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江苏省运河中学学情调研英语试卷2 - 副本

第 I 卷 (三部分 共 85 分) 第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节, 满分 35 分) 第一节 单项填空 (共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 21. In _____ Luvre Museum, we saw Mona Lisa, _____ painting whose price cannot be calculated. A. /, a B. the, a C. the, one D. /, one 22. In considering people for jobs, we give _________ to those with some experience. A. decision B. attempt C. preference D. reputation 23. There is still high possibility, _______ can be seen at the moment, _______ our company can beat the opponents. A. which; when B. where; that C. that; which D. which; that 24. When _________ the office, I found the naughty boy _________ beside my desk, trembling. A. entered; standing B. entering; stood C. entered; stood D. entering; standing 25. When _________ the office, I found the naughty boy _________ beside my desk, trembling. A. entered; standing B. entering; stood C. entered; stood D. entering; standing 26. -----The free gift doesn?t look good. -------____, madam, but if you want good quality, you have to pay for it. A. No problem B. No doubt C. NO offence D. No way 27. Studies show that people are more _______ to suffer from back problems if they

always sit before computer screens for long hours. A. likely A.hearing B. possible B.strength C. probable C.recognition D. sure D.measure
28. I haven?t seen Sara since she was a little girl, and she has changed beyond______ . 29. All his time _____ the local people get out of poverty, he has no time for his sick mother. A. devoting to helping B. devoted to helping. devoting to help D. devoted to help 30.—According to my grandma, it is a good idea to eat chicken soup when you have a

cold. — _______ , scientists agree with her. A. Sooner or later
31. -

B.Once in a while

C. To be exact

D. Believe it or not

-No, I__________ my homework all day yesterday. A. was doing B. would do C. had done
32. —Do you want me to pick you up at the airport tomorrow afternoon? —No, thanks. My parents ________ me then. A. will have met responsibility.

B. were meeting

C. have met

D. will be meeting

33. His first baby was born soon after he got married, which seemed to have _______ his sense of

A. brought down 34. John: ______

B. brought out

C. turned down

D. turned out

Jack: In two weeks. John: Are you going to Japan? Jack: No. I'm going to Australia. I went to Japan two years ago. A. How long have you been here? B. When is your holiday? C. When are you leaving for Australia? D. How long do you plan to stay here?
35. Several diseases are believed to ______ the lives of many children annually, malaria _______. A. claim, included C. be claiming, is included B. kill, to be included D. be killing, included

第二节 完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Dash of Hope "Dash" is a symbol which represents every day we've spent alive on earth. Therefore, how you spend your "dash" is important. Recently I 36 about a little girl named Hope. After learning more about her life, I couldn't help but feel it was not by 37 , nor happenstance, that she had been named "Hope". The strong feeling of sympathy and generosity 38 in her young heart made a lasting impression on me and countless others. 39 I never had the opportunity to meet her, I wish I had.It seems as though she was wise beyond her tender years and very, very special. Hope was a twelve-year-old girl who was 40 a "wish" in early December 2010 by the "Make-A-Wish" Foundation after being 41 that she had a rare type of bone cancer.However, when she found out that more than 150 42 in her area were waiting for their wishes to be granted(实现), she unselfishly used her wish to 43 that those children have their wishes granted. She also asked whether it could be done 44 January 16, 2011. Unfortunately, however, the organization informed her that her 45 request could not be granted as the funds were simply 46 . They calculated that they would need to raise more than one 47 dollars in thirty days in order to grant her wish. 48 , but not discouraged, she turned her disappointment into an enthusiasm that inspired caring 49 to take up helping grant the wishes of the other children, and eventually 50 as well. Newspaper columnists and reporters for radio and TV stations 51 the story of this caring young girl who had 52 the hearts of so many and as word spread, the community was challenged. Committees were fanned and schools, corporations and various organizations assisted in 53 money to help make Hope's dream come true. Her efforts were not in vain as they continue to help others, not only 54 , but spiritually and emotionally as well. At the gathering to celebrate her life, "A Celebration of Hope" on January 16, 2011, the 55 was made that they had indeed received donations totaling more than one million dollars. Her wish had been granted! 36. A. heard B. thought C. cared D. talked 37. A. coincidence B. independence C. convenience D. intelligence 38. A. lost B. carried C. expected D. housed 39. A. Until B. Unless C. Though D. If

40. A. expressed 41. A. recognized 42. A. children 43. A. suggest 44. A. for 45. A. final 46. A. unbearable 47. A. thousand 48. A. Disappointed 49. A. committees 50. A. theirs 51. A. wrote 52. A. touched 53. A. finding 54. A. perfectly 55. A. proposal

B. offered B. informed B. citizens B. ask B. to B. formal B. unbelievable B. hundred B. Surprised B. individuals B. ours B. read B. examined B. spending B. physically B. decision

C. made C. reminded C. villagers C. arrange C. on C. simple C. unavailable C. million C. Worried C. corporations C. hers C. broadcast C. won C. raising C. healthily C. conclusion

D. sent D. understood D. relatives D. order D. by D. noble D. uncomfortable D. billion D. Embarrassed D. organizations D. yours D. shared D. opened D. borrowing D. thankfully D. announcement

第三部分 阅读理解 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A When I stepped out the plane from Miami into Charlotte, North Carolina, airport for a connecting flight home, I immediately knew something was wrong. Lots of desperate people crowded the terminal. I quickly learned that flights headed to the Northeast were called off because of a storm. The earliest they could get us out of Charlotte was Tuesday. It was Friday. A gate agent stood on the counter and shouted, “Don?t ask us for help! We cannot help you!” I joined a crowd that ran from terminal to terminal in search of a flight out. Eventually, I found six strangers willing to rent a van with me. We drove through the night to Washington, where I took a train the rest of the way to Providence. The real problem, of course, is that incidents like this happen every day, to everyone who flies, more and more often. It really gets to me, though, because for eight years I was on the other side, as a flight attendant for Trans-World Airlines (TWA). I know the days are gone when attendants could be written up if we did not put the lines napkins with the TWA logo in the lower right-hand corner of the first-class diners? trays. As are the days when there were three dinner options on flights from Boston to Los Angeles in economy class. When, once, stuck on a tarmac(机场停机坪)in Newark for four hours, a planeload of passengers got McDonald?s hamburgers and fries by thoughtfulness of the airline. I have experienced the decline of service along with the rest of the flying public. But I believe everything will change little by little, because I remember the days when to fly was to soar (翱翔). The airlines, and their employees, took pride in how their passengers were treated. And I think the days are sure to come back one day in the near future. 56. Many people crowded the terminal because ________. A. they were ready to board on the planes B. something was wrong with the terminal C. the flights to the Northeast were canceled D. the gate agent wouldn?t help the passengers 57. How did the writer get to Providence at last? A. by air B. by van C. by train D. by underground 58. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?

A. Incidents happened to those who fly quite often. B. The writer used to be a flight attendant for Trans-World Airlines. C. Even a small mistake might cause complaints from passengers in the past. D. McDonald?s hamburgers and fries were among regular dinner options. 59. What can be implied from the passage? A. The writer lived in Charlotte, North Carolina. B. The writer thought the service was not as good as it used to be. C. The writer with other passengers waited to be picked up patiently. D. Passengers would feel proud of how they were treated on the plane. B Arrive Early Plan your trip so that you?re at the venue(place) well before the scheduled start of the event. Gates open one to two hours before the start of competition at city and Whistler venues. Gates open four hours prior to the start of the Opening Ceremony, three hours prior to the start of the Closing Ceremony and two hours prior to the start of the Victory Ceremonies. Travelling To Venues In Metro Vancouver, public transit is the best way to go. If you?re heading to Whistler, options include commercial motorcoach and rideshare/carpool. Parking for spectators is at the Whistler Paralympic Park spectator(person who watches) parking lots. Dress Appropriately Dress for cold and wet weather — warmly, in layers and in waterproof clothing. Remember to wear suitable footwear as you may have to walk on uneven, snowy or icy surfaces. Have Your Tickets Ready Be sure to have your tickets with you as you must have a valid ticket to enter a venue. Treat your tickets like cash; lost or stolen tickets will not be replaced or refunded. Prepare For The Security Screening Avoid taking large bags to the venues. If you are unsure of what you can and cannot bring with you, check the prohibited and restricted items list. Your Payment Options Visa cards and cash are the only methods of payment accepted at Paralympic venues. Accessibility All venues have been reviewed for accessibility. If you have a specific need, see the nearest staff member for assistance. Be Informed At the venue, look for way-finding signage (招牌), listen to announcements and read the message boards — this will provide you with the information you need to make the most of your experience. Is there still something you need to know? Don?t hesitate to visit our information booths located at each venue. 60. This passage is most probably written ______. A. to attract more and more spectators B. for spectators to know clearly about dos and don'ts C. to remind players what to do D. for spectators to get to the venues more conveniently 61. If you go to watch the games, you?d better not ______. A. take a bus B. wear warm and waterproof clothes C. take large bags to the venue D. use your visa cards or cash for the payment 62. Spectators must enter a venue ______. A. with valid tickets B. with visa cards C. with refunded tickets D. with cash pire more people to win the awards C A Low-Carbon Economy (LCE) or Low-Fossil-Fuel Economy (LFFE) is an economy which has a smallest output of greenhouse gas (GHG) release into the atmosphere, but specifically refers to the greenhouse gas CO2. Recently, most of scientific and public opinion has come to the

conclusion that there is such an accumulation of GHG (especially CO2) in the atmosphere due to human-related activities that the climate is changing. The over-concentration of these gases is producing global warming that affects long-term climate, with negative impacts on humanity in the foreseeable future. Globally performed LCEs therefore, are proposed as a means to avoid catastrophic climate change, and as a forerunner to the more advanced, zero-carbon society and renewable-energy economy. Some nations are low-carbon societies which are not heavily industrialized or populated. In order to avoid climate change at any point in the future, all nations considered carbon-thick societies and societies which are heavily populated, should become zero-carbon societies and economies. Several of these countries have promised to become ?low carbon? but not entirely zero carbon, and claim that release will be cut by 100% by offsetting release rather than stopping all release. In other words, some release will continue which will be offset, so they are not low-release. Nations seek to become low-carbon economies as part of a national global warming reduction strategy. A comprehensive strategy to manage global warming is carbon neutrality, geoengineering and adaptation to global warming. Nuclear power, or, the proposed strategies of carbon collection and storage (CCS) have been proposed as the primary means to achieve a LCE while continuing to exploit non-renewable resources; there is concern, however, with the matter of spent-nuclear-fuel storage, security and the uncertainty of costs and time needed to successfully carry out CCS worldwide and with guarantees that the stored release will not leak into the atmosphere. Alternatively, many have proposed renewable energy should be the main basis of a LCE, but, they have their associated problems of high-cost and inefficiency; this is changing, however, since investment and production have been growing significantly in recent times. Furthermore, regardless of the effect to the atmosphere by GHG releases, the growing issue of peak oil may also be reason enough for a change to a LCE. 63. Low-carbon economy is encouraged for the following reasons except that ______. A. too much greenhouse gas CO2 is released B. the over-concentration of greenhouse gases is producing global warming C. it can avoid catastrophic climate change D. low carbon and zero carbon nations and societies claim for it 64. The underlined word in the first paragraph probably means ______. A. warning B. pioneer C. symbol D. guide 65. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true? A. Nuclear power could act as one of the primary means to achieve a LCE. B. There?s worry about spent-nuclear-fuel storage, security and the uncertainty of costs. C. The stored release will be likely to leak into the atmosphere. D. Renewable energy tends to become the only means to achieve a LCE. 66. From the last paragraph, we can infer that the writer?s attitude toward the proposal of adapting renewable energy is ______. A. negative B. positive C. self-confident D. doubtful D We are all interested in equality, but while some people try to protect the school and examination system in the name of equality, others, still in the name of equality, want only to destroy it. Any society which is interested in equality of opportunity and standards of achievement must regularly test its pupils. The standards may be changed—no examination is perfect—but to have no tests or examinations would mean the end of equality and of standards. There are groups of people who oppose this view and who do not believe either in examinations or in any controls in schools or on teachers. This would mean that everything would depend on luck since every pupil would depend on the efficiency, the values and the purpose of each teacher. Without examinations, employers will look for employees from the highly respected schools


and from families known to them—a form of favoritism will replace equality. At the moment, the bright child from an ill-respected school can show certificates to prove he or she is suitable for a job, while the lack of certificate indicates the unsuitability of a dull child attending a well-respected school. This defense of excellence and opportunity would disappear if examinations were taken away, and the bright child from a poor family would be a prisoner of his or her school?s reputation, unable to compete for employment with the child from the favored school. The opponents of the examination system suggest that examinations are an evil force because they show differences between pupils. According to these people, there must be no special, different, academic class. They have even suggested that there should be no form of difference in sport or any other area: all jobs or posts should be filled by unsystematic selection. The selection would be made by people who themselves are probably selected by some computer. 67. The word “favoritism” in paragraph 3 is used to describe the phenomenon that ________. A. bright children also need certificates to get satisfying jobs B. children from well-respected schools tend to have good jobs C. poor children with certificates are favored in job markets D. children attending ordinary schools achieve great success 68. What would happen if examinations were taken away according to the author? A. Schools for bright children would lose their reputation. B. There would be more opportunities and excellence. C. Children from poor families would be able to change their schools. D. Children?s job opportunity would be affected by their school reputation. 69. The opponents of the examination system will agree that ________. A. jobs should not be assigned by systematic selection B. computers should be selected to take over many jobs C. special classes are necessary to keep the school standards D. schools with academic subjects should be done away with 70. The passage mainly focuses on ________. A. schools and certificates B. examination and equality C. opportunity and employment D. standards and reputation 第Ⅱ卷 (两部分 共 35 分) 第四部分 任务型阅读 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文, 并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注 意:每个空格只填 1 个单词。请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 The world would have been so much better if we all knew to say and do the right thing at the right time. However , that is not the case,especially when it comes to instilling (逐步培养) proper behavior in kids. Behavior modification(BM) techniques were recently created to help in instilling proper behavior in children as well as adults. Behavior modification refers to establishing appropreciate behaviors in individuals and discouraging those that are not desirable. Behavior modification techniques are developed largely according to the principles of operant conditioning by B.F. Skinner, an American behaviorist. These techniques are used in behavior modification therapy that aims to correct and instill appropreciate behavior in children. The most commonly used behavior modification techniques are positive reinforcement,

negative reinforcement and punishment. Positive reinforcement refers to reinforcing a desired behavior through the process of rewarding it. This can be done by praising the individual as soon as he performs a desirable behavior. Negative reinforcement behavioral strategies are based on the removal of a negative consequence or a behavior because the desired behavior was performed. For example, letting a child not help in washing dishes because he behaved well at a family gathering is a form of negative reinforcement. Punishment is something that we all can relate to. Yes, it is just what it means. However, when put in words,punishment refers to subjecting(使服从于) an individual to a negative condition because of an inappropriate behavior. The behavior modification techniques for children are mostly based on positive and negative reinforcement. However,parents should realize that these techniques can?t be relied upon totally for child behavior modification. Though the behavior modification techniques lead to quick results, a parent should continuously try to cultivate in his child the ability to appreciate the reason why such a behavior is expected of him. This can be done through effective communication and greater focus on the parent-child relationship.As a parent, don?t make the reward a monetary one. Try to make it look more like a privilege than a reward. A parent should also be consistent with his technique and apply it whenever there is a chance so that the child gets a clear idea of what is expected and what is not . Although we talk so much about the role of a parent in bringing positive behavior modification in children,both parents and teachers have equally important roles to play. Teachers play their role through preventive classroom management, teaching social problem-solving skills like alternative thinking , and continuous monitoring of a child?s behavior. It is true that there are various behavior modification techniques available for encouraging proper behavior in children. However, there is nothing that can take the place of proper parenting and an affectionate environment. Behavior modification techniques

Introduction to BM
(71)__ of BM

(74)__BM techniques
Positive reinforcement

BM techniques for children
For parents

Establishing appropriate behaviors and discouraging undesirable ones

Reinforcing a desired behavior by rewarding it

Communicating (77)__with children Making the reward

Largely (72)___ on the Principles of Skinner

Negative reinforcement

a privilege

(75)__a negative consequence or (73)__ of BM techniques a behavior

(78)__ to the same technique

For (79)___ To correct and instill appropriate behavior in children Subjecting an individual to a negative condition (76)___ Preventing problems 7 happening in classrooms Teaching how to (80)__

第五部分书面表达(25?) 假定你叫李红,准备写信给学英语报社编辑,反映你最近生活中所遇到的烦恼。 要点如下: 最近遇到一些问题,不知道如何做,希望得到帮助。 你这几年一直是校队很棒的篮球运动员,教练认为你将来有望成为球星。 你父母认为你学习一般,应该在学习上多花时间提高成绩,这样能考上好大学。而训练或比 赛占据了你太多时间,所以没更多时间用来学习。他们很生气,不允许你参加训练或比赛。 你自己的观点:十分喜欢打球,希望多得到锻炼,成为超级明星。 要求:1. 词数:150 词左右。 2. 信的开头和格式已给出,不计入总词数。 3. 书写要整洁规范,行文要流畅;要点要写全,可适当增加少量细节。 Dear editor. I have had a problem recently and_____________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Look forward to getting your advice soon.________________________________ ______________________________________________ Yours,_________________ _________________________________________________ Li Hong____________



第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 71. _________ 72. _________ 73. __________ 74. _________ 75. __________ 76. _________ 77. _________ 78. __________ 79. _________ 80. __________

第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________






参考答案: 21—25 BCDDD 36-40 AADCB 56—60 CCDB B

26—30 CACBD 31—35 ADBBA 41-45 BABDD 46-50 CCABC 51-55 DACBD 61—65 CADBD 66—70 BBDAB

71.Definition 72.based 73.Purpose 74.Common 75.Removing 76.Punishment77.effectively78.Sticking79.teachers 80.deal/cope 书面表达 Dear editor, I have a problem recently and I don?t know what to do between what I want and what my parents want. I am an average student in my school. So my parents feel that I should spend more time improving my grade. In this way, I can go to a good university in the future. However, I have been playing for the school basketball team for the past few years. My coach thinks I have a chance to become a real future star. As you know, it always takes me a lot of time to practice and take part in games. They are angry with me and don?t allow me to do it again. As for me(In my opinion), I like basketball and I hope I will be well trained and become a super star. Look forward to getting your advice soon.