of those that do might be proved false by new knowledge. At Harvard, we have looked to other things we can give that will last a little longer. Among these

things are certain habits of mind, such as the ability to have more critical analysis, to make more accurate and logical use of information and so forth. In addition to these habits of thought, it is our hope that we can help you develop certain attitudes of mind like a willingness to accept uncertainty and the lack of definite truth. Beyond providing these qualities, a college education should try to lay a foundation for the creative use of leisure time which can be cultivated in the classroom. Yet, the cultivation of this ability will also occur outside of the classroom. For example, on sports fields, in music rooms, and so on. Questions: 14. Which of the following is regarded as the most important at Harvard? 15. Which quality mentioned below can be cultivated both inside and outside the classroom? 16. What is the speech mainly about? Section C Directions: In section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you hear. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. M: Can I help you? W: Yes, I want to take an English course, and I need some information. M: Sure. Courses will start on September 1 and finish right before Christmas on December 22. The advanced classes meet every Tuesday, Friday, and Saturday, from 6:30 to 8:30 in the evening. W: And how much is the tuition for one course? M: It’s 280 dollars. W: I see. Do you have a language lab where I can work on my pronunciation? M: We don’t have a language lab, but we do have videos and tape recorders in every room. W: And computers? M: No, none at present. W: Thank you. M: You are welcome.

Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. W: Hello, Gary. How’re you? M: Fine! And yourself? W: Can’t complain. Did you have time to look at my proposal? M: No, not really. Can we go over it now?

W: Sure. I’ve been trying to come up with some new production and advertising strategies. First of all, if we want to stay competitive, we need to modernize our factory. New equipment should have been installed long ago. M: How much will that cost? W: We have several options ranging from one hundred thousand dollars all the way up to half a million. M: Ok. We’ll have to discuss these costs with finance. W: We should also consider human resources. I’ve been talking to personnel as well as our staff at the factory. M: And what’s the picture? W: We’ll probably have to hire a couple of engineers to help us modernize the factory. M: What about advertising? W: Marketing has some interesting ideas for television commercials. M: TV? Isn’t that a bit too expensive for us? What’s wrong with advertising in the papers, as usual? W: Quite frankly, it’s just not enough anymore. We need to be more aggressive in order to keep ahead of our competitors. M: Will we be able to afford all this? W: I’ll look into it, but I think higher costs will be justified. These investments will result in higher profits for our company. M: We’ll have to look at the figures more closely. Have finance draw up a budget for these investments. W: All right. I’ll see to it.

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