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英语:Unit3《A-healthy-life》课件(3)(新人教版选修6)_图文

Unit 3 A Healthy Life Language Points

1. automatic
2. adolescent

adj.无意识的,自动的
n.青少年;adj.青春期的

3. stress
4. abuse 5. cigarette 6. alcohol 7. ban 8. addicted

n.压力;vt.加压力于 vt & n.滥用;虐待

n.香烟;纸烟 n.酒;酒精
vt.&n.禁止;取缔 adj.入迷了的;上了瘾的

9. withdrawal 1o. tough

n.收回;戒毒;撤退
adj.困难的;强硬的

11. effect
12. strengthen 13. mental 14. abnormal 15. desperate 16. quit 17. pregnant

n.结果,效力
vt.加强,巩固,使坚强 adj.精神的,智力的 adj.畸形的,异常的 adj.绝望的,拼命的 vt.停止;离开 adj.怀孕的

18. disappointed adj.失望的;沮丧的 19. ashamed 20. breathless adj.感到惭愧或羞耻的 adj.气喘吁吁的,屏息的

due to 由于……, 归功于……
The accident is due to your careless driving. (形容词短语作表语)
那次意外事故归因于你驾驶不小心。 He arrived late due to the storm.

他因暴风雨而来晚了。
(复合介词作状语)

Line 7: Your mother tells me that you have started smoking and now you are finding it difficult to give it up.
find it difficult to give up: find it adj. to do sth. 我觉得把这个句子翻译成英语很容易。 I find/think it easy to translate the sentence into English. 我发现要记住这么多语法很难。

I find it difficult to remember so many grammars.

addicted adj. 成习惯而离不开的

be/become/get addicted to
addict oneself to 对……上瘾,沉溺于

He became addicted to the drug.
他染上了毒瘾。

The boy addicts himself to computer games and his parents feel worried. 这个男孩沉溺于电子游戏不能自拔,他的父母 感到担心。

be lost in 沉湎于

be buried in 专心于

be absorbed in 专心于 be involved in 热衷于 be accustomed to (doing) sth 习惯于(做) 某事 =be used to (doing) sth I’m not accustomed to getting up early. 我不习惯这么早起。

accustom oneself to 使自己习惯于…

mental adj. 精神的,智力的

基本意思是“头脑的,思想的,心理的”;也 可表示“智力的,脑力的”。在句中作表语或定 语,无比较级和最高级形式
Though he is fifteen, he has a mental age of less than five.

他虽然15岁了,但他的智力年龄却低于5岁。
His problem is mental, not physical. 他的问题是心理的而不是身体的。

Line 18: I did finally manage. Line 30: I do hope so because I want you to live…
do/does/did+动词原形,用于肯定句和祈使句中,表示强调。 注意:只用于强调谓语动词。 强调谓语以外的成分可使用: It is/was ……that……

他英语说得确实好。
He does speak English well.

过马路千万要小心。
Do be careful when crossing the street.

我是在做作业的时候看到他在睡觉。
在上课的时候是我看到他在睡觉。
It was I that/who saw him sleeping in class.

It was when I was doing my homework that I saw him sleeping.

effect n. 结果,效力 be of no effect 无效 ,没有作用,不中用 bring into/to effect 实行,实施,使生效 put/ carry into effect 实行,实施,使生效 come into effect 开始生效, 开始实施 have an effect on/ upon 对……有影响 take effect 见效,生效 ,开始发生作用 in effect (规律,法律)生效cause and effect 因果 effective adj. 有效的,起作用的

They took effective measures to stop polluting the river.

effect, affect, influence 的用法 1. effect n. 影响 侧重产生的结果或造成的影响 This had a great effect upon the future of both mother and son.

2. affect v. affect sth=have an effect on sth
有时还含有“对…产生不利的影响”的意思

The amount of rain affects the growth of crops.
3. influence n.&v. 指通过行动、榜样等对他人产生潜 移默化的影响或作用,注重“影响”的结果。 He used his influence to help his daughter get the job.

Line 19: I didn’t know, for example, that it could do terrible damage to your heart and lungs or that it was more difficult for smoking couples to become pregnant. [点拨] 该句是一个包含两个宾语从句的 主从复合句。 第二个宾语从句that 不能省略。

主句为I didn’t know。or连接这两个宾语 从句, 意为“也不(知道)”。I don’t know ... or ... 这个句型译为“我不知 道……, 也不知道……”。如: I don’t know where to go or what to do. 我不知道去哪里也不知道干什么。
Translation:我们相信你很老实,也相信你已告诉了我们 实情。 We believe (that) you are honest and that you’ve told us the truth.

Line 22: Neither did I know that my cigarette smoke could affect the heath of non-smokers. Line 1: it is not easy to stop smoking, but millions have managed to quit and so can you.

neither/nor +be/助动词/情态动词, 表示否定的情况 so +be/助动词/情态动词,表示肯定的情况。
她不喜欢英语,我也是。

She doesn’t like English, neither do I.
我已经掌握了这个用法,她也是。

I have mastered the use of it, so has she.

注意:so+主语+助动词

我已经完成了作业,她也是。
I have finished all my homework, so has she.

---她昨天把所有的作业完成了。 ---她确实都完成了。
---She finished all the homework yesterday. ---So she did.

Translate the following sentences, pay attention to the use of “take off” 1. you’d better take off your coat if you feel hot. 脱掉,摘掉 2. The plane should take off on time.起飞 3. When she saw me coming, she took off in the opposite direction. 匆匆离开,急忙离开 4. The policeman had been taken off the case because of some reason. 调离,解除 5. It was in the 1950s, when he was already in his fifties, that his career as a poet began to take off.
突然大受欢迎,事业腾飞 take on take over 呈现 接管,接任 take advantage of =利用 make use of take up 开始从事,占据 take down =set down记下,拆除

Line 27: I knew it was time to quit smoking.

It is/was time (for sb) to do sth.
It is (high/about) time that sb. did/should do sth.
It is/was the first (second…) time that sb. have/has done sth./had done sth.

1. 该是我们认真学习的时候了。 It’s time for us to study hard. It’s high time that we studied/should study hard.
2. 昨天晚上是我们第一次同学聚会。(get together) It was the first time that my classmates and I had got Together last night.

decide on 对…做出决定
decide on/upon sth Don’t decide on important matters too quickly. decide on doing sth. They have decided on getting married next year. decide on +wh-clause It’s necessary to decide on which type of fuel is most suitable. decide on +wh-to do

He has decided on where to go.

Line 6: Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker.

every time 在此句中引导时间状语,表示“每次…的时候” 翻译:每次我去看她,她总是忙于工作。 Every time I go to see her, she is always busy working 知识拓展:下列用法均可做连词: the first time 第一次…的时候 the moment/minute/immediately/instantly 一….就…. every time=each time 每次…的时候 last time 上次 next time 下次 by the time到…为止

1.第一次见到他的时候,我就喜欢他了。 I fell in love with him the first time I saw him. 2. 最后一次见到她的时候,她正在工作。

The last time I saw her, she was working.
3.一放假,我总是去看我最好的朋友。 I always go to see my best friend immediately we have a holiday.

feel like(doing) 想要(做)…… I felt like another cup of wine. I didn’t feel like going to work. would like (to do) I’d like to watch TV tonight.

disappointed adj. 失望的,沮丧的
be disappointed about/ at/ in/ by/with对…失望

Are you disappointed at not being chosen?
be disappointed to do

be disappointed that-clause

ashamed adj. 感到惭愧的或羞耻的

指为自己或别人有缺点(做错事、说话或没尽到责任等) 感到羞耻、惭愧、不安或内疚,也表示不好意思、难为情 等,这类以a-开头的形容词通常作表语或宾补。 He was very much ashamed.

What he did made her ashamed.
1). be ashamed of He felt ashamed of his emotion.

2). be ashamed to do
She was ashamed to let me know what she had done.

3) be ashamed that-clause
Bill felt ashamed that he hadn’t told the truth.

Now do the quiz and check yourself

Match theUseful words with the same words and meanings
due to tough adolescent accustomed to quit effect addicted to unfit

expressions

be used to because of influence young people unhealthy difficult stop unable to stop taking sth as a habit

Find out the following useful
expressions in the passage
to at one’s age 1.在某人的年纪 2. due 因为,由于 addicted to the way 3. be/become 对…上瘾,着迷 4. by 顺便说一下 accustomed to in pain 5. be/become 对…习惯,习惯于 .. 6. 痛苦,疼痛 and over again 7. over 一次次的 8. 对 … 造成破坏 do damage to some way 9. in 在某种程度上 10. take 使离开,调离 off 11.stop/quit 戒烟 smoking 12. 设法成功做某事 manage to do sth sb of sth 13.throw 扔掉,丢弃 14. remind 提醒某人某事 away

Complete the passage
due to (be) accustomed to (be) addicted to effect adolescent unfit quit tough It is amazing to see grandad is still fit at 82. His long and active life must be due to the healthy life he lives. However, like many other adolescents , his grandson James is addicted to smoking now. It was easy for him to begin smoking. But now he thinks it tough to quit smoking, for his body has been accustomed to having nicotine in it. So grandad tells the harmful effects of smoking and warns him that when he realizes he is unfit , it will be too late.

Complete the sentences with words from the text.
1. Rice production has increased greatly in
China over the last few years, largely _____ due to super hybrid rice. 2. Having lived in Hawaii all his life, he was not accustomed __________ to the cold of Northern Europe.

3. In spite of her wounded leg, she managed _________to get up the stairs.

quit/quitted playing sport I become 4. When I ____________ very fat and unhealthy. 5. Some adolescents ____________ (年青人)have got into the habit of taking drugs. 6. The door opened ______________( 自动地) as automatically we approached. 7. M________ health is as important as physical Mental health.

根据括号内所给的提示将下列句子翻译 成英语。 1.由于恶劣的天气状况周五的运动会不 得不推迟。(due to) The sports meeting on Friday has to be put off due to bad weather conditions. 2. 要过很长一段时间你才能习惯当地的 食物。(get accustomed to) It will be a long time before you get accustomed to the local food.

3. 由于身体不好,他被迫停止了教学工 作。(quit)
He was forced to quit teaching because of bad health. 4.那个女孩养成了阅读时玩弄头发的习 惯。 The girl has got into the habit of playing with her hair while reading.

下列各句均有一处错误, 请指出并改正。 1. For many weeks we had been accustomed to see horses and oxen suffering fromseeing heat, thirst and starvation. 2. After several hours the firemen tried to put out the fire and save the town. managed

3. The final examinations are around the corner, and some fans in my class quit playing play football to focus on their studies. 4. The parents felt helpless when they found their son had been addicted to read novels. reading 5. Let’s discuss the matter again and on a plan of action as soon as decide in possible.



https://hbdai.org https://hbdai.org

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道:“快些快些!别想着换字。这联令么,令主当然是要挖陷阱的,你就算掉进去,也别埋怨,认输就算了。”宝音不认输:“古泉惜书。” 只要自己解释得通,已顾不上同他怎么对了。明柯笑笑道:“方晓谁怜月。”宝音暗暗松口气:“古泉我惜书。”明柯一口气给两字,结了全 联:“东方欲晓谁怜月。”宝音筹划半天,也无可奈何了:“中古流泉我惜书。”实在将通未通。 明柯倒是很欣赏的样子:“妹妹你联得这样 好!”“真的?”宝音自己把成联左看右看,“哪里见得好?”“这是联令耶!你想如何?联成这样就已经很不错了!”“哦?”宝音狐疑问 道,“那一次,五哥你又联成了什么样?”“我么?”明柯苦着脸道,“夜始出更友爱楼。” 宝音“噗哧”一笑。“联令么,就是要勇于发出 最后的声音, 总比中途滑脚掉队的那些好罢?”明柯捧宝音作品而去,“你不信,我去叫他们看看。瞧他们是夸你还是贬你!”明柯去得快, 回来的也快,当晚便啧啧道:“我说什么来着?他们瞧见这个,都惊为天人,死活不信是即席联的,更不信是闺阁弱女——”“什么?你说了 是我写的?!”宝音大惊。“没有没有!所以我的意思嘛是,若我说了是闺阁中小姑娘写的,他们更不信了!”明柯把话圆了回来,“唉,我 妹妹明明写得这样好,我却不能炫耀,真是可惜。”宝音垂头:“五哥哥……”明柯道:“哎?”“你有办法带我去那个文会不能呢?”宝音 期期艾艾,“你说……你先前说,我穿成男装……”这本是明柯的目的。他估计他的笙妹妹拒绝不了这份诱惑,但还是推三阻四,摆足架子, 才牙一咬答应了!“明天,你得空不?”不得空也要得啊!宝音第二天,只推晚上太用功,熬了夜,精力不济,午后要休憩,掩了门,床上堆 个被卷子,梳个男童女童通用的总角丫髻,便出来找明柯。明柯也是逃学溜家惯常了的主儿,三下五除二把宝音倒腾出去了,寻个稳妥房间, 拿一包文童的衣袍给宝音换,尺码倒是合适,他自己在外头给宝音把门。宝音换是换了,觉得还是要给明柯提个醒,出来道:“洛月知道我要 跟你出来,吓得跟什么似的,我都恨不得把她打晕了,免得她拦我。你说她烦不烦?”言下之意,家里还是有人知道我跟你出来的,五少爷你 别做得太过火,譬如把我卖到窑子里什么的,家里不把你绑到祖宗牌位前分了你的尸!明柯有劣迹在前,宝音不得不防他。明柯“哦”了一声, 似乎听了进去,又似乎没有,却对宝音惊叹道:“打扮起来真不错!”宝音满脸都是:“我有打扮吗?咦!”明柯一笑:“算了。”这里没有 落地的穿衣镜,没法叫她看见自己。简简单单青六云袄子,蓝绫子裤儿,甜鞋净袜,漂亮的头发只以最普通的黑丝发带扎起,脂粉洗净,眼眸 清澈如秋季的


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